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{Forms 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, apply to this Treaty.7


Instructions for Commanders of Her Majesty's Ships authorized

to act under the Treaty between Great Britain and the New therlands, dated 4th of May, 1818, for the Abolition of the Slave Trade.


Art. IX.

By the Commissioners for executing the Office of Lord High

Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Ireland, &c.
THE Treaty of the 4th May, 1818.' between Great Britain Ratifications

exchanged and the Netherlands, has two Annexes, marked A and B, which, exc

h; May 25, by the terms of the Treaty are declared to form an integral part 1818. thereof.

Annex A contains Instructions for the ships of the Royal Art Navies of both nations employed to prevent the illicit Traffic in Slayes.

Annex B contains Regulations for the Mixed Courts of Justice established under the Treaty.

There are also three Additional Articles to the Treaty, dated Ratifications respectively December 31, 1822, January 25, 1823, and February exchanged

exchanged 7, 1837.

Feb.25,1823. Your conduct in suppressing Slave Trade carried on in Feb.27,1837. Netherland vessels must be governed and regulated by the Treaty and its Annexes; and the following Instructions are framed, in conformity with these documents, for the purpose of distinctly pointing out the course which you are to pursue in carrying the Treaty into effect.

Commanders of Her Majesty's ships are not authorized to AUTHORITY Search Netherland vessels under this Treaty, unless duly provided TO ACT with the Instructions contained in Annex A, signed by the ER THE

lex A, signed by the TREATY. Lords of the Admiralty; but when furnished with this document, they are authorized to visit, search and detain, under the con- Treaty; ditions prescribed by the Treaty, any Netherland vessel which, I're

reaty; upon reasonable grounds, may be suspected of being engaged in Art. II. Slave Trade.

Annex A,

Art. I.


The anthority to visit and search must be exercised under the Visit AND following restrictions and regulations :

First. In no case is the search to be made by an Officer under Annex A. the rank of Lieutenant in the Navy.

Art. II. Secondly. The Right of Search can only be exercised in Treaty; respect to merchant-vessels.

Art. II.

Treaty; Art. III, Sect. 1.

Art. III.
Sect 4.

Thirdly. The Right of Search is not to be exercised in the Mediterranean Sea, nor within the seas of Europe which lie without the Straits of Gibraltar, and to the northward of the 37th degree of North latitude, and within and to the eastward of the 29th degree of West longitude from Greenwich.

Fourthly. If you should deem it expedient to visit any merchant-vessel or vessels, under the Flag and proceeding under the convoy of any ship of the Royal Navy of the Netherlands, you will proceed to make the visit in company with the Commander of the convoy, who, by the Treaty, is bound to give every facility to such visit, and to the eventual detention of the vessel by you, if required, and in all things to assist to the utmost of his power in the execution of this Treaty.

In the event of your commanding a convoy you are in like manner to permit the Commander of a Netherland ship of war, duly authorized under this Treaty, to visit, in company with you, any British merchant-vessel under your convoy suspected of Slave Trade, and to give every facility to such visit, and to the eventual detention of the vessel by the Netherland Commander, if required.

A full report of the circumstances relating to any British or Netherland vessels, so met with under convoy, must be made to the Officer under whose orders you are serving, and a duplicate of the report is to be sent to the Admiralty, at the earliest opportunity.




DETention. It will be your duty when duly authorized under this Treaty,

to seize any Netherland vessel found where search is permitted,

whenever it shall appear,Treaty; First. That Slaves for the purpose of traffic are or have been Art. II. Additional

1 on board during the particular voyage on which the vessel may Article I, be captured. Dec. 31, Secondly. That the vessel has on board any of the fittings or

i equipments described in the Additional Article, January 25, Additional

1823, excepting in the particular cases wherein it is provided to Jan. 25, the contrary by Sections 6 and 9 of the said Article; and pro1823.

vided also such vessel be met with in any river, bay, or creek, on the Coast of Africa, or within one geographic degree to the westward thereof, and between the 20th degree of North latitude

and the 20th degree of South latitude. Annex A,

Negro servants or sailors found on board Netherland vessels Art. I.

cannot in any case be deemed a sufficient cause for detention, Annex A, A, If you should determine to seize the vessel, you are forthwith

to take possession of the ship’s papers, and of all other doen

ments and letters found on board; and cause a list to be made Form No. 4. out thereof in duplicate, according to Form No. 4, verifying the

same by your signature; and you are to deliver to the Master of the seized vessel one of the said certified lists.

You are, also, at the time of seizure, to draw up in writing a

declaration of the state in which you found the seized vessel. Form No. 6. according to Form No. 5; and this declaration is to be signed

by yourself, and to be given in or sent, together with the cap

Art. III.

tured vessel, to the Mixed Court of Justice before which such Tessel shall be taken for adjudication.

In the event of your seizing a Netherland vessel, you must, Conductwithout delay, take her for trial, before that one of the Mixed 1


PORT OF ADCourts of Justice which shall be nearest the place of detention, JUDICATION. or which can be soonest reached from such place. There are two Mixed Courts of Justice established under this Annex A,

this Art. I. Traty, one at Sierra Leone, the other at Surinam.

* You are to leave on board the seized vessel all the cargo, the Annex A, Mazter, and a part at least of the crew.

Art. III. The Negroes are not to be disembarked until the arrival of the vessel at the Port of Adjudication, unless urgent reasons, arising from the length of the voyage, their state of health, or other causes, require that the whole or a portion of the Slaves should be disembarked before such arrival, in which case you may take on yourself the responsibility of such disembarkation, provided the necessity be stated in a certificate; and then you must draw out a certificate, according to Form No. 3, in which Form No. 3. you are to declare the reasons for the said disembarkation.


ISGS AT THE As soon as the Officer in charge of the seized vessel shall

PORT OF ADhave brought her to the place where the Mixed Court of Justice JUDICATION, is sitting, he is to deliver to the Court,

Annex A, First. Duplicate of the certificate delivered to the Master at Arnes the time of seizure, according to Form No. 4.

Form No. 4. Secondly. The authenticated declaration drawn up also at the time of seizure, according to Form No. 5.

Form No. 6. Thirdly. An affidavit to which all the ship's papers, together with all other documents and letters at any time found on board, Dust be annexed; and this affidavit must verify the same: Form No. 6 is to be used for this purpose, unless there should be a Form No. 6. different Form prescribed by the Court.

Fourthly. Another affidavit, in which are to be stated any changes which may have taken place in respect to the vessel, the Slaves, if any, and her cargo, between the period of buer detention and the time of delivering in such papers: Form No. 7 is to be used for this purpose, unless there should be a Form No. 7. different Form prescribed by the Court.

Fifthly. If any Slaves shall have been removed under the provisions of Article III, Annex A, he is also to deliver in to Annex A, the Court the certificate therein described, according to Form Art. III. No. 3.

Form No. 3. The Officer will then by himself or agent proceed in the case, secording to the forms of business in use in the Mixed Courts of Justice, which he will learn on application to the Registrar.

The rights conferred by the Treaty must in every case, and Treaty; in all stages, be exercised in the mildest manner and with every * attention which ought to be observed between allied and friendly

Treaty; Art. VIII.

nations; and you will bear in mind the responsibility of Great Britain to see that any losses which Netherland subjects may suffer by the arbitrary and illegal detention of their vessels shall be made good.

You will mark, that in case Her Majesty's Officers deviate in any respect from the stipulations of the Treaty, or the Instructions annexed thereto, or the Additional Articles thereto, Her Majesty's Government, upon complaint, is bound to cause enquiry to be made, and to inflict upon the offending Officer a punishment proportioned to any wilful transgression he may have committed.

Netherland ships of war duly authorized under the Treaty have the same right of search and detention with respect to British merchant-vessels suspected of being engaged in Slave Trade, as may be exercised by Her Majesty's ships of war so authorized, with respect to Netherland merchant-vessels. Given under our hands, this 12th day of June, 1844.


By command of their Lordships,


[Forms No. 4 and 5 apply to this Treaty.]


Instructions for Commanders of Her Majesty's Ships, for carrying

into execution the Treaty signed at Muscat on the 10th of September, 1822, and the Convention signed at Zanzibar on the 31st of May, 1839, between His Majesty and His Highness the Imaum of Muscat, for a Restriction of the Slave Trade.

By the Commissioners for executing the Office of Lord High

Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Ireland, &c.

THE Treaty of the 10th September, 1822, between His
Majesty and the Imaum of Muscat, has an Additional Article
annexed thereto of the same date as the Treaty, and three
Additional Articles, dated the 17th December, 1839.

The Treaty stipulates that the Imaum will abolish the Trade Treaty of in Slaves between his dominions and every Christian country. 1822: Arts. The Convention of Commerce of the 11th of May, 1839, I and V. Convention

on stipulates that the ships of war of the East India Company may of 1839; carry into effect the above-mentioned Treaty in the same manner Art. XV. as Her Majesty's Ships.

By this Treaty and Convention authority to search and SEARCH. detain Muscat vessels is given to Her Majesty's ships, and the ehips of war belonging to the East India Company, under the following circumstances :

First. When Muscat vessels are laden with Slaves, and met Treaty of with anywhere bound for Christian countries.


Art. V. Sceendly. When such vessels are engaged in Slave Trade, and Additional met with anywhere excepting within a direct line drawn from Art. I, of

Dec. 17, Cape Delgado, passing two degrees to seaward of the Island of Socotra and ending at Passein: but you will observe that ressels met with outside of that line are exempt from seizure, if they have been driven beyond it by stress of weather, or other necessity.

Thirdly. When such vessels are laden with Slaves, and met Treaty of with inside of the line, but not furnished with port-clearances 404 required by Article VI of 1822.



rt. VI.

On seizing any vessel under this Treaty, you will take pos- Detention. session of the ship's papers, making a list thereof, according to Form No. 4, and certifying the same by your signature.

Form No. 1. You will also draw out a declaration, according to Form No. 5, stating the circumstances attending the capture, and mention- Form No. 5. ing the date and place where it was made, and you will certify the same by your signature.


tional Article

On detaining under this Treaty Muscat vessels, outside of the CONDUCTline drawn from Cape Delgado to seaward of Socotra and ending PORTOFA at Passein, you will without delay, carry or send the vessel with JUDICATION. the Slaves, to the nearest British Court of Vice-Admiralty,.

Second Addidelivering up to the proper authorities the vessel for trial, and the Slaves, if any, for liberation; but on detaining any vessel of Dec. 17, within the said line, you will carry or send such vessel with her 1839. Slaves to Muscat for trial.

The Officer in charge is at the time of delivering up the vessel to the authorities before which the case is to be tried, to deliver also the ship's papers and certificates thereof, and the captor's declaration of capture. You will observe that by the Additional Articles of the 17th

Third Addiof December, 1839, the Imaum of Muscat has promised to punish tional Article as pirates any of his subjects who may be found concerned in of Dec. 17, the sale of persons of the Soomalee tribe.

The circumstances attending the seizure of any vessel under this Treaty must be fully reported to the Officer under whose orders you are serving, and a duplicate of the Report sent at the earliest opportunity to the Admiralty. Given under our hands, this 12th day of June, 1844.


W. H. GAGE. By command of their Lordships,



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