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[ordered to remove 23 And the glory of the LORD went 4 Then shalt thou bring forth thy up from the midst of the city, and stuff by day in their sight, as stuff for stood upon the mountain which is on removing : and thou shalt go forth at the east side of the city.
even in their sight, as they that go 24 Afterwards the spirit took me forth into captivity. up, and brought me in a vision by the 5 Dig thou through the wall in Spirit of God into Chaldea, to them of their sight, and carry out thereby. the captivity. So the vision that I had 6 In their sight shalt thou bear it seen went up from
upon thy shoulders, and carry it forth 25 Then I spake unto them of the in the twilight : thou shalt cover thy captivity all the things that the LORD face, that thou see not the ground for had shewed me. (M)
I have set thee for a sign unto the
house of Israel. CHAP. XII.
7 And I did so as I was comTHE word of the Lord also came manded : I brought forth my stuff by unto me, saying,
day, as stuff for captivity, and in the 2 Son of man, thou dwellest in the even I digged through the wall with midst of a rebellious house, which mine hand ; I brought it forth in the have eyes to see, and see not; they twilight, and I bare it upon my sloulhave ears to hear, and hear not: for der in their sight. they are a rebellious house.
8 And in the inorning came the 3 Therefore, thou son of man, pre- word of the Lord unto me, saying, pare thee stuff for removing, and re- 9 Son of man, hath not the house inove by day in their sight; and thou of Israel, the rebellious house, said shalt remove from thy place to another unto thee, What doest thou? place in their sight : it may be they 10 Say thou unto them, Thus saith will consider, though they be a rebel. the Lord God; 'This burden concern. lious house.
eth the prince in Jerusalem, and all
chapter it did the Temple; and the Pro(M) Judgments announced against those phet returns to the place from wbich he who neglected the Divine warnings; parti- was carried, and by the same extraordinary cularly against those rulers who made a means, in order to communicate bis inmock of the types and predictions of the structions to his brethren of the captivity. Prophets. (Comp. ver. 3, with Jer. i. 13.) To these he was sent with promises, not When sinners go to the length of scoffing only of return, but of a new heart and a at religion, the judgments of God seldoin new spirit, when etfectually cured of tbeir slumber. Pelariah, who is accused of this attachment to idolatry. in the 1st, verse, is suddenly cut off in the From the circumstance that the glory of 13th.- God promises to favour those who the Lord rested on the Mount of Olives were gone to captivity, and intimates the after it had left the temple, the Jews general restoration and conversion of the formed an expectation that the Messiah nation in aftertimes.
would frequent this Mount, as in fact he Ver. 23. The Shechinah, or symbol of did, and there predicted the last destruc the Divine presence, is then represented tion of the city and temple. (Luke ais. as forsaking the city, as in the foregoing 42, &c.)
NOTES. CHAP. XII. Ver. 3, Prepare thee stuff-Marg. Jer. lii, 7, 8. See Newcome and Orient. Cest
. & Instruments,"or utensils. Sird. Chardiu explains No. 1113. this in reference to the eastern caravans. Those Ver. 4. As they that go, &c.—Heb. " As the gowho were to start in the evening, brought out their ings forth of captivity." goods in open day, for packing; those who star*elin Ver. 5. Dig thou-Heb. "Dig for thee." All the the middle of the night, brought out theirs in the principal houses in Jerusalem were built squate evening. Michaelis thinks that the former refers to and surrounded with a wall; this digging through the removal of the greater part of the people, in the the wall in the evening, may therefore intimate Le eleventh year of Zedekiah ; the latier, to the subse- dekiah's attempt to escape clandestinely, probably quent captivity of the king and his adherents, who as Newcome suggests, througli a breach in the wall. at first tied, but were overtaken by the Chaldeans, Ver. 6. Bear it--that is, the staff, ser. 4.
as a type of) .CHAP. XII.
(the captivity. the house of Israel that are among water with astonishment, that her land them.
may be desolate from all that is there11 Say, I am your sign: like as I in, because of the violence of all them have done, so shall it be done unto that dwell therein. them; they shall remove and go into 20 And the cities that are inhabited captivity.
shall be laid waste, and the land shall 12 And the prince that is among be desolate ; and ye shall know that I them shall bear upon his shoulder is am the LORD. the twilight, and shall go forth : they 21 And the word of the LORD shall dig through the wall to carry out came unto me, saying, thereby: he shall cover his face, that 22 Son of man, what is that prohe see not the ground with his eyes. verb that ye have in the land of Israel,
13 My net also will I spread upon saying, The days are prolonged, and him, and he shall be taken in my snare:
every vision faileth? and I will bring him to Babylon to the 23 Tell them, therefore, Thus saith land of the Chaldeans; yet shall he the Lord God; I will make this pronot see it, though he shall die there. verb to cease, and they shall no more
14 And I will scatter toward every use it as a proverb in Israel ; but say wind all that are about him to help unto them, The days are at hand, and him, and all his bands; and I will the effect of every vision. draw out the sword after them.
24 For there shall be no more any 15 And they shall know that I am vain vision nor flattering divination the LORD, when I shall scatter them within the house of Israel. among the nations, and disperse them 25 For I am the Lord: I will speak, in the countries.
and the word that I shall speak shall 16 But I will leave a few men of come to pass; it shall be no more prothem from the sword, from the famine, longed : for in your days, O rebellious and from the pestilence; that they house, will I say the word, and will may declare all their abominations perform it, saith the Lord God. among the heathen whither they come; 26 Again the word of the LORD and they shall know that I am the came to me, saying, LORD.
27 Son of man, behold, they of the 17 Moreover the word of the LORD house of Israel say, The vision that came to me, saying,
he seeth is for many days to come, 18 Son of man,
eat thy bread with and he prophesieth of the times that juaking, and drink thy water, with are far off. rembling and with carefulness; 28 Therefore say unto them, Thus
19 And say unto the people of the saith the Lord God; There shall and, Thus saith the Lord God of the none of my words be prolonged any nhabitants of Jerusalem, and of the more; but the word which I have ind of Israel; They shall eat their spoken shall be done, saith the Lord read with carefulness, and drink their Gop. (N)
captivity of Zedekiah and the people. In (N) Ezekiel again typically predicts the this and the following chapters, the Pro
NOTES. Ver. 11. I am your sign--that is, says Bp. Chand- Ver. 18. A fex men-Heb.“ Men of number;"? r, * a pattern of what shall befall you," as is here i.e. eas:ly numbered. tplained. They shall remove, &c. – Heb.“ Ly Ver. 19. All that is therein-Heb." The fulness inoving they shall go into captivity.”
thereof." Ver. 12. He shall not see the ground - This is a
Ver. 22. The days are prolonged.-See chap. xi.
3, &c. and compare ver. 27, below, pical intimation (though obscure) that he should Prer see the land io wbich he went, as in ver. 13.
Ver. 27. He seeth, &c.-Abp. Newcome remarks,
"In ver. 21-25 there is a reference to the visions Ver. 13. My net also will I spread—that is, he of all prophets; but ver, 26–28 refer particularly to all be taken, as in the snare of a hunter.
EZEKIEL. (against false prophets
and seen lies, therefore, behold, I am CHAP. XIII.
against you, saith the Lord God. AN
ND the word of the LORD came 9 And mine hand shall be upon unto me, saying,
the prophets that see vanity, and that 2 Són of man, prophesy against the divine lies: they shall not be in the prophets of Israel that prophesy, and assembly of my people, neither shall say thou unto them that prophesy out they be written in the writing of the of their own hearts, Hear ye the word house of Israel, neither shall they of the LORD;
enter into the land of Israel; and ye 3 Thus saith the Lord God; Woe shall know that I am the Lord God. unto the foolish prophets that follow 10 Because, even because they have their own spirit, and have seen no- seduced my people, saying, Peace; thing!
and there was no peace; and one built 4 0 Israel, thy prophets are like up a wall, and lo, others daubed it the foxes in the deserts.
with untempered morter : 5 Ye have not gone up into the 11 Say unto them which daub it gaps, neither made up the hedge for the with untempered morter, that it shall house of Israel to stand in the battle fall : there shall be an overflowing in the day of the Lord.
shower; and ye, O great hailstones, 6 They have seen vanity and lying shall fall; and a stormy wind shall divination, saying, The Lord saith: rend it. and the Lord hath not sent them : 12 Lo, when the wall is fallen, shall and they have made others to hope it not be said unto you, Where is the that they would confirm the word. daubing wherewith ye have daubed it?
7 Have ye not seen a vain vision, 13 Therefore thus saith the Lord and have ye not spoken a lying divi- God; I will even rend it with a stormy nation, whereas ye say, The LORD wind in my fury; and there shall be saith it; albeit I have not spoken? an overflowing shower in mine anger,
8 Therefore thus saith the Lord and great hailstones in my fury to conGod; Because ye have spoken vanity,
EXPOSITION-Chap. XII. Continued. phet codeavours, by a variety of types and an emblem of the consternation of the parables, to convince those of the cap- Jews when surrouuded by their enemies tivity, who are here called “a rebellious He then reproves the objections and bye. house,” because of their unbelief, that their words of scoffers and infidels, who either brethren, who were left behind to sustain disbelieved his threatenings, or supposed the miseries of a siege and the insults of the accomplishment of them very distant. a conqueror, would be in a much worse Josepbus (Antiq. xi. 10.) tells us that condition than themselves, who were al- Zedekiah thought this prophecy of Eze ready settled in a foreign land. In the be- kiel (ver. 13.) inconsistent with that of ginning of this chapter he signifies the Jer. xxxiv. 3, and therefore resolved to approaching captivity of Judalı, by renov- believe neither. Both, however, in the issue ing lis“ stuff, as it is called ; intimating were literally fulfilled. Thus, blinded by the removal of the people into captivity, infidelity: sinners often “kick against the and particularly of Zedekiah and his ad- pricks," and rush on to that destruction herentz. He is commanded to eat his against which they bave repeatedly been food with trembling and signs of terror, as warned.
NOTES. CHAP. XIII. Ver. 2. Them that prophesy, &c.- firm the word—that is, they hoped that their preHeb. "'Them that are prophets out of their own dictions might prove true. hearts." See Nelem. vi. R.
Ver. 9. Assembly – Marg." Secret council." Ver. 3. That follow-Heb. "That walk aster." The writing-Newcome, “ The roll of those who Ver. 4. Forrs-Newcome, “ Jackalls."
slall return." Ver... Made up the hedge – Heb." Hedged up Ver. 10. One built up a wall, &c.-that is, que the hedge;" or," walled up the wall."
gave out a pretended oracle, and the others attempted Ver. 6. Vanity (i. e. falsehood) and lying divina. to support it. See ver. 16. tion-Heb. Divination of a lie."-Hope to con- Ver. 11. A stormy wind-Heb.“ A wind of storms."
So ver. 13.
: [ prophetesses. 14 So will I break down the wall 19 And will ye pollute me among that ye have daubed with untempered my people for handfuls of barley and morter, and bring it down to the for pieces of bread, to slay the souls ground, so that the foundation thereof that should not die, and to save the shall be discovered, and it shall fall, souls alive that should not live, by and ye shall be consumed in the midst your lying to my people that hear thereof: and ye shall know that I am the LORD.
20 Wherefore thus saith the Lord 15 Thus will I accomplish my God; Behold, I am against your wrath upon the wall, and upon them pillows, wherewith ye there hunt the that have daubed it with untempered souls to make them fly, and I will tear morter, and will say unto you, The them from your arms, and will let the wall is no more, neither they that souls go, even the souls that ye hunt daubed it;
to make them ily. 16 To wit, the prophets of Israel 21 Your kerchiefs also will I tear, which prophesy concerning Jerusalem, and deliver my people out of your and which see visions of peace for ber, hand, and they shall be no more in: and there is no peace, saith the Lord your hand to be hunted; and ye shall Gop.
know that I am the Lord. 17 Likewise, thou son of man, set 22 Because with lies ye have made hy face against the daughters of thy the heart of the righteous sad, whom people, which prophesy out of their I have not made sad; and strengthened wn heart; and prophesy thou against the hands of the wicked, that he should
not return from his wicked way, by - 18 And say, Thus saith the Lord promising him life: top; Woe to the women that sew 23 Therefore ye shall see no more illows to all armholes, and make ker- vanity, nor divine divinations; for I hiefs upon the head of every staturo will deliver my people out of your
hunt souls! Will ye hunt the souls hand : and ye shall know that I am f my people, and will ye save the the Lord. (O) wuls alive that come unto you?
The propbet Ezekiel then reproves the (0) Awful denunciations against false various arts which his opponents employed phets.- This chapter denounces heavy to seduce the people to idolatry : consisting Igments against deceivers, who flattered partly in its indulgences, and partly in its people in the midst of sin and dauger, attractions; particularly in the gaiety and th false hopes of peace and security. splendour of its rites. By these the idle Themselves, or iheir attempts rather, and the voluptuous were seduced (or, e compared to a rude wall of loose stones, hunted) intu the temples of their idols, Hly cemented by mortar not properly where every kind of vice was perpetrated. =pared, (as Professor Michaelis under- destructive to the souls of either priests or
uds it,) and which therefore could not people. The absurdity of idolatry is not: bstand the battering artillery of heaveo. inore evident than its immoral tendency.
NOTES, er. 15. The nall is no more-Ileb. " Is not; and alive that come into you? - Newcome, “Will ye ....are not,”
save your own souls alive?" *r. 17. Out of their own hrarf.-See ver. 2.
Ver. 19. for handfuls of barley? that is, for a er. 18. Sew pillons — 0r, "apply cushions." very small reward. See Prov. xxviii. 21. come.
The Persians and Asiaties are very Ver. 20. Wherewith ye there hunt the souls. This urious in cushions, both to sit on, and to support allades to the shares of the sport man, used in arros See Orient. Custums, No.311.-And
-To make them fly.. - Newcome, " That e kerchiefs upon the head of erery stature.- they may escape ;" that is, the Lord would take se kerchiets were probably of silk, very elegant, away - the cushions," and other instruments of seadapted to persons of every stature.
duction, that his people might escape their snares. k that they were used as amulets, or charms. Ver. 22. Ry promising him life ... Heb. “By cast they were intended to attract, and to draw quickening him;" i. e, animating and encouraging ons inlo idolatry. Will ye save the souls him in his evil ways.
and I will stretch out my hand upon CHAP. XIV.
him, and will destroy him from the THEN came certain of the elders midst of my people Israel
. of Israel unto me, and sat before 10 And they shall bear the punishme.
ment of their iniquity: the punish2 And the word of the Lord came ment of the prophet shall be even as unto me, saying,
the punishment of him that seeketh 3 Son of man, these men have set unto him ; up their idols in their heart, and put 11 That the house of Israel may go the stumbling-block of their iniquity no more astray from me, neither be before their face : should I be inquired polluted any more with all their transof at all by them?
gressions; but that they may be my 4 Therefore speak unto them, and people, and I may be their God, saith say unto them, Thus saith the Lord the Lord God. God; Every man of the house of Is- 12 The word of the LORD came rael that setteth up his idols in his again to me, saying, heart, and putteth the stumbling-block 13 Son of man, when the land sioof his iniquity before his face, and neth against me by trespassing griercometh to the prophet; I the LORD ously, then will I stretch out mine will answer him that cometh according hand upon it, and will break the staff to the multitude of his idols ;
of the bread thereof, and will send 5 That I may take the house of farine upon it, and will cut off mat Israel in their own heart, because they and beast from it: are all estranged from me through 14 Though these three men, Noah, their idols.
Daniel, and Job, were in it, they 6 Therefore say unto the house of should deliver but their own souls by Israel, Thus saith the Lord God; Re- their righteousness, saith the Lord pent, and turn yourselves from your God. idols ; and turn away your faces from 15 If I cause noisome beasts to pass all your abominations.
through the land, and they spoil it, sa 7 For every one of the house of Is- that it be desolate, that no man may rael, or of the stranger that sojourneth pass through because of the beasts : in Israel, which separateth himself 16 Though these three men were from me, and setteth up his idols in in it, as I live, saith the Lord God, his heart, and putteth the stumbling- they shall deliver neither sons DOT block of his iniquity before his face, daughters; they only shall be deliverand cometh to a prophet to inquire of ed, but the land shall be desolate. him concerning me; I the LORD will 17 Or if I bring a sword upon that answer him by myself :
land, and say, Sword, go through the 8 And I will set my face against land; so that I cut off man and beast that man, and will make him a sign from it: and a proverb, and I will cut him off 18 Though these three men were in from the midst of my people; and ye it, as I live, saith the Lord God, they shall know that I am the LORD. shall deliver neither sans nor daugh
9 And if the prophet be deceived ters, but they only shall be delivered when he hath spoken a thing, I the themselves. LORD have deceived that prophet, 19 Or if I send a pestilence inte
NOTES. CHAP. XIV. Ver.6. That I may take..." Cateh, have so superintended the course of things as to de surprise them, in their consciences; when they per- ceive that prophet." Newcome. ceive that I am ncquainted with their secret idola- Ver. 13.' Then mill 1.... And I stretch tries," Newcome.
break....and send." Abp. Secker. That is, * When Ver. 9. I have decrived that prophet ... that is, the inhabitants of a land have filled up the mea ere "When any false prophet is deceived, the probable of their iniquities, the few righteous shall pol dr event proving contrary to his prophecy; I, Jeborah, liver it." Mr. Preb. Lowth,