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shall groan.



(against Babylon. 51 We are confounded, because we 58 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; have heard reproach: shame hath The broad walls of Babylon shall be covered our faces: for strangers are utterly broken, and her high gates shal come into the sanctuaries of the Lord's be burned with fire; and the people house.

shall labour in vain, and the folk in 52 Wherefore, behold, the days the fire, and they shall be weary. come, saith the Lord, that I will do 59 The word which Jeremiah the judgment upon her graven images : prophet commanded Seraiah the son and through all her land the wounded of Neriah, the son of Maaseiah,

when he went with Zedekiah the king 53 Though Babylon should mount of Judah into Babylon in the fourth up to heaven, and though she should year of his reign. And this Seraiah fortify the height of her strength, yet was a quiet prince. from me shall spoilers come unto her, 60 So Jeremiah wrote in a book el saith the LORD.

the evil that should come upon Ba54 A sound of a cry cometh from bylon, even all these words that are Babylon, and great destruction from written against Babylon. the land of the Chaldeans:

61 And Jeremiah said to Seraiah, 55 Because the Lord hath spoiled When thou comest to Babylon, and Babylon, and destroyed out of her the shalt see, and shalt read all these great voice; when her waves do roar words; like great waters, a noise of their voice 62 Then shalt thou say, O LORD, is uttered :

thou hast spoken against this place, to 56 Because the spoiler is come upon cut it off, that none shall remain in it, her, even upon Babylon, and her neither man nor beast, but that it shall mighty men are taken, every one of be desolate for ever. their bows is broken : for the Lord. 63 Aud it shall be, when thou hast God of recompences shall surely re- made an end of reading :his book, that

thou shalt bind a stone to it, and cast 57 And I will make drunk her it into the midst of Euphrates : princes, and her wise men, her captains, 64 And thou shalt say, Thus shall and her rulers, and her mighty men: Babylon sink, and shall not rise from and they shall sleep a perpetual sleep, the evil that I will bring upon her: and not wake, saith the king, whose and they shall be weary. Thus far name is the LORD of hosts.

are the words of Jeremiah. (L)


EXPOSITION. (L) Ver. 33–64. The description of Ba- reign went to Babylon accompanied by bylon's final overthrow continued in the Seraiah, to pay the tribute which Nebusame sublime poetical language.--From the chadnezzar had imposed ou hin; but the close of this chapter it has been inferred ablest commentators are of opinion that that Zedekiah, in the fourth year of his Seraiah went, uot with, but from Zedekiah.

NOTES. Ver. 54. A sound of a cry-Blayney, “ 'The voice Ver. 59. With Zedekiak-So the particle eth is of a cry."

most usually rendered. But Blayney and Boothroyd Ver. 53. The great voice-Boothroyd, " The boi. here' render it, “ on the behalf of;" and the same sterous noise."

particle is used in the sense of from, Gen. iv.l.Ver. 58. The broad walls of Babylon.-Historians xliv. 4, &c. See Notes in Blayney, and Dr. Tay. relate, that the walls of Babylon were of sufficient lor's Concordance. width to admit the passing of two chariots on the Ibid. Seraiah was e quiet prince-Blayney and top, and their depth from their foundation above Boothroyd, " Seraiah carried a present." 200 feet. The bricks of this wall were dug out of 1 Sam. X. 27; 2 Sam. viji, 2 and 6; 1 Kings ir. 21 the surrounding diteli, and being mixed up with &c.; also Lowth's Note on Isa. Ivii.9. chopped straw and dried, were then cemented with Ver. 62. Desolate-Heb. " Desolations." warın bitumen (or asphaltum); yet of these walls Ver. 63. Bind u stone, - Compare Rer, xvii. 31. there are now no remains. See Faber's Archsel. pt. i. p. 393, and Lowth in Isa. xiii. 19. The poeal part of Jeremiah ends with this verse.


The captivity]

[of Zedekiah. CHAP, LII.

chaios, and carried him to Babylon, and [Omit in Family Reading.)

put him in prison till the day of his death.

12 Now in the fifth month, in the tenth ZEDEKIAH was one and twenty years day of the month, which was the nine

old when he began to reign, and he teenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of eigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And Babylon, came Nebuzar-adan, captain his

mother's name was Hamutal the daugh- of the guard, which served the king of er of Jeremiah of Libnah. 2 And he Babylon, into Jerusalem, 13 And burned lid that which was evil in the eyes of the the house of the LORD, and the king's LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim had house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, lone. 3 For through the anger of the and all the houses of the great men, burned Lord it came to pass in Jerusalem and he with fire: 14 And all the arıny of Judah, till he had cast them out from his the Chaldeans, that were with the captain presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against of the guard, brake down all the walls of he king of Babylon.

Jerusalem round about. 15 Then Nebu4 and it came to pass in the ninth year zar-adan the captain of the guard carried of his reign, in the tenth month, in the away captive certain of the poor of the enth day of the month, that Nebuchad- people, and the residue of the people that ezzar king of Babylon came, he and all remained in the city, and those that fell lis army, against Jerusalem, and pitched away, that fell to the king of Babylon, and gainst it, and built forts against ii round the rest of the multitude. 16 But Ne. ibout. 5 So the city was besieged unto buzar-adan the captain of the guard left he eleventh year of king Zedekiah. 6 certuin of the poor of the land for vinedresInd in the fourth mouth, in the ninth day sers and for husbandmen. 17 Also the If the month, the famine was sore in the pillars of brass that were in the house of ity, so that there was no bread for the the Lord, and the bases, and the brasen jeople of the land.

7 Then the city was sea that was in the house of the LORD, the broken up, and all the men of war fled, Chaldeans brake, and carried all the brass ind went forth out of the city by night, by of them-to Babylon. 18 The caldrons he way of the gate between the two walls, also, and the shovels, and the snuffers, bich was by the king's garden; (now the and the bowls, and the spoons, and all the Chaldeans were by the city round about:) vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, nd they went by the way of the plain. took they away.

19 Aud the hasons, 8 But the army of the Chaldeans pur. and the firepans, and the bowls, and the ued after the king, and overtook Zedekiah caldrons, and the candlesticks, and the n the plains of Jericho; and all bis army spoons, and the cups; that which was of vas scattered from him. 9 Then they gold in gold, and that which was of silver dok the king, and carried him up unto the in silver, took the captain of the guard ing of Babylon to Riblah in the land of away. 20 The two pillars, one sea, and lamath; where he gave judgment upon

twelve brasen bulls that were under the im. 10 And the king, of Babylon slew bases, which king Solomon bad made in he sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: be the house of the Lord: the brass of all lew also all the prioces of Judah in Riblah. these vessels was, without weight. 21 I Then he put out the eyes of Zedekiah; And concerning the pillars, the height of nd the king of Babylon bound him in one pillar was eighteen cubits; and a fillet

EXPOSITION. lowever this might be, the prophet took. tion of that proul city. More than 2000 bis opportunity of sending to his brettiren years have passed since Cyrus took posof the captivity, a book or roll containing session of Babylon, froin which time it

synopsis of all his prophecies agaiust began to decay, and has now, for a long Babylon, for their comfort and encourage- period, been a land wherein no man dwellnent. He also desired that, “after it had eth, neither doth any son of man pass seen read at Bahylon, it should be sunk to thereby." (Preb. Townsend's 0. T. arratiged ise no more, in the river Euphrates; vol. ii. p. 484, 5.) hereby intimating the perpetual destruc

NOTES. CHAP. LII.-The concluding words of the


chap. xxv. throughout. For farther illustration, eding charter inform us, that this was not written however, the reader pay compare ver. 21-23 with y Jeremiah. Indeed it contains little more than a 2 Chron. ili. 15, 16; and verses 28, 29 with 2 Kings teral copy of part of the 24th, and the whole (or xxiv. 12-14. learly so) of the 25th chapter of the 21 book of The object of collecting those passages into this Kings. The particular references will be marked in chapter evidently was, to furnish the captives (who be Notes subjoined.

had not Bibles and Concordances to turn to, as we Ver. I to 3, are copied from 2 Kings xxiv. 18–20. have) with a series of facts, necessary to the underVer. 4 to the end, are almost a literal copy of standing of the preceding prophecies.

The captivity]

[of Jehoiachia. of twelve cubits did compass it; and the buchadrezzar carried away captive: in the thickpess thereof was four fingers : it was seventh year three ihousand Jews and hollow. 22 and a chapiter of brass was three and twenty: 29 In the eighteenth upon it; and the height of one chapiter year of Nebuchadrezzar be carried away was five cubits, with network and pome. captive from Jerusalem eight bundred grabates upon the chapiters round about, thirty and two persons :

30 In the three all of brass. The second pillar also and and twentieth year of Nebuchadrezzar the pomegranates were like unto these, Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard • 23 And there were ninety and six pomegra- carried away captive of the Jews seren

uates on a side; and all the pomegranates hundred forty and five persons; all the upon the network were an hundred round persons were four thousand and six hun. about. 24 And the captain of the guard dred. took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zepha. 31 And it came to pass in the seven and piah the second priest, and the three keep, thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin ers of the door: 25 He took also out of king of Judah, in the twelfth month, in the city an eunuch, which had the charge the five and twentieth day of the month, of the men of war; and seven men of them that Evil-merodach king of Babylon in the that were near the king's person, wbich first year of bis reign lifted up the head of were found in the city; and the principal Jehoiachin king of Judah, and brougbt scribe of the host, who mustered the people him forth out of prison, 32 And spake of the land; and threescore men of the kindly unto him, and set his throne above people of the land, that were found in the the throne of the kings that were with bim midst of the city. 26 So Nebuzar-adan in Babylon, 33 And changed bis prisos the captain of the guard took them, and garments: and he did continually eat bread brought them to the king of Babylon to before him all the days of his life. Riblah. 27 And the king of Babylon And for his diet, there was a continual smote them, and put them to death in Rib. diet given him of the king of Babylon, lab in the land of Hamath. Thus Judah every day a portion unul ihe day of bis was carried away captive out of his own death, all the days of his life. land. 28 This is the people whom Ne.




3 Judah is gone into captivity be H Н OW doth the city sit solitary, cause of affliction, and because of

that was full of people ! how is great servitude: she dwelleth among she become as a widow! she that was the heathen ; she findetli no rest : all great among the nations, and princess her persecutors overtook her between among the provinces; how is she be- the straits. come tributary!

4 The ways of Zion do mourn, be2 She weepeth sore in the night, cause none come to the solemn feasts : and her tears are on her cheeks: all her gates are desolate : her priests among all her lovers she hath none to sigh, her virgins are afflicted, and she comfort her : all her friends have is in bitterness. dealt treacherously with her, they are 5 Her adversaries are the chief, her become her enemies.

enemies prosper; for the Lord hath

NOTES. DCHARered his short book, which may ks Pro

become tributary." See 2 Kings vii, 1–14;1.6-19 as an

Ver. 2. She neepoth sore-Heb. * Weeping sila berite for me neros de forms, each paragraph begintise distinct odes, of which the brst weepeth."

Ver. 3. Because of great serrilyde-Heb. * F& ning with a different letter of the alphabet.

afiiction and for great servitade;"' i. e. under het op Ver. 1. Princes among the provinces--Blayuey, pressors. In the struits-that is, nårtor passer "She that was sovereign amoug the provinces, is in which she could not avoid ther.

fierce anger.



[ for Jerusalem. afflicted her for the multitude of her is done unto me, wherewith the LORD transgressions : her children are gone hath afflicted me in the day of his into captivity before the enemy.

6 And from the daughter of Zion 13 From above hath he sent fire all her beauty is departed : her princes into my hones, and it prevaileth against are become like, harts that find no them: he hath spread a pet for my pasture, and they are gone without feet, he hath turned me back: he hath strength before the pursuer,

made me desolate and faint all the day. 7 Jerusalem remembered in the 14 The yoke of my transgressions is days of her affliction and of her mise- bound by his hand: they are wreathed, ries all her pleasant things that she and come up upon my neck : he hath had in the days of old, when her peo- made my strength to fall; the LORD ple fell into the hand of the enemy, hath delivered me into their hands, !nd none did help her : the adversaries from whom I am not able to rise up. aw her, and did mock at her sabbaths, 15 The Lord hath trodden under

8 Jerusalem hath grievously sinned; foot all my mighty men in the midst herefore she is removed : all that of me: he hath called an assembly poured her despise her, because they against me to crush my young men : ave seen her nakedness : yea, she the LORD hath trodden the virgin, igheth, and turneth backward. the daughter of Judah, as in a wine9 Her filthiness is in her skirts; press. he remembereth not her last end : 16 For these things I weep; mine herefore she came down wonderfully; eye, mine eye runneth down with le had po comforter. O LORD, be- water, because the comforter that old my affliction : for the enemy hath should relieve my soul is far from me : agnified himself.

my children are desolate, because the 10 The adversary hath spread out enemy prevailed. a hand upon all her pleasant things : 17 Zion spreadeth forth her hands, I she hath seen that the heathen and there is none to comfort her : the itered into her sanctuary, whom thou LORD hath commanded concerning dat command that they should not Jacob, that his adversaries should be iter into thy congregation.

round about him : Jerusalem is as a 11 All her people sigh, they seek removed woman among them. ead; they have given their pleasant 18 The Lord is righteous; for I ings for meat to relieve the soul: have rebelled against his command1, O LORD, and consider; for I am ment: hear, I pray you, all people, come vile.

and behold my sorrow: my virgins 12 Is it nothing to you, all ye that and my young men are gone into ss by? Behold, and see if there be captivity. y sorrow like unto my sorrow, which 19 I called for my lovers, but they

NOTES. er. 5. Before the enemy-that is, in subjection to Ver. 14. The yoke of my transgression.--See Deut. enemy.

xxviii. 48. 'er. 7. When her people, &c.--Blayney renders Ver. 15. In a wine-press — alludiog to the great

much clearer, by a different panctuation. effusion of blood. er placing a semicolon ati old; be reads, " When Ver. 16. Relieve my soul - Boothroyd, “Restore people fell into the hand, &c. the adversaries my life;" į. e, recover.

and mocked at her discontinuance," or "de. Ver. 17. As a removed woman. -We snppose it letion," as Boothroyd renders it.

will scarcely need an apology, that we have adopter. 9. She remembered not her last end-that is, ed the word removed instead of menstruous, in this did not recollect the necessary consequences of verse. So our translators render the same word, course of sin.The enrony hath magnified Ezek. xxxvi. 17. ead of " himself," Dr. Biayney supplies the Ver. 19. Relieve their souls-Blayney, " Sopport d* affliction;" hath aggravated mine affliction. their life. er. 11. To reliere the soul-Blayney, “To sus- Ver. 20. As death-Blayney, “ Pestilence.” See

chap. xiv. 12. er. 12. Is it working to you !—This is a beautiful Ver. 21, The day that thou hust called-Blayney, strophe to the passing traveller.

" Pronounced;"' e. predicted,

Zion mourning)

[her captivity. deceived me: my priests and mine wrath the strong holds of the daughter elders gave up the ghost in the city; of Judah; be hath brought them while they sought their meat to relieve down to the ground : he hath polluted their souls.

the kingdom and the princes thereof. 20 Behold, O Lord; for I am in 3 He hath cut off in his fierce anger distress : my bowels are troubled; all the horn of Israel: he hath drawn mine heart is turned within me; for I back his right hand from before the have grievously rebelled : abroad the enemy, and he burned against Jacob sword bereaveth ; at home there is like a flaming fire, which devoureth as death.

round about. 21 They have heard that I sigh; 4 He hath bent his bow like an there is none to comfort me : all mine enemy: he stood with his right hand enemies have heard of my trouble ;. as an adversary, and slew all that they are glad that thou hast done it; were pleasant to the eye in the taberthou wilt bring the day that thou hast nacle of the daughter of Zion: he called, and they shall be like unto me. poured out his fury like fire.

22 Let all their wickedness come 5 The Lord was as an enemy: he before thee; and do unto them as thou hath swallowed up Israel, he hath hast done unto me for all my trans- swallowed up all her palaces : he hath gressions: for my sighs are many, destroyed his strong holds, and hath and my heart is faint. (M)

increased in the daughter of Judah

mourning and lamentation. CHAP. II.

6 And he hath violently taken HOW

OW hath the Lord covered the away his tabernacle, as if it were of

daughter of Zion with a cloud in a garden : he bath destroyed his places his anger, and cast down from heaven of the assembly : the LORD hath unto the earth the beauty of Israel; caused the solemn feasts and sabbaths and remeinbered not his foutstool in to be forgotten in Zion, and hath dethe day of his anger !

spised in the indignation of his anger 2 The Lord hath swallowed up all the king and the priest. the habitations of Jacob, and hath not 7 The Lord hath cast off his altar, pitied : he hath thrown down in his he hath abhorred his sanctuary, he


elegant variety of beautifulimages arranged (M) Jeremiah laments the miseries of together within so small a compass." Jerusalem as brought on by sin.-The Sep- Jeremiah begins with lamenting the distuagint and Vulgate versions introduce mal reverse of circumstances which befell these mournful odes with the following his country; confessing at the same time short paragraph, as a key to their contents : that her calamities were the just couse “ And it came to pass, after that Israel had quence of her sins. The Prophet then been carried away captive, and Jerusalem withdraws, and Jerusalem herself is perhad become desolate, that Jeremiah sat sonified, and brought forward to continue weeping, and lamented this lamentation

the sad complaint, and to solicit that mercy over Jerusalem.” Of the style of these from God, which she could hope for from compositions, we have given Dr. South's no other quarter. Professor Jahn thinks opinion in our introduction to Jeremiah's this ode particularly laments the deporta. prophecies, and shall here adel that of a tion of king Jehoiakim, and 10,000 prin. mure modern critic, (Bishop Lowlh,), who cipal Jews with him to Babylon. (See ? says,

“Never was there a more rich and Kings, xxiv. 14, 15.

NOTES. CHAP. II. Ver. 1. His footstool-that is, the ark. Ver. 4. Pleasant - Heb. “ Desirable plaen, See 1 Chron. xxviii. 2.

Blagney, "Palaces." Ver. 3. Cut off ...the horn.-The horns are the Ver. 6. Taken away his tabernacle - Marcia strength and giory of cattle. Drann back his

“Hedge;" Blayney, “ He hath done violence to the right hand from the enemy.-When God stretches garden of his owa hedging." So Boothroyd. Set forth his right hand, it means an exertion of his Isa. v, 1-7. power, and the reverse when he withdraws it. Ver. 7. Given up-fleb, "Shut ap,"Mades

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