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EXPOSITION-Chap. XIV. Continued.' knowledge: a day without night, illumined cerns of life shall be marked with “ holiby a sun that never sets-namely, the Sun ness unto Jehovah ;" for “ in that day of righteousoess. 2. An unprecedented shall Jebovah be king over all the earth." effusion of the Holy Spirit, in a full tide of As to the judgments denounced against spiritual influence, which shall convey ho- the incorrigible and impenitent, we may liness and purity wherever it shall flow. confidently leave them in the hands of And 3. A period of uncommon sanctity God, for-"Shall not the Judge of all the and devotion, when all the common con- earth do rigbt?”

M A L A C H I.

INTRODUCTION. MALACHI, the last of the Prophets of the Old Testament, lived some time after the "ebuilding of the temple and city, probably about the latter end of the times of Ezra ind Nehemiah, when zeal and piety were much decayed, worship corrupted, and many buses had crept in, both among priests and people. For these the Prophet reproves nd threatens them; but encourages the godly, who in such times had continued faithul. He then speaks more distinctly of the coming of Christ in the flesh, and of 'his rerunner, John the Baptist; till which time they were carefully to observe the law, but look for no farther succession of Propheis.

and, The people against whom the LORD CHAP. I.

hath indignation for ever. THE burden of the word of the 5 And your eyes shall see, and

ye: Lord to Israel by Malachi. shall say, The Lord will be magnified 2 I have loved you, saith the Lord. from the border of Israel. et ye say, Whereiu hast thou loved 6 A son honoureth his father, and i ? Was not Esau Jacob's brother? a servant his master: if then I be a ith the Lord : yet I loved Jacob, father, where is mine honour ? and if 3 And I hated Esau, and laid his I be a master, where is my fear? saith ountains and his heritage waste for the Lord of hosts unto you, O priests, e dragons of the wilderness.

that despise my name. 4 Whereas Edom saith, We are im. Wherein have we despised thy name? verished, but we will return and 7 Ye offer polluted bread upon mine: ild the desolate places; thus saith altar; and ye say, Wherein have we · LORD of hosts, They shall build, polluted thee? In that ye say, The t I will throw down; and they shall table of the Lord is contemptible, ll them, The border of wickedness, 8 And if ye offer the blind for sa.

And ye say,

NOTES. HAP. I. Ver. 1. By Malachi - Heb.“ By the Ver. 4. Return and build - · Newcome, “ Built d of Malachi.” This name signifiez, “ My mes- again.''

I will throw down - pamely, by Jodas

Maccabeus (I Macc. v. 65) and John Hyreanu, er. 2. Was not Esau.- These are the words of (Jos. Antiq. xiii. ix. 1.) And they shall call them ovab.

-or shall be called, &c. er. 3. I hated Esan —' I comparatively hated Ver. 5. From the border-Heb“ From upon,'& by giving him an inferior lot." Newcome.

ker,” or “ angel."

The ingratitude and]


[profaneness of the Jers, crifice, is it not evil ? and if ye offer 12 But ye have profaned it, in that the lame and sick, is it not evil ? Offer ye say, The table of the LORD is pola it now unto thy governor; will he be luted; and the fruit thereof, even his pleased with thee, or accept thy person? meat, is contemptible. saith the Lord of hosts.

13 Ye said also, Behold, what a 9 And now, I pray you, beseech weariness is it! and ye have snuffei God that he will be gracious unto us :

at it, saith the Lord of hosts; and ye this hath been by your means: will he brought that which was torn, and the regard your persons ? saith the Lord lame, and the sick; thus ye brought an of hosts.

offering : should I acccept this of your 10 Who is there even among you hand? saith the Lord. that would shut the doors for nought? 14 But cursed be the deceiver, which neither do you kindle fire on mine hath in his flock à male, and roweth, altar for nought. I have no pleasure and sacrificeth unto the LORD a corrupi in you, saith the Lord of hosts, neither thing: for I am a great King, saith tie will I accept an offering at your hand. LORD of hosts, and my name is dread

11 For from the rising of the sun ful among the heathen. (A) even unto the going down

CHAP. II. my name shall be great among the AN

ND now, O ye priests, this conGentiles; and in every place incense mandment is for you. shall be offered unto my name, and a 2 If ye will not hear, and if ye will pure offering: for my name shall be not lay it to heart, to give glory unto great among the heathen, saith the my name, saith the Lord of hosts, ! Lord of hosts.

will even send a curse upon you, ani

he same,


The only instance of hatred here stated

is, the preference given to Jacob in re (A) Mulachi reproves the ingratitude spect to his temporal heritage, in which and profaneness of the Jews.-The opening we may surely say that Esau had no righ: verses of this chapter have occasioned to dictate to his Maker; and even if we much controversy. In an absolute sense, carry the matter farther, and apply the Gou bateth nothing but sin, and sinners passage tu spiritual favours, surely no flan only on account of sin (Hos, ix. 15). can have claims upon the grace of God; for Yet was it said of Esau and Jacob, “ The then, as the Apostle says in another case elder shall serve the younger, before they grace is no more grace." (Rom. xi. 6.) But had done either good or evil ;" and here of the Lord's indignation against E-au, er again, respecting the same brothers, it is rather, Edom his posterity, see our Exadded, “ Jacob have I loved, but Esau position of Ezek. XXV. . have I hated.” Good Mr. Cruden remarks, Not to dwell longer on this subject, we “To hate is not always to be understood ri- may remark, that ibe Propbet claims fiz gorously. It frequently signifies no more bis divine Master the honour due to a tathan a lesser degree of love.” He instances ther, and the obedience owing to a master : in the case of a inan having two wives, the on the contrary, we bere find God was one of which he prefers to the other, as was not only neglected, but insulted, by both plainly the case with Jacob bimself, who priests and people, by the offer of polo is said to have hated Loah, which, in the luted bread and faulty sacrifices. Such as context, is explained to mean only, that the temporal governor would reject with " he loved Rachel more than Leah.” (See contempt and scorn, brought they to offer Gen. xxix. 30, 31. Comp. Deut. xxi. 15.) to the Almighty; and when they attended The same writer refers to our Lord's pre- the services of his temple, they were ready cept, that a man must “hate his father and to complain, “What a weariuess it is! mother," before he can follow him, which, He therefore threatens to disinherit Israel, in a parallel passage, is explained in the and call in the Gentiles; “ For my name same way. (Compare Luke xiv. 26, with shall be great among the heathen, saita Matt. x. 37.)

the Lord of hosts."

NOTES_Chap. I. Con. Ver. 9. Beseech God-Heh. " The face (or pre. Ver. 10, Shut the doors-that is, attend them. sence) of God. By your means--Heb." From your hand."

Ver. 14. A corrupething.–See Levit. xxii.

and the judgments]

CHAP. II. (which their sins called for. I will curse your blessings : yea, I have 11 Judah hath dealt treacherously, cursed them already, because ye do and an abomination is committed in not lay it to heart.

Israel and in Jerusalem ; for Judah 3 Behold, I will corrupt your seed, hath profaned the holiness of the Lord and spread dung upon your faces, even which he loved, and hath married the the dung of your solemn feasts; and daughter of a strange god. one shall take you away with it.

12 The Lord will cut off the man 4 And ye shall know that I have that doeth this, the master and the sent this commandment unto you, that scholar, out of the tabernacles of Jamy covenant might be with Levi, saith cob, and him that offereth an offering the Lord of hosts.

unto the Lord of hosts. 5 My covenant was with him of 13 And this have ye done again, life and peace; and I gave them to him covering the altar of the LORD with for the fear wherewith lie feared me, tears, with weeping, and with crying and was afraid before my name. out, insomuch that he regardeth not

6 The law of truth was in his the offering any more, or receiveth it mouth, and iniquity was not found in with good will at your hand. his lips : he walked with me in peace 14 Yet ye say, Wherefore ? Be. ind equity, and did turn inany away cause the Lord hath been witness berom iniquity.

tween thee and the wife of thy youth, 7 For the priests' lips should keep against whom thou hast dealt treachernowledge, and they should seek the ously : yet is she thy companion, and uw at his mouth: for he is the mes- the wife of thy covenant. enger of the Lord of hosts.

15 And did not he make one? Yet 8 But ye are departed out of the had he the residue of the spirit. And ay; ye have caused many to stum- wherefore one? That he might seek a le at the law ; ye have corrupted-the godly seed. Therefore take heed to vvenant of Levi, saith the Lord of your spirit, and let none deal treacherosts.

ously against the wife of his youth. 9 Therefore have I also made you 16 For the Lord, the God of Israel, intemptible and base before all the saith that he hateth putting away: for ople ; according as ye have not kept one covereth violence with his gary ways, but have been partial in the ment, saith the Lord of hosts : there

fore take heed to your spirit, that ye 10 Have we not all one father? deal not treacherously. th not one God created us? why do 17 Ye have wearied the LORD with

deal' treacherously every man your words. Yet ye say, Wherein ainst his brother, by profaning the have we wearied him? When ye say, venant of our fathers?

Every one that doeth evil is good in the


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NOTES. HAP. II. Ver. 3. I will corrupl-Marg.

Ver. 14. l'he wife of thy covenant - that is, thy se," or rebuke “your seed;" i. e, offspring.- covenanted wife. I spread (Heb. “scatter”) dung, &c. And Ver. 15. And did not he make one? Did not God shall take you away with il-Newcome, And make one wise for Adam ?-and wherefore one? that shall carry (or ye shall be carried) to the same he might seek a godly seed-Heb." A seed of God." ce thereniih."

That is, monogamy (having one wise) is more faer. 9. Have been partial - Heb. Accepted vourable to a religious education. Bp. Newcome =;" Newcome, “ Have respect to persons in the quotes, from Madan's Thelyphthora, another ren

dering; “ Did not one (God) make us ? and hath he er. 11. Which he loved-Newcome, “ Loveth;" the residue of the Spirit ? And what doth the one vhich Jehovah loveth. —Daughter of a strange (God) seek? a zodly seed,”' &c. But the prelate that is, " the worshipper," says Newcome ; himself reads (by transposition) “And did not he aps it refers to one of the females attendant on (God) make one flesh? And (is there not) one lol temple.

spirit thereto? And what doth he seek?" &c.' The -r. 12. The master and scholar -- Heb. “ Him text is certainly perplexed and obscure, and we dare wakeneth, and him that answereth;” Bp. Lowth, not give a decided opinion. e watchman and the answerer." See Ps. cxxxiv. Ver. 16. Saith that he hateth pulting away-NewIsa. Ixii. 6.

come, “ Saith, I hate bim that putteih away,” vir. r. 13. Covering the altar of the Lord with his wife, to marry another. — For one corrreth , &c.—that is, the tears and groans of divorced violence with his garment-or, “what he hath taken 5, referred to the priests for decision.

by violence under his garment."


Messiah and his]


[forerunner promised sight of the Lord, and he delighteth thers ye are gone away from wine or in them; or, Where is the God of dinances, and have not kept then. judgment? (B)

Return unto me, and I will return

unto you, saith the Lord of lola. CHAP. III.

But he said, Wherein shall we tëBEHOLD, I will send my messen- turn?

ger, and he shall prepare the 8 Will a man rob God? Yet re way before me: and the LORD, whom have robbed me. But ye say, Where.. ye seek, shall suddenly come to his have we robbed thee? In tithes and temple, even the messenger of the co- offerings. venant, whom ye delight in: behold, 9 Ye are cursed with a fix he shall come, saith the LORD of ye have robbed me, even this where hosts.

nation. 2 But who may abide the day of 10 Bring ye all the tithes into the his coming ? and who shall stand storehouse, that there may be meat ia when he appeareth? for he is like a mine house, and prove me now here refiner's fire, and like fullers' sope : with, saith the LORD of hosts, if I wij

3 And he shall sit as a refiner and not open you the windows of heares, purifier of silver: and he shall purify and pour you out

a blessing the the sons of Levi, and purge them as there shall not be room enough to me gold and silver, that they may offer ceive it. unto the Lord an offering in righte- 11 And I will rebuke the devourer ousness.

for your sakes, and he shall not de 4 Then shall the offering of Judah stroy the fruits of your ground; Deland Jerusalem be pleasant unto the ther shall your vine cast her fruit beLord, as in the days of old, and as fore the time in the field, saith us

Lond of hosts. 5 And I will come near to you to 12 And all nations shall call you judgment; and I will be a swift wit- blessed : for ye shall be a delightsone ness against the sorcerers, and against land, saith the Lord of hosts. the adulterers, and against false 13 Your words have been stars swearers, and against those that op- against me, saith the LORD. Yet to press the hireling in his wages, the say, What have we spoken so much widow, and the fatherless, and that against thee? turn aside the stranger from his right, 14 Ye have said, It is vain to serve and fear not me, saith the Lord of God: and what profit is it that ** hosts.

have kept his ordinance, and that we 6 For I am the LORD, I change have walked mournfully before the not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not Lord of hosts? consumed.

15 And now we call the proud 7 Even from the days of your fa- happy ; yea, they that work wicked

in former years.


to make way for such illicit alliance (B) Farther reproofs to priests and peo- (See Neh. x. 30, and xii. 33, &c.) This ple. — This chapter continues to reprove part of the chapter is very obscure. Per the priests for their unfaithfulness in their haps the sense of ver. 16 may be, The max office, for which they are threatened with who puts away one wife, merely for the curses instead of blessings, and to be rewarded only with ignominy and contempt.

purpose of marrying another, and thes

covers his sin under the cloak of law, is The great degeneracy of the order is then like a thief, who hides what he has violenty complained of, and they are again threat- taken under his garment, to conceal it ened. The rest of the chapter reproves There are no sins so offensive to God, as the people for marrying strange and idol- those which are covered with the waste atrous women, and multiplying divorces of hypocrisy, with all their consequent distress, in order

Prophecy of ]

[Messiah. ness are set up; yea, they that tempt between him that serveth God and God are even delivered.

him that serveth him not. 16 Then they that feared the Lord

CHAP. IV. spake often one to another : and the LORD hearkened, and heard it, and a FOR, behold, the day cometh, that book of remembrance was written be

shall burn as an oven; and all fore him for them that feared the the proud, yea, and all that do wickLord, and that thought upon his edly, shall be stubble; and the day Dame.

that cometh shall burn them up, saith 17 And they shall be mine, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave he Lord of hosts, in that day when I them neither root nor branch. nake up my jewels; and I will spare 2 But unto you that fear my name hem, as a man spareth his own son shall the Sun of righteousness arise hat serveth him.

with healing in his wings; and ye 18 Then shall ye return, and discern shall go forth, and grow up as calves etween the righteous and the wicked, of the stall.

popular figure) that the great Person, w

whose (C) Predictions of the Messiah and his fore-runner he was, would “ throughly rerunner.-In allusion to the custom of purge bis floor, and burn up the chaff with astern monarchs sending persons before unquenchable fire.” (Matt. iv. 7—12.). sem to prepare the way, and remove all The following verses (in the very spirit. estructions when they travel, John the and power of Elias) severely reprehend the aptist is now introduced as God's mes- crimes of all ranks of society among the nger, preparing the way for the Mese Jews at this period; some being guilty of ah, who is here designated as the mes- oppressing the poor and fatherless, with nger (or angel) of God's everlasting many other vices, and others even robbing venant, which he comes to publish by his God their Maker, by neglecting the coministry, and ratify by his death, as had manded “tithes and offerings." This had en long before predicted by the evange- already subjected them to the curse of al Prophet, Isaiah. (See chaps. xl., li., God, withholding from them the usual i., &c.)

fertility of their country. For this they What follows respecting the severe had even dared to reproach the Lord, nistry here spoken of, though undoubt, though it was the consequence of their own ly applicable to the Messiah himself, transgression. ems to have also a reference to the se In the conclusion of this chapter, howrity of John's preparatory ministry, ever, a broad line of distinction is drawn zose object undoubtedly was, in a great between the righteous and the wicked easure, to "refine and purify the sons of between those that fear God and those that vi.” For when he saw many of the fear him not. For the former “a book arisees and Sadducees come to attend his of remembrance was written;" the divine eaching, he thus pointedly warps them Being bad entered, as it were, a record of ainst indifference or hypocrisy; “O ge- their

piety-he had marked with pleasure ration of vipers, who hath warned you their associations for purposes of devotion iee from the wrath to come ?" He tells - he calls them bis jewels, and promises em that now “ the axe is laid to the to spare them “as a man spareth his own t of the trees," and (alluding to another son that serveth him."

NOTES. HAP. III. Ver. 1. The messenger of the cove- which become impregnated with a very strong t-whom Jews as well as Christians understand lixivial salt, proper for taking stains out of wool or e the Messiah. The ancient Jewish book Zohar cloth.” Orig. of Laws, vol. i., p. 132. Edinb.

It is the angel of wbom it is written, Gen. Ver. 11. The devourer-that is, the locust, &c. l. 16. That angel is the Shechina, the 'Re- Ver. 16. A book of remembrance.- An allusion to mer and Guardian of men,” &c. Quoted, Smith's the records kept by kings. See Esth. vi. I. Esiah, I. 345.

Ver. 17. My jenels - Newcome, “ My peculiar er. 2. Like fullers' sope-Heb." Like the borith treasure.' he fullers. Mons. Goguet says,

* With reet to the herb borith, I imngine it is sal-nort; CHAP. IV. Ver. 1. AU that do wickedly-that is, lant very common in Syria, Judea, Egypt, and all the impenitent and unbelieving. Rev. xxi. 8. bia: they burn it, and pour water on the ashes, Ver. 2. Grow up-that is, thrive like stalled calves.

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