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(and restoration shall he break the covenant, and be they that remain shall be scattered todelivered ?
ward all winds: and ye shall know 16 As I live, saith the Lord God, that I the LORD have spoken it. surely in the place where the king 22 Thus saith the Lord God; I will dwelleth that made him king, whose also take of the highest branch of the oath he despised, and whose covenant high cedar, and will set it; I will he brake, even with him in the midst crop off from the top of his young of Babylon he shall die.
twigs a tender one, and will plant 17 Neither shall Pharaoh with his upon an high mountain and eminent: mighty army and great company 23 In the mountain of the height of make for him in the war, by casting Israel will I plant it: and it shall up mounts, and building forts, to cut bring forth boughs, and bear fruit, and off many persons :
be a goodly cedar: and under it shall 18 Seeing he despised the oath by dwell all fowl of every wing; in the breaking the covenant, when, lo, he shadow of the branches thereof shall had given his hand, and bath done all they dwell. these things, he shall not escape.
24 And all the trees of the field 19 Therefore thus saith the Lord shall know that I the LORD have God; As I live, surely mine oath that brought down the high tree, have exhe hath despised, and my covenant alted the low tree, have dried up the that he hath broken, even it will I re- green tree, and have made the dry compense upon his own head.
tree to flourish: I the LORD have 20 And I will spread my net upon spoken and have done it. (R) him, and he shall be taken in my snare, and I will bring him to Babylon, and
CHAP. XVIII. will plead with him there for his tres. THE word of the Lord came unto pass that he hath trespassed against me again, saying,
2 What mean ye, that ye use this 21 And all his fugitives with all proverb concerning the land of Israel jis bands shall fall by the sword, and saying, The fathers have eaten sour A vindication]
smitten by an eastern wind, withers in the CHAP. XVI.
soil whereiu it grew. Such is the outline (R) God's judgments on Judea repre- of this allegory, which is more fully exsented by the parable of two eagles and a plained in the following part of the chap
vine.- In the fable before us Nebuchad- ter. But in the last three verses we read • nezzar is represented as a great eagle of another branch, which shall be planted which perched on the highest branch of in a lofty mountain, and become a lofty one of the mighty cedars of Lebanon. cedar, in whose boughs birds of every This branch represents king Jehoiachim, wing should lodge. Newcome thinks whom he carried off to Babylon, “a land “these verses may have a reference to Zeof traffick;" he took also a young shoot, ruhbabel, to the Maccabees, to the Mes. meaning Zelekiah, aud, planting it in a siah, and to the future restoration of the fruitful soil, it Aourished and became a Jews :" but Boothroyd remarks, that to spreading tree, like a willow growing by king of the house of David, since the capthe waters. Another eagle is now intro- tivity, ever answered this descrip:ion, or duced, to represent the king of Egypt, and was able to afford that protection to the the tree just mentioned (Zedekiah) spreads neighbouring po vers here implieil: be forth its branches toward this second therefore refers the whule exclusively to eagle: yet it prospers not; but, being the Messiah.
NOTESẠChap. XVII. Con.
Ver. 24. The high tree, &c. The high free asi Ver. 19. Mine oath. - Zechariah doubtless swore the green tree refer to Nebuchadnezzar (Dar, ik. by the name of the God of Israel.-My covenant:- 12.) The low tree and the dry tree, to the Jews The Lord regards himself as a party to every covenant Newcome. --Have done it:
- Wbni God decret made in his name.
may be considered as certain as if done.
CHAP. XVIII. [of God's judgments. grapes, and the children's teeth are set live? he shall not live: he hath done on edge ?
all these abominations ; he shall surely 3 As I live, saith the Lord God, ye die ; his blood shall be upon him. shall not have occasion any more to 14 Now, lo, if he beget a son, that use this proverb in Israel.
seeth all his father's sins which he 4 Behold, all souls are mine ; as hath done, and considereth, and doeth the soul of the father, so also the soul not such like; of the son is mine : the soul that sin- 15 That hath not eaten upon the neth, it shall die.
mountains, neither hath lifted up his 5 But if a man be just, and do that eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, which is lawful and right,
hath not defiled his neighbour's wife, 6 And hath not eaten upon the
16 Neither hath oppressed any, mountains, neither hath lifted up his hath not withholden the pledge, neieyes to the idols of the house of Israel, ther hath spoiled by violence, but hath neither hath defiled his neighbour's given his bread to the hungry, and wife, neither hath come near to a re
hath covered the naked with a garmoved woman;
ment; 7 And hath not oppressed any, but 17 That hath taken off his hand nath restored to the debtor his pledge, from the poor, that hath not received ath spoiled none by violence, hath usury nor increase, hath executed my iven his bread to the hungry, and judgments, hath walked in my statutes ; ath covered the naked with a gar- he shall not die for the iniquity of his ment;
father, he shall surely live. 8 He that hath not given forth upon 18 As for his father, because he sury, neither hath taken any increase, cruelly oppressed, spoiled his brother hat hath withdrawn his hand from by violence, and did that which is not niquity, hath executed true judg- good among his people, lo, even he ent between man and man,
shall die in his iniquity. 9 Hath walked in my statutes, and 19 Yet say ye, Why? Doth not the ith kept my judgments, to deal truly; son bear the iniquity of the father?
is just, he shall surely live, saith When the son hath done that which e Lord Gop.
is lawful and right, and hath kept 10 If he beget a son that is a rob- all my statutes, and hath done them, I, a shedder of blood, and that he shall surely live. eth the like to any one of these 20 The soul that sinneth, it shall ings,
die. The son shall not bear the iniquity 11 And that doeth not any of those of the father, neither shall the father ties, but even hath eaten upon the bear the iniquity of the son: the rightsuntains, and defiled his neighbour's cousness of the righteous shall be upon le,
him, and the wickedness of the wicked 12 Hath oppressed the poor and shall be upon him. dy, hath spoiled by violence, bath 21 But if the wicked will turn from
restored the pledge, and hath lifted all his sins that he hath committed, his eyes to the idols, bath com- and keep all my statutes, and do that ted abomination,
which is lawful and right, he shall 13 Hath given forth upon usury, and surely live, he shall not die. h taken inerease : shall he then * 22 All his transgressions that he A vindication]
NOTES. IAP. XVII. Ver. 2. The fathers have, &c.- A removed woman - Authorized Version, " A men. ler. xxxi. 29.
stsuous woman;" but our translators have used the r. 4. All souls are mine-that is, they originate word removed in this sepse, ch. Xxxvi. 17. See me, and are accountable to me. 1.5. And do thal, &c.-Heb. “ Do judgment Ver. 13. His blood shall be upon him—that is, he
sball be answerable for his sins, if not repented of. 7. 6. Not eaten upon the mountains that is, not Ver. 16. Hoth not withhol!en-Heb. * Halb not ker of the idol sacrifices on the high places. pledged the pledge."
Levit. xviii. 19.
(of God's judgments hath committed, they shall not be men: turneth away from all his transgres: tioned unto him : in his righteousness sions that he hath committed, he shall that he hath done he shall live. surely live, he shall not die. 23 Have I any pleasure at all that 29 Yet saith the house of Israel
, the wicked should die ? saith the Lord The way of the Lord is not equal
. God; and not that he should return O house of Israel, are not my ways from his ways and live?
equal, are not your ways unequal? 24 But when the righteous turneth 30 Therefore I will judge you, o away from his righteousness, and house of Israel, every one according to committeth iniquity, and doeth ac- his ways, saith the Lord God. Recording to all the abominations that pent, and turn yourselves from all the wicked man doeth, shall he live? your transgressions ; so iniquity sha! All his righteousness that he hath not be your ruin. done shall not be mentioned in his 31 Cast away from you all your trespass that he bath tresspassed, and transgressions, whereby ye haye transin his sin that he hath sinned, in them gressed; and make you a new heart shall he die.
and a new spirit: for why will ye die, 25 Yet ye say, The way of the O house of Israel? LOBD is not equal. Hear now,
0 32 For I have no pleasure in the house of Israel ; Is not my way equal ? death of him that dieth, saith the are not your ways unequal?
Lord God: wherefore turn yourselves, 26 When a righteous man turneth and live. (S) away from his righteousness, and
CHAP. XIX. committeth iniquity, and dieth in them; for his iniquity that he hath MOREOVER, take thou up a ladone shall he die.
mentation for the princes of li27 Again, when the wicked man rael, turneth
from his wickedness that 2 And say, What is thy mother! he hath committed, and doeth that A lioness: she lay down among lions, which is lawful and right, he shall she nourished her whelps among young save his soul alive,
lions. 28 Because he considereth, and 3 And she brought up one of her
a wicked man repenting, and a just man CHAP. XVIII.
revolting (S) God vindicates the equity of his Pro. In vindication of the equity of Providence, vidence.-The Jews complain to Ezekiel we have offered a few remarks in answer (as they bad before done to Jeremiah) to the same objection made to the Prophet of Gods dealing hardly with them, in pun- Jeremiah, which we need not here repeat. ishing them for the sins of their forefathers, (See Expos. of Jer. xxxi. 27, &c.) For : their calamities having been long threat- fuiler discussion of this subject, See Dudla ened as the consequence of the national dridge's Lectures, cxlvii. guilt. The Lord tells them that he had When the Jews are here commanded to no respect of persons; but that every one make themselves a new heart, &c. which should eventually be rewarded according is clsevliere promised as the gift of God, it to his works. (Mait xvi. 27.) This he in- can only intend that they should earnestly stances by a variety of examples; such as seek it from Him who alone can give it, that of a just father and his wicked sou, and who giveth his Holy Spirit to ali wbu and the just son of this wicked father; then ask it in sincerity. (See Luke xi. 13.)
NOTES. Ver. 24. Righteousness-Heb.“ Righteousnesses." CHAP. XIX. - This chapter is poetical thrack.
Ver. 30. Řepent and turn .... from, &c. - The out; the eleven preceding chapters are in prose word " yourselves," which is not in the original, Ver. 2. A lioness. - An allusion to Gen. xlix.9. were better omitted, both here and in ver. 32. $ Ver. 3. One of her whelts - Jehoahaz, 2 King iniquity, &c.— Heb. ". Let not iniguity be to you xxiii. 30, 31. for a stumbling-block."
Ver. 5. Another of her whelps-Jehoiakie ,
Eliakim) 2 Kings xxiii. 34.
[and her cubs, whelps : it became a young lion, and it 10 Thy mother is like a vine in thy, learned to catch the prey; it devoured blood, planted by the waters: she was men.
fruitful, and full of branches, by rea4 The nations alşq heard of him ; son of many waters. he was taken in their pit, and they 11 And she
she had strong rods for the brought him with chains unto the land scepțres of them that bare rule, and of Egypt.
her stature was exalted among the 5 Now when she saw that she had thick branches, and she appeared in waited, and her hope was lost, then her height with the multitude of her she took another of her whelps, and branches. made him a young lion.
12 But she was plucked up in fury, 6 And he went up and down among she was cast down to the ground, and the lions, he became a young lion, and the east wind dried up her fruit: her learned to catch the prey, and devoured strong rods were broken and withered ;
the fire consumed them, 7 And he knew their desolate palaces, 13 And now she is planted in the and he laid waste their cities; and wilderness, in a dry and thirsty ground. the land was desolate, and the fulness 14 And fire is gone out of a rod of thereof, by the noise of his roaring. her branches, which hath devoured her
$ Then the nations set against him fruit, so that she hath no strong rod to on every side from the provinces, and be a sceptre to rule. This is a lamenspread their net over him: he was tation, and shall be for a lamentaaken in their pit.
tion. (T) 9 And they put him in ward in hains, and brought him to the king of
CHAP. XX. Babylon': they brought him into holds; AND it came to pass in the seventh hat his voice should no more be heard year, in the fifth month, the tenth ipon the mountains of Israel.
day of the month, that certain of the
lions is Jehoahaz, deposed by the king of CHAP. XIX.
Egypt; and the second lion is Jehoiakim, (T) A lamentation for the princes of w
whose rebellion drey on himself the yensrael.- Ezekiel was a great master of the geance of the king of Babylon. (2 Kings arabolic kind of writing, of which this xxiv. 1, &c.) lo the second parable the bapter contains two beautiful examples: vime is the Jewish nation, which long proser. I to 9, the Prophet laments the sad pered, its land being fertile, its princes atastrophe of Jehvahaz and Jehoiakim, powerful, and its people flourishing; but ad then, ver, 10 to 14, he describes the the judgments of God, io consequence of isolation and captivity of the whole' na. their guilt, had now destroyed a great part on. In the first parable, the lioness is of the people, and doomed the rest to cap. e land of Judea, the first of the young
NOTES. Ver. 7. And he knen, &c.-On the authority of be not more satisfactory to others. It is certain that me ancient versions and a few MSS, Newcome blood is sometimes nsed for manure to fruit trees, d Boothroyd read, “He brought evil on their (see Ency. Brit.) and if so used by the ancients, faces;” the present text, however, seems to admit a might, with " the waters,” be an additional cause Ty good sense. —He knew-that is, found out, of fruitfuloess. It is also true that the kingdom of plored, their "widowed,!! 1. 8. desolate, deserted Israel was planted in the blood of the Capanniles, Ilaces.
and other enemies. This, however, is only offered in Ver. 8. In their pit.—This alludes to a covered preference to conjectural corrections of the text, t, employed to snire wild heasts.
which the Editor is always reluctant to admit into Ver. 9. Into holds. Newcome, “ Strong-bolds;" the Cottage Bible. 6. confined him.
Ver. 11. Strong rods for sceptres.-This implied Ver. 10. Thy mother e vine in thy blood
used for walking sticks, (Orient. ome of the Hebrew letters being very similar, las Cust. No. 1118), and even to dig with. See Expos. 1 Newcome and others to suppose, that instead of it, of Num. xxi, 17, &c.
should read, ** As a vinc -as pomegranate;' Ver. 14. A fire is gone forth - may allude to the Sich is coantenanced by the LXX; and other ren.: conspiracy of Ishmael ogainst Gedaliah. Jer. xli. 2; rings have been suggested, with none of yyhich is Ezek. xv. 7; or, as some think, to the rebellion of e writer satisfied; and if he suggests another, it may Zedekjah. 2 Kings xxix. 20.
The ways of ]
(God justified. elders of Israel came to enquire of the forth out of the land of Egypt, and Lord, and sat before me.
brought them into the wilderness. 2 Then came the word of the LORD 11 And I gave them my statutes, unto me, saying,
and shewed them my judgments, which . 3 Son of man, speak unto the elders if a man do, he shall even live in of Israel, and say unto them, Thus, them. saith the Lord God; Are ye come to 12 Moreover also, I gave them my enquire of me? As I live, saith the sabbaths, to be a sign between me and Lord God; I will not be enquired of them, that they might know that I am
the Lord that sanctify them. 4 Wilt thou judge them, son of man, 13 But the house of Israel rebelled wilt thou judge them? cause them to against me in the wilderness : they know the abominations of their fathers : walked not in my statutes, and they
5 And say unto them, Thus saith despised my judgments, which if a man the Lord God; In the day when I do, he shall even live in them; and chose Israel, and lifted up mine hand my sabbaths they greatly polluted: unto the seed of the house of Jacob, then I said, I would pour out my fury and made myself known unto them in upon them in the wilderness, to conthe land of Egypt, when I lifted up sume them. mine hand unto them, saying, I am 14'But I wronght for my name's the LORD your God;
sake, that it should not be polluted be 6 In the day that I lifted up mine fore the heathen, in whose sight I hand unto them, to bring them forth of brought them out. the land of Egypt into a land that I 15 Yet also I lifted up my hand had espied for them, flowing with milk unto them in the wilderness, that I and honey, which is the glory of all would not bring them into the land lands:
which I had given them, flowing with 7 Then said I unto them, Cast ye milk and honey, which is the glory of away every man the abominations of all lands; his eyes, and defile not yourselves with 16 Because they despised my judg. the idols of Egypt: I am the LORD ments, and walked not in my statutes,
but polluted my sabbaths : for their 8 But they rebelled against me, and heart went after their idols. would not hearken unto me : they did 17 Nevertheless mine eye spared not every man cast away the abomi- them from destroying them, neither nations of their eyes, neither did they did I make an end of them in the wilforsake the idols of Egypt; then I said, derness. I will pour out my fury upon them, to 18 But I said unto their children in accomplish my anger against them in the wilderness, Walk ye not in the the midst of the land of Egypt. statutes of your fathers, neither obserre
9 But I wrought for my 'name's their judgments, nor defile yourselves sake, that it should not be polluted be- with their idols : fore the heathen, among whom they 19 I am the LORD your God; walk were, in whose sight I made myself in my statutes, and keep my judgknown unto them, in bringing them ments, and do them; forth out of the land of Egypt.
20 And hallow my sabbaths; and 10 Wherefore I caused them to go they shall be a sign between me and
did they forsake, &e. - By this used very extensively, for the office of an advocate as chapter, it is evident that ibe Jews learnt and prewell as of a judge, and is here differently taken. tised idolatry in Egypt.
Ver. 5. I lifted up my hand-ihat is, I sware," as Ver. 1. Shewed them - Heb. “ Made them to the phrase always signifies, particularly in this know." chapter.
Ver. 12. To be a sign-that is, to distinguish them Ver. 6. A land which I had espied--that is, had from the boathen, So rer. 2.