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elicited which can be obtained by enquiries courteously made; as by this means the necessity of a search may be avoided.
13. The crew of a boat sent to visit a suspected vessel is never to be suffered to quit the boat unless specially ordered to do so. The Officer is not to order them to quit the boat unless it may be necessary to search the vessel, or unless circumstances of the moment imperatively require it. If further assistance is obtained from the cruizer for the purpose of making a minute wareh, the additional men must be accompanied by a sufficient number of Officers, to prevent damage to the cargo, or any irregularity or excess.
14. Neither the Master, nor any of the persons on board the vessel are to be removed during the search, without their consent.
15. When, after the examination, there appears to be no sufficient ground for seizure, every thing that has been removed is to be replaced as quickly as possible, and carefully restored to its original state and condition, and the vessel is to be permitted to pursue her course without delay.
16. In the case mentioned in the preceding Article, before the Officer quits the vessel, he is to ask the Master whether he has any complaint to make of the manner in which the search has been conducted, or on any other ground: if the Master should have any complaint to make, the Officer is to request him to specify the particulars in writing, for your information; and you are to investigate the same most carefully, and to lose no time in applying such remedy as circumstances admit, and the ease may require.
If you make the search in person you will yourself follow the directions contained in this Article.
17. In all cases where vessels are visited or searched on suspicion of being engaged in the Slave Trade, the visiting Officer, before quitting the vessel, is to offer to enter on her log 1 staternent of proceedings on board, and, in case the offer is aecepted, he is to be careful to note down the exact time that elapsed from the time the vessel was boarded to the time she was liberated or seized.
18. When the visiting Officer has verbally reported his proceedings to you, he is, in all cases, whether the vessel be seized or not, to commit the same to writing immediately, with all the partienlars, while the facts are fresh in his memory: and this written statement is to specify whether any complaint was made by the Master or any other person on board the vessel. This statement is to be inserted in the log, with the Officer's signature attached, and you will forward a copy of it with your own temarks, to the Senior Officer of the station, and a duplicate thereof to the Admiralty, by the first opportunity.
19. When you have determined to detain a vessel, you will DeTextION. immediately notify your intention to her Master; you will cause a careful search to be made for all papers and documents on bard; and will take possession of the same, causing them to be numbered and described in a list which you will sign. In this
list the papers voluntarily delivered up must be distinguished from any that may have been concealed. If any should have been destroyed or thrown overboard, the nature of the papers, so far as it may be known, with the circumstances under which they were made away with, must be carefully stated at the bottom of the list; and some person cognizant of the facts, must be sent with the vessel to make affidavit thereof to the Court of Adjudication.
20. On the detention of a vessel, you will have a note made of the quantity of money or other valuables on board, and sign the same, and have that note duly witnessed, to be produced upon the trial of the case; and you will take especial care that the articles are deposited in safe custody.
21. Whatever arrangement may be made for the disposal of the crew of a captured vessel, the Master and two persons at least of her crew, must be sent, together with the vessel, to be produced before the Court, as necessary witnesses in every case. And one of those persons should be the Chief Mate, Supercargo, or Boatswain.
TAKING IN 22. If you do not yourself accompany the detained vessel for FOR ADJUDI. trial, you will give the Officer in charge directions in writing, for
his conduct during the voyage.
23. You will place under the command of the Officer sent in charge, a crew sufficient for the vessel's safe conduct, with provisions for the voyage; and you will give the Officer strict orders for the preservation of the ship, her cargo, and everything on board, and for the prevention of embezzlement, excess, or irregul larity of any sort.
24. You will deliver to the Officer sent in charge all the papers found on board, together with the other necessary documents, and the Officer must be careful to keep them in safe custody during the voyage. You will also instruct him to endeavour to obtain, by every proper means, additional information as to the case; and if he succeeds in finding any additional papers or documents, he is to preserve them carefully to be produced at the trial.
25. The Officer in charge, as soon as possible after he has gone on board the vessel, is to draw up, with the assistance of the Master, an inventory of the stores, furniture, and also of the cargo of the vessel, so far as it can be ascertained without disturbing the stowage; and, should it be practicable, the cargo is to be secured by sealing down the hatches. The inventory is to be made out in duplicate, and signed both by the Officer in charge and the Master of the vessel ; and one of these documents is to be retained by the Officer, and the other by the Master.
26. If Slaves should be on board, every effort is to be made to alleviate their sufferings and improve their condition, by a careful attention to cleanliness and ventilation, by separating the sickly from those who are in good health, by encouraging the
Slaves to feel confidence in Her Majesty's Officers and men, and
In most cases of seizure under Treaty, this contingency is provided for: under some of the Treaties, the Slaves must be carried eventually to the Port of Adjudication. Reference on this, as on other points, must be had to the Treaty or Convention applicable to the case, and to the Instructions thereon.
28. All British subjects found employed on board a detained Frek PERBritish or Foreign Slave-vessel are to be sent with two witnesses to a British port for trial as soon as possible.
Foreigners on board a British Slave-vessel, or in a Foreign vessel. Slare-ressel seized in British waters, are to be dealt with in the ame manner as British subjects.
Foreigners forming the crew of Foreign vessels captured under Treaty, are to be dealt with according to the stipulations thereof. · 29, The Master and crew, or such part of them as may be left on board a detained Slave-vessel, are to be well treated, and not to be subjected to further restraint than may be requisite for ensuring the due execution of the service entrusted to the Officer in charge; but it will be necessary to guard against attempts at recapture, whether by open force, or any other means. - 30. The Officer in charge is to keep a log of his proceedings from the time he goes on board until he is relieved from his targe; he is to note in this log any perceptible changes in the state, quantity, or position of the cargo, and all accidents to the reusel, or her rigging, and their results.
31. In all cases of capture a full and accurate account of Everything captured or destroyed and of the disposal of the same is to be sent in, together with a report of the case, by the Officer in charge to the Senior Officer on the station, and a duplicate thereof to the Secretary to the Admiralty, by the earliest opportinity.
32. If a vessel, at the time of seizure, should be run on shore tod Frecked, or afterwards lost or abandoned, the Slaves, the tores, cargo, &c., that can be saved and transported, are to be taken to the Port of Adjudication, together with the necessary witnesses. All papers which may be found are to be carefully steserved, and an affidavit of the facts must be made as the foundation of the proceedings before the Court for trial of the sze. When there are no Slaves on board, the equipments, or del parts thereof as are saved, should be carried to the Port of Adedication for the purpose of supplying evidence of the Slave
INGS AT THE
Proceed. - 33. On arriving at the Port of Adjudication, the Officer in
E charge is to make himself acquainted with the course of proJUDICATION. ceeding in the Court before which the vessel is to be tried. In
all cases it will be necessary for him to make an affidavit verifying the papers brought into Court, and to annex the papers thereto. If any should have been destroyed or concealed, the particulars are to be stated in that affidavit. In cases of capture under Treaty, the Instructions thereon must be referred to for the forms of documents, and course of proceedings at the Port of Adjudication. In other cases the affidavit as to ship's papers should be drawn up in the form standing as an Appendix to this Section, unless there should be a different form prescribed by the Court before which the vessel is adjudicated.
34. If, upon any occasion of capture, there are not any papers found on board, an affidavit to that effect will be the ground of the proceedings.
35. On delivering over the vessel to the person authorized by the Court to receive her, the Officer in charge is to produce the Inventory drawn up by himself and the Master; and he is to request that a receipt may be given for all the articles contained in the Inventory, excepting of course where any deficiencies may appear; and where this is the case, he will report the cause thereof to the Court, and to his Commander, on his return to the ship.
36. The Officer sent in charge will give his best assistance in every way, where called upon, to the Court, for the due adjudication of the case of the vessel and her cargo, if any; and, upon judgment being given, will immediately report in writing to the Officer, under whom he is serving, his proceedings, and the judgment of the Court, and will send a duplicate of that report to the Admiralty, by the first opportunity. Given under our hands, this 12th day of June, 1844.
W. H. GAGE.
Instructions for Commanders of such of Her Majesty's Ships and
Vessels as are stationed on the coast of Africa.
Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Ireland, &c. LEGITIMATE 1. You are to use every endeavour to encourage legitimate COMMERCE. commerce, and to protect all British subjects carrying on inno
cent traffic in the interior, or on the coast.
2. You will take every proper opportunity of obtaining
information on the state of the several native tribes and settle-TION TO BE ments in the neighbourhood of your station ; particularly as co respects the Slave Trade in all its branches, and the legitimate coinmerce of all kinds carried on in those settlements; the connexion which exists between the legal trade and the Traffic in Slaves; the situation and number of Slave factories; the amount and description of the native produce capable of being cultivated for exportation, and the kinds of European manufactures desired by the natives: you will include in your subjects for enquiry, information on the personal character of the chiefs; the habits and pursuits of the people; the nature of the Government; the power and resources of the country: and the navigation of the coast and of the rivers, together with the facility of landing.
3. You will make a half-yearly report to the Senior Officer, in which you will communicate all the information which you may be able to collect on all the points above mentioned, as well as any other particulars likely to be useful in suppressing Slave Trade, or extending lawful commerce, and promoting friendly intercourse between the natives and British subjects.
But in the case of any matter of immediate importance coming to your knowledge, you are to report it with as little delay as possible.
4. You are not on any account to engage in any negotiation Negotiawith the native chiefs, without the express authority of the tion. Senior Officer.
5. In all intercourse with the natives, you will endeavour to Interconciliate their good-will by kindness and by forbearance, and course WITH will take care that Her Majesty's Officers, seamen, and marines TH
TIVES. shall uniformly pursue a similar conduct. You will impress upon the natives the earnest desire of Great Britain for the improvement of their condition, and will very clearly point out to them the distinction between the export of Slaves which Great Britain is determined to put an end to, and the system of Domestic Slavery with which she claims no right to interfere.
6. You will not, without special orders from the Senior BRITISH Officer on the station, be justified in using force on shore, ex- SUBJECTS cepting for the purpose of rescuing British subjects, or British liberated Africans from Slavery, in cases where force is indispensably necessary for that purpose, and where it is not practicable to make reference to the Senior Officer for instructions; but you are not to adopt any coercive measures, unless you are satisfied that the force under your orders is adequate to effect the object without exposing those sent on the service to great risk and danger; and you must strictly confine the employment of force to the liberation of the persons so detained.
7. In all cases, however, vessels or boats of native Africans NATIVE