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lies: he bringeth out those which are PSALM LXVIU.

bound with chains: but the rebellious To the chief Musician. A Psalm or Song dwell in a dry land. of David.

7 0 God, when thou wentest forth

before thy people, when thou didst LET God arise, let his enemies, be march through the wilderness, Selah:

scattered : let them also that hate 8 The earth shook, the heavens him flee before him.

also dropped at the presence of God : 2 As smoke is driven away, so drive even Sinai itself was moved at the them away: as wax melteth before the presence of God, the God of Israel. fire, so let the wicked perish in the 9 Thou, O God, didst send a plenpresence of God.

tiful rain, whereby thou didst confirm 3 But let the righteous be glad ; let thine inheritance, when it was weary. them rejoice before God : yea, let them 10 Thy congregation hath dwelt exceedingly rejoice.

therein: thou, o God, hast prepared 4 Sing unto God, sing praises to his of thy goodness for the poor. name: extol him that rideth upon the 11 The Lord gave the word : great heavens by his name JAH, and re- was the company of those that publishjoice before him.

ed it. 5 A father of the fatherless, and a 12 Kings of armies did flee apace: judge of the widows, is God in his and she that tarried at home divided holy habitation.

6 God setteth the solitary in fami- 13 Though ye have lien among the

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EXPOSITION. This short but sweet psalm, is an echo to absolutely necessary to the spread of true the blessing which the priests were taught religion. Men plough and sow utterly in to pronounce upon the people of Israel at vain, unless God smiles upon their endeathe close of the morning service, and which vours : and so is it in religion : neither the has been already noticed by us in Numb. earth itself, nor the heart of man, will bring vi. 24-26. From the concluding verses, forth any thing good, unless God cause his we may, in addition, draw the following face to shine upon us. Those who duly ap. important doctrines: 1. That gratitude for preciate the mercies which they enjoy, will mercies received, either by a nation or in- be anxious that others should partake with dividuals, is the way to obtain farther bles- them. Most of the psalms which speak sings. To bless God for mercies received of the blessings of the gospel, put in a is the surest way to multiply them. 2. That wish or a prayer for the conversion of the the blessing of God, it rightly understood, heathen, that all the ends of the earth" will lead to the fear of God, and is, indeed, may know and fear the God of Israel.

NOTES. PSALM LXVIII. Ver. 1. Flee before him-Heb. Ver. 11. Company-Heh." Army." The original « From his face,” or presence.

word is feminine, and is supposed to refer to a Ver. 3. Exceedingly rejoice-Ileb.“ Rejoice with chorus of women, why, on occasions of victory, pub. gladness."

lished the glad tidings. Compare 1 Samo, xviii. 6,7 Ver. 4. Extol him---Prepare," or raise up a way Ver. 12. Kings of armies-Rather, " Kings (and) for him. (See Isa. xl. 3.--Ivii. 14.) -- Ainsworth armies." -Did flee apace-Heb.“ Did Hee-did

Ibid. That rideth upon the heavens-Ainsworth, flee." Bp. Lowth supposes this verse to be the " That rideth in the deserts," Dr. Boothroyd ob- chorus which they sung; and Dr. Chandler ades serves, that this is now admitted to be the true sense the verse following. of the worl Gnarabuh. So Bps. Lowth and Horsley; Ver. 13. Though ye have lien among the pots. Drs. Kennicott, Chandler, and others. JAH, This is supposed to refer to the state of Israel in seems simply an abridgment of Jehovah. To ride Egypt, where, as slaves, they used to sleep out a in this name, was to proclaim his pame Jehovah, or doors, probably among the brick kilns, or earthen. Jah. (Detit. xxxii. 3.)

ware manufactories, in which they were employed Ver. 6. In families---Heb. "In a house;" i.e. in See Ps. Ixxxi. 6. The climate, we may remember society,

was neither subject to showers nor frosts. Ver. 9. Thou didst send-Heb." Shake out;" i.e. Ibid. As the dove, covered with silver.-Several from the clouds. A plentiful rain - Ainsworth, ingenioas

nodern interpreters refer to the dove, s "A rain or liberalities. This is understood of the embroidered in gold and silver, on the Syrian rained down from heaven. Exod. xvi. 4; Psal. ornaments of this description ; but both appear Ixxviii. 24.

us far fetched. There are certainly doves whid

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The Ascension)

{of Messiah. pots, yet shall ye be as the wings of people again from the depths of the a dove covered with silver, and her sea : feathers with yellow gold.

23 That thy foot may be dipped it 14 When the Almighty scattered the blood of thine enemies, and the kings in it, it was white as snow in tongie of thy dogs in the same. Salmon.

24 They have seen thy goings, O 15 The hill of God is as the hill of God; even the goings of my God, my Bashan ; an high hill as the hill of King, in the sanctuary. Bashan.

25 The singers went before, the 16 Why leap ye, ye high hills ? this players on instruments followed after is the hill which God desireth to dwell among them were the damsels playing in; yea, the LORD will dwell in it for with timbrels.

26 Bless ye God in the congrega17 The chariots of God are twenty tions, even the Lord, from the founthousand, even thousands of angels tain of Israel. the Lord is among them, as in Sinai, 27 There is little Benjamin with

their ruler, the princes of Judah and 18 Thou hast ascended on high, their council, the princes of Zebulun, thou hast led captivity captive: thou and the princes of Naphtali

. bast received gifts for men, yea, for 28 Thy God hath commanded thy the rebellious also, that the LORD God strength : strengthen, O God, that might dwell among them.

which thou hast wrought for us. 19 Blessed be the LORD,

who 29 because of thy temple at Jerudaily loadeth us with benefits, even salem shall kings bring presents unto the God of our salvation. Selah. thee.

20 He that is our God is the God 30 Rebuke the company of salvation; and unto God the Lord men, the multitude of the bulls, with belong the issues from death. the calves of the people,


every one 21 But God shall wound the head submit himself with pieces of silver: of his enemies, and the hairy scalp scatter thou the people that delight in of such an one as goeth on still in his war.

31 Princes shall come out of Egypt; 22 The Lord said, I will bring Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her again from Bashan, I will bring my hands unto God.

in the holy place.

of spear


Brit. in Columba.

NOTES answer to this description naturally; some of them See 2 Kings vi. 16, 17; Heb. xii. 22.Even thoutkrve the feathers on the sides of the neck of a shining sands-Marg. " Many thousands;" literally, “ da. copper colone, which, in a bright sun, must resemble plicated thousands," or thousands opon thousands gold, and their backs white as silver. See Ency. meaning, a multitude innumerable. (As in

Sinai-Hather, “ Sinai (its pomp and glory) is in Ver. 11. Kings in tt-Marg. “ For her ?" i. e, for the Holy Place." israel

, bis doce.White) as s9 .--The original Ver. 18. Captivity captive-That is, many capa kas not a word of whiteness. It reads literally, tives. See Judges v. 12.....Gifts for men-Or, * When the Almighty scattered kings (and their ar- unto men," Ephes. iv.8.- Marg. “In the man ;' ties) for her, (his people) they (their enemies) meaning Christ, in his human nature: but we preSere like (t.e, were scaitered like flakes of snow fer the formeric... The rebellious also-Meaning, it Saleon" (or Zalman) a high hill near Shechem, that he bas gifts for his captives, which shall convert said by Ainsworld to be full of caves and glens, and them to himself.

ald terefore attract the snow ; not regularly, but Ver. 22. I will bring again from Bashan-Tuat in patches : tkas lay the vanquished enemies of is, I will perform for any people the like wonders lurtel on the field of latte. Comp. Ps. cxlvii. 16. that I did at Bashan, and in the Red sea. Ver

. 15. An high hill.“ A gibbuus hill," says Mr. Ver. 26. Froin the fountain of Israel - Marg Partkurst, and the LXX render it, a * Ye (that are) of the fountain," &c. i. e. true hill, wbiel Dr. Shan explains, by saying, that in the Israelites. Fast, their cheeses are made like our penny (or ra. Ver. 27. Council-Marg. " Company." ther two-penny) loaves.

Ver. 30. Rebuke the company of spearmen--Marg. Ver. Why leap ye? -Dr. Chandler renders it, « Wild beasts of the reed," or crocodiles; meaning bylook askánce ses with jealous leer nialign," the Egyptians. ... Submit-That is, fall down prós

trate..... Seatter thou- Marg. "He scattereth." Ver. 17. The chariots of God That is, his angels. .... The people Heb. " Peoples," or nations.

[to praise God.


PSALMS. 32 Sing unto God, ye kingdoms of he that giveth strength and power unto the earth; O sing praises unto the his people. Blessed be God. (S) Lord; Selah: 33 To him that rideth upon the

PSALM LXIX, heavens of heavens, which were of old; To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim. lo, he doth send out his voice, and

A Psalm of David. that a mighty voice.

SAVE me, God; for the waters 34 Ascribe ye strength unto God : are come in unto my soul. his excellency is over Israel, and his 2 I sink in deep mire, where there strength is in the clouds.

is no standing : I am come into deep 35 O God, thou art terrible out of waters, where the foods overflow me. thy holy places : the God of Israel is 31 am weary of my crying: my


to have been chanted immediately on (5) The removal of the ark, as typical their coming within sight of Zion—"This of the ascension of Messiah.—This psalm is the hill which God hath desired to dwell opens with the words pronounced by Moses, in.” The imagery in Parts II. and III. is (and probably echoed by the priests,) upon certainly obscure. The general idea is the removal of the ark in the wilderness, supposed to be, the wonderful change in (Numb. x. 35.) whence it is reasonably the situation of Israel, in being delivered concluded that it was composed on some from slavery in Egypt, and raised to presuch occasion : Bishop Horne thinks, on eminence in Zion, and adorned with all the removal of the ark to mount Zion, (as the beauty of the eastern dove; but for a were probably several other psalms :) but particular explication of the metaphors, we Dr. Boothroyd supposes, that it was on must refer to our Notes below : only, on occasion of returning the ark to Zion after ver. 18. we may remark, that Zion is here the couquests over the Ammonites. (See resembled to Sinai, as the special residence 2 Sam. xi. 11; xii. 31.) As every thing of the divine presence, and a type of the under that dispensation was typical or pro- future glories of Messiah. Part IV. (ver. phetical, it was very natural for the inspired 18—23,) celebrates the triumphant enauthor to look forward to Messiah's trium- trance of Messiah into his glory after his phant asceusion to the Zion above, of resurrection, loaded (as we may say,) not whom the ark and the tabernacle and the only with the trophies of his victory, but temple itself were all figures; and so we the blessings of salvation, to bestow upon find the psalm applied by St. Paul bimself. penitent Jews and Gentiles, at the same (Ephes. iv. 8, 9.)

time as ruin and destruction must necesAs a composition, Professor Michaelis, sarily overwhelin his enemies. In Part V who thinks the character of David's (from ver. 24 to the end,) we have a de poetry, to be rather sweetness than sub- scription of the procession. The ark wen simiiy, allows this psalm to be eminently first, with the attendant priests; then fol sublime, though, (as Bishop Lowth re- lowed the singers, and after them the marks, not without considerable obscu- players upon instruments, among whon rity, which Mr. Burke has shown to be, iu we must conceive of David dancing in hi many instances, essential to the sublime. ephod, with a portable harp in his hands

Dr. S. Chandler divides this psalm into and the damsels playing with timbrels, th five parts, on each of which we shall offer proper accompaniment of dancing. Th a remark or two. Part I. (comprising ver. concluding verses anticipate the triumph 1 to 6.) our author considers as sung, of Jehovah and his Messiah among th when the Levites took up the ark upon gentiles. The brutes that delight in wa their shoulders, which was their way of shall all be scattered, and ambassadors carrying it. Part II. (ver. 7-14,) Dr. C. peace from all countries shall seek th supposes to have commenced when the favour of the God of Israel. procession began with slow and solemn praises unto God, ye kingdoms of th pace. Part III. (ver. 15--17,) he conceives earth : O sing praises uuto the Lord !”

<< Sin

NOTES-Psalm LXVIII. Con. Ver. 33. Send oul-Heb. “ Give out."

Ver. 35, O God, terrible out of (or from) &c.Ver. 34. The clouds--Heb. " The heavens;" re- Meaning, that Jehovah is the great object of reve ferring to the thunder.

ence and awe to mankind.

took not away: 50 God,

upon me.


The psalmist complains] PSALMS.

(of his afflictions. throat is dried : mine eyes fail while I hear me, in the truth of thy salvation. wait for my God.

14 Deliver me out of the mire, and 4 They that hate me without a let me not sink : let me be delivered cause are more than the hairs of mine from them that hate me, and out of head: they that would destroy me, the deep waters. being mine enemies wrongfully, are 15 Let not the waterflood overflow mighty: then I restored that which I me, neither let the deep swallow me

up, and let not the pit shut her mouth thou knowest


foolishDess; and my sins are not hid from 16 Hear me, O Lord; for thy

loving-kindness is good : turn unto me 6 Let not them that wait on thee, O according to the multitude of thy lenLord God of hosts, be ashamed for


der mercies. sake: let not those that seek thee be 17 And hide not thy face from thy confounded for my sake, O God of servant; for I am in trouble: hear me Israel.

speedily. 7 Because for thy sake I have borne 18 Draw nigh unto my soul, and reproach; shame hath covered my redeem it: deliver me because of mine face.

enemies. 8 I am become a stranger unto my

19 Thou hast known my reproach, brethren, and an alien unto my mo- and my shame, and my dishonour : ther's children.

mine adversaries are all before thee. 9 For the zeal of thine house hath 20 Reproach hath broken my heart; eaten me up; and the reproaches of and I am full of heaviness : and I looked them that reproached thee are fallen for some to take pity, but there was upon me,

none; and for comforters, but I found 10 When I wept, and chastened none. my soul with fasting, that was to my 21 They gave me also gall for my reproach.

meat; and in my thirst they gave me 11 I made sackcloth also my gar- vinegar to drink. ment; and I became a proverb to

22 Let their table become a snare them.

before them: and that which should 12 They that sit in the gate speak have been for their welfare, let it beagainst me; and I was the song of the come a trap.

23 Let their eyes be darkened, that 13 But as for me, my prayer is unto they see not; and make their loins thee, O Lord, in an acceptable time: continually to shake. O God, in the multitude of thy mercy

24 Pour out thine indignation upon


NOTES. PSALM LXIX. Title--See the title of Psalm xlv. confess himself « in fault!" But see John xiv. 20. Huetius remarks, that Aben Ezra interprets this Ver. 9. The zeal of thine house.-David's zeal for psaim of the Messiah.

the worship of Jehovah, probably exposed him to Per. I. The waters are come in unto my soul-An much obloquy and reproach, not only among the allosion to a leaky vessel, or to an inundation, heathen, but also among the more cold-hearted

Ver. 2. Ia deep mire " Mire of depth ;" deep Israelites. His conduct in dancing before the ark, waters; Heb. " Waters of depth.” See Ps.'xl. 2. was one instance, (2 Sam. vi. 16.) and his religious Ver, 4, 1 restored that which I took not away.

observance of the sacred fasts, (ver. 10.) was proMay sot this refer to David's surrendering op Jeru- bably another. salem to the party of Absalom?

Ver. 12. I was the song of the drunkards-Heb. Ver. 3. T'hou kuonest my foolishness. - On this “ The drinkers of strong drink;" i. e. intoxicating passage, Bp. Horsley adopts Dr. Kennicolt's strange liquor. translation : " Thou knowest my plan of recovery;" Ver. 20. To take pity-Heb. “To lament (with but inding that rendering insupportable, he returns me).” See Matt. xi. 17. In the common version, and remarks, “ Perhaps Ver. 21. Gall for my meat. -- After reading the He, who although he was without sin, was yet long article in Dr. T. M. Harris's Nat. Hist. of the tempted in all points like anto us; might, in his Bible, we are best satisfied with Dr. A. Clarke's kteility, speak of the incitement of the

passions in opinion, that the word refers to bitters in general, kissen mind, as weakness and fault, making con- and particularly those of a deleterious nature : and lession of it before the father! What then? was as to the vinegar, we conceive it means sour (or it a point of bumility

in the immaculate Saviour, to pricked) wine, such as was given to slaves.

[of Zion.

The salvation)

PSALMS. them, and let thy wrathful anger take 31 This also shall please the LORD hold of them.

better than an ox or bullock that hath 25 Let their habitation be desolate; horns and hoofs. and let none dwell in their tents.

32 The humble shall see this, ani! 26 For they persecute him whom be glad : and your heart shall live that thou hast smitten; and they talk to seek God. the grief of those whom thou hast 33 For the Lord heareth the poor, wounded,

and despiseth not his prisoners, 27 Add iniquity unto their ini- 34 Let the heaven and earth praise quity : and let them not come into thy him, the seas, and every thing that righteousness.

moveth therein. 28 Let them be blotted out of the 35 For God will save Zion, and will book of the living, and not be written build the cities of Judah: that they with the righteous.

may dwell there, and have it in pos29 But I am poor and sorrowful: let session. thy salvation, O God, set me up on high, 36 The seed also of his servants

30 I will praise the name of God shall inherit it; and they that love his with a song, and will magnify him with name shall dwell therein. (T) thanksgiving


with Messiah's character. The parts ap (T) David complains of his afflictions, plied to him in this psalm, we shall notice in which he was a type of the Messiah. as they occur, premising, however, that we That several parts of this psalm belong to find no passage wholly inapplicable to the Messiah, we doubt not, for they are David, who probably composed it, as is quoted by him, and are applied to him in suggested by Bishop Patrick, during Abthe New Testament: but we resist the salom's rebellion, wheu banished from principle, that because some parts are, the Jerusalem; and during which period be whole must therefore be so applied Mr. seems to have fallen among false friends, Ainsworth hath made the important re- who aggravated his afflictions by ill-treatmark on our Lord's quoting the thirty ment and reproaches. first Psalm, (ver. 5,) that, while he used The first verses are highly metaphorical, the first member of the verse, which was and resemble many other passages in this applicable to his circumstances, he seems sacred book, in which troubles and danpurposely to have omitted the following gers are compared to sinking in the mire words as inapplicable. (See our Exposi- and in the flood; and may certainly, withtion.) And we may add, that though our out violence, be applied to llim who bure Lord has quoted and applied to himself our griefs and carried our sorrows, and many passages from the Psalms of David, whose sympathies still take part in the afwe know of no one of them in which he fictions of his people. It is true, that either confesses or laments his sins, or im- neither type nor antitype derived any asplores mercy. We can by no means, sistance or support from his family contherefore, allow the application to him of nexions ; but, on the contrary, both were the fifth verse of the Psalm before us, in reproached, deserted, and betrayed. Ou which David says, “ O God, thou knowest one occasion, at least, it seems they gave my foolishness; and my sins are not hid the psalmist sour wine (or vinegar,) with from thee." If we are questione, “ How some bitter ingredients, which he calls by shall we decide what parts are or are not the name of gall; a name probably used applicable?" we reply, 1. We admit this for any bitter or deleterious substance of all which are 50° applied, by either mixed with wine, (See Deut. xxix. 18 :) Christ or the inspired writers : and, se- and this we know was literally the case condly, we object not to the accommoda- with our Lord himself in his last agonies. tion of any passages not inconsistent (See Matt. xxvii. 34.)

NOTES-Psalm LXIX. Con. Ver. 25. Their habitation - Heb. “ palaces," or Ver. 27. Add iniquity-Marg. " Add punishment tower. But Gesenius explains it of a village of to their iniquity." That is, sufer them to fill up the moveable tents, which seems to suit best the con- measure of their iniquity, until they are ripe sur text.

destruction. Rom. i. 24, 28. Bp. Horne. Ver. 26. Those whom thou hast wounded-Heb. Ver. 34. Moveth--Heb. " creepeth." * Tby wounded."

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