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lished by Mr. Alison's deep and philo- dragged it in. If he intended it as a
sophical inquiry into this most interest- course of preparatory discipline by
ing subject;" — Just as important as it is which to drill the tastes of his readers
that a man going to enjoy a fine view into a liking of his book, we would
should first attend anatomical lectures be inclined to say that it was imperti-
on the nature of the retina--or that nent-were it not that in our own case
we, when we sit down to cogitate about we have felt that, even if adapted for
what we should say of Sir Thomas this end, it was superfluous.
Dick Lauder, should have first got by We can only hope, that this neatly-
heart some theory of the functions of turned compliment will atone to Sir
the brain. Give us the forest in all its Thomas for all we have said against
loveliness and in all its grandeur : let his introduction here of his favourite
the summer sky be cloudless above our theory; for, notwithstanding this, which
heads, and the summer breezes waft the is foolish, and whiggish withal, we have
scent of the wild flowers from the wood, not, for a long time, been so much
and we will hie away to the greenwood pleased as with the volumes before us.
glade, and, stretching ourselves on a In their perusal we formed a fresh ac-
mossy bank, perhaps with Gilpin's quaintance with the woods ; and trees
Forest Scenery in our hand, we will which before we had regarded as very
listen to the hum of the bees, and the common and every-day beings, became
cooing of the woodquest, and the invested with an almost magical inte-
murmur of the brooks, and the rustling rest; and even the enchanting remarks
of the leaves, and the carols of the of Mr. Gilpin appeared to far better
birds, and be pleased with all this—the advantage when illustrated by the com-
more pleased because we do not know ments of their present editor.
why—and we will cheerfully leave Sir Mr. Gilpin calls the horse-chestnut

Thomas and Mr. Alison shut up in “a heavy, disagreeable tree :" he says,
our study to settle, before we come “ the whole tree together in flower is a
back, the mataphysical question—why gloomy object, totally unharmonious
these things are so sweet to human and unpicuresque.” 'This is one of the
sense-a question, by the way, of which few instances of bad taste in the “ Fo-
we suspect they will know as little as rest Scenery," and it is one to which
ourselves.

Sir Thomas very properly objects. The But the fact is, that Mr. Alison's horse-chestnut in flower is certainly theory of taste," umiversally admitted” a magnificent object-to borrow Sir though it be, is like most other theories, Thomas's words, clothed in all the as far as possible from truth, unless richness of its heavy-green velvet drawhere, like a genuine philosopher, he pery, embroidered with the million of puts into very fine and precise lan- silver flowers which cover it from top guage what every body knows. That

to bottom." the pleasure we derive from the pre- Mr. Gilpin had received as authentic sence of beauty may be enhanced by the widely circulated fable with associations and recollections nobody respect to the Upas-tree of the island ever thought of denying. That ob- of Java-a fable for which the world is jects, indifferent in theinselves, may, indebted to a Dutch surgeon of the by the same means, be invested with naine of Foersch. Sir Thomas has the deepest interest—is what every abundantly refuted these marvellous body who has kept a memento of a accounts, and his published some very friend or a lover has felt. But to assert curions statements of Dr. Horsfield relathat there is no perception of the beau- tive to the antshar-a poisonous plant tiful in the huinın inind, save that growing in quantities in the east of the which is derived from, or more properly island, which formed the foundation of speaking, created by association, is, the Dutch romance (!) of the Upasin our humble judgment, little better These statements do not speak than elaborate trifling.

much for the humanity of Dr. Horsfield, We have 100 time, however, at as they contain the record of no less present to discuss these questions : be than 28! experiments maile on living the theory true or false, it has no animals with the poison of the tree: the earthly business where Sir Thoinas bas minutes are all noted down in which in

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each case the poison worked its dread- in the production is, the exhibition of ful effects. There was here no object the simple narrative of the New Testaapparently to be gained but the grati- ment; and the morality of the whole fication of curiosity : such brutality, inspired volume, under the form of therefore, was wanton : never did we legitimate and irresistible proof of meet with an account of such refine- the genuineness, authenticity, and aument upon cruelty as appears in the thority of the Scriptures. record of Dr. Horsfield's 28 experiments.

View of the Origin and Migrations of the Poly

nesian Nation. By John Dunmore Lang, D.D. We regret that we must so soon

small Svo. London: Cochrane and Co. 1834. close our notice of these delightful volumes, but other candidates await The great problem as to the means our fiat, and in justice to them by which the globe has been peopled, we must have done. If those of our notwithstanding the

atreaders who may be induced to procure tempts at its solution, seems likely to the book themselves derive as much continue a problem forever. The simple pleasure and instruction as we have truth which revelation teaches us, that from the perusal, they will have little mankind have descended from a single cause to blame us for our recommen- pair—that “God has made of one blood dation.

all the nations of men, for to dwell on The illustrations are really beautiful : all the face of all the earth,” is all that nothing could be more exquisitely per- we kuow with certainty upon the subfect than the delineations of the outline ject. In the theories which have been of the foliage of the trees.

hazarded, with regard to the details of

the propagation of our race, all is conThe Philosophy of the Evidences of Christianity. jecture, and therefore it is probable

By James Steele. 8vo. Edinburgh, 1834. that but little is true. It is indeed an A work which we can recommend to investigation upon which labour seems public attention as interesting and rain and inquiry thrown away. Ingeuseful. The author appears well nuity may find materials for theorizversed in standard writings on divi- ing, but philosophy can discover but nity; and has shown some skill and few grounds for induction ; and after elegance in drawing from the theolo- all, it does not much concern us, that gical treasury, if not "things new and we are unable to trace all the migraold,” at least valuable truths, under the tions of the earliest men, and are pleasing garb of modern language. obliged to sit down in ignorance of the

Christianity is too generally con- windings and turnings of the path by sidered a science or system, unlike all which the human race performed the modern discoveries worked out by tedious journey of many generations, mere reasoning, and unable to cope from the summit of Ararat to the with them on the ground of proof. A heights of the Andes, or the solitudes haze of mystery envelopes revelation of Iceland. when hastily viewed, and indolence Dr. Lang has, however, entered finds a ready excuse for not enquiring upon a portion of this perilous field of into the nature and qualities of the speculation, and has produced a volume, obscured luminary, in the pretext of which is evidently the production of a

Our author brings Chris. Christian and a man of thought. It tianity under examination by the teles. contains, certainly, much that is fancopic machinery peculiar to moral ciful in conjecture ; but, at the same philosophy, and proves it infinitely to time, much that is .curious in fact. excel all discoveries made by man There is a candour, too, about all the even in their most boasted properties. statements, which is favourably con

Here and there in the volume we trasted with the general dogmatism of meet with a few strange terms, formed, theorists--his desire appears to be, to obviously, by a writer whose invention discover the truth, and not to display serves more rapidly than memory to bis own ingenuity--and the arguments dress out his ideas. Yet the language, and deductions of his volume are often however above that usual in such dis- such as render it very difficult, if not quisitions, is expressive and forcible. In impossible, to withhold our essent from tine, that which chiefly merits praise his opinion,

reverence.

new.

Humboldt, the celebrated traveller, distress by reason of searcity of prohas left on record his opinion, as to the visions. Under such circumstances, futility of endeavouring to trace the necessity would suggest the hororiginal peopling of the new world rible expedient of banquetting on the from the old. “ How rash," exclaims flesh of sonie one of their fellow the baron, “ would be the attempt to voyagers—the taste for human blood, point out the group of nations, of the thus acquired in their voyages, may old continent, with which the Toltechs, not have deserted them when settled the Aytechs, the Muyscas, and the in their new abode, and the diet which Peruvians present the nearest analo- the starving sailors adopted from negies.” This is just the attempt which cessity, the settled emigrants may have our author has inade, and with all due continued from choice. But this theory, deference to Baron Humboldt, we do which certainly deserves attention, he not think he has much reason to repent spoils in another part of his book by of his temerity. We have not space carrying it to absurdity: He thus acto notice all the arguinents by which counts for the fact, that, while the he sustains his theory; but we shall Asiatic distinction of caste is preendeavour to give our readers an idea served in the Friendly Islands, no of that theory itself.

trace of it is to be found in New The islands which are scattered Zealand, which our author supposes to over the great South Sea, Dr. Lang have been peopled from the Friendly supposes to have been the connecting Islands. Supposing a vessel, whose link between the old world and the crew was composed indiscriminately of

The Polynesian nation he pre- persons of the different castes, to have sumes to have been of Malay origin. been so long detained in the passage And as war, or over population, or the from the Friendly Islands to New spirit of maritime adventure, gave rise, Zcaland, as to compel the passengers in the newly colonized nation, to fur- to the usual resource, he saysther emigration ; the bold adventurers

« In such a case of direful emergency, proceeded from island to island, over

the first victim would, doubtless, be the the interminable ocean, in search of

man of lowest (aste ; for the idea of new abodes, until, at length, they putting a person of inferior caste on the reached the continent of South

same level with a noble or chief, under America.

any circumstances, would never occur to The demonstration of this theory

a New Zealander. It is, therefore, naturally divides itself into two depart- highly probable, from the present state of ments ; it must first be proved that the society in New Zealand, that the miserPolynesian nation are of Malay origin, able wretches who first landed on that and then that the Indo-Americans are island, had previously been so long at derived from the Polynesians. The sea, that they had successively killed and first of these questions our author eaten every person of an inferior caste.” argues with considerable abilities and clearness ; the language, the super

This is theorizing with a vengeance ! stitions, the habits, and the policy of

There is a very striking peculiarity

which he notices as common to the the Polynesians, he refers to their corresponding counterparts among the Malays, the Polynesians, and the MexiMalays; and adopting the same mode cans—that is, the use of a distinct or reof argument, he traces, although cer

verential language in addressing their tainly not with the same clearness, the great men. transfusion of the Malay peculiarities

“ This language did not consist in the into the mode of life pursued by the use of a few phrases of deference or reIndo-American tribes.

spect, such as those in use in European His conjecture, as to the origin of languages in addressing royalty or no cannibalism, is ingenious and highly bility; it constituted, so to speak, a sepaprobable. In the long voyages which rate language, and pervaded the whole the adventurous islanders must, accord.

economy of speech. ing to his theories, have undertaken, it The pyramids of Peru he connects is almost certain, that frequently the with those of Egypt, by means of unprovided and inexperienced mariners similar structures discovered in some must have been reduced to the greatest of the South Sea Islands, and from

66

this circumstance he endeavours to fix with us, that, as a matter of taste, this the date of the peopling of America. metaphor of the sympathetic ink should His reasoning, however, is inaccurate. be put into the fire, or, at least, held He thinks that he has succeeded in near the fire, that it might become a assigning it to a period as ancient as little more distinct. As a matter of good that in which the buildings of pyramids feeling, few, we imagine, would desire formed a religious rite, otherwise the to see retained the passage which concustom could not have been brought tains a sneer at “my lord of Carlisle," with the new settlers. This certainly as Dr. Lang has thought proper to would fix the period of the peopling designate that highly gifted, and sinof the islands as prior to a certain cerely Christian prelate, the late Dr. date ; but it is possible that the emi. Edmund Law.

Dr. Law, it seems, grants may have retained the customs had thought that some degree of civiliof their original country long after zation was necessary for a nation bethey had fallen into disuse in that fore they were in a state to receive the country itself

: We canrot, therefore, doctrines of the Gospel. Dr. Lang infer any thing as to the period at thinks, perhaps with more truth, that which the Polynesian voyagers reached Christianity is adapted to man under the shores of America.

any circumstances in which he can be We must pass over many, very many

ound—the reclaiming power to the interesting and curious facts. We have wicked--the civilizing to the savagebeen much pleased with the perusal of that the Gospel is to be preached unto this volume, and feel confident that it every creature," no matter how

supercannot fail to attract considerable stition may have chained down the attention.

intellect of man, or the cruelties of There are two sentences in the savage life debased his nobler nature. book we would gladly see expunged Dr. Lang, we believe, is right-Chris-the one as a matter of taste, the tianity does not depend upon civilizaother as a matter of good feeling. The tion half so much as civilization does first embodies a metaphor, the resem- upon Christianity : but this does not blance in which we profess ourselves justify the disrespectful language which utterly unable to comprehend. Speak- our author has employed towards one ing of the practice of picture writing whose memory should be held in vebeing lost among the Polynesians, but neration as a man and as a prelate. existing among the Peruvians, he re- The errors of a great man may be conciles the fact with his theory noticed without the language of thus :

disrespect; the faults of a good man “ It is natural, however, to suppose, should never be made the subject of a that the impression which had once been made on the Polynesian mind, but which had been thus well nigh effaced, from the Meditations or Remains of L. S. 12mo. London: causes I have enumerated in the South

James Nisbet. 1834. Sea Islands, would again be revived and To some of our readers, perhaps the deepened on the plains of Quïto and initials L. S. may not be altogether around the lakes of Mexico, just as writ- unknown. These will rejoice to meet ing in sympathetic ink becomes darker and with the Remains of her who has been more distinct when held near the fire!! removed to a better world. We must Hence,” sagaciously infers our author, briefly confess, that we have not had “it is, doubtless, that the art of picture tiine to do more than cast an eye through writing had arrived at a considerable de- these pages, which seem highly interestgree of perfection in the Indian empire ing and instructive. There is prefixed of Mexico."

to the Meditations, a preface by the This, however, being the only sen- well-known Charlotte Elizabeth, whose tence of downright nonsense in the name will be to a large class of readbook, we suppose we must be content. ers, the best recommendation of this

Our readers will, we think, agree unpretending little volume.

sneer.

UNIVERSITY INTELLIGENCE.

TRINITY COLLEGE. N. B. The Senior Moderators are placed in the order of Merit; Junior Moderators in the order of standing on the College Books.

Initio Termini S. Michaelis, habitis Examinationibus pro gradu Baccalaureatùs in artibus,

In Moderatores Seniores nominantur In Moderatores Juniores nominantur

In Disciplinis Math. et Phys.- In Disciplinis Math. et Phys. 1. Graves, (Carolus.) 2. Carson, (Jo- Beamish, (Franciscus.) Orr, ( Alexander sephus.)

Smith.) Mockler, (Gulielmus.) CrampIn Ethica et Logica.-1. Butler, ton, (Georgius.) Finlay, (Robertus.) (Gulielmus, A ) 2. Sherlock, (Harold, In Ethica et Logica.- Todd, (Carolus II.) 3. Peed, (Jacobus.) Soc. Com. Haukes.) Walsh, ('Thomas.) Crawford,

In Literis Humanioribus.-1. Wheeler, (Carolus Sharman.) Chattoe, (Robertus.) (Georgius B.)

Meade, (Joseplius.) Meade, ( Franciscus.) JOHANNES LUDOVICUS Moore, Proctor Junior.

MICHAELMAS TERM EXAMINATIONS. N. B. The Names are arranged in the Order of Standing on the College Books. JUNIOR SOPHISTERS. Lynch, Walter W. ; Higginbotham,

Hallam, Edward; Honours in SCIENCE.-Senior Prize. Joseph Wilson ; men— Mr. Murland, James W; Stack, lenn, Thomas Rice; Disney, James Thomas; Chichester, William ; Ball, Wm, King ; Hallowell

, John Wija; John; Hopkins, Robert ; Vickars,

Finney, Daniel ; Fletcher, George ; Henry; Glanville, James ; M.Dowell, Möllveen, Gilbert. George.

JUNIOR FRESHMEN. Junior Prizemen - Willes, James

HONOURS IN SCIENCE.-Senior Prize. Shaw; Bagyot, Chas, E.; Keith, James ;

men. - Mr. Kelly, Charles ; Condor, Butler, William; Geran,

Henry ;

Warren, Robert; Sidney, Richard.

Frederick; Roberts, Michael ; Roberts, Honours in Classics.- Senior Prize- William ; Beere, Robert ; Jellett, John men-Stack, Thomas; Owgan, Henry; Hewitt ; 'Lawson, James Anthons. Hopkins, Robert; Fenton, George L;

Junior Prizemen.--Mr. Herbert, Colman, John C.; Trevor, Edward.

Richard; Mr. Bayley, Richard William; Junior Prizemen--Mr. M.Naghten,

Merrick, Samuel ; Ardagh, Richard Stewart; Ball, John; Buli, Joshua; Maunsell; Ovens, Edward ; Sanders, Wilson, Richard ; Drapes, Vernon P.; Badham, Leslie; Morgan, William ; Edmund.

Thomas; Law, Hamilton; Meredith, Treanor, Edward.

HONOURS IN CLASSICS. — Senior PrizeSENIOR FRESHMEN.

men.-

.--Mr. Torrens, Thomas Francis ; Honours IN SCIENCE. - Senior Prize Wrightson, Richard ; Roberts, William;

1~Mr. Shaw, George Augustus ; Jellett, Jolin Hewitt; Lawson, James Higgins, Lewis.

Anthony; O'Callaghan, Andrew; Junior Prizemen.-James, John ; Miller, William ; Grabam, George ; Lynch, Matthew; Biggs, Richard; Watson, John; Ring, Cornelius Percy. Flynn, John Harris ; Green, James ; Junior Prizemen.- Mr. Knox, Wm.; King, Robert.

Mr. Galwey, Thomas; Mr. Douglas, Honours in ClasSICS.— Senior Prize- James; M.Donagh, Telford; Hodder,

n-Mr. Welsh, Robert; Mr. Synnott, George Fraucis ; Smyth, Carew; Marcus; Walsh, John; Wade, Ben- Roberts, Michael; Maturin, Edmund; jamin; Tibbs, Henry W.; Wrightson, Perrin, John; Minnit, John; MereThomas R.; King, Robert ; Ringwood, dith,

Edmund; Stewart, Henry; Frederick Howe; Eccleston, James.

Greene,

John; Macartney, John; Junior Prizemen.- .- Mr. Johnston, Wallen, George; Murphy, Patrick; Robert; Mr. Verschoyle, James; Mr. O'Connor, Wiliam.

THOMAS PRIOR, Senior Lecturer.

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