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treaty in the Isle of Wight but refused it; personally advysed Cromwell to put the Crowne on his owne head, purchased Mevenith one of his late Majestys manors within the County of Cardigan personally assisted the taking of Aberystwith a Garrison then kept for his late Majesty. These services kept him from sequestration bore offices in the late several Governments.

"He is of good parts but putts to high a value on them insolently proud and matchlessly pernicious: by lending 800 to Col. Philip Jones and other favorites of the late times procured the command of the County he liveth in to continue on his friends and dependents to this day."—Cambrian Register, vol. i. p. 166.]

No. II.


The newes I have since I sawe yow, out of Pembrookeshire is that they intend w*b some speed to advaunce into Carmarthen or Cardiganshire thereby to interest themselves as well as they maye in the Countrey before any of the Kings forces prevent them; nor is that consideracon wthout probabilitie of advauntadge to them, those Countreyes as nowe they stand being in the generall like to yeald themselves to the first danger or to fall in w" the first protection, being very impotent for resistaunce in themselves, If yow shall thinke it fitt to advaunce as yow intended either to Cardigan or Carmarthen, or into their Countrey acquaint me wth full directions as yow will have me serve yow in; Little wilbe effected in the generall heer vntill by some appearaunce of strength, men be more imbowldened to declare themselves, yow may as I am informed if yow decline Carmarthen, marche from Llanymdovery a private waye to a place called Llanybyther, where partely in Cardiganshire, and partly in Carmarthenshire the river divideing, onely yow maye have tollerable Quarter for a night at the houses of Jenkin Lloyd, the Widdowe Powell and others neare togeather besides the village and thence to Cardigan, I expect yor resolucon and direction wth all speed by the bearer, being most intirely

Yor affectionate ffriend
and Servant

Jo Vaughan. Trawscoed in Cardiganshire Aprill 10th Wednesday.

For my worthy and honoured ffriend
Colonell Herbert Prise3 at Brecon,
and in his absence for Serieant
Maior Morgan.

5 Col. Herbert Price was the second son of Gregory, and grandson


No. III.

Aprill 11«

Deare Sr.

I received yor tre this Thursday morninge by the breake of daye, but had yeasternight dispatcht one to yow wh yow' timely receave this daye, I was doubtful of yor being at home and therefore wrotte not soe fully, my Intelligence is heere that in Pembrookeshire they were much moved wth the answere returned them from this County to their letter, insoemuch that it being proposed amonge them that they should 6omon vs once more it was answered by Laugharne hee would not but wth sworde in his hande, This daye they have con vend all Countrey to a muster at Coleby Moore about 13 miles from Carmarthen whence it is imagined they will march for this or Carmarthen shire, that Countrey wthin it selfe appeares in good number as the maner is, but the bodie of the Countrey absolutely refuses any attempt abroade w* them, as I am informed, soe as their action must depend vpon their ould strength, not being as I heare but between three or foure hundred foote and about seaven score horse, heere will noe great good be done untill some force appeares, I prepare what may be, having those some dayes fixd the trayned band of this quarter whoe were altogeather undisciplined in the nature of a Garrison, where they are diligently exercised and will become of use signifieing nothing before, collect what voluntiers I cann to anne wte the armes in my power as dragooners and what horse can be prepared but those will come in presently vpon yor appearaunce and somoi Direct yor letter to the Shierieffe that yow require by the direction of the Prince the appearaunce of all horse and other strength of this Countie at the place and time yow shall thinke fitt, and I doubt not wee shalbe intire: I thinke it requisite yow shou hasten yor Marche wth what speede yow can, and send to Maior Botteler that his horse remove not but with yo" that yor attempt may be the intirer, it will not be amiss that yow send the letter I propose you should send to the Shierieffe to me with notice of the meetinge since yow determine to have wth-i that it may be certaine and prepard with some industerie, I am

of Sir John Price, of the Priory, Brecon, his mother was Mary, daughter of Humphrey Coningby, of Hampton Court, Hereford, consequence of which connexion he settled in that county. He married Goditha, daughter of Sir Henry Arden, of Park Hall, county Warwick, and had issue Sir Thomas Arden, Sir Basil, and Herbert; the two former died without issue, and the latter left an only daughter.

glad Sir Hugh Owen is for conditions for he may prove of greate vse, but I am truely sorie that articles of such nature as yor letter intimates are preferrd against the Earle of Car': for vpon my soule he was free from the least falshood, what ever else was amisse: the Comaunde is now I hope happily disposed of into highness Prince Rupert's hands.

[sir Hugh Owen.—"As much as is understood of him a Royalist so habituated to reservedness that it is thought he cannot now extricate himself if he would from it, a lover of the Country and justice; but noted by some to be too sparing or too modest to bear the burthen of the affairs of his Country."—Cambrian Register, vol. i.

[richard Vaughan, Earl Of Carberry.—"A person of great parts and civilities, about the year 1643 and 1644, was General over the said Countyes by commission from his late Majesty of blessed memory Charles the First; and tho in number of souldiers far exceeding his adversarys, yet without any resistance made by him; some attributing it to a suspected naturall cowardize, others to a designe to be overcome; however shortly after ennobled with the Titles of Baron of Emlyn and Lord of Caermarthyn; the Kings party being mastered he alone of all the Kings party in that country escaped sequestration, freed from composition by order of both Houses of Parliament by reason of the correspondence he kept up with the then Earl of Essex and manie great services done by him to the Parliament during his Generallship, which was then evidenced to the Parliament by Sir John Muricke and by certificate from severall of the Parliaments then Generalls in his Lordships behalfe.

"When Oliver Cromwell snatched the Government of this Nation this active Lord gained his acqaintance and favour, insomuch that Cromwell sent from the Parkes he then possessed near London several Stagges unto him to furnish his Park at Golden Grove in Wales.

"In a word a fit person for the highest publique employment if integrity and courage were not suspected to be too often faylings in him."—Cambrian Register.

The Earl of Carberys pedigree with their titles and honourable Endowments. London: printed in the year 1646. 4to.—"The Pedigree of the Earl of Carberry."—"The said Earl was created Baron of Emlin at Oxford, and sat there in the Junta (the better to distinguish him, because he hath been by many taken for the Earl of Cherbery) he is Nephew to the late Walter Vaughan (Plod-all) Brother to Sir Henry (Act-all) now Prisoner in the Tower for all; Brother to the late Sir John (Countenance-all) father to the said Carbery and Brother to the honest Richard (Tell-all) who hath been

J°. V.

For my much honoured ffriend
Collonell Herbert Price

p. 165.]

grievously prosecuted imprisoned and plundered by them all for affection to the Parliament .... and yet for all Alls the said Earle is about London making all the friends he can to get him these Alls: it seems they are so sharp and prick so sore that cannot rest long in one place: yet he keeps his brazen face,: brags that he got a pardon for all, and like to be in as great command as ever he was: which if it should be done (which God forbic should) then woe be to poore Carmarthenshire especially those who exhibit those Articles to the Committee there, for they are likelj pay for all: but I hope the Parliament will be better advised, and prevent that by disabling him and all his compliances for bearing any office or Authority in the Country: he may very well pay a large composition for he hath extorted large summes of money of the Countrey since these wars began, besides two or three thousand pounds ship-money and other Monies which he had of the Countries on hands before."

The following Abstracts taken from other letters the same collection show the fatal result to the Royal cause:—

Hugh Boteler to Colonel Herbert Prise.

Llanamdovery, April 11,1644.

The Rebels intend speedily to be at Carmarthen if not prevented. Many of the Men pressed by the Parliament will go over to the King if opportunity offer. Lord Carbury ordered rate of £4000 to be collected.

Colonel Herbert Prise to Prince Rupert.

Brecon April 12th 1644.

Invited hither by the Gentry of Carmarthen and Cardigan. Considering the impossibility of their receiving help otherwise has marched that way.

Colonel Herbert Prise to Prince Rupert.

Brecon April 13,1644.

Withdraws to Herefordshire in obedience to the Prince's commands, but represents that this will alienate faithful subjects in these parts and leave them a prey to the rebels.

Colonel Herbert Prise to Prince Rupert.

Brecon May 7th 1644. Misfortune at Carmarthen through failure of promised relief. Begs for forces from Glamorganshire and order to seize arms in the hands of private persons.

Colonel Herbert Prise to Prince Rupert.

Calais April 1. The Kings (Chas II.) condition reported every were hopeful. The Rebels have nothing to support themselves but the authority of the army. Garrisons increased in every County in England. Cromwell reported dead or very sick; his Officers and Soldiers die daily of the flux. His Highness hath been informed against him. Doubts not of his justification.

[Col. Herbert Price survived to witness the Restoration. He was knighted by Charles II., and dying in 167g, was buried in West'minster Abbey.]


The following facts in reference to the valuable documents of the De la Roche family, published in the last Number of your Journal (vol. iii. New Series, pp. 258-271) may be interesting to some of your readers.

On the charter of Thomas Bishop of St. David's, marked No. I., Mr. Hunter observes:—

"It belongs to the reign of Henry the Third, or the early years of Edward the First. According to Godwin there were three Bishops of St. David's of the name of Thomas, successors to each other about that time. Thomas Carrew seems to have the best claim to it; but if the early Fasti of the Church of St. David's are in a tolerable state, there could be no difficulty in referring it. In reference to the genealogy of the Roches the point is of importance."

"De Thoma Carren [sic] nihil omnino memoratur," are the words of Godwin, "De Richardo tamen pauca dicamus" the note of his commentator Richardson. Richard (not Thomas) de Carew succeeded Thomas Wallensis in 1256, and was succeeded by Thomas Beck in 1280. This narrows the question considerably, and the names of two of the witnesses to the charter, Richard de Gough Archdeacon of St. David's, and T. Arch

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