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The prophet's]

(lamentation. wickedness in the house of the wicked, vintage: there is no cluster to eat: my and the scant measure that is abomi- soul desired the firstripe fruit. nable?

2 The good man is perished out of 11 Shall I count then pure with the the earth : and there is none upright wicked balances, and with the bag of among men: they all lie in wait for deceitful weights?

blood ; they hunt every man his brother 12 For the rich men thereof are full with a net. of violence, and the inhabitants thereof 3 That they may do evil with both have spoken lies, and their tongue is hands earnestly, the prince asketh, and deceitful in their inouth.

the judge asketh for a reward; and 13 Therefore also will I make thee the great man, he uttereth his inissick in smiting thee, in making thee chievous desire : so they wrap it up. desolate because of thy sins.

4 The best of them is a brier : the 14 Thou shalt eat, but not be satis- most upright is sharper than a thorn ied; and thy casting down shall be hedge: the day of thy watchmen and n the midst of thee; and thou shalt thy visitation cometh; now shall be ake hold, but shalt not deliver; and their perplexity. hat which thou deliverest will I give 5 Trust ye not in a friend, put ye p to the sword.

not confidence in a guide : keep the 15 Thou shalt sow,

but thou shalt doors of thy mouth from her that lieth ot reap; thou shalt tread the olives, in thy bosom. ut thou shalt not anoint thee with 6 For the son dishonoureth the fail; and sweet wine, but shalt not ther, the daughter riseth up against her rink wine.

mother, the daughter in law against 16 For the statutes of Omri are her mother in law; a man's enemies apt, and all the works of the house are the men of his own house.

Ahab, and ye walk in their coun- 7 Therefore I will look unto the ls; that I should make thee a de- LORD; I will wait for the God of my lation, and the inhabitants thereof an salvation : my God will hear me. ssing : therefore ye shall bear the re- 8 Rejoice not against me, O mine oach of my people. (F)

enemy: when I fall I shall arise ; when

I sit in darkness, the Lord shall be CHAP. VII.

a light unto me.

9 I will bear the indignation of the WOE is me! for I am as when Lord, because I have sinned against they have gathered the summer him, until he plead my cause,

and exeuits, as the grape-gleanings of the cute judgment for me: he will bring


with the words that Moses addressed to (F) The Lord's controversy with his Israel in the wilderness. << What doth the ple.-The manner in which the Prophet Lord thy God require of thee, but to fear Is upon the inanimate creation to hear the Lord thy God, to walk in all his ways, expostulation of Jehovah with his peo- and to love him, and to serve the Lord thy is awakening and sublime.

God with all thy heart, and with all thy she Prophet then argues with the people soul ?" (Deut. x. 12.) the folly of preferring ritual services, The subsequent threatenings are terrible I even the most costly sacrifices, to and alarming, and what we see this day ral duties and to humble submission to fulfilled, in a people who are became “ Å will; the sentiment is forcibly and beau desolation and a hissing, and a reproach" ully expressed, and nearly corresponds in all the earth.

NOTES. HAP. VII. Ver. 1. As when they have gathered, Ver. 2. The good-Marg. “Godly, or merciful." -Heb." As the gatherings (Newcome, gather. Ver. 3. His mischievous desire -“The mischief

of summer fruits;" Newcome, “Late figs ;" of his sonl.”--- So they wrap it up-Newcome, “ And he adds," the word is sometimes used for fruits they do abominably.” So ibe Syriac and Chaldee. eneral,"

The church's]


(confession me forth to the light, and I shall be coming out of the land of Egypt will hold his righteousness.

I shew unto him marvellous things. 10 Then she that is mine enemy 16 The nations shall see and be shall see it, and shame shall cover her confounded at all their might: they which said unto me, Where is the Lord shall lay their hand upon their mouth, thy God? mine eyes shall behold her: their ears shall be deaf. now shall she be trodden down as the 17 They shall lick the dust like a mire of the streets.

serpent, they shall move out of their 11 In the day that thy walls are to holes like worms of the earth: they be built, in that day shall the decree shall be afraid of the Lord our God, be far removed.

and shall fear because of thee. 12 In that day also he shall come 18 Who is a God like unto thee, even to thee from Assyria, and from that pardoneth iniquity, and pastech the fortified cities, and from the fortress by the transgression of the remnant of even to the river, and from sea to sea, his heritage? he retaineth not his ar and from mountain to monntain. ger for ever, because he delighteth us

13 Notwithstanding the land shall mercy. be desolate because of them that 19 He will turn again, he will have dwell therein, for the fruit of their compassion upon us; he will subdue doings.

our iniquities; and thou wilt cast all 14 Feed thy people with thy rod, their sins into the depths of the sea. the flock of thine heritage, which dwell 20 Thou wilt perforın the truth o solitarily in the wood, in the midst of Jacob, and the mercy to Abrahan, Carmel: let them feed in Bashan and which thou hast sworn unto our farbes Gilead, as in the days of old. from the days of old. (G)

15 According to the days of thy


has, in more than one instance, confound(G) The churches' complaint and confes- ed the enemies of true religion, and raised sion before God. - The Prophet begins it up friends under severe persecution. this chapter with lamentiug the de. During the troubles of the seventeenth cay of religion and the growth of ungolo century, in England, when many suf liness, using a beautiful allegory, bor- fered for conscience sake, a pious ponad rowed from the vineyard, to represent formist minister was conducted, with a ser the scarcity of true piety and of good men, of brutal triumph, from Birmingban who were as rarely to be found as the early Norwich, his legs being chained under bi fig in the advanced season, or a cluster borse's belly. As he was about to enter the after the vintage had been gathered. He castle jail, a woman observed him out of then reproves and threatens them, in terms her window, who had probably heard bin so expressive of great calamities, as to be hoast in the naine of the Lord his God. applied in the New Testament to times of and called out to him, “ Where is the Lord the hottest persecution. (See Matt. x. 35, your God now?" In reply he diren 36.) Notwithstanding which, a pious her to ver. 10 of the chapter now before us, Jew is here introduced, professiog, in the and she was so struck on reading it, that name of his captive brethren, the strongest she became a kind friend to him in all ba faith in the mercy of God, the most sub- subsequent confinement. The words are, missive resignation to his will, and the « Then she that is mine enemy shall see is, firmest hope in his favour in future times, and shaine shall cover her which said uetu when they should triumph over all their me, Where is the Lord thy God ?" Patfoes. An expression which here occurs mer's Nopcon. Memor. vol. iii. p. 2.)

NOTES-Chap. VII. Con. Ver. 10. Trodden donn - Heb. “For a treading

“ Unto Egypt, and from Egypt even unto the rivet. down." Ver. 11. The decree be far remored - Boothroyd,

Ver. 13. Notwithstanding – Newcome, For the

land," &c. " Extended,” referring it to the decree of Cyrus' in Ver. 14. With thy rod - Newcome, "Cmet, ** their favour. Ver. 12. From the fortress.

pastoral staff.

- Some read “ from Egypt,” which diders one letter only. Secker, Taylor's Scrip. Index.

Ver. 17. Worms—"Reptiles," or vermis, gaueals

N A H U M.

INTRODUCTION. NINEVEH, which repented on the preaching of Jonah, soon returned to its former courses. Nahum, therefore, who is supposed to have lived in the reign of Hezekiah, and about 90 years later than Jonah, foretels its destruction, which accordingly took place about 60 years afterwards, when the Assyrian empire was overturned. Bp. Lowlle says, “ None of the lesser prophets seem to equal Nahum iu boldness, ardour, aud sublimity. His prophecy forins a regular and perfect poem, relating almost wholly to the destruction of the Assyrian capital. The exordium is not merely wagnificent ; it is truly majestic. The preparation for the destruction of Nineveh, and the description of its downfal and desolation, are painted in the most vivid colours, and are bold and luminous in the highest degree.” (Lowth's Lect. xxi.) Mr. T. H. Horne recommends Bp. Newton's 9th Dissertation on the Prophets, as the best commentary on this book ; we have therefore carefully consulted it, in connexion with Abp. Newcome's Version, and Dr. Boothroyd's.


at his presence, yea, the world, and

all that dwell therein. The burden of Nineveh. The book 6 Who can stand before his indige

of the vision of Nahum the Elko- nation ? and who can abide in the shite.

fierceness of his anger ? his fury is 2 God is jealous, and the LORD re- poured out like fire, and the rocks are engeth; the LORD revengeth, and is thrown down by bim. urious; the LORD will take vengeance 7 The Lord is good, a strong hold n his adversaries, and he reserveth in the day of trouble; and he knoweth wrath for his enemies.

them that trust in him. 3 The Lord is slow to anger, and 8 But with an overrunning flood he reat in power, and will not at all ac- will make an utter end of the place uit the wicked: the Lord hath his thereof, and darkness shall pursue his ay in the whirlwind and in the storm, enemies. id the clouds are the dust of his 9 What do ye imagine against the et.

Lord? he will make an utter end ; 4 He rebuketh the sea, and maketh affliction shall not rise up the second dry, and drieth up all the rivers : time. ashan languisheth, and Carmel, and 10 For while they be folden together e flower of Lebanon languisheth. as thorns, and while they are drunken 5 The mountains quake

at him, and as drunkards, they shall be devoured bills melt, and the earth is burned as stubble fully dry.

NOTES. HAP. I. Ver. 1. The burden.-See Note on Isa. Ver. 3. Will not at all acquil.-See Note on Exod. .).— The Elkoshite.--This term is ditTerently xxxiv. 7. prstnod." Many suppose (says Mr. Preh. Towns- Ver. 4. T'he sea....the rirers.-See Exod. xiv. 21; that he was a descendant of Elkosha, while others Josh. iii. 16. " that he was born at Elkosh, or Elkosha, a vil- Ver. 6. Who can abide ? - Heb. “ Stand up in ;" in Galilee.” Old Test. Arrang. vol. ii. p. 280, that is, all must fall before him.

The latter sense is adopted by all the autho- Ver. 8. With an over-running (or overflowing) i referred to in our Introduction to this book. food, &c.—This describes a complete and utter overr.2. A jralous God. See Expos. Deut. ch. xvi. throw. And is furious-Heb." Having fury,” or wrath, Ver. 10. Folden together as thorus-that is, as a ely, for his enemies.

thorn helge, says Gesenius. The idea seems to be

[of Nineveh

The destruction]

NAHUM. 11 There is one come out of thee

CHAP. II. that imagineth evil against the Lord, HE that dasheth in pieces is come a wicked counsellor.

up before thy face: keep the mu12 Thus saith the LORD; Though nition, watch the way, make thy loias they be quiet, and likewise many, yet strong, fortify thy power mightily

. thus shall they be cut down, when 2 For the LORD hath turned away he shall pass through. Though I have the excellency of Jacob, as the excel afflicted thee, I will afflict thee uo lency of Israel: for the emptiers have more.

emptied them out, and marred their 13 For now will I break his yoke vine branches. from off thee, and will burst thy bonds 3 The shield of his mighty men

ន in sunder.

made red, the valiant men are in scar14 And the LORD hath given a let : the chariots shall be with flamin commandment concerning thee, that torches in the day of his preparatier, no more of thy name be sown : out of and the fir trees shall be terribly sha• the house of thy gods will I cut off the ken. graven image and the molten image : 4 The chariots shall rage in the I will make thy grave; for thou art streets, they shall justle one again: vile.

another in the broad ways: they shal 15 Behold upon the mountains the seem like torches, they shall run like feet of him that bringeth good tidings, the lightnings. that publisheth peace! O Judah, keep 5 He shall recount his worthis : thy solemn feasts, perform thy vows: they shall stumble in their walk; the for the wicked shall no more pass shall make haste to the wall thereof, through thee; he is utterly cut off. (A) and the defence shall be prepared.


mies, and probably the chief author of

them; especially of the letter sent in bo (A) The majesty of God exhibited in his master's name, 2 Kings xix. 49, &c. But goodness to his own people, and his severity this wicked king and his wicked counseltoward their enemies.-- This chapter openslor loudly boasted of their success agains: the prophecy with a sublime description of surrounding nations, without drawing any the majesty and power of God, tempered line of distinction between the God with lenity and goodness to his people, Israel and the idols of the heathen. The but breathing wrath and judgment to all Prophet therefore announces the confusio his enemies. The Prophet then turns to of these blasphemers; the termination the Assyrians, describes the confusion that their proud career; and, as to Sennache prevailed in their counsels, and the corrup- rib, that his tomb is prepared. (2 Kings tion of their manners, insomuch that Ni. xix. 37.) Messengers are then seen fra Deveh, as well as Babylon, appears to have the surrounding mountains, announcing fallen a victim to intoxication.

the death of the tyrant, and the deliverabct The one gone forth, the wicked counsellor of Israel from his yoke, so that they may mentioned in ver. 11, has been generally perform their religious rites secure and explained of one or other of the Assyrian uninterrupted. Similar language is, be kings; but we couceive applies more justly Isaiah, applied to messengers announcing to Rabshakeh, the geoeral of Sennacherib, the incarnation of Messiah, and the salys. who was the messenger of his blasphe- tion of mankind. (Isa. lii. 7.)

NOTES—Chap. I. Con. that they and their counsels were as full of contusion CHAP. II. Ver. 1. He that dashell ja pieres and perplexity as a thorn hedge, with an inlinite number of prickles in every direction : they also in.

Marg. "The disperser, the hardmer." See Jer. ! * toxicated themselves like drunkards : in this case,

Ver. 2. The ercellency of Jacob - portaps Jesu they were prepared for destruction, as stubble fully

salem.-T'he empliers, or wasters-i.e.the Assyris dry is to be consumed hy fire.

who had now wasted Israel, and carried the refu

into captivity. Ver. J). A nicked counsellor-Ileb.“ A counsel. lor of Belial,” or evil odviser.

Ver. 3. The shield .... made red. We tanosi se Ver. 12. Though they be quiet – Wheeler, “ At

this implies the sanguinary

character of the tree pese;" Poothroyd, “ Prosperons.".

Comp: İsa. Ixiii. 1, 2. But some think it allades esły

And like wise many-or numerous. Comp. 2 Kings xix. 17, 18.

do their dress.-- Tith

pieming (or fiers) ferVer. 14. That no more of thy name be soil n

these eitder precedel or accompanied brit Newcoine, " That thy name be no more scattered

chariots. See Orieni. Lit. No. Add (or spread) abroad."

fir-trees-w bich formed the asle-trees of these are

chariots. Dr. Wheeler.

The destruction]

of Nineveh, 6 The gates of the rivers shall be old lion, walked, and the lion's whelp, opened, and the palace shall be dis- and none made them afraid ? solved.

12 The lion did tear in pieces 7 And Huzzab shall be led away enough for his whelps, and strangled captive; she shall be brought up, and for his lionesses, and filled his holes her maids shall lead her as with the with prey, and his dens with rarin. voice of doves, tabering upon their 13 Behold, I am against thee, saith breasts.

the LORD of hosts, and I will burn her 8 But Nineveh is of old like a pool chariots in the smoke, and the sword of water: yet they shall flee away. shall devour thy young lion:: and I Stand, stand, shall they cry; but done will cut off thy prey from the earth, shall look back.

and the voice of thy messengers shall 9 Take ye the spoil of silver, take no more be heard. (B) the spoil of gold : for there is none

CHAP. III. end of the store and glory out of all WoE to the bloody city! it is all the pleasant furniture.

full of lies and robbery; the prey 10 She is empty, and void, and waste: departeth not ; and the heart melteth, and the knees 2 The noise of a whip, and the smite together, and much pain is in all noise of the rattling of the wheels, and loins, and the faces of them all gather of the prancing horses, and of the blackness.

jumping chariots. 11 Where is the dwelling of the 3 The horseman lifteth up both the ions, and the feeding-place of the bright sword and the glittering spear: oung lions, where the lion, even the and there is a multitude of slain, and


terror, are all described in the true spirit (B) The armies, commissioned by God, of Hebrew poetry, with many pathetic, ttack Nineveh.-“ Nineveh is now called vivid, and sublime images." (Dr.J. Smith.) n to prepare for the approach of her ene- In ver. 7, Huzzab, meaning either the aies, the instruments of Jehovah's ven- queen, or rather, Nineveh herself, is reprecance; and the military array and muster, sented as a great princess, led captive with be very arms and dress of the Medes and her attendants, bewailing her and their abylonians, their rapid approach to the own condition, by beating their breasts, ty, the process of the siege and inunda- and by other expressions of sorrow. Nineon of the river, the capture of the place, veh is then compared to a vast den, and e captivity, lamentation, and flight of her inhabitants to lions and lionesses, e inhabitants, the sacking of the wealthy strong and ferocious, yet devoted to death ty, and the consequent desolation and and tu destruction.

NOTES Ver. 5. Worthies--Newcome, “ Mighty men."

-Out of all the pleasant furniture.--Heb.“ Vese fance - Margin, “ Covering," namely, under sels of desire," which may include both furniture hich the besiegers fought.

and drinking vessels. Ver. 6. The gates, &c.-See the extract from Dio. Ver. 10. The heart melleth. --- See Isa, xiii. 7, 8. rons in the Exposition of chap. iii.

--The faces of them all guther lilackness.--- We Ver. 7. And Auzzab -- Marg. " That which was understand this figuratively, as an expression of

ablished," or," the establishment;"meaning, the vexation and disappointment; but compare Note on een and the royal harem; thongh some think this Joel ii, 6. ght be the queen's proper name; and others, that Ver. 11. Dnelling-pluce of the lions-referring to e city of Nineveh itself was thus described. See the fierce character of the Ninevites. The curious Cient. Cast. No. 361.

reader may see in Josephus a paraphrase of the last bia. As with the coice of dores- that is, of lamen. six verses of this chapter. Antiq. lib. ix. c. II. Lion. -Tabering-that is, striking their breasts

th their hands, as they strike the tabor, or tabret. CHAP. III, Ver. 1. Bloody city-Heb. “ City of Ver, 8. Like a pool. - See chap. iii. 5. —Stand, bloods;" i.e. violence and murder. 2.---this is exactly the character of an undisciplined Ver. 2. The noise of a whip, &c. -" These first Eny, calling upon others to stand, and running away threr verses (says Abp. Newcome) are a description mselves.

of Nineveh, as it was in the time of tbe prophet," Ver. 9. There is none end of the store.-Diodorus full of business and of bustle, ot luxury and crime.

thai Arbaces carried away many talents of gold --Jrimping (or bounding) chariots.

silver to Ecbatann, the royal city of the Medes. Ver. 3. The horseman lijtell-Newcome,“ mount-. Newton. —And glory— Newcome, “ Glori- eth.”—The bright snord-Heb. " The Aame of 3 stort," connecting this with the preceding term. the sword, and the lightning of the spear"(are there).

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