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their getting the River between them and the Ene. A. C.
my, would look as if they durft not stand them, 1703.
and the latter might be very dangerous to the State;
and besides, the Enemies by means of their Maga-
zines would be in a Condition to undertake any
thing: Whereas, if we attempt their Lines, should
they pretend to defend them, we may, with the
Aftistance of the Almighty, hope to gain a com-
pleat Vi&tory, the Consequence of which may be

of more importance than can be foreleen; and
• should they think best to retire, there is ground to
• hope we might push forward very successfully, and
draw mighty Advantages from it.

6. We consider likewise, that the Enemy being
Superior in Italy, and in the Empire, and being out
number'd no where but here, the Eyes of all the Al.
lies are fix'd upon us, and they will have cause
juftly to blame our Conduct, if we do not do all
that is possible to relieve them, by obliging the
Enemy to call back Succours into these Parts, which
is not to be done but by pushing boldly.

Signed by the Duke of Marlborough.
Generals of the scha. Churchil.


H. Lumley.

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Generals of the Cha. Rudolph Duke of Wirtemberg:

17. Scholten.

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C. Somerfelt.
Generals of the) M. Bulow.
Lunenburghers. Ernest August Duke of Brunswick.

Count de Noyelles,
Generals of the SFrederick Prince of Hells.

Spiegel de Dirsenberg.

4. Van Tettau. These Reasons were oppos'd by the Deputies of But the the States, and the Dutch Gencrals, who would not Durch ope consent to hazard their Troops in an Action, which, poje thoi they faid, was at best very dubious, and which if Design.




N, S.

A. C. attended with Success would yield no farther Advan

1703. tage, than to find the Enemy retired into their forUrtiñed Towns; whereas, on the contrary, should the

French get the Victory, the United Provinces would remain exposed to their Incursions. Thereupon the Project of Attacking their Lines was laid aside,

and the Resolution taken to Besiege Limburg; Limburg which was accordingly invested on the roth of the irvelied, following Month, by Lieutenant General Brulax, Sept. 1o. with 24 Squadrons of Horse and Dragoons. On the

20th the Foot arriv’d, and the Cannon and Ammu. nition being come to Liege, the Duke of Marlbo. rough followd the next Morning, with the Heredi. tary Prince of Hele, and a farther Detachment of 15 Squadrons, and 24 Battalions. By this time the Besiegers had made themiélves Masters of the lower Town, without Resistance, and their Batteries being

finish'd on the 25th, they play'd Night and Day And jur. upon the upper Town. By the 27th the Breach was rendred ai so wide, that the Confederates were preparing to give Discretion, a general Affault; which the French perceiving, Sept. 28. beat a Parly : But all the Conditions they could obN. S.

tain, were, That the Garrison should remain Prisoners of War'; that the Officers and Soldiers might keep what was their own, and that the Offacers should be allowed twelve Waggons to carry their Baggage, provided they deliver'd up one of their Gates, within half an Hour after this Agreement.

This being submitted to by the Besiegers, and the Garrison, consisting of 1400 Men, having laid down their Arms, and being march'd out, the Besiegers took Poffeflion of the Place, of which the Duke of

Marlborough appointed the Baron of Rechteren to be The Cani. Governor. This Conqueft put an end to the Campaign end-paign in the Netherlands, which must be acknowed in the sedg'd to be very glorious to the Duke of Marlborough, Nether- fince, belides the taking of three Important Places, lands.

viz. Bonne, Huy and Limburg, he did all that lay in the Power of an able Commander to engage the Ene. my to a decisive Battle : But it seems the French were contented to stand upon the Defensive in Flanders, where they were, indeed, Inferior, while their Superiority on the Rhine, and in the Heart of the Empire, gave 'em lignal Advantages.




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The Emperor having not only refused to consent A. C. - for to the Neutrality of Ratisbonne, propos’d by the Duke

1703 d te of Bavaria, but instead of that required the Sovereign ! Princes and Srates of Germany, to furnishtheir quota's

, Afairs of and to enable him to prevent the Mischiefs that Germany. alide threatned the Empire; Their Depuries at the Diet, urgb . who were indeed no better than the Elector of Bas

varia’s Prisoners, inGifted upon their Secțrities, alledgreality ing, that the Imperial Court's Refusal was out of Seanik. Son, and prejudicial to the Authority of the Princes

and States of the Empire. The Queen of England,
and the States General of the United Provinces, with

all the Earnestness imaginable, prest that unweildy enik Lethargick Body, by their Ministers, to take effectual Cube Measures to prevent the fatal Consequences of the low Conjunction of the French and Bavarians. But when

some of the Deputies would have taken into present Di Contideration the Ways and Means for every Circle

to furnish out their Shares of Men, Artillery and Am.. gik munition, for the Army of 120000 Men, which the

Diet had the Year before resolv'd to set on Foor, for do the Defence of the Empire, others reply'd, That Drif the Consideration of these Things was too late for nig this Campaign, and too soon for the next. ICE

This fupine Negligence of the Diet, the Cause of the Duke of the all the succeeding Distractions of the Empire, en-Bavaria's the courag?d the Elector of Bavaria, to publish a Mani. Manifesto, mer festo, wherein he complains in the firit Place, ‘Against Pirblish'd

the Emperor and his Allies, accusing them of Exor.Jure 1
bitant Plundering, Extorting Contributions, and

N. S.
'burning his Country, from thence insinuating, that
* he took up Lawful Arms in his own Defence. He
denies his having had any Design, ( as the House of
Austria gives out) of Joyning with France to attack
6, the Empire: And averrs, That he left the Nether.
lands, and retir’d to his own Country, meerly to

keep himself out of this New War, and to join his
• Endeavours with those of the Circles of Suabia and

Franconia, firmly to establish the Peace obtain'd by
the Treaty of Rywick. He adds, That the Mini-
fters of the Crown of France, baving not only by
Memorials, but verbally represented to the Diet at
Ratisbonne, and the Circles of the Empire, that their
Master was dispos’d to keep the Treaty of Ryswick.

* in

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A.C. inviolably, and the Circles in their Answers exprele 5703.

Ging a like Inclination, he had conformably declar'd on the lide of France, and entred into a Treaty with that Crown. That he wilhed foar the Impe. ‘rial Court, when they began the War in Italy for the Succession to the Spanish Monarchy, had had 1 the Consent of the Empire, at least of the Electoral College: As also, when they declared against the Dukes of Savoy and Mantua, and against the Elector of Cologn, whose only Crime was, That he would ! not be subfervient to the Designs of the House of

Austria. That his Electoral Highness had Cause * fufficient to complain of such Proceedings of the IE

Imperial Councel, but smother'd his Refentments E out of Respect to the Emperor; But when the Circles E of Austria, Suabia and Franconia, without waiting &C for the Resolutions of the Diet of the Empire, * entered into the War, and consequently became he

unqualified to give an Impartial Vote in the Diet, His Electoral Highness finding his Country left naked and exposed, his Enemy grown more formidable, and the House of Bavaria in Danger of being oppressed, he judg'd it high Time, for his BE own Security, and for the Preservation of his A Country, to poffess himself of fame advantageous G Posts, particularly Ulm and Memmingen, to prevent being crush'd by the Monarchical Administration,

till now unheard of in the Empire. This Manifesto was presented to the Diet at Ratisbonne, by the Bavarian Minister, with another Writing, importing, PThat the Elector would think himself no longer oblig'd to evacuate that Town, tho' the Emperor's ! Ratification of the Resolve of the Diet for a Neutra. lity, should be ratified by His Imperial Majesty, However, he affur'd the Publick Ministers reliding

IC there, That they fhould enjoy all Freedom and Se. curity in the faid Place, with which Aflurance he hop'd they would rest contented, and demand nathing further.

IC After several Consultations between the Elector of Bavaria, and the Mareschal de Villars, it was agreed that the French General should continue near the Da pube, to observe the Motions of the Prince of Baden, who had been join'd by Count Styrum; And that the


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orele anger tort

Veum my, and a Fortress of that Importance, should have

Elector's Forces should invade the Country of Tyrol, A. C. in order to open a Communication with the French

1703: Te Army in Italy ; and shut up the usuaļ Paflages, where. hele by Succours were sent to the Imperial Army in Lom1.4)

bardy. On the other hand, Count Solari, who com. bak manded in Pasau, having left 1000 Men only in that let City, march'd with the rest of the Imperial Forces Link to joyn Count Schlick near Brangu, in order to obFa serve the Bavarian Army, and the Franconians, headed en by the Markgrave of Bareith, fell again into the UpFoc per-Palatinate, plunder'd Lauterboffen, and once more da block'd up the Castle of Rottenberg, All these were of thought prevailing Motives to deter the Elector of

Bavaria from his Design upon Tyrol, but nevertheless,
C His Highness bent his March that way, and his Pra-

gresses were so rapid, that they amazed all Germany,
and alarm’d the Court of Vienna: For in Gx Days

he subdued that large Country, and made himself De Master of such strong Holds, as were sufficient to stop mi a numerous Army, as many Months, had they been

in quch Posture of Defence as Towns of that Impor-
tance required. 'Tis true, that Kuffetein, a Poft in the
Broders of Tyrol, fell into the Elector's Hands by an
Accidental Fire, which seizing ontwo Towers full of
Gun-Powder, and these blowing up part of a Basti-
on along with them, gave His Highness a favourable
Opportunity to storm the Place: Whereupon the
Governor, and part of the Garrison, becook them.
selves to a speedy Retreat, and the rest were made
Prisoners. But then, the two late perceiv'd Incon-
veniencies, which occasion'd that Accident, ought to
have been remov'd before the Approach of the Ene-
been entrusted to the Custody of an Experienc'd and

Couragious Commander, after this, wirgel, and the and strong Fort of Rottemberg surrendred to the Victor,

who from thence proceeded to Hall, and afterwards
made a Triumphat Entry into Inspruck, the Capital

City of Tyrol, from which he demanded Homage,
Pori and a Monthly Contribution of 20000 Florins, be-

fides a great Quantity of Ammunition and Provilions.
Nor did His Electoral Highness give over here his
Military Archievements; but, at the same time, sent
feveral Detachments to make himfelt Master of the
Remaining Polts ppon those Frontiers. One Party




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