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as a type of ] CHAP. XII.

[the captivity. the house of Israel that are among water with astonishment, that her land them.

may be desolate from all that is theres! 11 Say, I am your sign : like as I in, because of the violence of all them I have done, so shall it be done unto that dwell therein.

them; they shall remove and go into 20 And the cities that are inhabited à captivity.

shall be laid waste, and the land shall 12 And the prince that is amony be desolate ; and ye shall know that I 1 them shall bear upon his shoulder in am the LORD. 1 the twilight, and shall go forth : they 21 And the word of the LORD

shall dig through the wall to carry out came unto me, saying, thereby: he shall cover his face, that 22 Son of man, what is that prohe see not the ground with his eyes. verb that ye have in the land of Israel,

13 My net also will I spread upon saying, The days are prolonged, and i him, and he shall be taken in my snare:

every vision faileth? and I will bring him to Babylon to the 23 Tell them, therefore, Thus saith land of the Chaldeans; yet shall he the Lord God; I will make this pronot see it, though he shall die there. verb to cease, and they shall no more

14 And I will scatter toward every use it as a proverb in Israel ; but say wind all that are about him to help unto them, 'The days are at hand, and him, and all his bands; and I will the effect of every vision. draw out the sword after them.

24 For there shall be no more any 15 And they shall know that I am vain vision nor flattering divination the LORD, when I shall scatter them within the house of Israel. among the nations, and disperse them 25 For I am the Lord: I will speak, in the countries.

and the word that I shall speak shall 16 But I will leave a few men of come to pass ; it shall be no more prothem from the sword, from the famine, longed : for in your days, O rebellious and from the pestilence; that they house, will I say the word, and will may declare all their abominations perform it, saith the Lord God. among the heathen whither they come; 26 Again the word of the LORD and they shall know that I am the came to me, saying, Lord.

27 Son of man, behold, they of the 17 Moreover the word of the Lord house of Israel say, The vision that came to me, saying,

he seeth is for many days to come, 18 Son of man, eat thy bread with and he prophesieth of the times that quaking, and drink thy water, with

are far off. trembling and with carefulness; 28 Therefore say unto them, Thus

19 And say unto the people of the saith the Lord God; 'There shall and, Thus saith the Lord God of the none of my words be prolonged any nhabitants of Jerusalem, and of the more; but the word which I have and of Israel; They shall eat their spoken shall be done, saith the Lord read with carefulness, and drink their God. (N)


captivity of Zedekiah and the people.-In (N) Ezekiel again typically predicts the this and the following chapters, the Pro

NOTES. Ver. 11. I am your sign--that is, says Bp. Chand- Ver. 16. A fen men-Heb. " Men of number;" , - a pattern of what shall befall you," as is here i.e. eas ly numbered. Eplainel. ---They shall remove, &c. - Heb.“ By Ver. 19. All that is therein-Heb.“ The fulness Enoving they shall go into captivity.”

thereof." Ver. 12. He shall not see the ground - This is a

Ver. 22. The duys are prolonged. See chap. xi. Tical intimation (though obscure) that he should

3, &c. and compare ver. 27, below. -rer see the land to wbich he went, as in ver. 13.

Ver. 27. He seeth, &c. - Abp. Newcome remarks,

"In ver. 21-25 there is a reference to the visions Ver. 13. My net also will I spread--that is, he of all proplets; but ver, 26—28 reser particularly to all be taken, as in the snare of a hunter.

Ezekiel's prophecy.


EZEKIEL. (against false prophets

and seen lies, therefore, behold, I am CHAP. XIII.

against you, saith the Lord God. AND the word of the Lord came 9 And mine hand shall be upon unto me, saying,

the prophets that see vanity, and that 2 Son of man, prophesy against the divine lies: they shall not be in the prophets of Israel that prophesy, and assembly of my people, neither shall say thou unto them that prophesy out they be written in the writing of the of their own hearts, Hear ye the word house of Israel, neither shall they of the LORD;

enter into the land of Israel ; and ye 3 Thus saith the Lord God; Woe shall know that I am the Lord God. unto the foolish prophets that follo:v 10 Because, even because they have their own spirit, and have seen no- seduced my people, saying, Peace; thing!

and there was no peace; and one built 4 0 Israel, thy prophets are like up a wall, and lo, others daubed it the foxes in the deserts.

with untempered morter: 5 Ye have not gone up into the 11 Say unto them which daub it gaps, neither made

up the hedge for the with untempered morter, that it shall house of Israel to stand in the battle fall: there shall be an overflowing in the day of the Lord.

shower; and ye, O great hailstones, 6 They have seen vanity and lying shall fall; and a stormy wind shall divivation, saying, The Lord saith: rend it. and the LORD hath not sent them : 12 Lo, when the wall is fallen, shall and they have made others to hope it not be said unto you, Where is the that they would confirm the word. daubing wherewith ye have daubed it?

7 Have ye not seen a vain vision, 13 Therefore thus saith the Lord and have ye not spoken a lying divi- God; I will even rend it with a stormy nation, whereas ye say, The LORD wind in my fury; and there shall be saith it; albeit I have not spoken? an overflowing shower in mine anger,

8 Therefore thus saith the Lord and great hailstones in my fury to conGod; Because ye have spoken vanity, sume it.

EXPOSITION-Chap. XII. Continued. phet endeavours, by a variety of types and an emblem of the consternation of the parables, to convince those of the cap- Jews when surrounded by their enemies tivity, who are here called “a rebellious He then reproves the objectious and hvehouse," because of their unbelief, that their words of scoflers and infidels, who either brethren, who were left behind to sustain disbelieved his threateuings,

or supposed the miseries of a siege and the insults of the accomplishment of them very distant. a conqueror, would be in a miuch worse

Josepbus (Antiq. xi. 10.) tells us that condition than themselves, who were al- Zedekiah thought this propbecy of Ezeready settled in a foreign land. In the be- kiel (ver. 13.) inconsistent with that of ginning of this chapter he signifies the Jer. xxxiv. 3, and therefore resolved to approaching captivity of Judali, by remov- believe neither. Both, however, in the issue ing lis“ stuff,"as is is called ; intiinating were literally fulfilled. Thus, blinded by the removal of the people into captivity, infidelity, sinners often “kick against the and particularly of Zedekiah and his ad- pricks," and rush on to that destruction herents. He is commanded to eat his against which they bave repeatedly been food with trembling and signs of terror, as warned.

Marg. " Secret cooncil.

* The roll of those bo

CHAP. XIII. Ver. 2. Them that prophesy, &c.- firm the word—that is, they hoped that their
Heb. "'l hem that are prophets out of their own dictions might prove true.
hearts." See Nelimin. vi.N.

Ver. 9. Assembly
Ver. :). That follor-Web. “That walk after." The writing-Newcome,
Ver. 4. Forrs-Newcome, “ Jackalls."

slall return." Ver. 5. Made up the hedge – Heb. " Hedged up

Ver. 10. One built up a wall, &c.-that is, ebe the helge;" or, 'walled up the wall."

gave out a pretended oracle, and the others attempted Ver. 6. Vanity (i. e. falsehood) and lying dirina. to support it. See ver. 16. tion--Heb. Divination of a lie.'' -Hope lo con

Ver. 11. A stormy n'ind-Heb.“ A wind of storms."

So ver. 13.

and pretended]

· [prophetesses. 14 So will I break down the wall 19 And will ye pollute me among that ye lave daubed with untempered my people for handfuls of barley and morter, and bring it down to the for pieces of bread, to slay the souls ground, so that the foundation thereof that should not die, and to save the shall be discovered, and it shall fall, souls alive that should not live, by and ye shall be consumed in the midst your lying to my people that hear thereof: and ye shall know that I am your lies? the LORD.

20 Wherefore thus saith the Lord 15 Thus will I accomplish my God; Behold, I am against your wrath upon the wall, and upon them pillows, wherewith ye there hunt the that have daubed it with untempered souls to make them fly, and I will tear morter, and will say unto you, The them from your arms, and will let the wall is no more, neither they that souls go, even the souls that


hunt daubed it;

to make them fly. 16 To wit, the prophets of Israel 21 Your kerchiefs also will I tear, which prophesy concerning Jerusalem, and deliver my people out of your and which see visions of peace for her, hand, and they shall be no more in: and there is no peace, saith the Lord your hand to be hunted; and ye shall Gop.

know that I am the Lord. 17 Likewise, thou son of man, set 22 Because with lies ye have made thy face against the daughters of thy the heart of the righteous sad, whom people, which prophesy out of their I have not made sad; and strengthened own heart; and prophesy thou against the hands of the wicked, that he should them,

not return from his wicked way, by · 18 And say, Thus saith the Lord promising him life: God; Woe to the women that sew 23 Therefore ye shall see no more pillows to all armholes, and make ker- vanity, nor divine divinations; for I chiefs upon the head of every stature will deliver my people out of your to hunt souls! Will ye hunt the souls hand : and ye shall know that I am of my people, and will ye save the the Lord. (Ó). souls alive that come unto you?


The prophet Ezekiel then reproves the (0) Awful denunciations against false various arts which his opponents employed rophets. This chapter denounces heavy to seduce the people to idolatry: consisting idgments against deceivers, who flattered partly in its indulgences, and partly in its be people in the midst of sin and dauger, attractions; particularly in the gaiety and ith false hopes of peace and security. splendour of its rites. By these the idle

Themselves, or iheir attempts ther, and the voluptuous were seduced (or, re compared to a rude wall of loose stones, hunted) into the temples of their idols, adly cemented by mortar not properly where every kind of vice was perpetrated. repared, (as Professor Michaelis under- destructive to the souls of either priests or auds it,) and which therefore could not people. The absurdity of idolatry is not: itbstand the battering artillery of heaven. more evident than its immoral tendency,

NOTES. Ver. 15. Then all is no more-Ileb. " Is not; and alive that come into you? - Newcome, “Will ye' ey....are not,”

save your own souls alive?" Ver. 17. Out of their own hrart.- See ver. 2.

Ver. 19. for handirls of harley? - that is, for a Ver. 18. SPw pillors - Or, apply cushions." very small rewari. See Prov. Xrviii. 21. vrome.

The Perrians and Asiatics are very Ver. 20. Wherewith ye there hunt the souls.- Thigi various in cushions, both to sit on, and to support allude to the suares of the sport man, used in ir arms

See Orient. Custums, No.311.- And hunting --To make them fly..Veu come, “ 'That te kerchiefs upon the head of erery stature.- they may escape ;" that is, the Lord would take sese ke cliels were probably of silk, very elegant, away " the cushions," and other instruments of sed adapted to persons of every stature. Some duction, that his people miglit escape their snares. nk that they were used as amulets, or charms. Ver. 22. Rly promising him life ... Heb.“ By

least they were intended to attract, and to draw quickening himn;" i. e, animating and encouraging Isons into idolatry. Will ye save the souls

him in his evil ways.


Ezekiel's sermon)


(against idolatry.

and I will stretch out my hand upon CHAP. XIV.

him, and will destroy him from the THE THEN came certain of the elders midst of my people Israel. of Israel unto me, and sat before 10 And they shall bear the punish

ment of their iniquity: the punish2 And the word of the Lord came ment of the prophet shall be even as unto me, saying,

the punishment of him that seeketh 3 Son of man, these men have set unto him; up their idols in their heart, and put 11 That the house of Israel may go the stumbling-block of their iniquity no more astray from me, neither be before their face : should I be inquired polluted any more with all their transof at all by them?

gressions; but that they may be my 4 Therefore speak unto them, and people, and I may be their God, saith say unto them, Thus saith the Lord the Lord God. God; Every man of the house of Is- 12 The word of the LORD came rael that setteth up his idols in his again to me, saying, heart, and putteth the stumbling-block 13 Son of man, when the land sinof his iniquity before his face, and neth against me by trespassing griercometh to the prophet; I the LORD ously, then will I stretch out mine will answer him that cometh according hand upon it, and will break the staff to the multitude of his idols;

of the bread thereof, and will send 5 That I may take the house of famnine upon it, and will cut off mau Israel in their own heart, because they and beast from it: are all estranged from me through 14 Though these three men, Noah, their idols.

Daniel, and Job, were in it, they 6 Therefore say unto the house of should deliver but their own souls by Israel, Thus saith the Lord God; Re- their righteousness, saith the Lord pent, and turn yourselves from your God. idols; and turn away your faces from 15 If I cause noisome beasts to pass all your abominations.

through the land, and they spoil it, so 7 For every one of the house of Is- that it be desolate, that no man may rael, or of the stranger that sojourneth pass through because of the beasts : in Israel, which separateth himself 16 Though these three men were from me, and setteth up his idols in in it, as I live, saith the Lord God, his heart, and putteth the stumbling- they shall deliver neither sons Do block of his iniquity before his face, daughters; they only shall be deliverand cometh to a prophet to inquire of ed, but the land shall be desolate. him concerning me; I the LORD will 17 Or if I bring a sword upon that answer him by myself :

land, and say, Sword, go through the 8 And I will set my face against land; so that I cut off man and beast that man, and will make him a sign from it : and a proverb, and I will cut him off 18 Though these three men were in from the midst of my people ; and ye it, as I live, saith the Lord God, they shall know that I am the LORD. shall deliver neither sons nor daugh

9 And if the prophet be deceived ters, but they only shall be delivered when he hath spoken a thing, I the themselves. LORD have deceived that prophet, 19 Or if I send a pestilence into

NOTES. CHAP. XIV. Ver.6. That I may take..." Catch, have so superintended the course of things as to desurprise them, in their consciences, when they per- ceive that prophet." Newcome. ceive that I am ncquainted with their secret idola- Ver. 13.' Then will l... And I stretch .... tries.” Newcome. Ver. 9. I hare decrived that prophet

break....and send.” Alip. Secker. That is, ** Wlea

--- that is, the inhabitants of a land have filled up the nea ere " When any false prophet is deceived, the probable of their iniquities, the few righteous shall not be event proving contrary to his prophecy; I, jebovah, liver it." Mr. Preb. Lowth,

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The parable of ]

fthe fruitless vine.
that land, and pour out my fury upon ye shall know that I have not done
it in blood, to cut off from it man and without cause all that I have done in

it, saith the Lord God. (P)
20 Though Noah, Daniel, and Job,

were in it, as I live, saith the Lord
God, they shall deliver neither son nor A

ND the word of the LORD came
daughter; they shall but deliver their unto me, saying,
own souls by their righteousness

2 Son of man, What is the vine 21 For thus saith the Lord God; tree inore than any tree, or than a How much more when I send my four a branch which is among the trees of sore judgments upon Jerusalem, the the forest? sword and the famine, and the noisome 3 Shall wood be taken thereof to do beast, and the pestilence, to cut off any work? or will men take a pin of from it man and beast?

it to hang any vessel thereon ? 22 Yet, behold, therein shall be 4 Behold, it is cast into the fire for left a remnant that shall be brought fuel; the fire devoureth both the ends forth, both sons and daughters; behoid, of it, and the midst of it is burned. they shall come forth unto you, and Is it meet for any work? ye shall see their way and their doings: 5 Behold, when it was whole, it was and ye shall be comforted concerning meet for no work : how much less shall the evil that I have brought upon Je- it be meet yet for any work, when the rusalem, even concerning all that I fire hath devoured it, and it is burned ? have brought upon it.

6 Therefore thus saith the Lord 23 And they shall comfort you, when God; As the vine tree among the ye see their ways and their doings: and trees of the forest, which I have given

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heyond the boundary of divine mercy.
(P) The Idolators erhorted to repentance, Let them repent and return, and then
order to avert the judgments threatened. will the ear of God be open to their in-
comparing this with other passages in quiries.
same book, it appears that certain of God can only deceive man by ordering
elders of Israel were so convinced of the events of bis providence contrary to all
divine mission of the prophet, that human expectation, and such disposal of
attended frequently, if not statedly events can in no case excuse man's pre-

his ministry. (See ch. viii. 1., xx. 1, sumption. Those who predict from appai. 31.) Their attendance was, how. rent circumstances, will often be thus des

merely formal and hypocritical : they ceived; but that God is not the proper
set up their idols on the throne of cause of man's sin, see our Exposition of
heart; and had their images (the Jer. iv.
ling block of their iniquity) before The latter part of the chapter represents
faces : «« Should I be inquired of at the guilt of this nation so aggravated, that

them?" saith the Lord. Nothing neither prophet nor patriarch could be
rely be a greater insult to the Deity heard on their behalf; though at the same
och presuinption; and if they receive time we are giveu to understand, that such
ver, it sball be, says the Lord, “ac- have great power to prevail with God. We

to the number of their idols :" happily, however, have an advocate more re idolatry, the severer vengeance. powerful than Patriarchs, Prophets or Apos. -t gross Idolators are not, however, iles—whom " the Father heareth always."

NOTES, In it---Heb. “ In the midst of it."

Ver. 23. When yo ser their way...that is, the re-
Hon much more--that is, "If it be just formation wrought i:1 them.
i alone should escape punishment; how

so with respect to Jerusalem, after such
mings an. admonitions ?" Newcome. CHAP. XV. Ver. 2. What is the vine trer

has shall be broright forth ... Houbi- Newcome, " What is the wood of the vine more
e ancient versions, (bý the insertion of than any (other) branching wood,” &c.
eads, " That shall bring forth sons and Ver. 4. Is it muret I...Heb. " Will it prosper for

any work!" namely, to build with.

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