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British story; they were the contemporaries of Gwallog; and they appear to have offered their arms to defend his right.
RHUN was the son of Maelgwn Gwynedd. He is reputed to have been illegitimate; but whether that be so or not, he succeeded his father on the throne of Gwynedd. Maelgwn's daughter Eurgain is said to have married Elidyr the Courteous, the son of Gwrwst Briodor ab Dyvynwal Hen, a chieftain, as Mr. Owen supposes, of some part of Lancashire. On the death of Maelgwn, whether that occurred in 547, or 566, or some date still later, Elidyr came to North Wales to claim Gwynedd as the inheritance of his wife; a battle appears to have taken place at the efflux of the Mewydus rivulet, which flows past the town of Caernarvon into the Menai; the brook was thence named Cadnant; and Elidyr, falling in the conflict, gave his name to “ Elidyr Bank," the place of his death. The chieftains of the north, hearing of this misadventure, collected their forces together, and came to North Wales to avenge their brother sovereign; but this had better be related in the words of the Welsh Laws:
THE PRIVILEGES OF THE MEN OF ARVON. Here (i. e. in Arvon) Elidyr the Courteous, a man from the north, was slain, and after his death the men of the north came here to avenge him. The chiefs, their leaders, were Clydno Eiddin, Nudd the Generous, son of Senyllt; Mordav the Generous, son of Servari, and Rhydderch the Generous, son of Tudwal Tudglyd; and they came to Arvon; and because Elidyr was slain at Aber Mewydus in Arvon, they burned Arvon as a further revenge. And then Run (pronounced Reen) son of Maelgwn, and the men of Gwynedd, assembled in arms, and proceeded to the banks of the Gweryd in the north (the river Wear, it is supposed); and there they were long disputing who should take the lead through the river Gweryd. Then Run despatched a messenger to Gwynedd, to ascertain who were entitled to the lead. Some say that Maeldav the Elder, the lord of Pennard,' adjudged it to the men of Arvon; Iorwerth, the son of Madog, on the
i The ground on the west side of the river Seiont, opposite the town of Caernarvon.
authority of his own information, affirms that Idno the Ag assigned it the men of the black-headed shafts. And thereup the men of Arvon advanced in the van, and were valorous the and Taliesin sang,
Behold! from the ardency of their blades,
The men of Arvon with their ruddy lances. And then on account of the length of time they remained arms, their wives slept with their bond-servants; and on th account Run granted them fourteen privileges.—Owen's Wel Laws, 8vo. ed. vol. i. p. 105.
Rhun is also named in the poems of Llywarch He who appears to have received several favours from him :“ Were there not given to me, by Rhun the Warlike,
A hundred swarms, and a hundred shields ? But one swarm was better far than all. “ Were there not given to me by Rhun the celebrated chief,
A cantrev and a hundred lowing kine?
The truly brave will encounter dangers ;
Heroic Elegies, p. 35. These verses occur in the elegy on Urien Rheged, an Mr. Owen supposes this Rhun to be some other perso than the son of Maelgwn, because the latter only died i 568, and Urien is thought to have died in 560. Thi argument, however, has no great force; the date ( Maelgwn's death is uncertain, and is variously place in A.D. 547, 566, 568 and 590; and the death of Urie: will, at the proper time and place, be shown to hav occurred in 584. E. Lhuyd states this person to hav been the son of Maelgwn-(Arch. Britt. vol. i. p. 258) and I think that he is right. Some further particular
2 The translation of this verse differs essentially from that of Mi Owen; and if reference be made to the Triads of the Tri Hualogio Deulu, and the usage of the word Enwir in Aneurin, it will be seei that my version is the best.
are found in the Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Welshmen :
“There are some notices of Rhun ab Maelgwn preserved in the Triads, in one of which he is called one of the three ‘Gwyndeyrn' or blessed princes of the isle of Britain—the other two being Rhuvawn Bevyr, and Owain ab Urien. In another Triad he is joined to Rhiwallon Wallt Banhadlen, and Cadwaladr Vendigaid, to form the three “Aurhualogion,' or golden-banded ones, who were so called from wearing bands of gold round their arms, knees, and necks, as insignia of supreme power in every province of Britain. Rhun's chief residence was the Roman Conovium, on the western bank of the river Conway, which from him obtained its subsequent name of Caer Rhun. He died in 586, and was succeeded by his son Beli.”
In the dialogue between Gwenddydd and Merddin, the following character is assigned to Rhun:
Gwenddydd.—Who will reign after Maelgwn?
Foremost of the army in battle;
Woe is Britain of the day.—Myu. i. p. 139. NUDD was the person named as Nudd the Generous in the last paragraph; and all that is known of him is embodied in the following notice:
“Nudd (Hael) a nobleman who lived in the sixth century. He was the son of Senyllt ab Cedig ab Dyvynwal Hen ab Ednyved ab Maxen Wledig. He is recorded in the Triads as one of the three generous ones of the isle of Britain, the other two being Morder Hael and Rhydderch Hael. We are informed in another Triad that he was proprietor of a herd of cattle, which contained twenty-one thousand milch cows, and was kept by Llawvrodedd Varvog. Nudd Hael is also reckoned among the Welsh Saints, and is said to have been a member of the college of Illtyd, and to have founded the church of Llysvronnudd.”—Williams' Biographical Dictionary.
His dominions appear to have been in some part of the Scottish Lowlands; his son Drywon took a conspicuous part in support of Rhydderch at the battle of Arderydd, (Airdrie, near Glasgow, most probably,) in 577; and another of his sons will be named in the next notice. The liberality of Nudd is the subject of frequent eulogy;
ARCH. CAMB., NEW SERIES, VOL. IV.
Rhydderch of a herd of cakelpt by Llawon Saints,
and, in this respect, to compare a British lord to Nude Mordav, or Rhydderch, was the highest reach of bard eulogy.
NWYTHON was the son Gildas or Euryn y Coed Au and brother of An-Euryn (i. e. the son of Euryn) th bard. He and his brothers, Dolgan, Cennydd, an Gwynnog were members of the colleges of Illtyd an Cattwg; but whether this connexion existed in yout or old age is not clear. Two chapels, founded b Gwynnog and Nwython, formerly existed near th church of Llangwm Dinmael in Denbighshire, whic are now converted into a mill and a kiln. The festiv: of Gwynnog and Nwython was kept Oct. 23rd.—(Wi liams' Biographical Dictionary.) At one period of h life he was a distinguished warrior; his dominions appea to have lain about Strathclyde, in Scotland; and he pro bably inherited the lands of his grandfather Caw, lord « Cwm Cawlwyd, after the death of his uncle Huai These conjectures are based upon certain passages in th Gododin:
Williams' Gododin, p. 63. Much credit is due to the author for his zeal an industry in furnishing us with a careful text of this poen and his translations are generally very accurate; but th translator of so long, obscure, and corrupted a com position must needs make many slips; and there ai many cases where a variety of interpretation must aris from a difference of taste in the translators, without thei being any demerit attached to either. In the case unde consideration, Mr. Williams does not appear to me t have seized the real significance of the lines of Aneurin and I should translate the verse thus:
I saw the array from the upland of Doon,
The pentir adoun of this verse appears to be “the banks and braes of bonny Doon" in Ayrshire. Rhedegein is the British form of Retigonium, now Stranraer, Wigtonshire, one of the towns of the Novantæ; and Rerygwyddyn, which takes its place in verse xcii., corresponds with equal exactness to Rerigonius Sinus, the Roman name for Loch Ryan, on the banks of which Stranraer now stands. And the events here recorded were probably the subjects of the following notices:
A.D. 642.—The battle of Offa among the Britons.
A.D. 642.-The death of Donald Mac Hugh, in the end of January. Afterward Donald Breck, in the battle of Strath-carmaic or Cairvin, in the month of December, was killed by Owen king of the Britons; and he reigned fifteen years.3
Donald Breck, or the speckled, was king of the Scots of Argyle, and was killed by Owen, king of the Britons of Strathclyde, in the vale of Girvan; and a glance at a map will show that Aneurin, from the hills of Doon, might very well have commanded a view of both Rhedegein and of the vale of Girvan. Donald began to reign in 628 or 629; he reigned fourteen or fifteen years; and he fell in 642. Another king of the Scots of the same name appears to have reigned in 678, and to have died in 686.
But to return to Nwython. The conflict alluded to by Aneurin appears to be the event commemorated in the Mabinogi of Kilhwch and Olwen, p. 305:
3 A.D. 642.-Bellum Offa apud Britones.-Ritson's Annals, &c. p. 174.
A.D. 642.—Mors Domnail Mac Aodha regis Hiberniæ, in fine Januarii. Postea Domnail Brec in bello Fraithe Cairvin (1. StraithCairmaic) in fine anni, m. Decembri, interfectus est (ab Hoan rege Brittonum) et annis quindecim regnavit.--Annals of Ulster and Tighernach, in Ritson, ji. p. 45.