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the same time "considerable weight seems due to the concurrent voice of ancient British history and tradition on this point."—p. 164.
We regret that our available limits will not permit us to notice in detail Mr. P.'s conclusions on the Roman roads, provinces and army, —his views of the ancient British monuments, histories and chronicles, —his clever account of the imperatorships of Claudius for Britain, and many other particulars which have been discussed in the present volume. We must refer the reader to the book itself on these subjects, assuring him that he will by no means repent of the time bestowed on its perusal.
We must add that the work is adorned with the following illustrations,—1, a map of Britain as at the era of Cunobeline, which will be found of great use in connexion with the chapters on the early British States; 2, a plan of Roman roads, from Iters vii. xii. and xiv. of the Itinerary of Antoninus; 3, a plan of Silchester; and 4, an engraving of the Rudge cup, a curious relic supposed to be as old as the reign of Constantius II. or A.d. 350, found in a well at Rudge Coppice, in Wiltshire.
No one who takes any interest in the antiquities and early history of this country should be without this work.
A Few Words In Behalf Of Teaching Welsh Children
SUCH THINGS AS "BELONG TO THEIR SOUL'S HEALTH" IN
Oxford: Alexander Ambrose Masson. Mold: Pring and
Whatever may be alleged as to the exaggeration of the Educational Report contained in the notorious Blue Books, it is undeniable that it has made out a case, and a strong one too, against the established system of teaching the children of the mountains their duty towards God and their neighbour through the medium of the English language. The experiment has been made, and it has signally failed. It is quite refreshing then to meet with a candid acknowledgment of the fact, from whatever quarter it may proceed. Accordingly, though it be somewhat out of our own sphere, we cannot refrain on the present occasion from recommending the small pamphlet before us, which has been sensibly and earnestly written by a lady, who seems to have the moral welfare of the Principality much at heart. We will quote two foot-notes which very clearly illustrate the different effects of the opposite systems.
The authoress having remarked on the inconsistency of teaching children that they must not pray with their lips only, but in their hearts, and then giving them prayers to say in private in a language they understand but imperfectly, adds in a note the following anecdote by way of an example:—
"A sister of the writer was riding, a short time since, through a hamlet situated four miles from any church. She took a boy of about fourteen years old as a guide to a cottage she wished to visit, and on the way asked him some questions on the subject of religion. Finding him very ignorant, she inquired, in Welsh, whether he said his prayers. He asked what she meant; she repeated, ' Do you not pray to Ood night and morning?' He replied,' pray! I do not know what that is, if I knew how, I would do it.' On her return, she called at the boy's home, and asked his mother why she did not teach her children to say their prayers. She replied that 'the boy attended the school close by, (one connected with the British and Foreign School Society,) and that he learned there to say prayers in English, so that she saw no occasion to teach him at home.' The woman was a Baptist and her children of course unbaptlzed. This is but one of many such instances which have come under the writer's notice."—p. 6.
The other note gives an example of the good results of the opposite system:—
"A boy was sent to a village school at the age of thirteen; he could neither read Welsh nor English. He remained about a year and a half, and was, according to the rule of the school, required to learn to read Welsh before he was allowed to begin English. When he left to go to service, he could read the Bible, and had been well grounded in the Church Catechism and other religious knowledge, in Welsh; he could write tolerably, was making some progress in arithmetic, and had commenced learning to read English. He went to a farm situated at a great distance from any church or meeting-house, and of course received no instruction there; yet on accidentally meeting him about six months afterwards, tending cattle in the mountains, he replied to the writer's questions, that he still remembered the prayers and catechisms he had learnt in school, and read his Bible on Sundays. Thus the knowledge he had acquired had proved of real benefit, because it had been conveyed through the only medium capable of producing a lasting impression. Had he been taught in English, he would have forgotten it all in much less time in the situation in which he was placed, and which is frequently the lot of our Welsh village school boys."—p. 10.
We have only to add that the " proceeds of this pamphlet will be devoted to the repairing of a village church in North Wales."
Reports And Papers Read At The Meetings Of The Architectural Societies Of The Archdeaconry Of Northampton, The Counties Of York And Lincoln, And Of The Architectural And Archjeological Society Of The County: Of Bedford, During The Year 1852.
We need only enumerate the several subjects treated of in this volume to give our readers an idea of the amount of interesting matter which it contains. Besides the Reports of the different societies, we have papers entitled,—" On the Church of St. Sepulchre, Northampton, with especial reference to the Restoration of the Round;" "A Synchronological Table of the Bishops of the English Sees, from the year 1050 to the year 1550;" "On the History of Church Arrangement;" "On the recent Excavations of Sawley Abbey, in Yorkshire;" "Historic Sketch of Pontefract Castle;" "On Churchyard Monuments;" "On Heckington Church;" "On Open Seats;" "On Sleaford, Sempringham and some neighbouring Churches;" "On the Abbey of St. Marie, at Thornton-on-theHumber;" "On Tradesmen's Tokens;" "On the Moral and Intellectual Expression of Architecture;" and "On Samaritan Coins, or Hebrew Coins." It is also very full of illustrations.
Camtmiut Irrtmenlngirai tonriatintt.
President, Sir JOSEPH BAILEY, Bart., M.P.
Chairman of the Local Committee,
Treasurer of Local Committee, Secretary of Local Committee,
Managers of Excursions, Curators of Museum,
Joseph R. Cobb, Esq., James W. Morgan, Esq.,
Evan Thomas, Esq., Rev. R. Price, B.D.
James Williams, Esq.
Local Secretaries for Brecknockshire,
Rev. John Williams, Llangorwen, Aberystwyth,
Special Assistant Secretaries,
E. A. Freeman, Esq., l
_ _r T, T-i 5" Architecture.
R. Kyrke Penson, Esq., y
Jos. Joseph, Esq., ) ....
_ > Antiquities. M. Moggridge, Esq., }
T. O. Morgan, Esq., History.
Arch, Camb., New Series, Vol. Iv. 2 G
On Monday, September 12th, the General Committee will meet at the Shire Hall, at seven P.m., and there will be a General Meeting of the Association, at the Shire Hall, at eight P.m. The President, the Hon. R. H. Clive, M.P., will take the Chair, and resign it to the President elect. The Report of the Committee will be read, and other preliminary business transacted. On the following days there will be an Excursion daily at nine A.m., and a General Meeting every evening at half-past seven.
The following Excursions are proposed:—
1st.—To Brecknock Castle, Maendu Well, Crug, Fenni, Gaer, Maen y morwynion, Maen-hir at Pool, Ffynnon Pen Rhys, and Ffynnon Gloriog at Battle, Llandefailog Church and Stone, Tumulus at Pytin Gwyn, Llanddew Church, and Bishop's Manor (once the residence of Giraldus Cambrensis), and back by the Forge, through the Priory Groves to the Priory Church and Domestic Buildings.
2nd.—To St. Mary's Church, Arch at the " Victoria" Inn, Carving at Castle House, Christ's College, Newton (the residence of Sir David Gam), remains of Bath at Ffrwdgrech, Mound at Cilwhybert, Llanspyddid Church and Yew Trees, Maen Llia, Maen Madoc, and Sarn Helen, Twyn y gaer, Castell Mallt-Molbrey, Defynog Church, Castell du and Trecastle.
3rd.—" Shoulder of Mutton," now called "Siddons' Arms" Inn, where Mrs. Siddons was born, Alexanderstone, Llanfillo Church, Ffynnon Fillo and Camp, Bronllys Castle, Llanelien Church and Ffoes-tyll Barrows, Porthaml and Gwernyfed old Mansions, and the Town and Castle of Hay.
4th.—"Captain's Walk" and old Wall of Brecon, remains of Roman Bath at Maesyderwen, Pencelli Castle, Maen-hir at Llwynfedwen, Stones of Peregrinus and Valens at Cwmdu Church, Gaer, Tretower Castle and Court, Cistfaen at Gwernvale, Crickhowel Castle, Church and Ancient Gateway at ditto, Porthmawr and the Turpilian Stone.
5th.—Camp at Slwch, Llechfaen, Waun Myneich, Kingstone, Llanhamlach Church, Ty Illtyd near Mannest, Allt yr yscryn, Yictorinus Stone at Scethrog, Blaenllyfni Castle, Llyn Safaddan or Llangorse Lake.
Gentlemen who purpose to read papers at the Meeting are earnestly requested to furnish the General Secretaries with the subjects of their intended communications, at their earliest convenience. The following papers are already promised:— The Lords Marchers of Brecknockshire. Rev. J. B. Evans. The Insurrection of Maelgwyn Vychan. T. O. Morgan, Esq.
Customs of Defynog M. Moggridge, Esq.
Herefordshire, British, Roman and Saxon James Davies, Esq.
Ancient Remains on Carngoch Ven. Archdeacon Williams.
On a Cairn, and an Ancient Law re-
Antiquities of Merthyr and its Neigh-
Brecknockshire Crosses and Inscribed
Stones J. O. Westwood, Esq.
Culver Hole, Gower M. Moggridge, Esq.
Well Camp, &c, at Llanfillo Rev. W. Bowcott.
Two small Roman Camps near Swansea M. Moggridge, Esq.
Crickhowel Castle Hugh Powell Price, Esq.
The Castle of Carreg Cennen Ven. Archdeacon Williams.
Brecon Priory Rev. G. Roberts.
Architectural Antiquities of Brecon.... E. A. Freeman, Esq.
A temporary Museum will be formed in the Grand Jury Room. Persons intending to exhibit objects are particularly requested to forward them to the Curators a fortnight before the Meeting.
There will be Ordinaries, &c, daily, at the Castle Hotel,—
Excursion Tickets will be issued daily by the Local Committee, at 5s. each, covering the whole expenses of conveyance for the day.