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The faithful bewail] LAMENTATIONS.

(their calamulces. and my young men are fallen by the 9 He hath inclosed my ways sword; thou hast slain them in the day hewn stone, he hath made my paths of thine anger : thou hast killed and crooked. not pitied.

10 He was unto me 22 Thou hast called, as in a solemn lying in wait, and as a lion in secret day, my terrors round about, so that in places. the day of the Lord's anger none

11 He hath turned aside my ways, escaped nor remained : those that I and pulled me in pieces : he hath made have swaddled and brought up hath me desolate. mine enemy consumed. (N)

12 He hath bent his bow, and set

me as a mark for the arrow. CHAP. III.

13 He hath caused the arrows of bis

quiver to enter into my reins. I AM the man that hath seen aflic- 14 I was a derision to all my peu

tion by the rod of his wrath. ple; and their song all the day. 2 He hath led me, and brought me 15 He hath filled me with bitterinto darkness, but not into light. ness, he hath made me drunken with

3 Surely against me is he turned ; wormwood. he turneth his hand against me all 16 He hath also broken my teeth the day.

with gravel stones, he hath covered me 4 My flesh and my skin hath he with ashes. made old; he hath broken my

bones. 17 And thou hast remored my : 5 He hath builded against me, and soul far off from peace; I forgat proscompassed me with gall and travel. perity.

6 He hath set me in dark places, as 18 And I said, My strength and they that be dead of old.

my hope is perished from the Lord: 7 He hath hedged me about, that I 19 Remembering mine affliction cannot get out: he hath made my and my misery, the wormwood and chain heavy.

the gall. 8 Also when I cry and shout, he 20 My soul hath them still in reshutteth out my prayer.

membrance and is humbled in me.

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EXPOSITION.

Lament was composed on the storming of CHAP. II.

Jerusalem by the Chaldean Army.

Bp. Heber has entered so deeply into the (V) The miseries of Jerusalem and Jude a

spirit of the weeping prophct, as it appears bewailed.---The Prophet shews the dire

in this and the preceding chapter, that ** effects of the diviue anger in the miseries

cannot forbear to ornament our pages with brought on his country, by the subversion

a few lines from himn. Addressing Jerusaof its religion and government; the mu

lem, he cries paralleled calamities which he charges, and no doubt justly, in a great measure on

"Where's now tlsy pomp, which kings with eary

view'd ? the false Prophets.--In this desperate con- Where now thy pow's, which all those kings sabdition, the astonishment and bye-word of

dned? all who see her, Jerusalem is directed to

No martial myriads muster in thy gates; sue earnestly for mercy and pardon.-Many No prophet bard, thy glittering courts amung,

No suppliant nation at thy temple waits ; of the images in this chapter, though ob- Wakes the full lyre, and swells the tide of song; jected to by some critics, appear to us very

But lawless forre and meagre want is there, beautiful, as we have observed in our notes

And the quick darting eye of restless lear;

While cold Oblivion, mid the ruins laid, below. Professor Jahn supposes this second Holds his dark reign beneath the ivy shade."

NOTES. CHAP. 111, Ver. 4. My Resh and my skin hath Ver. 10. As a bear, &c. - See Jod. 1. 16; Isa. he mude old--wasted and decayed by allliction. Xxxviii. 13.

Ver. 5. He huth builded against - Boothroyd, Ver. 14. A derision.--See Jer. Ir. 7; Ps. Ixix. 18.
Around me:" this agrees with the following clause. Ver. 16. With gravel.-See Prov. st. 17.
Ver. 6. Dark places--the sepulchral caverns. Ver. 17. Prosperity--Heb. " Good."

Ver. 7. Their polishing - Blayney, “ Their vein. Ver. 20. Humbled-Heb. * Bowed." ins," referring to the blue seius of the body

as the

The faithful bewail]

CHAP. IN.

(their calamities. 21 This I recall to my mind, there- 40 Let us search and try our ways, fore have I hope.

and turn again to the LORD. 22 It is of the Lord's mèrcies 41 Let us lift up our heart with our that we are not consumed, because his hands unto God in the heavevs. compassions fail not.

42 We have transgressed and have 23 They are new every morning: rebelled : thou hast not pardoned. great is thy faithfulness.

43 Thou hast covered with anger, 24 The Lord is my portion, saith and persecuted us: thou hast slain, my soul; therefore will I hope in him. thou hast not pitied.

25 The Lord is good unto them 44 Thou hast covered thyself with a that wait for him, to the soul that cloud, that our prayer should not pass seeketh him.

through. 26 It is good that a man should 45 Thou hast made us both hope and quietly wait for the offscouring and refuse in the midst of salvation of the Lord.

the people. 27 It is good for a man that he 46 All our enemies have opened bear the yoke in his youth.

their mouths against us. 28 He sitteth alone and keepeth 47 Fear and a snare is come upon silence, because he hath borne it upon us, desolation and destruction. him.

48 Mine eye runneth down with 29 He putteth his mouth in the rivers of water for the destruction of dust ; if so be there

may
be hope.

the daughter of my people. 30 He giveth his cheek to him that 49 Mine eye trickleth down, and smiteth him: he is filled full with re- ceaseth not, without any intermission, proach.

50 Till the LORD look down and 31 For the Lord will not cast off behold from heaven.

51 Mine eye affecteth mine heart, be32 But though he cause grief, yet cause of all the daughters of my city. will he have compassion according to

52 Mine enemies chased me sore, the multitude of his mercies.

like a bird, without cause. 33 For he doth not afflict willingly, 53 They have cut off my life in the nor grieve the children of men. dungeon, and cast a stone upon me.

34 To crush under his feet all the 54 Waters flowed over mine head ; prisoners of the earth;

then I said, I am cut off. 35 To turn aside the right of a

55 I called upon thy name, O man before the face of the most Lord, out of the low dungeon. High;

56 Thou hast heard my voice: hide 36 To subvert a man in his cause, not thine ear at my breathing, at the LORD approveth not.

my cry. 37 Who is he that saith, and it 57 Thou drewest near in the day cometh to pass, when the Lord com- that I called upon thee : thou saidst, mandeth it not?

Fear not. 38 Out of the mouth of the most 58 O Lord, thou hast pleaded the High proceedeth not evil and good ? causes of my soul; thou hast redeemed

39 Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of 59 O Lord, thou hast seen my his sins?

wrong : judge thou my cause.

for ever :

my life.

NOTES. Ver. 21. This I recall - Heb. “Make to return Ver. 53. Cast a stone upon me. -See Dan. vi. 17. to my heart.

Ver. 54. Over mine head.-Ps Ixix. 2.
Ver 29. His mouth in the dust.-See Job xlii.6. Ver. 56. Thou heardest my voice.--Here Blaypey
Ver. 33. Willingly-Heb. “ from his heart." and others supply," which said," or " saying."

Ver. 35. The most high - Marg. " A superior." Ver. 63. I on their music.-See ver. 14.
So Biayney,

Ver. 64. Render unto them — Blayney and BoothVer. 47. Fear and a snare-Blayney, “Terror and royd reader these last three verses in the future, as the pit," Pits were used as snares for wild beasts. the origioal warrants.

(estate bewailed.

Lord. (0)

Zion's pitiful):

LAMENTATIONS. 60 Thou hast seen all their ven- 4 The tongue of the sucking child geance and all their imaginations cleaveth to the roof of his mouth for against me.

thirst: the young children ask bread, 61 Thou hast heard their reproach, and no man breaketh it unto them. O Lord, and all their imaginations 5 They that did feed delicately art against me;

desolate in the streets: they that were 62 The lips of those that rose up brought up in scarlet embrace dunge against me, and their device against hills. me all the day.

6 For the punishment of the ini63 Behold their sitting down, and quity of the daughter of my people is their rising up; I an their musick. greater than the punishment of the sin

64 Render unto them a recom- of Sodom, that was overthrown as in pence, O Lord, according to the work a moment, and no hands stayed on her. of their hands.

7 Her Nazarites were purer than 65 Give them sorrow of heart, thy snow, they were whiter than milk

, curse unto them.

they were more ruddy in body than 66 Persecute and destroy them in rubies, their polishing was of sapphire : anger from under the heavens of the 8 Their visage is blacker than a

coal; they are not known in the CHAP. IV.

streets: their skin cleaveth to their HOW is the gold become dim! how bones; it is withered, it is become like is the most fine gold changed! the

a stick. stones of the sanctuary are poured out 9 They that be slain with the smord in the top of every street.

áre better than they that be slain with 2 The precious sons of Zion, com- hunger : for these pine away, stricken parable to fine gold, how are they through for want of the fruits of the esteemed as earthen pitchers, the work field. of the hands of the potter!

10 The hands of the pitiful women 3 Even the sea monsters draw out bave sodden their own children: they the breast, they give suck to their were their meat in the destruction of young ones: the daughter of my peo- the daughter of my people. ple is become cruel, like the ostriches 11 The Lord hath accomplished in the wilderness.

his fury; he hath poured out his fierce EXPOSITION.

He recommends self-examination, repente CHAP. III.

ance and humiliation : and then, from the (0) Calamities bewailed, mercies acknow experience of former deliverances, he esledged, and deliverance implored.-lu this courages them to look for pardou for thes chapter the prophet exhibits himself as an sins, and retribution to their enemies. example of severe afflictions and painful The complaints of this chapter are intersufferings: and by enumerating his trials, spersed with the most beautiful and para and at the same time expressing his confi- sentiments, particularly ver. 22–33. " He dence in God notwithstanding, encourages (God) doth not willingly (or from lis heart) his people to the like resignation and trust afflict the children of men." in the divine and never-failing mercy. He

“O thon whose mercy guides my way, viudicates the goodness of God in all his dis

Though now it seems se fere, pensations, and the unreasonableness of

Forbid my unbelief to say murmuring under them, especially under There is no inercy here." the consideration that we all are sinners.

Eameston.

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NOTES. CHAP. IV. Ver. 3. Sea monsters - Marg. “ Sea imply a vow, but is sometimes used for any calves," or seals. The ostriches.--See Job xxxix. tiuguished persons, as in this verse. 14–16, and Note.

Ver.8. Blacker than a coal-Marg. - Darker than Ver. 6. No hands slayed on ker: Boothroyd, blackness ;” Blayney, “ Than the davn;" wacha * Without the hands of men."

more literal and accurate. Ver. 7. Her Nazarites--Blayney, “ Nobles." The Ver. 10. The pitiful - Blaynes, " Tender-Breta tein Nurir is applied to Joseph, Gen. xlix. 26, from ed,” Compare chup. ii. 20. whence Dr. Durell infers, that it does not always

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of her;

Zion's pitiful]

CHAP. V.

[estate bewailed. anger, and hath kindled a fire in Zion, near, our days are fulfilled ; for our and it bath devoured the foundations end is come. thereof.

19 Our persecutors are swifter than 12 The kings of the earth, and all the eagles of the heaven; they purthe inhabitants of the world, would sued us upon the mountains, they laid not have believed that the adversary wait for us in the wilderness. and the enemy should have entered 20 The breath of our nostrils, the into the gates of Jerusalem.

anointed of the LORD, was taken in 13 For the sins of her prophets, and their pits, of whom we said, Under the iniquities of her priests, that have his shadow we shall live among the shed the blood of the just in the midst heathen.

21 Rejoice and be glad, o daughter 14 They have wandered as blind of Edom, that dwellest in the land of men in the streets, they have polluted Uz; the cup also shall pass through themselves with blood, so that men unto thee: thou shalt be drunken, and could not touch their garments.

shalt make thyself naked. 15 They cried unto them, Depart 22 The punishment of thine iniye; it is unclean; depart, depart, quity is accomplished, O daughter of touch not: when they fled away and Zion; he will no more carry thee away wandered, they said among the hea. into captivity: he will visit thine inithen, They shall no more sojourn quity, O daughter of Edom; be will there.

discover thy sins. (P) 16 The anger of the Lord hath divided them; he will no more regard

CHAP. V. them: they respected not the persons REMEMBER, O LORD, what is of the priests, they favoured not the come upon us : consider, and beelders.

hold our reproach. 17 As for us, our eyes as yet failed 2 Our inheritance is turned to stranfor our vain help: in our watching we gers, our houses to aliens. have watched for a nation that could 3 We are orphans and fatherless, not save us.

our mothers are as widows. 18 They hunt our steps, that we 4 We have drunken our water for cannot go in our streets : our end is money; our wood is sold unto us.

EXPOSITION.
CHAP, IV.

to the profligacy of their priests and pro(P) Zion deeply bewails her situation, phets, which had drawn upon them the and laments her sins. Edom is then threat- universal abhorrence of God and man. ered, and Zion comforted. The prophet The whole people proceed with lamenting contrasts, in various affecting instances, their hopeless condition; and, in a particuthe wretched and deplorable circumstances lar manner, the captivity of their sovereign. of the Jewish nation with the Aourishing The judgment of Edom is at length forestate of their affairs in former times; and told, together with a final cessation of ascribes the unhappy change, principally

Zion's calamities." (Dr. Blayney.)

gar

NOTES. Ver.14. So that men could not touch their nation that cannot save ;" namely, Egypt. maents-Boothroyd, “ So that their garments could Ver. 18. They hunt our steps.-Sec 2 Kings XXV. hot be touched." The meaning appears to be, that

4–6. they ran frantic through the streets, slaying, or beat. Ver. 20. The breath of our nostrils—that is, their ing, all they met; and wben they were overpowered only hope, Zedekiah, under whom they expected by any, they touched them, which made them polluted, stili to subsist as a nation. Ver. 15. It is unclean - or, “ Ye are unclean.” Ver. 21. Rejoice-an ironical address, like Eccles. The sense seems to be, that they behaved so wicked, xi. 9.-Make thyself naked. It was a natural and so frantic, that the very heathen would not suf- consequence of drunkenness in a hot country, where fer them to "snjourn” with them. This regards they wore loose garments, to strip themselses when the false prophets and apostate priests.

heated with wine, Ver. 17. Our eyes as yet failed, &c.-Blayney, Ver. 22. He will discover thy sins-Marg. " Carry "Our eyes failed with fooking) for our help; in thee captive for thy sius," which is agreed to be the Tam on our watch-tower hare we watched for a sense.

(estate bewailed

Zion's pitiful}

LAMENTATIONS. 5 Our necks are under persecution ;

14 The elders hare ceased from we labour, and have no rest.

the gate, the young men from their 6 We have given the hand to the E- musick. gyptians, and to the Assyrians, to be 15 The joy of our heart is ceased; satisfied with bread.

our dance is turned into mourne 7 Our fathers have sinned, and ing. are not; and we have borne their ini. 16 The crown is fallen from our quities.

head : woe unto us, that we have 8 Servants have ruled over us: there sinned ! is none that doth deliver us out of their 17 For this our heart is faint; for hand.

these things our eyes are dim. 9 We gat our bread with the peril 18 Because of the mountain of of our lives because of the sword of Zion, which is desolate, the foxes walk the wilderness.

10 Our skin was black like an oven 19 Thou, O LORD, remainest for because of the terrible famine.

ever ; thy throne from generation to 11 They ravished the women in generation. Zion, and the maids in the cities of 20 Wherefore dost thou forget w Judah.

for
ever,

and forsake us so long 12 Princes are hanged up by their time? hand : the faces of elders were not ho- 21 Turn thou us unto thee, O LORD, noured.

and we shall be turned ; renew our 13 They took the young men to days as of old. grind, and the children fell under the 22 But thou hast utterly rejected wood.

us: thou art very wroth against us.(Q)

upon it.

EXPOSITION.
CHAP. V.

the whole body of Jewish exiles, the many

and grierous hardships they groaned under, (9) Zion's complaint and prayer to God. and humbly entreating God to commiserale "In the Syriac, Arabic, and Vulgate ver- their wretchedness, and to restore them sions this chapter is entitled The Prayer of once more to his favour, and to their ancient Jeremiah; but no such title appears, either prosperity. The whole inay be considered in the Hebrew or the Septuagint: it is rather as an epilogue or conclusion, well adapted a memorial, representing, in the name of to the contents of the preceding chapters.

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NOTES CHAP. V. Ver. 4. Is sold unto us-Heb.“ Cometh

burnt, by the beat of the climate, with the vant el for price;" i. e, they were obliged to purchase, not drink and food. See Job xxx. 30; Jer. ir. 8; val. only wood, but water also.

Ver. 12. Princes are hanged by their hand-i.e Ver. 5. Our necks are under persecution-Heb. tied up by one band and leat to perish : a cruel mode “ On our necks are we persecuted!" i. c. we are of execution, sometimes practised. under the yoke of foreigners.

Ver. 13. Under the wood—that is, under the bar Ver. 6. We have given the hand-i.e. submitted. dens of wood they were compelled to carry. Sec Jer. 1. 6.

Ver. 16. The crown is fallen from our head-Heb. Ver. 9. The sword of the wilderness that is, the The crown of our head is fallen.” Arabian free-booters, to which they were probably Ver. 20. So long time-Heb. “For length of days

. esposod, in seeking for wood, &c.

Ver. 22. But thou hast, &c.-Marg. "Win iboa l'er. 10. Our skin was black-that is, scorched, or utterly reject us?"

END OF THE LAMENTATIONS OF JEREMIAH.

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