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the west side of Middle Point, whilst the opposite or solvent action of the spray, "like that of a weak, acid,"6 is conspicuous in the countless corroded cavities in the more exposed limestone cliffs. The progress of reparation is here, as often, slower than that of decay. On the whole the sands are become more level and stationary.7

NOTICE OF NEWTON, AND OF DISPUTED DESCENT, BY LELAND.

The notice of Newton in Leland's valuable Itinerary is so brief that we may infer he did not visit it. Guided by pronunciation in spelling the name, he says very cursorily,—" Newton Notes: This is a pretty village on the E. ripe of the Tidwg." (This seems to be the name of the small brook rising in upper Tithegston, and, after forming the north-western boundary of the hamlet of Nottage, falling into the sea near Sker.) "There is a Manor place," he continues, "cawled Skir, a two miles from the shore," (query, "on by the shore,") "where dwelleth one Richard Lougher, a gentleman." He elsewhere incidentally notices the protracted dispute in which R. Lougher had been engaged, and which we must touch upon in continuing our account of the descent of the property :—" Penlline yet stondeth and longeth to Turberville." There were "a while ago two brethren of the Turbervilles, whereof the elder left a daughter and heir, the younger left a son. The daughter was married to Lougher. After great strife the two Turbervilles' children parted the landes." If difficult formerly, it is more so now, to enter at all satisfactorily into the merits of this "strife" between the cousins; yet the family of

6 Dr. I. Davy, F.R.S.

1 Ripple marks on sand are often produced without the agency of water by the wind, as may be seen in numerous instances below Newton. Some old low beaches are being uncovered between the Great Pool and Porthcawl Bay, and some banks of pools (once used for salt making) near the ruins of the Red House, still the drift is less considerable than formerly.

Turberville of Tithegston, as a scion of the house of Coity, and the Loughers, (with one of whom Cecil Turberville intermarried,) as influential descendants of Jestyn ap Gwrgan, have had so much to do with county affairs in Glamorgan for several generations, that an endeavour to trace their lineage through a few descents may not be wholly uninteresting.

LINE OF TURBERVILLE OF TITHEGSTON AND NEWTON.

Sir Richard Turberville, uncle of Sir Gilbert Turberville, of Coity Castle, whose large property was at an early period divided between four sisters and their heirs male, gave all his lands in Tithegston and Newton to his uncle, (1.) Wilcock Turberville, according to the Cottrel Pedigree Book, p. 510. This name was derived from his mother's family in Herefordshire; (2.) Hamon, son of the abovenamed succeeded him. A deed of " Hamond and Agnes Turberville," on the marriage of Amitia Spencier, to John ap Henry of Landimor, has come into my possession, and is dated 1329; (3.) Tomkyn, or Thomas, the next in descent, married Lucy, daughter of Sir John Norris of Penlline; (4.) The Beauchamp survey of Glamorgan, 1429, supplies the name of Gilbert Turberville, next in the succession,—" Gilbert Turberville feod: suo de Landudouck," (i.e., Tithegston). Another entry on the same record renders it doubtful whether the Newton property did not descend to the Turbervilles long after their manor of Tithegston. It is this,—

"Gwenlliana Norris feodo suo de Newton Notash."
"Gwenlliana Norris fi: s: de Penlleyn."

The name of this Gilbert of " Twygeston" appears in the petition of the unfortunate Lady Margaret Maliphant, so treacherously entrapped and cruelly carried off from Upton Castle in Pembrokeshire. Some interesting particulars have been omitted in the notice of this outrage, (Archceologia Cambrensis, 1852, p. 210). Jane Astely, her "moder," (to whom Lewis Leyson, alias Gethin, " the most trusted of any man" swore "that he was wedded, and that he would bring the said Margaret safely to London,") was nurse or foster-mother to Henry VI., who speaks of her repeatedly with affection. Lewis Leyson, who by subtlety broke the letters of the mother, announcing her husband's death, and "counterfeyted in her seide husband's (Sir Thomas Maliphant) name, as he had been in lyfe," and brought her to the Tower at Tythegston, and at length forced upon her a marriage, June 16, 1438, when she "was greatly distressed and not of good mind," or body either, was probably a near relation of Gilbert Turberville's wife.8 Her name was Catherine, daughter of Thomas Bevan ap Leyson of Brigam. Their victim escaped from Tithegston to her mother, and before her petition to Parliament had led to the punishment of the guilty, found a refuge for herself and her infant in the grave, "where the wicked cease from troubling, and the weary are at rest."

Two descendants of Gilbert, both named Jenkin, (the usual diminutive of John,) the son (5.) married to a daughter of Philip Fleming of Flemingston; (6.) the grandson, to Florence, daughter of Walter ap Rosser Vaughan, bring us to (7.) Richard Turbervill,9 whose eldest son (8.) John Turbervill, called Gloff, or lame, married Alice Raglan, whose dowry on the death of her husband was assigned by a jury, February 18, 1527. Their daughter and heiress, (9.) Gwenllian, by marriage with Watkin Lougher of Sker, carried the property into the Lougher family, and it was held by a succession of Richards and Watkins, in alternation, till the last Richard Lougher of Tithegston, who died in 1701.

8 See Rolls of Parliament, vol. v. A.d. 1439.

9 The Welsh Poet, Lewis of Glyn Cothi, addresses an Ode (the thirtieth in Dosparth I. of Tegid's edition of his Poems) to Richard Turbervile or Turbil, of Landudwg, or Tithegston. He celebrates his splendour and liberality in laudatory strains. Alluding probably to his ancestor Gilbert's alliance with the daughter of Thomas Bevan ap Leison of Brigam, he calls him one of the Lleisoniaid, and descended from Jestyn. The subject of his eulogy was probably a strong Lancastrian, hence the high-flown panegyric. The Sisil twice mentioned may have been Cecil Fleming, who married a Turbervill.

LINE OF LOUGHERS OF TITHEGSTON AND NEWTON.

There seems to be no reason to doubt that one of the descendants of Leyson of Avan, (the great-grandson of Morgan, the son of Caradock ap Jestyn,) residing at Lougher, took his name from that ancient town and transmitted it to his posterity. By a receipt of the Lady Lucy Bassett, called "Lucy Verch Griffith Nicholas," dated October 10, 1472, (12 Edward IV.) it appears that Richard Lougher farmed for her a moiety of Weobley Castle in Gower. Three years later his name is mentioned in a singular kind of marriage compact; Richard Lougher covenants with John ap Griffith Howell to give his daughter Ann to David, son of John ap Griffith; if Ann did not live to fulfil the contract, that then David should marry some other daughter of Richard Lougher, and interchangeably, in case of David's premature death, a son of Lougher should marry a daughter of John ap Griffith, with proviso, that the marriage portion of fifty marks then covenanted to be paid under special conditions, should be still payable between the parties under any of these contemplated contingencies. Whether this Richard was the sixth son, or with the intervention of a Watkin Lougher, the grandson of Goronowy ap Evan ap Leyson, fourth from Cradock, Lord of Avan, is not certain. The name occurs, as we have seen, in the conveyance of Grove Farm1 in 1467, as "of Skerr, Gentilman." Richard Lougher, the father-in-law of Cecil Turbervill, married Margaret daughter of Watkin,2 second son of Thomas Vychan of Gadlys, in Tir yr Iarl.

AWARDS IN DISPUTE MENTIONED BY LELAND.

There is still shown at Llandaff Cathedral the monument of one of the Matthews' family, said to have been

1 See Chapter II.

2 He appears to have been one of the three sons of "Sr Thomas Vaughan ab Sir Roger Vaughan of Tretower." See Pedigree of the tribe of Sir David Gam, in Rev. J. Jones' Edition of Lewis Glyn Cothi, 1837, p. 1.

standard bearer to Edward IV., who was slain at Neath in a fray with two of the Turbervilles. In those sad times of disquietude, entails were frequently made to avoid forfeiture; accordingly we find that (7.) Richard Turberville, by deeds of 27th April, 19 Edward IV., and of 16th January, 4 Henry VII., enfeoffed Thomas, his brother, John ap Hore, Vicar of St. Donat's, David Williams, Parson of Newton Nottage, and others, in his manors of Tithegston, North Cornely and West Orchard, and their appurtenances, (excepting the manor of Newton Nottage, and thirty-eight acres at Wick, in which his wife had a life interest,) with intent to perform his will, viz., for his son Jenkin, and his lawful heirs male, to have North Cornely, and lands in fee and franchise of Kenfig, and fee of Ogmore, in hands of David Leyson, Griffith ap Hore of Bridgend, also of John Thomas Melyr, in fee of Newcastle, &c.; also Clements, his lands, (in hands of John Stradlyng,) remainder to his son John. All other his lands not appointed to Jenkyn, to go to John Turbervill, with cross remainders to their heirs, first male and secondly female, and in default of such, to his own next heirs for ever.3 He died about 1501.

John Turberville, (8.) son of Richard, (7.) by deed of 10th May, 1514, (6 Henry VIII.,) enfeoffed Henry Somerset Lord Herbert, Rese Maunsill, George and Charles Herbert, Thomas Turberville, Watkin and William Lougher, and Thomas ap William, in his manors of

3 By his will, (3rd April, 1501,) R. Turberville directs his body to be buried at Newton, and gives various sums to Llandaff; to the Grey and the Black Friars at Cardiff; to the glazing of the chapel windows at "Tethigstone," 20s.; to the church work of Newcastle and the chancel of Newton, small sums. Testator orders some man to go to the station of Rome to sing a mass "ad scalam cceli" at Candlemas next, and leaves for a man to go for me to St. James' this year, two good trees of Penlline wood; to the curate of St. Brynach's (where probably he was married) 3s. 4d.; to the reparation of Newbridge, 6s. 8d.; to the weare of Newton, 6s. 8d.; to the church work of Laleston, 3s. 4d.; to that of Kenfig, 6s. 8d.; "to my daughter Alson's marriage, vi. marks." He concludes with legacies of wains and kine, leaving the residue to his wife, Margaret, who is appointed executrix with his two sons.

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