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neighbourhood. In describing the actual process I will avail myself to a great extent of the account furnished by the very intelligent correspondent of the Hereford Times (February 5, 1853), following it up by a technical account of what those discoveries have eventually brought to light.
In the middle of December last the embankment of the Shrewsbury and Hereford Railway began to make its appearance in the meadows a few hundred yards below the Workhouse premises, in which the site of the choir and transept is included. The question of the propriety of lowering and levelling the high ground of the Workhouse garden having been discussed, it was thought probable that the railway contractors might at their own expense remove any surplus soil to their embankment below. By a tacit consent therefore a square hole was sunk in the garden, in order to ascertain the nature of the subsoil. After sinking to the depth of about five feet, the workmen came to some rough stone work which crossed, in a direction from east to west, the centre of the hole they were sinking. The excavation was continued some four feet lower down the side of the stone work, and the hole when finished was about five feet square, and nine or ten deep, with the part of the width of the wall crossing as before stated. Rumours were soon afloat in the town that a "cell or covered tomb" had been discovered, and the workmen made an effort to penetrate the wall with a view of ascertaining its contents. At this stage of the proceedings I had the honour of being taken into council about the matter. I received a letter from Mr. Gamble, of Leominster, (whose acquaintance I had made on my former visit, and who had rendered me some assistance on that occasion,) describing what had been done up to that time. On this, in my zeal, I ventured to address a letter to Mr. Bennett, the Chairman of the Board of Guardians, suggesting the great benefit that might accrue to antiquarian and architectural students, if the excavations could be continued, and requesting that the subject might be brought before the notice of the
Board of Guardians. After some little delay, the Board passed a resolution granting me permission, on behalf of the Cambrian Archaeological Association, to pursue the investigation under certain restrictions. These last, indeed, amounted to nothing less than a requirement that when the excavation should have been effected, it should be all covered up again, to admit of the garden being planted afresh. Alone, at a distance, I could have done nothing, but I am happy to state that the matter was taken up in Leominster and its neighbourhood in a way which is a most encouraging sign of the times as relates to archaeological pursuits. A committee was formed, including persons of various callings and denominations, who have worked with the most praiseworthy zeal, taking it in turn, in all weathers, to inspect the operations of the workmen employed, and which have finally issued in laying bare the most important parts of the foundations of the eastern part of the church. Besides Mr. Gamble, whom I have already mentioned, my thanks, and those of antiquaries in general, are due to the Rev. J. P. Taylor, Captain Turner, one of the Churchwardens, and Messrs. Watling, Lloyd, and Gilkes. To Mr. H. Newman we are still further indebted for the ground plan which adorns the present number. During these operations, at their request, I revisited Leominster, and delivered a lecture on the ancient church and the recent discoveries. All this time, the fear hung over our heads that what we had so recently explored must be again concealed, but I am rejoiced to be able to add that this fear has been at last removed. The interest felt in these discoveries was by no means confined to Leominster itself. Several of the neighbouring clergy took an active share in the discoveries, and a memorial to the Guardians, praying that the excavations may be allowed to remain uncovered, received, besides the signatures of the Mayor and several of the Town Council of Leominster, those of the Bishop of the diocese, (Dr. Hampden,) of Lord Bateman, the Lord-Lieutenant of the county, of Lord Rodney, and other influential persons in the county. Addresses to the