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13

His prayer in]

CHAP. III.

[the whale's belly.

7 When my soul fainted within me CHAP. II.

I remembered the LORD: and my THEN Jonah prayed unto the

the prayer came in unto thee, into thine Lord his God out of the fish's holy temple. belly,

8 They that observe lying vanities 2 And said, I cried by reason of forsake their own mercy. mine affliction unto the LORD, and 9 But I will sacrifice unto thee with he heard me; out of the belly of the voice of thanksgiving; I will pay hell cried I, and thou heardest my that that I have vowed. Salvation voice.

is of the LORD. 3 For thou hadst cast me into the 10 And the Lord spake unto the deep, in the midst of the seas; and fish, and it vomited out Jonah upon the floods compassed me about : all the dry land. (B) thy billows and thy waves passed over

CHAP. III. 4 Then I said, I am cast out of thy sight; yet I will look again toward AND the word of the Lord came thy holy temple.

unto Jonah the second time, say5 The waters compassed me about, ing, even to the soul : the depth closed me 2 Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great round about, the weeds were wrapped city, and preach unto it the preaching about my head.

that I bid thee. 6 I went down to the bottoms of 3 So Jonah arose, and went unto the mountains; the earth with her bars Nineveh, according to the word of was about me for ever : yet hast thou the LORD. Now Nineveh was an brought up my life from corruption, o exceeding great city, of three days LORD my God.

journey.

me.

EXPOSITION.
CHAP. II.

us also, containing only eight verses, can

he supposed to contain but a small part of (B) Jonah's prayer and thanksgiving:- his reflections or devotions, since it apThis Ode is not to be considered as com- pears that he retained the full possession osed (much less written) in the belly of of his senses during the whole time of his e whale; but it expresses the feelings of confinement. is mind in that distressing situation, as Some have supposed that this miraculous ell as his gratitude afterwards, when he deliverance of Jonah might have great efas again safe on dry land.-It has been fect in promoting the repentance of Ninemarked that it contains no confession of veh; but we have no proof that they ever : guilt, in disobeying the divine com- heard of it, and the natural taciturnity of ind. It intimates, however, that he had Jonah leads us to think the contrary. It ented, and made vows (as well as the is more natural, as well as more scriptural, riuers), which vows we have no reason to to attribute their repentance wbolly to a bt but he performed. The Ode before divine influence on their minds.

NOTES. HAP. II. Ver. 2. The belly of hell " or the ports, that the bones of a vast fislı were there found, e,” as in the margin, and as sheol is often ren- which some attribute to the monster that threatened 1.

Andromeda, and others, to the whale that swallowed r. 3. In the midst-Heb. “In the heart." Hercules ; a story which donbtless originated in r. 4. Yet will I look again -- Heb. " Add to this narrative of Jonah. Seu Orient. Lit. No. 108). "ý. e. “ again cast my eyes toward," &c. See

CHAP. III. Ver. 2. Preach unto it the preaching 7.5,6. Weeds (i. e. sea-weeds) were wrapped. -Heb. "Cry (or proclaim) unto it the proclaina

m'ent down to the bottom-feb. “ Cuttings tion.” The primitive idea of preaching is taken from er fragments. The sea, where fathomable, is the office of a public crier. Isa. xl. 2, 6. Jonah was ally covered with vegetation, springing up not sert to deliver orations, but a proclamation, as t the fragment of rocks, which form the bottom. in ver. 4. 8. Lying tunities--that is, idols. Deut. xxxii. Ver. 3. An erceeding great city

Heb.“ A city 5. xxxi.7.

great toward (or before) God." Comp. Gen. xii. 13. 10. Spake that is, issued his command. Ps. And Diodorus describes this city as an oblong square

Upon the dry land--that is, at Joppa, of 150 stadia by 90; or about 60 miles in circumbich he set out; and there are traditiozai re- ference.

Jonah's preaching)

JONAH,

and its suede 4 And Jonah began to enter into the city a day's journey, and he cried,

CHAP. IV. and said, Yet forty days, and Nineveh BUT it displeased Jonah exceedshall be overthrown.

ingly, and he was very angry. 5 So the people of Nineveh believed 2 And he prayed unto the Lord; God, and proclaimed a fast, and put on and said, I pray thee, O LORD, was sackcloth, from the greatest of them not this my saying, when I was yet in even to the least of them.

my country? Therefore I fled before 6 For word came unto the king of unto Tarshish : for I knew that thou Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, art a gracious God, and merciful

, slow and he said his robe from him, and to anger, and of great kindness, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat repentest thee of the evil. in ashes.

3 Therefore now, O Lord, take, 7 And he caused it to be proclaimed I beseech thee, my life from me; for and published through Nineveh, by the it is better for me to die than to live. decree of the king and his nobles, say- 4 Then said the LORD, Doest thou ing, Let neither man nor beast, herd well to be angry? nor flock, taste any thing : let them 5 So Jonah went out of the city, not feed, nor drink water:

and sat on the east side of the city, 8 But let man and beast be covered and there made him a booth, and saf with sackcloth, and cry mightily unto under it in the shadow, till he might God: yea, let them turn every one from see what would become of the city. his evil way, and from the violence 6 And the Lord God prepared : that is in their hands.

gourd, and made it to come up over 9 Who can tell if God will turn Jonah that it might be a shadow over and repent, and turn away from his his head, to deliver him from his grief

. fierce anger, that we perish not? So Jonah was exceeding glad of the

10 And God saw their works, that gourd. they turned from their evil way; and 7 But God prepared a worm whes God repented of the evil that he had the morning rose the next day, and it said that he would do unto them; and smote the gourd that it withered. he did it not. (C)

8 And it came to pass, when the

EXPOSITION.
CHAP. III.

was only temporary, and so are all nation: (C) Jonah's preaching and its success.- reforms. In the next generation ther :Our Lord confirms the fact, that the Nine- gain degenerated, and were eventually de vites repented at the preaching of Jonah, stroyed; yet this repentance, which in though a stranger and a foreigner, whilst many iodividual cases was probably pero his own preaching to the Jews, accompa- manent and saving, was also to the nativos nied as it was with many iniracles, pro

“lengthening of their tranquility duced upon tbe nation, as such, no salu- -robably to the extent of a century and tary effects. It is true that this reform

great

a half.

NOTES-Chap. III. Con. Ver. 4. A day's journey-Jonah had not proceeded “ That (thine anger) is kindled "" Marg. * Art the more than one day's journey, before the people an: very much grieved ? or angry government began to repent; and a public fast was Ver. 6. Prepared a gourd-Heb. kikaier ; Wurs, enjoined, the strictest of which we ever read.

“ Palma Christi ;'' Newcome, “ A plant." The do Ver. O. Salin ushes.-See Job ii, 12.

putes about the species of this plani are as fenka Ver. 7. Nobles-Heb.“ Great men."

-Man or those respecting ihe whale. If God prepared a osh, beast-Heb “Cattle." So ver. 8. In some coon- a plant, or a worm, for any special purpis, * *** tries, it appears thai cattle have been shut up during no doubt titted for that purpose; but there iust be times of drought, under the idea that their lowing something miraculous in the rapidity with what and blenting, joined to the cries ot' mankind, might grew and withered. Jonal had made himsel a induce the deity to bear, and send rain. See Orient. booth, but the shade must hare bern imperfect, Lit. No. 1082.

this plani slot up, and filled up all the inten*

through which the noon-day sun might site : CHAP. IV. Ver. 3. Cetter for me to die chan to - Was erceeding glad – Heb. " Rejoiced i live -Heb.“ My leath is beiter than my life.” great joy." Ver. 4. Doese Thou sell to be angry? - Newcome, Ver. 9. Doest thou well! See rer, i.

God's mercy)
CHAP. IV.

[to Nineveh. sun did arise, that God prepared a had pity on the gourd, for the which vehement east wind; and the sun beat thou hast not laboured, neither madest upon the head of Jonah, that he it grow; which came up in a night, fainted, and wished in himself to die, and perished in a night : and said, It is better for me to die than 11 And should not I spare Nineto live.

veh, that great city, wherein are more 9 And God said to Jonah, Doest than sixscore thousand persons that hou well to be angry for the gourd ? cannot discern between their right hand And he said, I do well to be angry, and their left hand; and also much even unto death,

cattle? (D) 10 Then said the LORD, Thou hast

EXPOSITION.

of human infirmity. What pity and what CHAP. IV.

honour did God show him, in providing (D) Jonah retires to wait the event of for him a miraculous shelter ? And what is predictions." Jonah dreading to be a gentle reproof did he give him, when hought a false prophet, repines at God's uneasy at its being removed ?-« Thou ercy at sparing the Ninevites, whose hast had pity on the gourd, and should I struction 'he seems to have expected, not spare Nineveh, that great city wherein om his retiring to a place without the are more than six-score thousand (infants), y about the close of the 40 days. But that cannot discern between the right hand w does he glorify that mercy which he and left;—and also inuch cattle?" (Dr. Jn. eant to blame! And what an amiable Smith. :ture does he give of the compassion of

“Let this goodness of God engage us to true God! This attribute of the deity fear him, and hope in his mercy, who is still farther illustrated by his tenderness long suffering even to his enemies, 'not I condescension to the Prophet himself, willing that any should perish, but desir0, with all his spiritual gifts, had much ous that all should come to repentance."

NOTES-Chap. IV. Con. er. 10. Which came up in a night, &c.Heb. must contain altogether 600,000 inhabitants. hich was the son of a night, and which perished Much callle-the great cities of the Fast were concon of a night."

structed on so large a scale as to admit both gardens r. 11. Persons that cannot discern – that is, and pasture grounds. ren. Bochast calculates from this, that the city

MICA H.

INTRODUCTION. e Prophet Micah resided in the kingdom of Judah about the same time with , but bis prophecies concern both Israel and Judah. He reproves them for their ith great warmth and indignation ; foretells their several captivities; and, for the rt of the pious, delivers many things concerning the Messiah, his incarnation and , and the happiness and glory of his church in the latter days. “ The style of

is for the most part close, forcible, pointed, and concise; sometimes approaching scurity of Hosea; in many parts animated and sublime, and in general truly Bp. Lowth, Lect. xxi.

al."

God's wrath]

MICAH.

[against idolatry.

hires thereof shall be burned with CHAP. I.

the fire, and all the idols thereof THE word of the Lord that came will I lay desolate: for she gathered

to Micah the Morasthite in the it of the hire of an harlot, and they days of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, shall return to the hire of an harlot. kings of Judah, which he saw con- 8 Therefore I will wail and hund, cerning Samaria and Jerusalem. I will go stripped and naked : I will

2 Hear, all ye people; hearken, make a wailing like the dragons, and O earth, and all that therein is : and mourning as the owls. let the Lord God be witness against 9 For her wound is incurable ; for you, the Lord from his holy temple. it is come unto Judah; he is com

3 Forbehold, the LORD cometh unto the gate of my people, even to forth out of his place, and will come Jerusalem. down, and tread upon the high places 10 Declare ye it not at Gatb, wet? of the earth.

ye not at all: in the bouse of Aphrai 4 And the mountains shall be molten roll thyself in the dust. under him, and the valleys shall be 11 Pass ye away, thou inhabitant cleft, as wax before the fire, and as of Saphir, having thy shame naked: the waters that are poured down a the inhabitant of Zaanan came but steep place.

forth in the mourning of Beth-ezel; he 5 For the transgression of Jacob shall receive of you his standing. is all this, and for the sins of the house 12 For the inhabitant of Marth of Israel. What is the transgression waited carefully for good : but eril of Jacob? is it not Samaria ? And came down from the LORD unto the what are the high places of Judah? gate of Jerusalem. are they not Jerusalem?

13 O thou inhabitant of Lachis), 6 Therefore I will make Samaria bind the chariot to the swift beast: she as an heap of the field, and as plant- is the beginning of the sin to the ings of a vineyard: and I will pour daughter of Zion: for the transgrèsdown the stones thereof into the valley, sions of Israel were found in thee. and I will discover the foundations 14 Therefore shalt thou gire pre thereof.

sents to Moresheth-gath: the houses 7 And all the graven images thereof of Achzib shall be a lie to the kings shall be beaten to pieces, and all the of Israel.

See also ones:

NOTES. CHAP. I. Ver. 1. The Moraslhite.--See ver. 15. Ver. 11. Inhabitant (Heb.« inbabitress *} Se Maresha is placed in Judah, Josh xv. 44; 2 Chron. phir íor the fair city).- Eusebius places this ux xi.8.

tribe of Judah, between Eleutheropolis and Asal Ver. 2. All that therein is-Heb." All the ful. ness thereof."- from his koly temple-Heb. “The

Having thy shame nakrd-Newcome, Istra

and in confusion," or ashamed.....Zcassia temple of his holiness."

city of Judah, Josh. xv.37.....Belk-cze---por lite Ver. 3. High places.-See Amos iv. 13.

rusalem, Zech. xiv. 5. Ver. 4. Be molten-that is, " Melted.”.

Dr. Boothroyd translia A steep

this, “ Let not the inhabitress of Zauad go dril place-Heb. “ A descent.” Amos ix. 5.

the mourning of Beth-ezel will take from yes Ver. 5. Are they not Jerusalem ? - There were support." In the original here is a pecaliar para high places near Jerusalem. 1 Kings xi. 7. Ver. 6. As plantings of a vineyard. A vineyard, at

words, in the nature of punning. Ep. Loath me

marks the same iu all the pruphets, particas the time of being planied, and walled in with stone, Isaiah x. 28–32. (Lect. xv.) probably appears as ruinous as a building, either Lit. No. 1085. The general sense in Micah 3 when erecting or being taken down. Ver. 7. And all the hires thereof all the produce

to be, that the funeral rites should be embarassal

and neglected, of their idolatry, which was probably, at times, considerable, as is that of idolatrous priests iu general,

Ver. 12. The inhabitant (Heb. “ inbabitres

of Maroth waited, &c. Maroth is bitur, and be Ver. 8. Stripped and naked – as we say, is, perhaps, ano:ber paranomasia ; but to render these dressed;" in the habit of mourners. Like the

perses intelligible to a mere English reader, ** dragons and onls-Heb.“ Daughters of ihe owl, or

be very difficult, and occupy much room. He sai ostrich." See Job xxx. 28-30, and Note on ver. 29. therefore reler to Bp. Newcome, Ver. 9. Her round is incurable – Newcome, Ver, 14, Achzib means a lie. Grievous.

Ver, 16. Make thee ball--as a sign of preres. Ver. 10. In the house of Aphrak-Newcome, “ In See Amos viii. 10.

The bald eagle is protebis 1 Beth-Ophrah." See Josh. xviii, 23.

The name

referred to...-Orient. Lit. No. 1000. means, "The house of dust."

6 un

The sins of ]

CHAP. II.

[Israel reproved. 15 Yet will I bring an heir unto 5 Therefore thou shalt have none thee, O inhabitant of Mareshah: he that shall cast a cord by lot in the conshall come unto Adullam the glory of gregation of the Lord. Israel.

6 Prophesy ye not, say they to them 16 Make thee bald, and poll thee that prophesy: they shall not prophesy for thy delicate children; enlarge thy to them, that they shall not take

baldness as the eagie; for they are shame, : gone into captivity from thee. (A) 7 O thou that art named the house

of Jacob, is the spirit of the Lord CHAP. II.

straitened ? are these his doings? do WOE to them that devise iniquity, not my words do good to him that

and work evil upon their beds! walketh uprightly? when the morning is light, they prac- 8 Even of late my people is risen tise it, because it is in the power of up as an enemy: ye pull off the their hand.

robe with the garment from them that 2 And they covet fields, and take pass by securely, as men averse from them by violence; and houses, and take them away: so they oppress a 9 The women of my people have ye man and his house, even a man and cast out from their pleasant houses ; his heritage.

from their children have ye taken away 3 Therefore thus saith the LORD; my glory for ever. Behold, against this family do I de- 10 Arise ye, and depart; for this vise an evil, from which ye shall not is not your rest : because it is polluted, remove your necks ; neither shall ye it shall destroy you, even with a sore go haughtily : for this time is evil. destruction.

4 In that day shall one take up a 11 If a man walking in the spirit parable against you, and lament with and falsehood do lie, saying, I will a doleful lamentation, and say, We be prophesy unto thee of wine and of utterly spoiled: he hath changed the strong drink; he shall even be the portion of my people : how hath he prophet of this people. removed it from me! turning away he 12 I will surely assemble, O Jacob, nath divided our fields.

all of thee; I will surely gather the

war.

EXPOSITION.
CHAP. I.

with the like stroke; namely, the invasion (A) The Prophet declaims against idols of Sennacherib. Other cities of Judah try, and exhorts to repentance and humility. are also threatened, and their danger repre-This chapter contains prophecies, first sented to be so great, as to oblige them to gainst Samaria, whose fate the Prophet have recourse for protection even to their ments in the dress of a professed mourner, enemies, the Philistines. But all resources d with the doleful cries of the most are declared vain ; their captivity is deournful animals; and then, secondly, creed, and their crimes and obduracy have ainst Jerusalem, which is threatened rendered it necessary.

NOTES. 'HAP. II. Ver. 4. A doleful lamentation - Heb. Ver. 7. Is the spirit of the Lord straitemed!

lamentation of lamentations."-Turniny away that is, Is there any want of the prophetic spirit?hath divided our fields, Marg. “Instead of re- My words do good, &c.- Compare 2 Cor. ii. 16. ing. he hath divided our fields."

Ver. 8. Even of late-Heb. “ Yesterday.” Yo ers. None that shall cust a cord, &c.—that is, pull off the robe-Newcome, “ Ye strip the mantle shall have no lot, or portion, in the lanıl, but be irom off the garment,” &c. i. e. they spoiled the uny exiled.

protected passenger. pr. 6. Prophesy ye not, &c. – Dr. Boothroyd Ver. 9. The women, &c. – that is, they have as to have given the clearest version of this pas- plundered widows and children. Newcome explains

* Prophesy not (sny they), 0 ye that pro- this to mean, that occasioning their families to be

: shonid they not prophesy to such as thec, yet sent into captivity, they deprived them of all the their disgrace not be removed." He adds, * I privileges of the city and temple. der that the unbelieving thus speak to God's Ver. 10. Arise ye, and depart. This is addressed hets, (** Prophesy not,” &c.) to whom Micah to the faithful.

* Should the; not," this will not remove Ver. 11. In the spirit and falsehcod —Newcome, proach, or disgrace, attached to God's pro- “ In the spirit of falsehood."

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