Page images

Laws of ]


(the offerings. to the LORD, seven bullocks and seven when they go in, shall go in; and when rams without blemish daily the seven days; they go forth, shall go forth. 11 And aod a kid of the goats daily for a sin offer- in the feasts and in the solemnities the ing. 24 Aud he shall prepare a meat meat offeriug shall be an ephali to a buloffering of an ophah for a bullock, and an luck, and an ephah to a ram, and to ephah for a ram, and an hin of oil for an the lambs as he is able to give, and an hin ephah. 25 lu the seventh month, in the of vil to an epbal. 12 Now when the fifteenth day of the mouth, shall he do the prince shall prepare a voluntary burnt like in the feast of the seven days, accord- offering or peace offerings, voluntary unto ing to the sin offering, according to the the Lord, one shall then open him the burnt offering, and according to the meat gate that looketh toward the east, and he offering, aud according to the oil.

shall prepare bis burnt offering and his CHAP. XLVI.

peace offerings, as he did ou the sabhath

day: then be shall go forth; and alter his PHUS saith the Lord God; The gate of going forth on: shall shut the gate. the east shall be shut the six working ing unto the LORD of a lamb of the first days; but on the sabbath it shall be opened, year without blemish: thou shalt prepare and in the day of the new moon it shall be it every morning. 14 And thou shalt opened. 2 Aud the prince shall enter prepare a meat offering for it every moru. by the way of the porch of that gate with ing, the sixth part of an ephah, and the out, and shall stand by the post of the gate, third part of an hin of oil, io temper with and the priests shall prepare bis hurat the fine flour; a nieat offering continually offering and his peace offerings, and be by a perpetual ordinance unto the LORD. shall worship at the threshold of the gate: 15 Thus sha!l they prepare the lamb, and then he shall go forth; but the gate shall the meat offering, and the oil, every not be shut until the evening.. 3 Like morning for a continual burnt offering. wise the people of the land shall worship 16 'Thus saith the Lord God; If the at the door of this gate before the Lord in prince give a gift unto any of his sons, the the sabbaths and in the new moons. inheritance thereof shall be his sons'; it 4 And the burnt offering that the prince shall be their possession by inheritance. shall offer unto the LORD in the sabbath 17 But if he give a gift of his inheritance day shall be six lambs without blemish, to one of bis servants, then it shall be his and a ram without blemish. 5 And the to the year of liberty; after it shall return meal offering shall be an ephah for a ram, to the prince: but his inheritance shall be and the meat offering for the lambs as he his sous' for them. 18 Moreover the shall be able to give, and an loin of oil to prince shall not take of the people's inheritan ephah. 6 And in the day of the new ance by oppression, to thrust them out of muon it shall be a young bullock without their possession; but he shall give his seins blemish, and six lambs, and a ram : they inheritance out of his owo possessiou : that shall be without blemish. 7 And he my people be not scattered every man from shall prepare a neat offering, an ephah bis possession. for a bullock, and an epbab for a ram, and 19 Aster he brought me through the for the lambs according as his hand shall entry, which was at the side of the gate, attain unto, and an hiu of oil to an ephah. into the holy chambers of the pre-ts, 8 Aud when the prince shall enter, he which looked toward the north: and, be shall go in by the way of the porch of that hold, there was a place on the two sides gate, and he shall go furth by the way westward. 20 Then said he unto me, thereof.

This is the place where the priests shall 9 But when the people of the land shall boil the trespass offering and the sin offercome before the Lord in the solemn feasts, ing, where they shall bake the meat offerhe that enteretb in by the way of the north ing; thai they bear them not out into the gate to worship shall go out by the way of uiter court, to saucrify the people. the south gate ; and he that entereth by 21 Then he bought me forth into the utter the way of the south gate shall go forth by court, and caused me to pas, by the four the way of the north gate; he shall not coruers of the court; and, behold, in every reiurn by the way of the gate whereby he coruer of the court there was a couri. came in, but shall go forih over against it. 22 lu the furnir corners of the court there 10 And the prince in the midst of them, were courts joined of forty cubits long and

NOTES. CHAP. XLVI. Ver. 4. Sic lambs....and a ram. Ver. 21. In every corner, &c.-Heb. * A court in -The Mosaic law appointed only two laubs, with- a co ner of a couit, and a court in a correr el

Ver. 14. Erny morning – Heb.“ Morning by Ver. 22. There were courts joined, &c. - Newest morning." - Here is no mention of an evening sacri. "Small courts, 48 cubits long,'' &c. But our marga fice, which forms another important variation from reads, “ made with chimdayo." the Mosaic lax, See Exod. xxix. 38-40.

out a ran.


one measure.

The vision]

(of Holy Waters. thirty broad : these four corners were of sand; and it was a river that I couid 23 And there was a row

not pass over : for the waters were of building round about in them, round about them four, and it was male with risen, waters to swim in, a river that boiling places under the rows round about. could not be passed over. 24 Then said he unto me, These are the 6 And he said unto me, Son of places of them that boil, where the ministers of the huuse shall boil the sacı ifice of man, hast thou seen this ? Then he the people.

brought me, and caused me to return to the brink of the river.

7 Now when I had returned, beCHAP. XLVII.

hold, at the bank of the river were AFTERWARD he brought me very many trees on the one side and

again unto the door of the house; on the other. and, behold, waters issued out from 8 Then said he unto me, These under the threshold of the house east- waters issue out toward the east counward : for the forefront of the house try, and go down into the desert, and stood toward the east, and the waters go into the sea : which being brought came down from under from the right forth into the sea, the waters shall be side of the house, at the south side of healed. the altar,

9 And it shall come to pass, that 2 Then brought he me out of the every thing that liveth, which moveth, way of the gate northward, and led whithersoever the rivers shall come, me about the way without unto the shall live: and there shall be a very itter gate by the way that looketh great multitude of fish, because these astward ; and, behold, there ran out waters shall coine thither: for they raters on the right side.

shall be healed; and every thing shall 3 And when the man that had the live whither the river cometh. ine in his hand went forth eastward, 10 And it shall come to pass, that le measured a thousand cubits, and the fishers shall stand upon it from le brought me through the waters; the En-gedi even unto En-eglaim; they raters were to the ancles.

shall be a place to spread forth nets; 4 Again he measured a thousand, their fish shall be according to their ad brought me through the waters; kinds, as the fish of the great sea, exhe waters were in the knees Again ceeding many. e measured a thousand, and brought 11 But the miry places thereof and je through ; the waters were to the the marishes thereof shall not be heal. vins.

ed ; they shall be given to salt. 5 Afterward he measured a thou- 12 And by the river upon the bank

NOTES. CHAP. XLVII. Ver. 1. Under the threshold. Whillersoever the ricers - Heh, “Two rivers," 'e Note on chap. xlii. 8; also chan, xlvi. 2, 3. but as we read of but one in the context, Michaelis Ver. 5. Weters were risen - Heb.“ Swoln;" (hy only dividing one Hebrew word into two, see X,“ Lifted up iheir proud wares."

These Note, p viji. Iatrodaction to our first volume) reads, Prs beautifully represent the gradual progress of " Whithersoever the river shall cone, the sea shall

gospel. See Isa. 11. 2-4. Conpare Joel jij 18; Jive." But in Hebrew. the plural is often used for ch xav.8; 1 ; John vii.33." Newcome. the singular, and here may rerhaps intend the aters to swim in-Heb.“ Waters of swimming. spreading streams of this sacred wa er. Ver.7. . lip;" Newcome, “ Brink;" Ver. 10. From En-gedi un o Ein-eglaim.--The former same word as is s'ı rendered in rer. 6.

place lay nearly due east from Jerusalem, t e latter Ver. 8. Desert - Mark. “ Plain." See Deu'. iii. at the northern extremity of the drar sea, where the

Brought forth into the set-by ver. 1". 11, Jordan flows into it: from 15 to 20 miles of coast.trained to the dead, or salt see, Gen. xiv. 3. It is As the fish of the great sea.-This implies, not that les! the dead sea on account of a tradition which, the water shall become fresh, (like the lake of Gen. ingh disputed, ras never been refuted, that no nesareth) bot like the ocean, its deleterions qnalities > can live in it. This may be partly owing to its being purged by the accession of these sacre,l waters. ressive saltness, containing (ns ascer ained by Ver. 11. The in urishes (or marsbes) shall not be ent experiments) one fourth of its weight in sali, healed. The south end, where Sodom stod on the irh renders it singularly buoyant and bitter, and south-west, and the valley of salt" on the sou'hy account for its being uninhabited. See Modern enst. They shall be giorn (up) lo sall-and this av, vol. ii p. 2 9.

may figuratively represent those nations that utlerly Ver. 9. Erery thing that liveth, which moveth- retuse the healing sireams of salvation. wcome," Every living ihing wlúch moveth.".


[of the land, thereof, on this side and on that side, and according to the twelve tribes of shall grow all trees for meat, whose Israel. Joseph shall have two portions

, leaf shall not fade, neither shall the another concerning the wbicla I lifted up

14 And ye shall inherit it, one as well as fruit thereof be consumed : it shall mine hand to give it unto your fathers : bring forth new fruit according to his anil this laud shall fall unto you for inbemonths, because their waters they of the land toward the north side, from issued out of the sanctuary: and the the great sea, the way of Hethłon, as mer fruit thereof shall be foz meat, and the go to Zedad;

16 Hamath, Berothab, leaf thereof for medicine. (X)

Sibraim, which is between the border d
Dainascus and the border of Hamath;

Hazar-batticon, which is by the coast of [Omil, and puss to ver. 21, chap. xlviii.]


17 And the border from the 13 Thus saith the Lord God ; This shall sea shall be Hazar-enan, the border of be the border, whereby ye shall inherit the Damascus, and the north northward, and


ably to the nature of fructifying streams CHAP. XLVII.

convey fertility and verdure wherever they (X) Ver. 1-12. The vision of the holy was may spread. Moreover, these waters bare ters and mystic trees. We now approach the a singular power of conveying life and saloclose of this extraordinary vision, and va. brity to the dead sea itself : a lake which, rious cireumstances lead us to consider it after discarding all the fables of credu. in many parts of mystic import. Though lous travellers, is confessedly barren of the temple itself may not in magnitude living creatures. exceed that of Solomon, yet the grand If we allegorize these streams, it seems scale on which the surrounding courts and natural that the dead sea should also be em adjacent grounds are laid out, seems blematical of the state of both the jewish strongly to intimate a great increase of and heathen world prior to the promulgation the true church of God, principally by the of the gospel. The religion of the Jews and accession of the Gentiles. So in this chap- the science of the Greeks were alike dead. ter the mighty stream of waters flowing To what good purpose did the former as from the sanctuary, though it may have ply their rabbinical lore? or the latter some reference to the waters formerly sup- their admired wisdom? The former sunk plied from an adjaceat spring or two for into the most ridiculous superstitions and the priest's use, are in volume so vasily the latter into the most gross idolatries, greater, and in virtue so perfectly distinct which, at the same time as they practised and and superior, that he must be a dreaming recommended to the vulgar they ridicule! expositor indeed, who can explain this li- themselves. But these healing streams, terally of water only to cleanse the sacri- wherever they flowed, evangelizeci the fices and sacrificial instruments. Besides, former, and rationalized the latter. "Christ this water ran from the temple-increased crucified,” was indeed "to the Jews : as it proceeded, and conveyed life and stumbling block” till the veil was taken health and blessing wherever its streams from their hearts; and then they read the flowed.

gospel in all the books of Moses. The Nothing is more common in the Holy same loctrine was “ to the Greeks foolisbScriptures than to represent the influences ness," till they also were enlightened; and of the Holy Spirit under the emblem of then they saw in the doctrine of redemption water; and, in perfect accordance with a display of divine wisdom, avd felt is this remark, the spread of knowledge, truth power in the renovation of their hearts and and righteousness is often expressed by the lives. Thus the dead sea is filled with livimage of Rowing streams-streams that, ing fish, and the trees which grow upon uniting and continuing to spread, we its banks, instead of the fabled apples are led to believe shall cover the earth of Solom, produce trees of perpetual verwith the knowledge and glory of the dure, and fruits of immortality ever sex Lord as the waters cover the immense and ever fresh, while its leaves shall beal basis of the sea. These waters, too, agree- all the disorders of human life,

NOTES. Ver. 12. Shall grow (Heb." spring up") all trees Ver. 13. This shall be the border.-The precisa for food. Here is an evident allusion to the trees situation of many of the places named in this sed of paradise.See our Note on Gen. ii. 9 --The the following chapter, can hardly now be ascertnice. Leaf thereof for medicine - Newcome, “ Healing.” It is, however, evident, that provision is here was The medical art in the East is still chiefy confined for the relarn of all the tribes, though many did 4 to external applications.


and of the]

(several tribes, the border of Hamath. And this is the length, and of ten thousand in breadth, north side. 18 And the east side ye shall 10 And for them, even for the priests, shall measure from Hauran, and from Damas- be this holy oblation; toward the north five rus, and from Gilead, and from the land and twenty thousand in length and toward of Israel by Jordau, from the border unto the west ten thousand in breadth, and tothe east sea. And this is the east side. ward the east ten thousand in breadth, and 19 Aud the south side southward, from toward the south five and i wenty thousand Tamar even to the waters of strife in Ka- in length : and the sanctuary of the Lord lesh, the river to the great sea. Aod this shall be in the midst thereof. 11 It shall is the south side southward. 20 The be for the priests that are sanctified of the vest side also shall be the great sea from sons of Zadok; which have kept my he border, till a man come over against charge, which went not astray when the lamath. This is the west side. 21 So children of Israel went astray, as the Lehall ye divide this land unto you accord- vites went astray. 12 And this oblation ng to the tribes of Israel.

of the land that is offered shall be unto 22 And it shall come to pass, that ye them a thing most holy by the border of ball divide it by lot for an inberitance unto the Levites. 13 Aud over against the ou, and to the strangers that sojourn border of the priests, the Levites shall have mong you, which shall beget children five and twenty thousand in length, and mong you: and they shall be unto you as ten thousand in breadth : all the length oru in the country amoug the children of shall be five aud twenty thousand, and the srael; they shall have inheritance with breadth ten thousand. 14 And they ou among the tribes of Israel. 23 And shall not sell of it, neither exchange, por shall come to pass, that in what time the alienate the first fruits of the land : for it is ranger Sojourneth, there shall ye give holy unto the Lord. im his inheritance, saith the Lord God. 15 Aud the five thousand, that are left

in the breadth over against the five and CHAP. XLVIII.

twenty thousand, shall be a prolane place NOW these are the rames of the tribes. for lhe city, for dwelling, and for suburbs

From the north end to the coast of the and the city shall be in the midst thereof. ay of Hethion, as one goeth to Hamath, 16 And these shall be the measures thereof; azar-enan, the border of Damascus the north side four thousand and five bunprthwarı, to the coast of Hamath; for dred, and the south side four thousand and ese are his sides east and west ; a portion bundred, and on the east side four r Dan. 2 And by the border of Dan, thousand and five hundred, and the west om the east side unto the west side, a side four thousand and five hundred. rtion for Asher. 3 And by the border 17 And the suburbs of the city shall be toAsher, from the east side even unto the ward the norih rwo hundred and fifty, and est side, a portion for Naplıtali. 4 And toward the south two hundred and fifty,

the border of Naphtali, from the east and toward the east two hundred and listy, le unto the west side, a portion for Nia- and toward the west two hundred and fifty. isseh. 5 And by the border of Manas. 18 And the residue in length over against h, from the east side into the west side, the oblation of the holy portion shall be ten portion for Ephraiin. 6 And by the thousand eastward, and ten thousand westrder of Ephraim, from the east side even ward : and it shall be over against the obito the west side, a portion for Reuben. lation of the holy portion ; and in increase And by the border of Reuben, from the thereof shall be for food unto them that st side even unto the west side, a portion sérve the city. 19 And they that serve r Judab.

the city shall serve it out of ail the tribes 8 And by the border of Judah, from the of Israel. 20 All the oblatioa shall be st side unto the west side, shall be the five and twenty thousaud by five and twenty ering which ye shall offer of five and thousand: ye shall offer the holy oblation enty thousand reeds in breadth, and in foursquare, with the possession of the ogth as one of the other parts, from the city. st side unto the west side: and the sancary shall be in the midst of it. 9 The

21 And the residue shall be for the lation that ye shall offer unto the LORI) all be of five and twenty thousand in prince, on the one side and on the

ap. xlv. ).

NOTES, CHAP. XLVIII. Ver. 8. Five and twenty thou- generally adhered to the God of Israel, and one mo. rd reeds. Rather, “ Cubits." See Note on tive, probably, for the defection of the latter might

be their being promoted to the priesthood among Ver. 11. It shall be for the priests that are sancti- idolaters. See Judges xvii. 11-13.

Marg. " The sanctified portion shall be for Ver. lú. Profane place--see on chap. xlii. 20. priests of the sons,” &c.-as the Levites went. Ver. 35. The Lord is there-Heb. Jehovah'shamSee chap. xliv. 10. It appears that the priests mah.

The gates)

(of the city. other of the holy oblation, and of the the south side southward, the border possession of the city, over against the shall be even from Tamar unto the five and twenty thousand of the obla. waters of strife in Kadesh, and to the tion toward the east border, and west- river toward the great sea. ward over against the five and twenty 29 This is the land which ye shall thousand toward the west border, over divide by lot unto the tribes of Israel against the portions for the prioce: and for inheritance, and these are their it shall be the holy oblation; and the portions, saith the Lord God. sanctuary of the house shall be in the 30 And these are the goings out of midst thereof.

the city on the north side, four thou22 Moreover from the possession of sand and five hundred reasures. the Levites, and from the possession 31 And the gates of the city shall of the city, being in the inidst of that be after the names of the tribes of Iswhich is the prince's, between the bor- rael: three gates northward; one gate der of Judah and the border of Benja- of Reuben, one gate of Judah, one inin, shall be for the prince.

gate of Levi. 23 As for the rest of the tribes, from 32 And at the east side four thouthe east side unto the west side, Ben- sand and five hundred: and three gates; jamin shall have a portion.

and one gate of Joseph, one gate of 24 And by the border of Benjamin, Benjamin, one gate of Dan. from the east side unto the west side, 33 Aud at the south side four thouSimeon shall have a portion.

sand and five hundred oceasures: and 25 And by the border of Simeon, three gates; one gate of Simeon, one from the east side unto the west side, gate of Issachar, one gate of Zebulun. Issachar a portion.

34 At the west side four thousand 26 And by the border of Issachar, and five hundred, with their three from the east side unto the west side, gates; one gate of Gad, one gate of Zebulun a portion.

Asher, one gate of Naphtali. 27 And by the border of Zebulun, 35 It was round about eighteen from the east side unto the west side, thousand measures: and the name of Gad a portion.

the city from that day shall be, The 28 And by the border of Gad, at Lord is there. (Y)


laud. The best idea we can form of its (Y) Ver. 21-35. The division of the extent as Dr. Boothroyd surgests) is by land, and the gates of the city. There is conceiving a square of 25,000 cubits each as much prudence as modesty, in not at- way, or about seven English iniles in length tempting to explain what we cannot com. and breath; and this square divided prehend; and those commentators who lengthwise into three parts (or rectangles) have been most anxious to remove all ob- thus: 10,000 for the priests, 10,000 for the scurities. have been compelled to confess Levises, and 5000 for the city: with the themselves non-plussed in the visions of temple in the midst of the whole plot of Ezekiel. The great outlines of the alle ground. A part also was to be added for the gory are as much as we dare hope to kiny's palace and pleasure grounds. The understand; but ibe fulfilmeut of these rea.ous of this proportion are to us far from predictions, may, as in other instances, evident; but ihe portions of the priets render intelligible what now seems mo-t and Levites probably included pasture obscure. Though the returu from the grounds, and perhaps vineyards, for the Babylonishi captivity included but a very use of the Temple. The increase of the small part of the ten tribes of Israel, there number of gates (double tho-e of the foris reason to believe a remnant of them mer city) is a circumstauce we is still preserved in some of the Eastern means understand; but it is copied by St. countries, and will be forthcoming when- John in his Apocalyptical description of ever the God of Israel shall give the word. the New Jerusalem. (Rev, axi. 21.) The

What is meant by the “Holy oblatiou descriptive name here given to the city, it is diMicult to explain, since it is nei'her Jenovan SHAMMAI, is sufficiently defuite confined to the Temple, nor the holy city; as implying God's continual presence with nor does it extend to the whole of the holy his church, under every dispensatiou.

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »