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pass’d the River Wettec', and arrived within sight of A. G. Ausburg on the sth of September, (N. S.) having sent 1703.

some Officers thither before, to encourage the Inhaules

bitants, and the fame Night encamp'd close by it. Auslurg Upon the Prince's Arrival, the Magistrates of Aus-prefirved burg admitted into the Town, two Battalions of the by the Imperialists to strengthen their Garrison, and fired Prince of their Cannon upon the French and Bavarians, who

Baden. Aro

stood upon the Rising Ground, between Wellemberg

and Hainhoffen; and who dividing their Body into

the Elector and Mareschal marched to Bibor-
gen and Kilkenthall towards Donawaert, and the Count
ď Arco, General of the Elector's Forces rétreated over
the Lech to Friedburg, with an intent to oppose the
Prince's passing that River, ard making an Incursion
into Bavaria. He also kept a Port at a Suice, where
he had Poffeflion of a Block-house, a Mill, and two

dwelling Houses, and by that means cut off the ve Water from Ausburg, which reduc'd the taking of

this Poft of great importance. The Prince there

fore ordered it to be attack'd, and soon forc'd the Jark

Enemy to quit it, and to retire towards Friedburg:

This done, the Prince sat down before Meninghen, Es

and in two or three days made himself master of it, etv which Conquest was attended by the surrender of are

Friedburg to the Count de la Tour, and the Castle of

Rottemburg to the Forces of Franconia. In the mid-' agena dle of those Transactions, the Prince thoughrexpedi

ent, that Count Styrum should pass the Danube, in Skrik order to the further prosecution of his design, and to

conttrain the Ele&tor to quit an advantagious Post up

on the Lech. Count Styrum having received his OrDu ders † broke up from Hausmeim, directing his march | Sept.20, ber between Hock flat and Donawaert, where he gave im-N. S. 3.mediate orders for laying a Bridge over the River.

The Elector, and the Marefchal, having Intelligence Count Sti32, of Count Styrum's motion, resolv'd to fall upon him, rum beaten

and to that purpose sent to the Marquis d'Uson, who by the was left to Command in their old Camp at Lavinghen, French, to come forth upon a certain signal, and fall upon

and Bavailing the Imperialists in the Rear, while they charg'd 'em

My both in Front and Flank. All things chus ordered,
De the Elector and Marefchal crofs'd the Danube at Doa

nawaert, and making the signal agreed on, were an-
swer'd by the Marquis. Thereupon Count Siyrum,


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A. C. who understood the meaning of the signal, imme.: 1703. diarely resolv’d to march and fall upon the Marquis,

before he was himself attack'd by the Elector and r., Mureschål. The event prov'd him to be an Expe

rienc'd General, for in less than half an hour he came within light of the Marquis, who had with him 18 Batallions and is Squadrons, and observing that his Horse were separated from the Foot, he advanced with some chosen Squadrons, and charg'd the Enemy fo well to the purpose, that they were utterly broken and routed. The Marquis d'Olon feeing his Cavalry deleated beyond any pollibility of being rally'd again, fled with his Foot to his Camp at Lavinghen, so that all his Men were in danger of being cut in pieces, had not the Elector and the Mareschal charg'd the rest of the Imperialists at the same time. Schuylen berg, the Saxon General, ftood their first brunt with a wonderful Bravery; but a Regiment of Barlith giving Ground, and the Enemy be. ing superior in number, Count Styrum retreated in good order to Nordlingen. The Action lasted from fix in the morning till four in the afternoon, in which the Imperialists, besides the lofs of their Baggage and Artillery, had above 2000 Men kill'd or made Prisoners. The French and Bavarians had, ar least, as many Slain and Wounded, tho' it must be own'd they remain'd Mafters.of the Field, and consequently got the Victory.

The Duke of Burgundy was arrived some months + Jan. 8. tbefore in the French Army under the Command of N. S. Count Tallard, and was in hopes to have taken Lan

dau by surprize; bur the Plot being discover'd, and the Traytors apprehended, he was forc'd to retreat to the Neighbourhood of Strasburgh, where he continued a long while, without attempting any thing. But now the Imperialists being all employ'd, either in driving the Duke of Bavaria out of his rapid Conquests, repelling back the Duke of Vendosme out of Tirol, or watching the motions of the Mareschal de Villars; Marefchal Tallard bethought himself of fitting down before Old Brisac, and carried the Duke of Burgundy to be present at the taking of it. That place was Invested about the latter end of August (N. S.) after a World of preparations made before hand, and Monfieur deVauban,the famous French Engineer, being sent



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to assist at the Siege. Upon the 22d at night the Line A. C.
of Circumvallation being finish'd, the Trenches were 1703.
open'd, and at first the Belieg'd made a vigorous
defence; but the Besiegers being provided with a
Train of 100 Pieces of Cannon and 30 Mortars, and
the Confederates not having a sufficient number of
Men to attempt the Relief of the place, the Gover-
nor surrendred it upon Terms, after a Siege of 14 Old Bri
or is days only; for which slender Defence he was fac takes
afterwards sentenc'd to die, and accordingly exe-

by the cuted. The Duke of Burgundy having left a nume

French rous Garrison to secure this Conquest, return’d Tri: umphantly to Versailes; And the Emperor's Affairs being in a languishing condition since Count Styrum's defeat, Mareschal Tallard was order'd to Besiege Landau, which he Invested on the 7th of Octo

Landau ber (N. S.) The Confederates knowing of what importance the preservation of Landau would be to

Befiegido the Common Cause, after they had dispos’d the rest of the Army into their Winter-Quarters, order'd the Hereditary Prince of Helle Cassel to artempt the raising of the Siege. He fer forward from the Netherlands, with twelve Battalions and twenty nine Squadrons, and having reached Altzey in the Palatinate with very long marches, was there attended by Count Nassau Weilburg, General of the Palatine Forces, in order to concert proper measures for the Relieving Landau, to which purpose he promised to meet his Highness between Frans kendale and Manheim. The French having notice of this march, fent away M. Pracontal with a Body of 10000 Men, and Orders to follow the Prince close at Heels, or rather to get before him if he could; and indeed the French General was so dilligent that he join'd Mareschal Tallard before the Confederates had any Intelligence of it: An Error that will hardly bear an Excuse, when Generals miscarry, or are deceived in their Intelligence of the Enemy's Morions! Upon the i3th his Highness encamp'd at Hoop Spier, within three quarters of a League of Spier, and four Leagues from Landau, where the rest of the Troops The Prince under the Command of Count Nalau Weilburg, joind of Helle his Highness. Upon the 14th all things were pre. Callel depar'd to attack the Enemy in their Lines upon thefeated 16th ensuing; but upon' the 15th, when his High

by the La


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A. C. nessexpected to be joyn'd by a Battalion from Mentzi
1703. two of Lunenburgb, one of Hess Darmstat, and a Regi-
Urment of Horse, Subjects of the fame Prince, the Count

of Nassau Weilburgh came riding full speed to the
Prince's Quarters where most of the Officers were
Carrouting and Celebrating St. Leopold's Feast in Ho-
nour to the Emperor ) and told him the Enemy was
at hand niarching directly to attack him, and desir'd
him to Command the Right Wing to their Arms.
This did not a little lurprize the Prince, because the
Count had allalong assur'd him, that Mareshal Tallard
was not in aCondition to come out of hisLines.How-
ever, he mounted immediately, and observing that
the Palatine Quarter Master General had rang'd the
Army in a very disadvantagious place, where they
lay expos’d in Flank to the Enemy, be dispatch'd
his Aid de Camp to the Count, to desire him to march
more slowly, that he might join him with his Righe
Wing. But this Message linify'd nothing, for be-
fore the Adjutant return'd, Count Nassau Weilburg
had engag'd the Enemy, and at first had the advan-
tage, having taken fonie oftheEnemiesCannon: but
then the Enemy renewing the Charge, fell on with
so much fury upon the Foor, expos’d in Flank and
Front to their Violence, that they were forced to re-
tire in great disorder, before the Right Wing, Com.
manded by the Prince of Hesse, could come up to
their Succour. By this means the Left Wing being
in this confufion, ihe Enemy poured all their Forces
upon the Right Wing, which hitherto they had in
vain attack'd with great loss; but the defeat of the
Left, having opend a way for the Enemy to attack
the Hessian Foot in Front and Flank, they were
forced to retreat after an Obstinate and Bloody Re-
sistance, which continu'd from one in the afternoon,
till Night, insomuch that after they had taken from
the Enemy 16 Standards, 4 Guidons, and 3 pair of
Kerue Drums, without losing one of their own, they
made an orderly Retreat to Dadenhoven, where they
repais'd che Spierback, the Victorious Enemy not
daring to pursue them. The Prince of Helle, during
the whole Action, which was very desperate, per-
form'd all that could be expected from a General and
a Common Soldier, had 3 Horles kill'd under him,
and flew a French Officer with his own hand. Among


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the slain on the Confederates side, were number'd A. C. the Prince of Hesse Homberg, the Majors General Hocha

1703. kirchen and Tettau, together with 4 Colonels, 2 Lieutenant Colonels, 6 Captains, and several Infe. riour Officers; and a Major General, a Colonel, and some other Officers, wounded. On the French Side, M. Pracontel, and several of their best Officers were slain, and the greatest part of the Gens d'Armes cut in pieces.

As loon as this Action was over the French re.
turn'd to the Siege, and the Confederates to Manheim,
whereupon the Count de Frize, who had defended
Landau with all the Vigour and good Conduct that
could be expected from a brave, experienc'd Gene.
ral, despairing of any further Relief, surrendred that Landau
important Fortress upon the fame Condirions that furrenares.
were granted the Year before to Monsieur de Melac,
the French Governor.

The States General of the United Provinces not
a little perplex'd to see these Misfortunes befal the
Emperor, and the Empire, rather out of Neglect and
Supineness, than want of Ability, Courage or Con-
duct in the Generals, while the Princes of the Empire
delay'd to send in their Proportions, no care taken
to erect Magazines, nor regard had to Mann their
Lines with sufficient Opposition, insomuch that their
High and Mightinesles found themselves obligd to
lend their Forces, rais'd for their own Defence, to
supply the Defects of the Imperial Number, thought
it high Time to rouze the Dormant Body of the
Germans, and to quicken his Imperial Majesty, which
they did in the following Expressions.
(THE States General having receiv'd fome Dif-

patches from Germany, relating to the Dan-
gers the Empire is now expos’d to, they appointed
their Deputies for Foreign Affairs to have a Con-
ference with the Ministers of the Emperor, and che
Princes of the Empire, in concert with the Mini-
Iters of Her Mijesty of Great Britain, wherein it was
urg'd on their part; That by the Acceilion of
the Duke of Anjou to the Spanish Throne, the Li-
berties of the several States of Christendom were in
' such đanger, that there was no orber way to pre-
serve the same, and recover a jult Balance at Power,


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