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the deeds, &c, to be given to the heir, and authorized the detention of the box by his guardians according to its endorsement, until the defendant, Cecil's, portion should be levied. After his eldest daughter Cecil's marriage and early death, Richard Lougher instituted proceedings against her husband, Edward Turberville, of Sutton, in behalf of their daughter, Cecil Turberville, (afterwards Knight,) on the ground of non-fulfilment of the marriage settlement; he was met on the plea that debts due, and not cash, had been her marriage portion. A tedious suit relative to a bond left by his wife's younger sister, Katherine Williams, afterwards Ewres, which bond he alleged to have been paid twice over, chequered the long and prosperous life of Richard Lougher. Having, in 1693, executed a deed of Entail of Tithegston, ("to prevent difference arising between his issue female,") on his second daughter Ann, and Newton to his third daughter Katherine, with remainder to each, and over to his grand-daughter and her heirs, he died in 1701, and was buried in the chancel at Newton. Madam Ann, (as she was called,) his second daughter, survived till 1722 and Katherine to 1732. Tradition errs in recording, as the gift of the latter to the poor, the formerly wide margin of waste on the highway to Nottage; for, though her father had added to the patrimonial eighty-three acres at Newton by several small purchases, and she had a manor, still it was not her property to give. It must be confessed that the name of Lougher often occurs in the list of charitable benefactors in the county of Glamorgan,1 and therefore should not be forgotten.

1 "The Abstract of Returns of Charitable Donations for benefit of Poor Persons, 26 Geo. III., 1786," contains the following:— "Newcastle Hundred."—" Names of persons who gave the charity." "Newton Nottage."—" Mary Lougher, 1744, by Will to the Poor in money, now vested in Thomas Williams, .£50." "Alexander Pryce, alias Rees, by Will to the Poor in money, now vested in the Inhabitants, £10." "Tithegston."—" Mrs. Katherine Lougher, 1730, left by her Will to the Poor of Tithegston, not receiving Parish Relief, then vested (1786) in Henry Knight, charged on Land, £1." Thomas Leyson, in 1730, a similar bequest, producing £1 10s. LINE OF KNIGHT.

Cecil Turberville, by her marriage with Robert, son of Sir John Knight,2 of Redleafe and Congersbury, mayor and M.P. for the city of Bristol, had a numerous family. In 1724, she executed a deed to her eldest son, John Lougher Knight, by which she limited her own life estate under her grandfather Lougher's entail of 1693, to the term of her own widowhood, and by subsequent deed, two days after, she debarred herself of the power of settling any portion of the estate on any future husband, and gave all her rights to Charles Talbot, Esquire, and Anthony Maddocks, in trust, for her son and his heirs in fee. After thus divesting herself, she married the Rev. Edward Powell of Landow, by whom she had a daughter, Cecil, married to Thomas Picton, of Pembrokeshire, a name indelibly recorded by one of his descendants in the annals of his country. Not fully aware of the extent of her sweeping quit claim, C. Powell made an invalid bequest, in 1757, to her third son, Richard Knight, and in 1762 surrendered to the use of her youngest son, Watkin Lougher Knight, the copyholds in the Pembroke manor, given up to her, in 1727, by her aunt Catherine, as well as those which she previously claimed. Several of the

. . . At " Pyle and Kenfig," Thomas Lougher, 1747, left £50, which, together with an earlier gift of John Water, has been laid out in land. Different branches of the Lougher family appear in the same abstract as charitable benefactors in Coity Higher, Bonvilston, Lancarvan and Llantrithyd. These instances of a wish to perpetuate their benevolence are laudable. Much is probably lost from the destructive fires which are said to have left no will registered in the archives at Llandaff earlier than 1572, no terrier of older date than 1605, no transcript of parish registers before 1696.

2 Sir John Knight was mayor of Bristol in 1683 and 1670. His speech in parliament against naturalizing foreigners, or Frog-landers, as he calls them, gave great offence to the court party, and was publicly burnt. A question arose whether he could hold the offices of member for Bristol and mayor at the same time. He was knighted on occasion of a royal visit, and laid the foundation of the Hotwells at Clifton. The names of Francis Knight in 1594, George Knight in 1639, are also on the list of mayors.

parcels in the surrender were terra ignota for many years, and paid for as such. Her grandson fortunately saw the end of the dispute arising from her will; his grandson, nearly a century later, the termination of the copyhold question. She is buried in the chancel at Newton, with a brief epithet for an epitaph,—"The Good Mother."

On the death of his maternal aunt, Katherine Lougher, and of his elder brother, J. L. Knight, Robert Knight (1.) succeeded in 1732; he was sheriff of Glamorgan in 1737, and married Lydia, daughter of John Rogers, D.D., Dean of Wells. Her father was one of the most able and temperate writers in the Hoadleian controversy, her mother was the only sister of Henry Hare, last Lord Colerane of that family, who died at Bath, August 10, 1749.

CAUSE CONCERNING COLERANE ESTATES.

As there was no immediate heir, Lord Colerane's will was the subject of protracted litigation. Of his personalty he bequeathed " the diamond necklace of 44 brilliants," the ear-rings with pendants, and the five rows of diamonds "to wear on the stomacher," containing 55 brilliants, after Lady Anne Colerane's death, to his niece, Lydia Knight; also, "to his niece Knight, the pictures of her father & mother, of his own father & mother, & of his grandfather, & great grandfather Cole, & of each of their ladies." His prints and drawings of Italian antiquities he left to Corpus Christi College, Oxford; those relating to English antiquities to the Society of Antiquaries of London. To contribute towards a county history, and "to make the place and its inhabitants what civil return I can for their information," Lord Colerane drew up some excursive notices of Tottenham, where he dwelt; the MS. is in the Bodleian Library, and has been printed. His realty, or lands in Norfolk, Cambridge and Middlesex, he left to his daughter, Henrietta Rosa Peregrina, by Rose Duplessis, (" whom I esteem as my only true 6f virtuous Wife,") Remainder, on her dying under twenty-one, to his niece, Knight, and her husband, and after to their son Henry. Robert Knight went to Italy to collect evidence, and proved that Henrietta was an alien, born at Crema, September 12, 1745. Mrs. Duplessis entered upon the estates as guardian to her daughter, and in 1750 the Attorney-General filed an Information in the Exchequer; her appeal to the House of Lords was dismissed in 1753. In July, 1755, Chancery decided in favour of Mr. Knight, and the heirs at law. Thus the estates escheated to the crown, R. Knight claiming, and petitioning for £2980 expended by him in its service.3 At length by a compromise of clashing interests, "an Act" was obtained in accordance with the will by Chauncey Townsend, Esq., to enable the crown to remove the incapacities and disabilities, and to grant the estates in trust for Rose Duplessis and her daughter (married May 2, 1763, to James Townsend, M.P., sheriff and lord mayor of London). This grant was made subject to the payment of £5000 to Robert Knight and £30,000 in equal moieties for H. Knight, and Ann, the wife of William Basset, (the only surviving niece of Lord Colerane,) coheirs at law, with interest. The Suit, which lasted twelve years, excited much attention in the county at the time. Robert Knight died October 22, 1765.*

(2.) Henry Knight, his sole heir, married Catherine, daughter of John Lynch, D.D., Dean of Canterbury, and grand-daughter of Archbishop Wake. During the seven years' war he served actively with his regiment in Germany; returning, on his father's death, in to Wales, he made extensive alterations in his mansion at Tithegston, raising the remaining tower, removing the terraced gardens, and modernizing the place. He could do little towards removing "the distressful intermixture of lands at Newton," as he termed it, soon hampering himself with

3 " Et qua non gravior mortalibus addita cura Spes, ubi longa venit."—Statius. * A piece of plate presented to R. Knight, Esq., by the under'writers, for his exertions in saving the cargo of a wrecked vessel, formerly existed at Tithegston.

an entail in 1769. In 1771 he obtained an Act of Divorce, and to exclude his wife from the interest she derived from this settlement. He died in March, 1772. (His wife married John Norris, Esq., and by him had a second family; Charles Norris, Esq., who executed the accurate Etchings of Tenby, 1812, was her son.

During a minority of several years, Mrs. Basset, niece of Lord Colerane, Guardian of (3.) Henry Knight, the eldest son, ably discharged her trust. After leaving Oxford, and residing for a short time in Chambers at the Temple, the late Colonel Knight travelled extensively on the Continent. He was sheriff of the county in 1794. During the war occasioned by the first revolution in France, he took an active interest in local measures of defence. Successively Major, Lieutenant-Colonel and Colonel of the Glamorgan Militia (in 1808), he accompanied his regiment stationed in Kent, Cornwall, Portsmouth and elsewhere, during the threats of an invasion from France. After the peace he interested himself zealously and benevolently in county affairs, in conjunction with Lord Bute, the late Lord-Lieutenant, till the close of his life, September 19, 1825.

(4.) The Rev. Robert Knight, rector of Newton Nottage, his eldest nephew by his brother of the same name, succeeded to the estates comprized under the settlement of 1769. In 1839, retaining Tithegston Court, he disposed of the Lougher manor, and the chief portion of his Newton property, to the late Sir J. J. Guest, Bart., M.P., of Dowlais, in Glamorgan, and of Canford Manor, Dorset.4

CUSTOMS OF MANORS.

From the large Rental made by the Commissioners of Henry VIII. in 1540, it appears that Jenkin Byrde, propositus, or bailiff, of Newton Nottage Manor, accounted to F. Southwell and W. Tooke for 113s. 8d., including

5 A List Of The Incumbents Of Newton Nottage.—A Rectory, rated in King's Books at £17 4s. 7d., tenths, 1 14s. 5Jd.

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