Page images
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors]

NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW-YORK, TO WIT: KE it remembered, That on the fifth day of July, in the forty-seventh year of the Independence of the United States of Amenien, A. D. 1822. E. & E. HOSFORD,* of the said district, have deposited in this office the title of &

book, the right whereof they claim as proprietors, in the words following, to wit: "Murray's English Reader; or pieces in prose and poetry, selected from the best writers, designed to af sist young persons to read with propriety and effect; to improve their language and sentiments, and to inculcate some of the most important principles of piely and viriue, with a few pre

liminary observations on the principles of good reading, improved by the addition or a concordant and synonymising vocabulary; consisting of about fifteen hundred of the most important words, contained is this work The words are arranged in columns, and aro placed over the sections, respectively, from which they are selected; and are dividet, defined and pronounced, according to the principles of John Walker. The words in the vocabulary, and their correspoudent words in the sections, are numbered wiih figures of reference. Walker's Pronouncing Key which governs the vocabulary, is prefixed to this work. Words can have no definite idea atlached to them when by themselves ; it is the situation and tract in the sentence which determine their precise meaning ;-Dr. Johnson. By JEREMIAH GOODRICH."

In conformity to the act of Congress of the United States, cotitled "An Act for the encouragement of learning, by socuring the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authours and proprietore of such copies, during the times therein "Dautioned ;" and also, to the act, entitled "An act supplementary to an Act, titled, " An act for the encouragement

of learniøg; by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authours and proprietors of such copies during the time therein mentioned,' and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of Devigning, Engraving and Elching bistorical and other prints."

RICHARD R. LANSING, Clerk of

the Northern District of N. Yurk.

By miaprision of the Clerk, the names of E. & E. Hoxford, were invariad in the record and cortificate, instead of Jeremiah Gondrich

TABLE OF THE SIMPLE AND DIP THONQAL VOTELS
REFERRED TO BY THE FIGURES OVER THE LETTERS
IN THE VOCABULARY PLACED BEFORE EACH SECTION
OF THỊS WORK.
1. d. The long slender English a, as in fato, på por, &i.
2. &. Tho long Italian a, as in får, få thor, pa pa, niam ni.
3. &. The broad German a, as in fall, wall, wa ter.
4. a. The short sound of the Italian @, as in fát, mát, már ry.
1. e. The long e, as in me, hère, me tro, md dium.
2. &. The short o, as in inét, lét, gêt.
1. l. The long dipthongal i, as in pina, ti tie. :
2. !. The short simple i, as in pin, tft tlo.
1. d. The long open o, as in no, noto, nd tice.
2. d. The long close o, as in move, prove.
3. 8. The long broad o, as in no:, för, dr; like the broad &.
4. 8. The short broad 6, as in not, hét, gót.
I. a. The long dipthongal u, as in tone, Ca pida
9. 6. Tho short simple u, as in réb, cip, sop.
3. d. The midello or obluse u, as in mali, full, lll.

01. The long broad 6, and the short 1, as insti.
4. The long broad d, and the middle obtuse ů, as in thds, pilado

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

ments.

An attempt to improve a work stamped with the name of the immortai Murray and clothed with universal patronage, may be deemed the height of presumption. But, the Author has not handled the reader irreverently; for he has left it in precisely the same shape in which he found it : except that a few pages are added to its size by placing a vocabulary over cach section, giving the definition and true pronunciation of the most important words, agreeably to the principles of the celebrated John Vaiker. Walker's orthography is also given to the work for the purpose of unifoumiiy. Mr. Murray says, that the English Reader is “ desigued to assist young personis to read with prepriety and effect: and to improve their language and senti

To every one, who can read Murray's title page, it is evident, that youmg persons can not read the following work with propriety and effect, without a perfect knowledge of the words of which it is composed. Neither can their language and sentiments be much improved, by prating over a work, without regard either to pronunciation or definition. As there can be na diversity of opinion on this point, the only question is, what is the most convenient and expeditious method of acquiring a prcessary knowledge of words? All will agree, that the best method of becoming acquainted with words, is to consult them, as they occur in the writings of the best authors. But the drudgery of looking out words in a full dictionary, (which must be repeated as often as the learner may forget tlicin,) added to the loss of time and the expense of having dictionaries tumbler to piecesin the hands of children, calls loudly for improvement. The pulsa fick are now invited to deterinine, whether a pronouncing' vocabulary placed at the head of each section, is not a more de. birable mode of acquisition, than to ramble over Valker's full work, for every unknown word that may occur.

Py the aid of this vocabulary, teachers can furnish their pu. pils with lessons in spelling, pronunciation, and definition, to be committed to memory: previously io reading ille sections, from which the words are selected. The iciter's oi reierence will guide the pupil in the application of me dettons.

Thus a kry is huug over each section, inviting the young reader to nn. luck the door. ana view the treasure, which ihr Jurray has pre. pared for min.

Should any material errour bo discovered in the rocabulary, I by any ove, who will communicate the proper corections to the Mauthour, the favour will be received with gratitude,

3-7-55 me

4005
(66.

15

(RECAP

PREFACE

MANY selections of excellent matter have been made for the benefit of young persons. Performances of this kind are of so great utility, that fresh productions of them, and new attempts to improve the young mind, will, scarco, ly be deemed superfluous, if the writer makes his coinpilation iustructive and interesting, end sufficiently distinct froin others,

Tho present work, as the title expresses, ains at the attalóment of three objects: To improve youth in the art of reading; to meliorate their language and sentiments; and to inculcate some of the most important principles of piety and virtue.

The pieces selected, not only give exercise to a great variety of emotions, and the correspondent tones and variations of voice, but contain sentences and members of sentences, which are diversified, proportioned, and pointed with accuracy. Exercises of this nature are, it is presumed, well calculated to teach youth to read with propriety and effect. A selection of sentences, in which va. riety and proportion, with exact punctuation, have been carefully observed, in all their parts, as well as with respect to one another, will probably have a much greater efri, in properly teaching the art of reading, Man is commonly imagined. In such constructions, every thing is accommodated to the understanding and the voice; and the common difficoliies in learning to read well, are obviated. Wher the learner bus acquired a habit of reading such sentences, with justice and facility, he will readily apply that habit, and the improvements he has made, to sentences more complicated and irregular, and of a construction entirely dif ferent.

The language of the pieces chosen for this collection, has been carefully regardedl. Purity, propriety, perspicuity, and, in many instances, elegance of dic. tion, distinguish il:cm. · They are extracted from the works of the most correct. and clegant writers. From the sources whence the sentiments are drawn, the reador may expect to find them connected and regular, sutticiently it-portant and impressive, and divested of every thing that is either trite or oocentrick The frequent perusal of such composition, naturally tends to infuse a tüs:e for this species of excellence; and to produce a habit of thinking and of composing. with judgment and accuracy.

*

That this collectiou may also serve the purpose of promoting piety and vistve, the Compiler has introduced many extracts, which place religion in the mosi amiable light: and which recommend a great variety of moral duties, by the excellence of their nature, and the happy oilucts they produce. These sub

*The loerper, in lois progress through this volvu.? and ?!:0 Sequel to it, will meet with numerous instances of composition in sirict contorniy to the ruten for promoting perspicuous and elegant writing, contained in the Appendix is the Authour's English Grammar. By occasionally examining this conformity, be will be confirmed in the utility of those rules; and be enabled to apply them wish ease and dexterity.

It is proper further to observe, that the Reader and the Seque!, besidro toach ing to read accurately, and inculcating many important sentiments, may bom considered as auxiliaries to the Authoni's Eriglish Grammar; as practical illu Wations of the princirles and rules contained in that work.

jects are exhibited in a style and naaner, which are calculaird to arreste Attention of youth ; and to make strong and rurabie impressions on their minds.

The Compiler has been carefui 18 avoid every expression and sentiment the mighi gratily a corrup: mind, or in the least degrec, oftend the eye or ear of in. nocence. This he conceives to be peculiarly incumbeni on every person, who writes for the benefit of youth. it would, indeel, be a great and happy improvement in education, if ne writings were allowed to come under their notice, but such as arc perfectly innocent; and if, on all proper ocasions, they were encouraged to peruse those which tend to inspire a due reverence for virtue, and an abhorrence of vico, as weil a3 10 animate them with sentinents of piety and goodness. Such impressions deeply engraven on their minds, and connected with all their attainmenis, could scarcely tail of attending ihem through life; and of producing a solidity of priuciple and characier, ubat would be able to resist the danger arising from future intercourse with the world.

The Author has endeavoured to relieve the grave and serious parts of his collection, by the occasional admission of pieces, which amuse as well as inBtruct. If, however, any of his readers should think it coutains too great a proportion of the former, it may be some acology to observe, that in the existing publications designed for the perusal of young persons, the preponderance is greatly on the side of gay and amusing productions. Too much attention may be paid to this mediuni of iniprovement. When the imagination, of youth especially, is much emicrtained, the suber dierates ei' the inderstanding are regarded with indifference; and ihe influence of goo: ailections is either teeble or transient. A temperate use of such entertainment seonis therefore requisite, lu afturd proper scope for the operations of the unlersiuniling and the heart.

The reader will percvive, that the Compiler has been solicitous to recommend to young pecsons, the perusal of the sacred Scriptores, by interspersing through bis work, some of the most beaniful and interesting pinssages of those invalu. able writings. To excite an early taste and veneration for this great rule of life, is a point of so high importance, as tv warrant the attempt to promoto it in every proper occasion.

To improve the young wind and to afford some assistance to tutors, in the arduous and important work of education, were the motives which led to this production. It the Authour should be so successfui as to accompith these endr, even in a small degree, he will think that his time and pains have been Well employed; and will deem himseli amply rewarded.

Xntroduction.

act

nancy, idea

« Pro-pri-e-ty, pro-pri’-d-lè, exclusive slion, the act of imparting right, justuens

Au-di-ence, a w'-je-ense, the act of Im-por-iant, im-por-tant, momen- hearing, persons collected to hear Lous, weighty

r Doubt-less, d8ůt'-lês, unquestionsc Attain-ment, at-tane-mènt, acqui- bly sition

s Ex-tra-or-di-na-ry, éks-trôr-de-nár-é: d Pro-duc-tive, prd-důk'-liv, fertile, eminent, unusual generative

1 Ex-cel-lence, ék'-sel-lense, state of e Es-sen-tial, és-sên'-shål, necessary, excelling, eminence important

u Art, årt, science, skill s Mi-nute-ly, mé-nute'-14, exactly v Am-ply, am'-ple, largely, liberally & In-ac-cu-rate, in-ak'-ků-rate, not ex-w Re-ward, re-wård' a recompense, to

recompense, to repay k Con-cep-tion, kin-sép'-shủn, preg- 2 Ex-er-tion, égz-ér'-skin, the act of

exerting, effort i Re-sult, re-zůlt', to follow as a conse- y Nec-es-sur-y, nês'-sés-sër-re, needful, quence

requisite j As-cer-tain, as-sér-távo', to make cer- z Pause, påwz, a stop, suspense tain

a Em-pha-sis, eni'-fa-sis, a remarkable k Ac-quire, ak-kwire', to gain by la- stress laid upon a word, bour or power

15 At-iain-a-ble, at-tano'-a-bl, that may 1 Fa-cil-i-ty, fa-sil'-:-1ė, easiness, dex- be obtained terity

e Im-i-ta-tive, ?m'-e-ta-tiv, inclined to m Con-sti-tute, kôr'-sie-tute, to pro- copy duce, appoint

1:2 Ut-ier-ance, åt'-tår-anse, pronuuciani Com-pen-sa-tion, kóm-pên-sa'-shin,

tion recoinpenro

e Ac-cu-rate, åk'-ků-råte, exact, witho Pleas-liri, plëzl'-åre, delight, appro- ont defect bation

Com-prise, kóm-prize', to contain pCoin-mu-ni-ca-tion, róm-mu-ne-ka' iucluco OBSERVATIONS ON THE PRINCIPLES or GOOD

READING.

TO read with propriety” is a pleasing and important attainment : productives of improvement both to the understanding, and the heart. It is essential' to a complete reader, that he minutely/ perceive the ideas, and enter into the feelings of the author, whoso sentiments he professes to repeat: for how is it po:sible to represent clearly to others, what we have but faint or inaccurates conceptions of ourselves? If there were no other bensits resulting fra.n the art of reading weil, than the necessity it lays us under, of precisely ascertaining the meaning of what ie read; and the

NOTE.--For many of the observation conui in this preliminary tract, the author is indebied tu the writings of Dr. Blais, and to ile Encyclopedia Britannica.

« PreviousContinue »