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Zion mourning)


[her captivity. hath given up into the hand of the and foolish things for thee: and they enemy the walls of her palaces; they have not discovered thine iniquity, to have made a noise in the house of the turn away thy captivity; but have LORD, as in the day of a solemn seen for thee false burdens and causes feast.

of banishment. 8 The Lord hath purposed to de 15 All that pass by clap their stroy the wall of the daughter of hands at thee; they hiss and wag Zion; he hath stretched out a line, he their head at the daughter of Jerusahath not withdrawn his hand from de lem, saying, Is this the city that men stroying : therefore he made the ram- call The perfection of beauty, The joy part and the wall to lament; they of the whole earth? languished together.

16 All thine enemies have opened 9 Her gates are sunk into the their mouth against thee; they hiss ground; he hath destroyed and broken and gnash the teeth : they say, We her bars : her king and her princes have swallowed her up; certainly this are among the Gentiles: the law is is the day that we looked for; we no more; her prophets also find no have found, we have seen it. vision from the Lord.

17 The LORD hath done that 10 The elders of the daughter of which he had devised; he hath fulZion sit upon the ground, und keep filled his word that he had commandsilence: they have cast up dust upon ed in the days of old : he hath thrown their heads; they have girded them- down, and hath not pitied : and he hath selves with sackcloth : the yirgins of caused thine enemy to rejoice over Jerusalem hang down their heads to thee; he hath set up the horn of thine the ground.

adversaries. 11 Mine eyes do fail with tears, 18 Their heart cried unto the LORD, my bowels are troubled, my liver is O wall of the daughter of Zion, let poured upon the earth, for the de- tears run down like a river day and struction of the daughter of my peo- night: give thyself no rest; let not the ple; because the children and the apple of thine eye cease. sucklings swoon in the streets of the 19 Arise, cry out in the night: in city.

the beginning of the watches pour out 12 They say to their mothers, thine heart like water before the face Wbere is corn and wine? when they of the Lord: lift up thy hands toward swooned as the wounded in the streets him for the life of thy young children, of the city, when their soul was poured that faint for hunger in the top of out into their mother's bosom.

every street. 13 What thing shall I take to wit- 20 Behold, O LORD, and consider ness for thee? what thing shall I liken to whom thou hast done this. Shall to thee, O daughter of Jerusalem ? the women eat their fruit, and what shall I equal to thee, that I may children of a span long? shall the comfort thee, virgin daughter of priest and the prophet be slain in the Zion? for thy breach is great like the sanctuary of the LORD ? sea : who can heal thee?

21 The young and the old lie on 14 Thy prophets have seen vain the ground in the streets : my virgins

NOTES. noise-hy their profane 'songs, instead of the songs Ver. 15. All that pass - Heb. "By the way. of Zion,

The perfection of beauty-Psalm xlviii. 2. Ver. 8. From destroying - Heb.“ Swallowing Ver. 18. O wall.-Compare ver. 8. By a figure,

the wall may be called upon to weep, as well as stones Ver. 11. My liver is poured.-Grief of mind often to cry out, Luke xix. 40. This appears to us a beaucecasions redondancy of bile, which produces the tiful prosopopeia, alluding to walls ronning down eleet bere intended. Compare Job. xvi. 13.

with the brenth of a large congregation. Ver. 18, Thy breach is like the sea. - Judah's Ver. 20. Children of a span long-Blayney, "Little wound is compared to an inundation of the sea, ones dandled in the hands" See Levit. xxvi, 29; When it bursts its natural boundaries.

Deut. xxviii. 53. Ver. 14. False burriens.-See Jer. xxiii. 33-38.

The faithful bewail] LAMENTATIONS.

(their calamares. and my young men are fallen by the 9 He hath inclosed my ways with sword; thou hast slain them in the day hewn stone, he hath made my paths of thine anger: thou hast killed and crooked. not pitied.

10 He was unto me ils a bear 22 Thou hast called, as in a solemn lying in wait, and as a lion in secret day, my terrors round about, so that in places. the day of the Lord's anger none

11 He hath turned aside my ways, escaped nor remained : those that I and pulled me in pieces : he hath made have swaddled and brought up hath me desolate. mine enemy consumed. (N)

· 12 He hath bent his bow, and set

me as a mark for the arrow. CHAP. III.

13 He hath caused the arrows of his

quiver to enter into my reins. I AM the man that hath seen aftlic- 14 I was a derision to all my peje

tion by the rod of his wrath. ple; and their song all the day. 2 He hath led me, and brought me 15 He hath filled me with bitterinto darkness, but not into light. ness, he hath made me drunken with

3 Surely against me is he turned ; wormwood. he turneth his hand against me all 16 He hath also broken my teeth the day.

with gravel stones, he hath covered nje 4 My flesh and my skin hath he with ashes. made old; he hath broken my bones. 17 And thou hast removed my : 5 He hath builded against me, and soul far off from peace ; I forgat proscompassed me with gall and travel. perity.

6 He hath set me in dark places, as 18 And I said, My strength and they that be dead of old.

my hope is perished from the Lord: 7 He hath hedged me about, that I 19 Remembering mine affliction cannot get out: he hath made my and my misery, the wormwood and chain heavy.

the gall. 8 Also when I cry and shout, he 20 My soul hath them still in reshutteth out my prayer.

membrance and is humbled in me.


Lament was composed on the storming of CHAP. II.

Jerusalem by the Chaldean Army. (N) The miseries of Jerusalem and Judea spirit of the weeping prophet, as it appears

Bp. Heber has entered so deeply into the bewailed.—The Prophet shews the dire in this and the preceding chapter, that we effects of the diviue anger in the miseries cannot forbear to ornament our pages with brought ou his country, by the subversion

a few lines from himn. Addressing Jerusaof its religion and government; the nu

lem, he criesparalleled calamities which he charges, and no doubt justly, in a great measure on

“Where's now tlsy pomp, which kings with ent!

view'd ? the false Prophets.--- In this desperate con- Where now thy pow's, which all those kings sabdition, the astonishment and bye-word of

dned? all who see her, Jerusalem is directed to

No martial myriads muster in the gates; sue earnestly for mercy and pardon.- Many No prophet bard, thy glittering courts among,


No suppliant pation at thy temple waits ; of the images in this chapter, though ob- Wakes the full lyre, and swells the tide of song; jected to by some critics, appear to us very

But lawless forre and meagre want is there, beautiful, as we have observed in our notes

And the quick darting eye of restless fear;

While cold Oblivion, mid the ruins laid, below. Professor Jahn supposes this second Holds his dark reign beneath the ivy shade."

NOTES. CHAP. III, Ver. 4. My Resh and my skin hath Ver. 10. As a bear, &c. - See Jod. x. 16; Isa. he made old-wasted and decayed by afliction. Xxxviii. 13.

Ver. 5. He huth builded against - Boothroyd, Ver. 14. A derision.-See Jer. Ir. 7; Ps. Ixix. It. "Around me:"this agrees with the following clause. Ver. 16. With gravel. - See Prov. II. 17.

Ver. 6. Dark places--the sepulchral caverns. Ver. 17. Prosperity-Heb. " Good."

Ver. 7. Their polishing - Blayney, “ Their vein. Ver. 20. Humbled-Heb. " Bowed." ing;" referring to the blue veins of the bordlys

as the


The faithful bewail)


[their calamities. 21 This I recall to my mind, there. 40 Let us search and try our ways, fore have I hope.

and turn again to the LORD. 22 It is of the Lord's mercies 41 Let us lift up our heart with our that we are not consumed, because his hands unto God in the heavens. compassions fail not.

42 We have transgressed and have 23 They are new every morning : rebelled : thou hast not pardoned. great is thy faithfulness.

43 Thou hast covered with anger, 24 The Lord is my portion, saith and persecuted us: thou hast slain, my soul; therefore will I hope in him. thou hast not pitied.

25 The LORD is good unto them 44 Thou hast covered thyself with a that wait for him, to the soul that cloud, that our prayer should not pass seeketh him.

through. 26 It is good that a man should 45 Thou hast made us both hope and quietly wait for the offscouring and refuse in the midst of salvation of the Lord.

the people. 27 It is good for a man that he 46 All our enemies have opened bear the yoke in his youth.

their mouths against us. 28 He sitteth alone and keepeth 47 Fear and a snare is come upon silence, because he hath borne it upon us, desolation and destruction.

48 Mine eye runneth down with 29 He putteth his mouth in the rivers of water for the destruction of dust ; if so be there may be hope. the daughter of my people.

30 He giveth his cheek to him that 49 Mine eye trickleth down, and smiteth him : he is filled full with re- ceaseth not, without any intermission, proach.

50 Till the Lord look down and 31 For the LORD will not cast off behold from heaven.

51 Mine eye affecteth mine heart, be32 But though he cause grief, yet cause of all the daughters of my city. will he have compassion according to

52 Mipe enemies chased me sore, the multitude of his mercies.

like a bird, without cause. 33 For he doth not afflict willingly, 53 They have cut off my life in the nor grieve the children of men. dungeon, and cast a stone upon me.

34 To crush under his feet all the 54 Waters flowed over mine head; prisoners of the earth ;

then I said, I am cut off. 35 To turn aside the right of a 55 I called upon thy name, O man before the face of the most Lord, out of the low dungeon.

56 Thou hast heard


voice: hide 36" To subvert a man in his cause, not thine ear at my breathing, at the Lord approveth not.

my cry. 37 Who is he that saith, and it 57 Thou drewest near in the day cometh to pass, when the Lord com- that I called upon thee : thou saidst, mandeth it not?

Fear not. 38 Out of the mouth of the most 58 O Lord, thou hast pleaded the High proceedeth not evil and good ? causes of my soul; thou hast redeemed

39 'Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of 59 () Lord, thou hast seen my his sins ?

wrong : judge thou my cause.

for ever :


my life.

Ver. 2). This I recall Heb. “ Make to return my heart.” Ver 29. His mouth in the dust.-See Job xlii. 6. Ver. 33. Willingly--Heb. " from his heart." Ver. 35. The most high — Marg. "A superior." Ver. 17. Fear and a snare-Blayney, “Terror and thie pit." Pits were used as spares for wild beasts.


Ver. 53. Cast a stone upon me.-See Dan. vi. 17.
Ver. 54. Over mine head.-Ps Ixix. 2.

Ver. 56. Thou heardest my voice.--Here Blaydey and others supply," which said," or " saying."

Ver. 63. I on their music.-See ver. 14. Ver. 64. Render unto them — Blaynes and Boothroyd reader these last three verses in the future, as the original warrants.

So Blayney.

Zion's pitiful}

[estate bewailed. 60 Thou hast seen all their ven- 4 The tongue of the sucking child geance and all their imaginations cleaveth to the roof of his mouth for against me.

thirst: the young children ask bread, 61 Thou hast heard their reproach, and no man breaketh it unto them, O Lord, and all their imaginations 5 They that did feed delicately are against me;

desolate in the streets; they that were 62 The lips of those that rose up · brought up in scarlet embrace dung against me, and their device against hills. me all the day.

6 For the punishment of the ini63 Behold their sitting down, and quity of the daughter of my people is their rising up; I am their musick. greater than the punishment of the sin

64 Render unto them a recom- of Sodom, that was overthrows as in pence, O Lord, according to the work a moment, and no hands stayed on her, of their hands.

7 Her Nazarites were purer than 65 Give them sorrow of heart, thy snow, they were whiter than milk, curse unto them.

they were more ruddy in body than 66 Persecute and destroy them in rubies, their polishing was of sapphire: anger from under the heavens of the 8 Their visage is blacker than a LORD. (O)

coal; they are not known in the CHAP. IV.

streets: their skin cleaveth to their HOW

TOW is the gold become dim! how bones; it is withered, it is become like

is the most fine gold changed! the a stick. stones of the sanctuary are poured out 9 They that be slain with the sword in the top of every street.

are better than they that be slain with 2 The precious sons of Zion, com- hunger : for these pine away, stricken parable to fine gold, how are they through for want of the fruits of the esteemed as earthen pitchers, the work field. of the hands of the potter!

10 The hands of the pitiful women 3 Even the sea monsters draw out have sodden their own children: they the breast, they give suck to their were their meat in the destruction of young ones: the daughter of my peo- the daughter of my people. ple is become cruel, like the ostriches 11 The Lord hath accomplished in the wilderness.

his fury; he hath poured out his fierce EXPOSITION.

He recommends self-examination, repente CHAP. III.

ance and humiliation : and then, from the (0) Calamities bewailed, mercies acknow experience of former deliverances, he esledged, and deliverance implored. -- In this courages them to look for pardou for their chapter the prophet exhibits himself as an sins, and retribution to their enemies. example of severe afflictions and painful The complaints of this chapter are intersufferings: and by enumerating his trials, spersed with the most beautiful and piens and at the same time expressing his confi- sentiments, particularly ver. 22–33. " He dence in God notwithstanding, encourages (God) doth not willingly or from his heart) his people to the like resignation and trust afflict the children of men." in the divine and never-failing mercy. He

“O thon whose mercy guides my way, vivdicates the goodness of God in all his dis

Though now it seems se fere, pensations, and the unreasonableness of

Forbid my unbelief to say murmuring under them, especially uoder There is no inercy here." the consideration that we all are sinners.


NOTES. CHAP. IV. Ver. 3. Sea monsters - Marg. “ Sea imply a vow, but is sometimes used for any calycs,' or seals. The ostriches.-See Job xxxix. tinguished persons, as in this verse. 14-16, and Note.

Ver. 8. Blacker than a coal - Marg. - Darker than Ver. 6. No hands stayed on ker: Boothroyd, blackness ;” Blayney, “ Than the davn;" which « Witbout the hands of men."

more literal and accurate. Ver.1. Mer Nazarites --Blayney, “ Nobles.” The Ver. 10. The pitiful – Blaynes, * Tender tern Nurir is applied to Joseph, Gen. xlix. 26, from ed,” Compare chup. ii. 20. whence Dr. Durell infers, that it does not always

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[estate bewgiled. anger, and hath kindled a fire in Zion, near, our days are fulfilled; for our and it bath devoured the foundations end is come. thereof.

19 Our persecutors are swifter than 12 The kings of the earth, and all the eagles of the heaven: they purthe inhabitants of the world, would sued us upon the mountains, they laid not have believed that the adversary wait for us in the wilderness. and the enemy should have entered 20 The breath of our nostrils, the into the gates of Jerusalem.

anointed of the LORD, was taken in 13 For the sins of her prophets, and their pits, of whom we said, Under the iniquities of her priests, that have his shadow we shall live among the shed the blood of the just in the midst heathen.

21 Rejoice and be glad, o daughter 14 They have wandered as blind of Edom, that dwellest in the land of men in the streets, they have polluted Uz; the cup also shall pass through themselves with blood, so that men unto thee: thou shalt be drunken,

and could not touch their garments, shalt make thyself naked.

15 They cried unto them, Depart 22 The punishment of thine inire; it is unclean; depart, depart, quity is accomplished, O daughter of ouch not: when they fled away and Zion; he will no more carry thee away yandered, they said among the hea. into captivity: he will visit thine inihen, They shall no more sojourn quity, 0 daughter of Edom; he will here.

discover thy sins. (P) 16 The anger of the Lord hath diided them; he will no more regard

CHAP. V. iem: they respected not the persons REMEMBER, O Lord, what is f the priests, they favoured not the come upon us: consider, and beIders.

hold our reproach. 17 As for us, our eyes as yet failed 2 Our inheritance is turned to stranir our vain help: in our watching we gers, our houses to aliens. ive watched for a nation that could 3 We are orphans and fatherless, ot save us.

our mothers are as widows. 18 They hunt our steps, that we 4 We have drunken our water for innot go in our streets : our end is money; our wood is sold unto us.


to the profligacy of their priests and pro(P) Zion deeply bewails her situation, phets, which had drawn upon them the i laments her sins. Edom is then threat- universal abhorrence of God and man. d, and Zion comforted. The prophet The whole people proceed with lamenting atrasts, in various affecting instances, their hopeless condition; and, in a particuwretched and deplorable circumstances lar manper, the captivity of their sovereign. the Jewish nation with the Aourishing The judgment of Edom is at length forete of their affairs in former times; and told, together with a final cessation of ribes the unhappy change, principally Zion's calamities." (Dr. Blayney.)

NOTES. 'er. 14. So that men could not touch their gar- nation that cannot save ;" namely, Egypt. its-Boothroyd, " So that their garments could Ver. 18. They hunt our steps. -Seo 2 Kings xxv. be touched. The meaning appears to be, thnt 4-6. y ran frantic through the streets, slaying, or beat. Ver. 20. The breath of our nostrils-that is, their , all they met; and when they were overpowered only hope, Zedekiah, under whom they expected ny, they touched them,which made them polluted, stili to subsist as a nation. er. 15. It is unclean -- or, “ Ye are unclean.' Ver. 21. Rejoice-an ironical address, like Eccles.

sense seems to be, that they behaved so wicked, xi. 9.-Make thyself naked. It was a natural so frantic, that the very heathen would not suf- consequence of drunkenness in a hot country, where them to “sojourn " with them. This regards they wore loose garments, to strip themselves when false prophets and apostate priests.

heated with wine. er. 17. Our eyes as yet failed, &c.-Blayney, Ver. 22. He will discover thy sins-Marg. “ Carry 'ur eyes failed with looking) for our help, in thee captive for thy sins," which is agreed to be the i on our watch-tower have we watched for a sense.

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