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A. C. was detach'd to take in Ebrenburg, where he met 1903. not with that Resistance, as might have been expect.

ed from a Place no less strong by Nature than by Art; and where, upon the Surrender of it, he found a great Quantity of all sorts of Provision design'd for the Imperial Army in Italy. But here the Tide turn'd, and Fortune put a stop to his Career: For a second Detachment, of 600 Men, being sent to seize the Passes in the Mountains of Arlerberg, and to force a way into the Country of the Grisons, were repuls'd with the Loss of 200 Men kill'd and taken Prisoners, by Part of the Garrison of Bregentz. A third Detachment attempting to force the Finister Mintz, another Pass upon the Borders of the Grisons, were beaten back with the Loss of one Part kill'd, and the rest

put to Flight by the Country Militia and Mountai. His ill Notwithstanding these Repulses, the Elector of BaSuccess.

varia, having Intelligence that the Duke of Vendosme was approaching with a Numerous Detachment of the French Forces in Italy to his Affistance, broke up with his Army from Inspruck, and march'd to the Mountain of Brenner, where he had made all necessary Preparations to force the Pass of Clausen, guarded by seven Battalions of Imperial Regular Troops, and the Country Militia. But in his March he receiv'd unlook'd for News, that several thousand Peasants of Tyrol, with some Officers and Soldiers in Disguise, had attack'd and cut in picces the Bavarian Garrison of czierl, and had made themselves Masters of Scharnitz, the Captain who was left to defend it, having made little or no.Defence. That from thence ad vancing to Hall, and summoning the Place, the ln. habitants mutiny'd, and cut in Pieces the Bavarian Garrison, with their Commander the Count of Verta, whom the Elector had appointed' his Governor of Tyrol; That these Peasants had resolv'd to advance as far as Inspruck, and to destroy all the Bavarians they could meet with; and that the whole Country was privy to their Design, and preparing to joyn them. Thereupon the Elector of Bavaria commanded all the Dragoons of his Army, to return in all haste to Inspruck, and following with no less Di. ligence with the rest of his Forces, arrived time enough, in his former Camp, to prevent the Peafants,


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From hence Count Sangre was detach'd to attack the A. C. Fortreffes of Czierl arid Scharnitz, which he retook 1703.

after a small Relistance, and put to the Sword all the :. Tyrolian Peasants he found there. The Elector him.

self, with his main Army, fell upon a Body of the Peasants, that was posted near Hall, kill'd 800 of them, d:ove the rest to the Mountains; then attack'd Hall, and tho' he was repuls'd twice, yet he took it upon the third Affault, and deliver'd it up to the French, who plunder'd and burnt it. In this Expe

dition the Elector ran a great Hazard of his Life: 2 Count Ferdinand d'Arco, a Colonel, and one of the

Gentlemen of the Chamber, being kill'd very near

him by a Peasant, who mistook him for the Elector; ¿ which was the Ground of the false Report of His

Highness's Death, which obtain'd Credit, among many, for several Months. After this, the Elector march'd from Inspruck to Matray, in order to possess himfelf of that Place; but the Peasants of that Coun

try, fell upon him with so much Fury, that he was : forcid to retreat with the Loss of 200 of his Men,

into the Valley of Stabaker, where he had much adó to force his Passage thro' the Enemy, who began to surround him. Much about the fame Time, fome Hundreds of the Peasants being got together, under the Command of the Baron of Heindel, Major of General Geschwind's Regiment, who had also with him fome few Mountaineers, and three or four Regular Troops, march'd along the ihn, and surpriz'd the Port of Lecitafch, not above two Leagues from Ina Spruck, and made the Garrison Prisoners of War. The next Day, which was about the middle of Fulý, they fell upon 140 Bavarians, that were posted at Czierl, a little about Inspruck, to guard a Bridge over the River Ihn, surrounded them, and cut 'em all to Pieces, except some few Officers and Soldiers. Flush'd with this Success, they march'd towards Scharnitz, the most important Pass between Tyrol and Bavaria, which they took the same Day without any great Lofs; Then they retook the Town and Castle of Rothenberg, where the Governor was made Prifo ner; and soon after the strong Castles of Ebrenberg and Clausen were both retaken: The first of whicii Places was provided with Ammunition and Provi. fions for a whole Year, and was such a Morrification

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A. C. to the Elector to lose it, that it cost the Governor,

Major Heydam, his Head, for delivering it up fo food 1073

to the Imperialists. The Elector, in a Fury, ask'd
his General Lutzelburg, whether Ebrenburg might not
be retaken? Who answer'd him, That he might lose
a Thouland Men before it, to little purpose, whichi
haften'd his Retreat out of Tyrol. However, dir-
sembling his Concernment at these Lofles, he mov'd
another way, marching from Inspruck with the best
Part of his Men, design’d to force his Passage to
Brixen, and so farther on towards Italy, thro' the Lug
Pals, or over the Mountain Brenner. In this March,
he receiv'd Information that the two Imperial Gene-
rals Cuttenstein and Solari, were marching towards
him, with five or fix thousand Men: Whereupon he
began to intrench himself near the Top of that Moun-
tain. The Imperialists advanc'd so near the Elector's
Camp the fame Night, that after they had taken a
full View of its Situation, they were preparing all
Things the next Morning to have made an Onfet
upon it; But the Elector not thinking it convenient
to run the Hazard of a Battle, retreated early the
next Morning in great Precipitation, leaving behind
him most of his Tents standing, togeher with several
Waggon-Loads of good Booty úpon this the Count
of Guttenstein pursued the Elector to Matray, while
the Elector fell back to Inspruck; but not thinking
himself safe there, decamp'd upon the 27th of July,
and the fame Evening General Guttenstein pofsefs'd
himselt of that Capital City. On the other lide, the
Elector withdrew bis Men out of Hall, and other
Places thereabouts, and haltend to Mitterwald upon
the Frontiers of Tyrol, between Scharnitę and Munich,
being follow'd so closely in his Retreat by the Impe-
rial Forces and Country People, that they skirmishd
almost continually with his Rear-Guard, and after
that posted themselves upon a Hill near Seafield.
Here Fortune began again to shew the Elector Tome
Glimspe of her Favour; for being thus closely pressid
by the Imperialists and Tyrolians, he sent Major-Ge-
neral Lurzelburg, with a Detachment of Foot and
Dragoons, to remove 'em out of his way, which he
perform'd lo successfully, that he kill'd near 400 of
the Disciplin'd Troops, took 200 Prisoners, and


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pursued the rest to Czierl, where the Run-aways got C. A. over the Ihn, and broke down the Bridge behind 'em. 1903. General Wetchel also with another Body of Bavarians bear Kufftein fell upon the Country People, who The Ele&tor were drawing together to beliege that Fortress and abandons forc'd them to retreat with the Loss of soo Men, Tyrol. killed or caken : But these small Advantages did hardly make the Elector Amends for the Loss he Sustain'd_by the Invasions of the Imperialists into his own Territories; which oblig'd him to abandon Mitterwald, and return to Municb where he arriv'd on the 23d of August, N. S.

In the mean time, the Duke of Vendosme having the Duke long before receiv'd his Master's Commands to break of Venthro' Tyrol into Germany, in order to relieve the dofme Elector of Bavaria and Marelhal de Villars, who was fails to in a manner beliegʻd in his own Camp by Prince join the E

le&tor of Be Lewis of Baden, put himself at the Head of 20 Batta. 1 lions and 22 Squadrons, and by the Help of Count varia.

d'Arco, who conducted him thro' unknown Byways, foon surmounted the Mountain Baldo. But then being stopt in his Career by the two Imperial Generals, Vaubonne and Solari, he was at a stand

what further Course to take, having receiv'd Advice e from Tyrol, that the Elector, who was to have met

him, had been forc'd to retire to his own Frontiers. However, he continued Ravaging the Country upon the Lake Di Garda, and at length lent a Detachment to beliege the Castle of Arco, a little Town in the Diocess of Trent, and forc'd the Garrison, consisting of 600 Men, to surrender themselves at Discretion, for want of Water and Ammunition. Encourag'd by this Success, he advanc'd as far as Trent : Which Place, after he had rais'd several Batteries upon a Mountain that commanded the Town, he summond to send him Commissioners, to settle the Contribua tions they were to pay him, threatning otherwise to reduce that City to Ashes. The Magistrates refusing to comply with his Demands, he spent above 500 Bombs upon the Place; but in regard his Batteries were on the orher side of the Adige, and the Town not within Reach, he thought it convenient to withdraw his Cannon and Mortars; all the Damage he did the City not exceeding the Value of 10000


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A: C. Florins. On the 12th of September ( Ñ. S.) he re

treated for Good and All from these Quarters, and 1703

marching back toward the Sacra, reveng'd himself upon the Country; burning all the stately Houses of the Nobility and Gentry that he found in his way. This done, he halten'd back to Mantua, having left Lieutenant General Vaubecourt to conduct the Remainder of his Forces into Italy: tor he lost little less than 3000 Men, and those the Choiceft in his Army, in this fruitless Arrempr. Thus did both his, and the Elector of Bavaria's Expedition into Tyrol, miscarry : For which the latter complaind of the French General, that he did not move foon enough; and the Duke of Vendolme accused the Elector for Invading Tyrol, before the Duke was ready to do the fame on that side next Italy. But to give every one their Due, it must be acknowledg’d, That this remarkable Disappointment of a French Project, which might have proved the total Ruin of the Emperor's Affairs, was principally owing to the Loyalty and Courage of the Pealants of Tyrol, whose Services His Imperial Majesty soon after acknowledg'd, by several Marks of

Honour and Favour bestow'd upon them. A Rencouh

Whilst the Duke of Bavaria was busie in his Expeter between dition of Tirol, there happen'd a Rencounter between the Impe- the Count de la Tour, and a Detachment of Marelhal sialifts and Villars's Army. The first having pass’d the Danube, the French. towards the latter End of July, between Ehingen and

Mundlingen, with his Flying Camp of Imperialists, consisting of 4000 Horses, the Marelhal de Villars fent out a Detachment, who passing near Ulm about Midnight, and being join'd by the Garrison of that Place, consisting of 2000 Foot, fell with that Vigour upon the Count, that after a stout Resistance he was forc'd to retreat to Riedlingen, not without a confiderable Loss, particularly of Prince Christian of Hanover, who endeavouring to cross the Danube, mis. cook the Ford, and was unfortunately drowned.

The Duke of Bavaria, having rejoin'd the Mare. Ahalde Villars,began to meditate the Repairing his Loffes, by the Taking of Ausburg, a Wealthy Episcopal and Imperial City under the Arch-Bishop of Menız. The Prince of Baden having Notice of his Design, haften’d his March, crossd the Iller at Tirt hoffen,


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