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for their countries, as they did in avert, the separation of the countries. 1799 ; but “no power on earth can God grant that a sad experience may make laws to bind the people of Ireland, 'never establish, by its melancholy test, but the King, Lords, and Commons of our character as prophets ! But if the Ireland ;" and every honest judge upon English nation desire to preserve the the bench would, if the Imperial Parlia- existence in maintaining the integrity of ment continued to sit in defiance of the empire, and, by retaining Ireland, all law, be bound by his oath to reject, to prevent Britain from being swept from and refuse to be influenced in his de- the chart of nations—let them know, and cision by any statutes they might pass. be assured, that in deciding the prin

Has the opinion of the law officers ciple of the Church Commission, they been taken upon this point—whether by are, in reality, determining the fate of the very provisions of the act of union, repeal. that act does not cease and determine We are not singular in our opinion as soon as the Church of Ireland, as that the Church Establishment is the an establishment, is subverted? But of bond of union between the two counone thing the British government may tries. We certainly have high authority rest assured, that whether or not the for the assertion that its subversion union will be legally repealed by such will inevitably lead to their separation. a measure-which, from our souls, we Lord Chancellor-we beg pardon, Mr. believe it will—its maintenance, for any Attorney-General— Plunkett, has left length of time, will be virtually impos- on record his eloquent testimony to its sible. They need not, they cannot, truth. We do not wish to be underentertain the dream of coercing a stood as falling into the absurdity of nation-of opposing force to the ener: supposing for one moment that it is gies of a people united in disaffection. possible, from any statement, or even The agitation for repeal is now harm- vow of the noble and learned lord, less and ineffectual, because the Pro. made at any period, to infer what his testants are attached to British con- opinion may be at any other period. nexion ; but we tell the British govern- The noble and learned lord's opinions ment, that if the Irish Church be depend upon

“ circumstances over sacrificed to the clamour of the agitators which he has no control;" but

yet his and the intrigues of the priests, the former declaration is worthy of being mass of the Protestants will become preserved for the eloquence of the the advocates not of repeal, but of terms in which it is couched--compared separation; and separation will inevi- with his future conduct it may be tably take place. We know well, we valuable as a curious specimen of poliare proud that we know, the manly tical tergiversation. In the year 1824, determination—the moral confidence a little more than ten years from the the undaunted bravery of the Orange- date at which we write, a Mr. Plunkett men of Ireland ; and we know also, spoke thus in the House of Commons: that it needs but a little more of faithless oppression, of unprincipled ingra- establishment in Ireland, I think it neces

“ Sir, with respect to the Protestant titude, on the part of the British ment, to cause all that determination, sary, not only that there should be an all that confidence, and all that bravery, established church, but that the estab

lishment should to be employed against British con

be richly endowed.

Sir, I wish that the establishment should nexion as energetically, aye, and as Successfully, as it ever

be richly endowed, to enable the clergy was in its

to take their places among the nobles of behalf. When the moral energy of the

the land; but, speaking in a political Protestant is united with the physical point of view, I have no hesitation in force of the Roman Catholic popula- saying that the existing Protestant Estabtion, the combination will be irresis- lishment in Ireland is the grand bond tible; and the Imperial Parliament, of union between the two countries. If with all its resolutions, and its ad- ever the unfortunate moment shall arrive dresses—its eloquent debates, and its at which the legislature shall rashly lay triumphant majorities—and the impe- hands upon the property of the Church, rial government, with all its ordinances that moment will seal the doom of the and its coercion bills—all its fleets and union, and terminate, for ever, the conits armies, may postpone, but cannot nexion between the countries.”

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Lord Plunkett is beginning to have based to be worth his purchase ; and in a conscience, at least he has put on the the multitude of transfers the commosemblance of possessing one. His name dity is so injured, as at length to become does not appear in the commission. unmarketable. Happy they who make The English Chancellor's name is at to themselves friends of the mammon its head, but the Irish Chancellor's is of unrighteousness, that when bankrupt unaccountably passed over. This is a in character they may not be without noble and a worthy tribute to consis- resource-happy they who bargain well tency, from one whose whole political for their price in the hour of their polilife has set it at defiance. It is something tical prostitution ; for the time must like the penitence of the miser, who, come when they will be discarded, and having amassed wealth by all the arts they will be compelled to enact the late of fraud, and all the instruments of ex- learned chastity of the female who tortion, endeavours, on his death-bed, ceases at length to yield, because she is to square

his accounts with heaven, by no longer wooed ; and having outlived posting a pitiful charity against enor- her attractions, becomes virtuous of mous iniquity; and imagines that he re- necessity, and not of choice. deems the oppression by which thou

Had Lord Plunkett resigned anysands have been amassed, when he thing for the sake of his consistency, sends a donation of five pounds to the our language would be different. Had parish poor. But no! we are esti- he joined the righteous and the honest mating the noble and learned lord's men who have seceded on the church consistency too highly. Paltry as is the question from the spoliation cabinet, donation of the dying miser, it takes we would give him credit for purity of something from his hoarded store. intention, and have respected it even Lord Plunkett's consistency has not in him. But we cannot understand the subtracted one single farthing from the absence of bis name from the Commisperquisites or the salary upon which he sion. If his lordship approves of the has closed a determined and tenacious measures of his colleagues, why has he grasp. Political pliancy of principle not the courage to give them the sanchas already borne him through all the tion of his name? If he disapproves demoralizing grades of a subservient of those measures, why does he contielevation; and, for himself, political nue to act with the men who are baseness has no object, as political de- adopting principles of robbery as the linquency can obtain no further reward; ground of their treatment of the church ? and then the Hannibals—the dear, the We believe the solution of the problem precious little Hannibals—they too are is to be found in the declaration we all comfortably provided for. Lord have quoted. Lord Plunkett cares not Plunkett has trafficked in tergiversation for the principle, and therefore he reuntil he has made his fortune, and he tains his place. He dreads the infamy is now, perhaps, about to retire from of an open contravention of his recordthe trade. His lordship can now afford ed opinions, and therefore he will not to keep a conscience.

permit his name to appear in the ComHis lordship will perceive that we mission. From our soul we despise are ready to allow every merit to his the man who does wrong by halves, new-born consistency, when we say and has all the responsibility without that we have discovered (and we con- any of the boldness of guilt-still more fess we were surprised at the discovery) do we despise the man who can disrethat he will not gratuitously put himself gard the sanctions of rectitude, but forward as the violator of a pledge. dreads the censure of opinion. We do not believe that ministers wished Who fears not to do ill, yet fears the name; for his name, or they could have had it. And free from conscience is a slave to fame. But the time is gone by when that name What is the amount of his lordship’s could add respectability to any thing in concession to his principles, or rather to the eyes of any. Political venality his declaration ? He will not join in the would be the most permanent as well as Commission, but he aids and abets the most lucrative of trades, if it were the act. He is too honest to be a prinie not that it destroys itself. Character is cipal, but no inconvenient conscientithe capital which it employs, and this ousness prevents him from being an accapital perishes in its occupation. The

He reminds us of the tenderhackneyed slave of power is too de- hearted assassin who could not bring


ger is.

himself to stab his sleeping friend; but We must have done. Dark as is in the full relenting of his honest heart, the prospect, we do not yet despair of hands the dagger to his brother ruffian. the preservation of the church. It is

in the apathy-in the disunion-in the "I cannot stab him-I once swore to be his friend; cowardice of Protestants that the danGive me the lamp_here, take the dagger! strike! Strike to his heart! I'll light thee to the deed.”

If those who value the bless

ings of a scriptural church--who wish Before we conclude, we wish to call their children to enjoy the privileges attention to one mischief that is sure which they themselves, perhaps, do not to result from the working of the Com- know how to value until they lose mission-a mischief which all who them, will even now stand forward to mourn over the religious feuds of Ire- resist the attacks of revolutionary infiland will at once understand and la- delity, the country may be saved. Let ment. In a country such as this, Protestants now fling to the winds every wbere religious animosity has embit- selfish consideration and every selfish tered every feeling, and intrudes its fear : as they value their religion—as baneful influence into all that concerns they love their country—as they honor the interests of Ireland, it is madness— their God, let them protest against it is wickedness in the government, to the unholy alienation of the revenues send round to every parish to number of the Church, and protest in the lan. the population by their religious profes. guage of men who are ready to risk sion-to marshal them into two great all for their religion. If the Protestant religious parties, and establish a muster establishment is destroyed, the Roman roll of dissension by recording indivi- Catholic religion must inevitably be estadually their differences as to creed. blished in its place; and then farewell Could any system of policy be devised to all liberty of conscience, to all freebetter calculated to perpetuate that dom of thought. Let us, then, in respirit of religious partizanship which sisting spoliation, remember that we the government affect to deplore? is are preventing usurpation—let us feel not this setting the Protestant against that we are upholding our liberties in the Roman Catholic, and the Roman contending for our faith. If ProtesCatholic against the Protestant; and tants are animated by such motives, making broad and distinct the line of and join in the soul-stirring cry of demarcation between the two classes ? “no surrender" of the church-with the When the commissioners are to take blessing of God we have no fear of the their evidence in each parish, will no result ; our distant congregations will heartburnings be engendered by its be still preserved, the outposts of the collection ? when conflicting testimo

British constitution and the British nies are presented—and most assuredly faith-the watch-towers of religion and there will-will no malice remain on of freedom in districts where the the minds of the party whose evidence tyranny of superstition rules —and is set aside ? If ministers choose to brighter days will dawn for Ireland, deal as they have said, with the Estab- and a purer faith be yet professed lished Church, let them, as they value throughout her borders. The church the peace of the country, act on the shall remain the grand maintainer of information they have already—infor- Christian faith, to bring down the mation which it has cost the country blessings of heaven upon a Christian thousands to procure ; but never let land. If there be power in truth, religion them venture on a measure that will shall civilize Ireland, and error and bring dissension home to every man's superstition shall fee away ; and when door ; that will drag every man to be the stillness of the grave has closed a sharer in religious feuds, and aggra- upon the violence of those who now vate those feuds by all the animosity assail our temple, and the arm of its of local associations, and particularize defenders is slumbering in dust, that them by all the individuality of local temple shall still stand—and the flame quarrels. Their commissioners will be of pure religion still burn upon its altar itinerant incendiaries : like Samson's — while in the majesty of venerated foxes, they will be sent forth two and antiquity it looks down upon another t*o; and like Samson's foxes, each generation of a free and peaceable, couple will have a firebrand between because a Christian people. their tails.

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'Twas at the breaking of a summer morn,

When earth as yet in dewy slumber lay,

And heaven first blushed her welcome to the day,
Just then a song burst forth from yonder thorn,
So sad, it seemed as if some bird forlorn,

Híd the night through beneath th' o'erarching spray,

Now wept the entrance of the coming day,
And called

upon the darkness to return.

I too, (though far less eloquent my strain,)
Was watching there, and, like that lonely bird,
Strove to discourse the shadows back again,
Those shadows, whose retirement is not stirred
By heartless merriment, to mock my pain,
But where the low-voiced heart alone is heard.


“ Suave, mari magno turbantibus æquora ventis,

E terrá magnum alterius spectare laborem."- LUCRETIUS.

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Having despatches for the governor, The carriage-way is lined on each side and a variety of other business to by rows of handsome trees, betwixt transact in Cape Town, we stood into which and the houses are trottoirs. Table Bay, previously to proceeding For the first half of its extent, only to Simons Bay, which is the regular one side of the street is occupied naval station of the Cape. Table Bay by buildings, the other being a large is well known to be extremely liable open space, lined with trees, and used to sudden squalls, which frequently as a military parade. The shade of make tremendous havoc among the the overhanging branches affords a shipping, tearing them from their grateful shelter from the heat of the moorings, and drifting them with awful sun; and their full and verdant foliage violence on the shore. It is generally tends to promote an agreeable circulaadmitted, however, that much of the tion of air when the weather is sultry. danger attendant on these storms Altogether I have not seen a place might be avoided by using the pre- where I should be better contented to caution of mooring the vessels firmly drop anchor for life than the Heergraft with strong cables and heavy anchors. of Cape Town. The day was remarkShips so secured have been known to ably fine ; and the bright rays of the ride out the most tremendous gales, sun imparted an agreeable air of cheerwhile such as neglect this precau- fulness to the the scene. tion almost invariably suffer. Accord- The captain having delivered his ingly, although the weather was ex. dispatches, and transacted some other tremely fine when we arrived, Captain slight business in the town, we deterMorley directed the best and small mined to take a peep at the environs bowers to be dropped with nearly an before returning on board. Accordhundred fathom of cable to each, in ingly, having repassed the Heergraft, order to preclude the possibility of we took the road to Green Point, accident.

which is an extensive tract of meadow It was evening when we came to land running between the sea and the our moorings, and in the morning the foot of the Lion's Rump. The scenery captain proceeded on shore, taking here was delightful, especially to men Strangway and myself along with himn. just arrived from a voyage.

Before us We landed opposite the custom-house, were stretched the placid waters of the and proceeded immediately to the re- expanded bay, bounded on the one sidence of the governor.


way hand by a range of azure mountains, lay through the Heergraft; and cer- and extending on the other far away tainly the appearance of this elegant into the horizon-bounded Atlantic. street was well calculated to make on Numerous merchant ships—the jolly us an agreeable first impression. In old Hesperus peering proudly above length it extends fully a quarter of a them all-were riding at anchor; most mile, and its breadth is in proportion. of them with their white sails, unfurled The houses are regularly built ; gene- to dry, flapping loosely in the breeze. rally two stories high, with flat roofs Boats and lighters of all sizes were and flights of steps up to the doors. plying to and from the shore, or lying

Vol. IV.


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