Page images

The captivity]

[of Zedekiah. CHAP, LII.

chaios, and carried him to Babylon, and [Omit in Family Reading.)

put him in prison till the day of his death.

12 Now in the fifth month, in the tenth ZEDEKIAH was one and twenty years day of the month, which was the nine,

old when he began to reign, and he teenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And Babylon, came Nebuzar-adan, captain bis mother's dame was Hamutal the daugh- of the guard, which served the king of ter of Jeremiah of Libnah. 2 And he Babylon, into Jerusalem, 13 And burned did that which was evil in the eyes of the the house of the Lord, and the king's Lord, according to all that Jehoiakim had house; aod all the houses of Jerusalem, done. 3 For through the anger of the and all the houses of the great men, burned Lord it came to pass in Jerusalem and he with fire: 14 And all the arıny of Judah, till he had cast them out from his the Chaldeans, that were with the captain presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against of the guard, brake down all the walls of the king of Babylon.

Jerusalem round about. 15 Then Nebu4 And it came to pass in the ninth year zar-adan the captain of the guard carried of his reign, in the tenth month, in the away captive certain of the poor of the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchad- people, and the residue of the people that rezzar king of Babylon came, he and all remained in the city, and those that fell bis army, against Jerusalem, and pitched away, that fell to the king of Babylon, and against it, and built forts against it round the rest of the multitude. 16 But Ne. about. 5 So the city was besieged unto buzar-adan the captain of the guard left the eleventh year of king Zedekiah. 6 certuin of the poor of the land for

vinedresAnd in the fourth mouth, in the ninth day sers and for husbandmen. 17 Also the of the month, the famine was sore in the pillars of brass that were in the house of city, so that there was no bread for the the Lord, and the bases, and the brasen people of the land.

7 Then the city was sea that was in the house of the LORD, the broken up, and all the men of war fled, Chaldeans brake, and carried all the brass and went forth out of the city by night, by of them to Babylon. 18 The caldrons the way of the gate between the two walls, also, and the shovels, and the snuffers, which was by the king's garden; (now the and the bowls, and the spoons, and all the Chaldeans were by the city round about:) vessels of brass where with they ministered, and they went by the way of the plain. took they away. 19 Aud the basons,

8 But the army of the Chaldeans pur. and the firepans, and the bowls, and the sued after the king, and overtook Zedekiah caldrons, and the candlesticks, and the in the plains of Jericho; and all bis army spoons, and the cups; that which was of was scattered from him. 9 Then they gold in gold, and that which was of silver took the king, and carried him up unto the in silver, took the captain of the guard king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of away. 20 The two pillars, one sea, and Hamath; where he gave judgment upon twelve brasen bulls that were under the

10 And the king of Babylon slew bases, which king Solomon had made in the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: be the house of the LORD:. the brass of all slew also all the prioces of Judah in Riblah. these vessels was without weight. 21

Then he put out the eyes of Zedekiah; And concerning the pillars, the height of and the king of Babylon bound him in one pillar was eighteen cubits; and a fillet


EXPOSITION. However this might be, the prophet took. tion of that proud city. More than 2000 bis opportunity of sending to bis brethren years have passed since Cyrus took posof the captivity, a book or roll containing session of Babylon, froin which time it

synopsis of all his prophecies against began to decay, and has now, for a long Babylon, for their comfort and encourage- period, been a land wherein no man dwellnent. He also desired that, " after it had eth, neither doth any son of man pass been read at Bahylon, it should be sunk to thereby." (Preb). Townsend's 0. T. arranged ise no more, in the river Euphrates; vol. ii. p. 484, 5.) hereby intimating the perpetual destruc

NOTES. CHAP. LII.-The concluding words of the pre- chap. xxv. throughont. For farther illustration, eding challer inform us, that this was not written however, the reader pay compare ver. 21-23 with y Jeremiah. Indeed it contains litile more than a 2 Chron. iii. 15, 16; and verses 28, 29 with 2 Kings teral copy of part of the 24th, and the whole (or xxiv, 12-14. early so of the 25th chapter of the 21 book of The object of collecting those passages into this Kings. The particular references will be marked in chapter evidently was, to furnish the captives (who he Notes suhjoined.

had not Bibles and Concordances to turn to, as we Ver, 1 to 3, are copied from 2 Kings xxiv. 18-20. have) with a series of facts, necessary to the under. Ver. 4 to the end, are almost a literal copy of standing of the preceding prophecies.

The captivity]

[of Jehoiackin. of twelve cubits did compass it; and the buchadrezzar carried away captive: in the thickness thereof was four fingers : it was seventh year three ihousand Jews and hollow. 22 and a chapiter of brass was three and twenty: 29 In the eighteenth upon it; and the height of one chapiter year of Nebuchadrezzar be carried away was five cubits, with network and pome- captive from Jerusalem eight hundred granates upon the chapiters round about, thirty and two persons : 30 In the three all of brass. The second pillar also and and twentieth year of Nebuchadrezzar the pomegranates were like upto these. Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard • 23 And there were ninety and six pomegra- carried away captive of the Jews seven

nates on a side; and all the poinegranates hundred forty and five persons; all the upon the network were an hundred round persons were four thousand and six hun. about. 24 And the captain of the guard dred. took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zepha. 31 And it came to pass in the seven and piah the second priest, and the three keep thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachia ers of the dour : 25 He took also out of king of Judah, in the twelfth month, in the city an eunuch, which had the charge the five and twentieth day of the month, of the men of war; and seven men of them that Evil-merodach king of Babylon in the that were near the king's person, wbich first year of his reign lifted up the head of were found in the city; and the principal Jehoiachin king of Judah, and brought scribe of the host, who mustered the people him forth out of prison, 32 And spake of the land; and threescore men of the kindly unto him, and set his throne above people of the land, that were found in the the throne of the kings that were with big midst of the city, 26 So Nebuzar-adan in Babylon, 33 And changed bis prisos the captain of ihe guard took them, and garments: and he did continually eat bread brought them to the king of Babylon to before him all the days of his life. Riblah. 27 And the king of Babylon And for his diet, there was a continual smote them, and put them to death in Rib. diet given him of the king of Babylun, lab in the land of Hamath. Thus Judah Every day a portion until the day of bis was carried away captive out of his own death, all the days of his life. land. 28 This is the people whom Ne




3 Judah is gone into captivity be: HOW doth the city sit solitary, cause of afiliction, and because of

that was full of people ! how is great servitude: sie dwelleth among she become as a widow! she That was the heathen; she findeth no rest: all great among the nations, and princess her persecutors overtook her between among the provinces; how is she be- the straits. come tributary!

4 The ways of Zion do mourn, be2 She weepeth sore in the night, cause none come to the solemo feasts : and her tears are on her cheeks: all her gates are desolate : her priests among all her lovers she hath none to sigh, her virgins are afflicted, and she comfort her : all her friends have is in bitterness. dealt treacherously with her, they are 5 Her adversaries are the chief, her become her enemies.

enemies prosper; for the Lord hath

NOTES. CHAP. I.-This short book, which may properly become tributary.” See 2 Kings viii, 1-14;1.6.-19 be considered as an Appendix to Jeremiah's Pro- Ver. 2. She neepeth sore-Heb. * Weepipg slike phecies, contajos tive distinct odes, of which ihe tirst weepeth." four are in the acrostic form, each paragraph begin. Ver. 3. Because of great serritide-Heb. * F* ning with a different letter of the alphabet.

afiliction and for great servitude;" i.e. under her op Ver. 1. Princes among the provinces--Blayney, pressors. In the struits-that is, nåntos Passez! " She that was sovereign amoug the provinces, is in which she could not avoid them.

fierce anger.



[ for Jerusalem. afflicted her for the multitude of her is done unto me, wherewith the LORD transgressions : her children are gone hath afflicted me in the day of his into captivity before the enemy.

6 And from the daughter of Zion 13 From above hath he sent fire all her beauty is departed : her princes into my hones, and it prevaileth against are become like harts that find no them: he hath spread a pet for my pasture, and they are gone without feet, he hath turned me back: he hath strength before the pursuer,

made me desolate and faint all the day. 7 Jerusalem reinembered in the 14 The yoke of my transgressions is days of her affliction and of her mise- bound by his hand: they are wreathed, ries all her pleasant things that she and come up upon my neck: he hath had in the days of old, when her peo- made my strength to fall; the LORD ple fell into the hand of the enemy, hath delivered me into their hands, and none did help her : the adversaries from whom I am not able to rise up. saw her, and did mock at her sabbaths, 15 The Lord hath trodden under

8 Jerusalem hath grievously sinned; foot all my mighty men in the midst therefore she is removed : all that of me: he hath called an assembly honoured her despise her, because they against me to crush my young men ; have seen her nakedness : yea, she the LORD hath trodden the virgin, sigheth, and turneth backward. the daughter of Judah, as in a wine

9 Her filthiness is in her skirts; press. she remembereth not her last end ; 16 For these things I weep; mine therefore she came down wonderfully; eye, mine eye runneth down with she had no comforter. O LORD, be- water, because the comforter that hold my

affliction : for the enemy hath should relieve my soul is far from me: magnified himself.

my children are desolate, because the 10 The adversary hath spread 'out enemy prevailed. his hand upon all her pleasant things: 17 Zion spreadeth forth her hands, or she hath seen that the heathen and there is none to comfort her : the entered into her sanctuary, whom thou Lord hath commanded concerning lidst command that they should not Jacob, that his adversaries should be enter into thy congregation,

round about him: Jerusalem is as a 11 All her people sigh, they seek removed woman among then. read; they have given their pleasant 18 The Lord is righteous; for I hings for meat to relieve the soul: have rebelled against his commandee, O LORD, and consider; for I am ment: hear, I pray you, all people, ecome vile.

and behold my sorrow: my virgins 12 Is it nothing to you,


that and my young men are gone into ass by? Behold, and see if there be captivity. ay sorrow like unto my sorrow, which 19 I called for my lovers, but they

NOTES. Ver. 5. Before the enemy-that is, in subjection to Ver. 14. The yoke of my transgression. See Deut. Tenemy.

xxviii. 48. Ter. 7. When her people, &c.--Blayney renders Ver. 15. In a nine press – alludiog to the great

s much clearer, by a different ponctuation. effusion of blood. ter placing a semicolon ati old; he reads, " When Ver. 16. Relieve my soul - Boothroyd, “Restore

people fell into the hand, &c. the adversaries my life;" i. e. recover. *, and mocked at her discontinuance," or “de. Ver. 17. As a removed woman. -We snppose it uction,'' us Boothroyd renders it.

will scarcely need an apology, that we have adoptVer. 9. She remembered not her last end-that is, ed the word removed instead of menstruous, in this e did not recollect the necessary consequences of verse. So our translators render the same word, = course of sin. The enriny hath magnified- Ezek. xxxvi, 17. tead of 5 bimself," Dr. Biayney supplies the • Ver. 19. Relieve their souls-Blayney, " Support ord's affliction ;" hath aggravated mine alliction. their life. #er. 11. To reliere the soul-Blayney, “ To sus. Ver. 20. As death-Blayney, “ Pestilence." See En lite,

chap. xiv. 12. Ver. 12. Is it nothing to you !—This is a beautiful Ver. 21, The day that thou hast called-Blayney, ostropbe to the passing traveller.

" Pronounced;"' ie. predicted,

Zion mourning)

[her captivity. deceived me: my priests and mine wrath the strong holds of the daughter elders gave up the ghost in the city; of Judah; be hath brought them while they sought their meat to relieve down to the ground: he hath polluted their souls.

the kingdom and the princes thereof. 20 Behold, O LORD; for I am in 3 He hath cut off in his fierce anger distress : my bowels are troubled; all the horn of Israel: he hath drawn mine heart is turned within me ; for I back his right hand from before the have grievously rebelled : abroad the enemy, and he burned against Jacob sword bereaveth; at home there is like a flaming fire, which devoureth as death.

round about. 21 They have heard that I sigh ; 4 He hath bent his bow like an there is none to comfort me : all mine enemy: he stood with his right hand enemies have heard of my trouble ;. as an adversary, and slew all that they are glad that thou hast done it ; were pleasant to the eye in the taberthou wilt bring the day that thou hast nacle of the daughter of Zion: he called, and they shall be like unto me. poured out his fury like fire.

22 Let all their wickedness come 5 The Lord was as an enemy: he before thee; and do unto them as thou hath swallowed up Israel, he hath hast done unto me for all my trans- swallowed up all her palaces : he hath gressions: for my sighs are inany, destroyed his strong holds, and hath and my heart is faint. (M)

increased in the daughter of Judah CHAP. II.

mourning and lamentation.

6 And he hath violently taken HO OW hath the Lord covered the away his tabernacle, as if it were of

daughter of Zion with a cloud in a garden : he hath destroyed his places his anger, and cast down from heaven of the assembly: the LORD hath unto the earth the beauty of Israel; caused the solemn feasts and sabbaths and remeinbered not his footstool in to be forgotten in Zion, and hath dethe day of his anger!

spised in the indignation of his anger 2 The Lord hath swallowed up all the king and the priest. the habitations of Jacob, and hath not 7 The Lord hath cast off his altar, pitied : he hath thrown down in his he hath abhorred his sanctuary, he


elegant variety of beautiful images arranged (M) Jeremiah laments the miseries of together within so small a compass." Jerusalem as brought on by sin.-The Sep- Jeremiah begins with lamenting the dis. tuagint and Vulgate versions introduce mal reverse of circumstances which befell these mournful odes with the following his country; confessing at the same time short paragraph, as a key to their contents : that her calamities were the just couseAnd it came to pass, after that Israel had quence of her sins. The Prophet the been carried away captive, and Jerusalem withdraws, and Jerusalem herself is perhad become desolate, ihat Jeremiah sat sonified, and brought forward to continue weeping, and lamented this lamentation the sad complaint, and to solicit that meres over Jerusalem.” Of the style of these from God, which she could hope for from compositions, we have given Dr. South's no other quarter, Professor Jahn thinks opinion in our introduction to Jeremiah's this ode particularly laments the deporta. prophecies, and shall here adol that of a tion of king Jehoiakim, and 10,000 prin. mure modern critic, (Bishop Lowlh,)who cipal Jews with him to Babylon. (See ? says, “Never was there a more rich and Kings, xxiv. 14, 15.

NOTES. CHAP. II. Ver. 1. His footstool that is, the ark. Ver. 4. Pleasant – Heb. “ Desirable" placa, See 1 Chron. xxviii. 2.

Blayney, “ Palaces.'' Ver. 3. Cut off....the horn.-The horns are the Vos. 6. Taken away his tabernacle - Margia strength and giory of cattle. Drann back his

“ Hedge;" Blayney, " He hath done violence to the right hand from the enemy. When God stretches garden of his own hedging." So Boothroyd. Se furth his right hand, it means an erertion of bis Isa, v, 1-7. power, and the reverse when he withdraws it.

Ver. 7. Given up-Hleb, “ Shut up,"-Mades

Zion mourning)


[her captivity. hath given up into the hand of the and foolish things for thee : and they enemy the walls of her palaces; they have not discovered thine iniquity, to have made a noise in the house of the turn away thy captivity; but have LORD, as in the day of a solemn seen for thee false burdens and causes feast.

of banishment. 8 The Lord hath purposed to de. 15 All that pass by clap their stroy the wall of the daughter of hands at thee; they hiss and wag Zion: he hath stretched out a line, he their head at the daughter of Jerusahath not withdrawn his hand from de lem, saying, Is this the city that men stroying : therefore he made the ram- call The perfection of beauty, The joy part and the wall to lament; they

of the whole earth? languished together.

16 All thine enemies have opened 9 Her gates are sunk into the their mouth against thee; they hiss ground; he hath destroyed and broken and gnash the teeth : they say, We her bars : her king and her princes have swallowed her up; certainly this are among the Gentiles: the law is is the day that we looked for; we no more ; her prophets also find no have found, we have seen it. vision from the LORD.

17 The LORD hath done that 10 The elders of the daughter of which he had devised; he hath fulZion sit upon the ground, und keep filled his word that he had commandsilence: they have cast up dust upon ed in the days of old : he hath thrown their heads; they have girded them- down, and hath not pitied; and he bath selves with sackcloth : the virgins of caused thine enemy to rejoice over Jerusalem hang down their heads to thee; he hath set up the horn of thine the ground.

adversaries. 11 Mine eyes do fail with tears, 18 Their heart cried unto the LORD, my bowels are troubled, my liver is wall of the daughter of Zion, let poured upon the earth, for the de- tears run down like a river day and struction of the daughter of my peo- night: give thyself no rest; let not the ple; because the children and the apple of thine eye cease. sucklings swoon in the streets of the 19 Arise, cry out in the night; in city.

the beginning of the watches pour out 12 They say to their mothers, thine heart like water before the face Where is corn and wine? when they of the Lord: lift up thy hands toward swooned as the wounded in the streets him for the life of thy young children, of the city, when their soul was poured that faint for hunger in the top of out into their mother's bosom.

every street. 13 What thing shall I take to wit- 20 Behold, O Lord, and consider ness for thee? what thing shall I liken to whom thou hast done this. Shall to thee, O daughter of Jerusalem ? the

eat their fruit, and what shall I equal to thee, that I may children of a span long? shall the comfort thee, o virgin daughter of priest and the prophet be slain in the Zion? for thy breach is great like the sanctuary of the LORD ? sea ; who can heal thee?

21 The young and the old lie on 14 Thy prophets have seen vain the ground in the streets : my virgins



NOTES. noise-by their profane 'songs, instead of the songs Ver. 15. All that pass - Heb. "By the way. of Zion,

The perfection of beauty--Psalm xlviii. 2. Ver. 8. From destroying - Heb.“ Swallowing Ver. 18. 0 wall.--Compare ver. 8. By a figare,

the wall may be called upon to weep, as well as stones Ver. 11. My liver is poured.-Grief of mind often to cry out, Luke xix. 41). This appears to us a beauvecasions redundancy of bile, which produces the tiful prosopopeia, allading to walls running down cleet here intended. Compare Job. xvi. 18.

with the breath of a large congregation. Per 13. Tky breach is like the sea. -- Judah's Ver. 20. Children of a span long-Blayney, “ Little wound is compared to an inondation of the sea, ones dandled in the hands" See Levit. xxvi, 29; when it bursts its datoral boundaries.

Deut. xxviii. 33. Ver. 14. False burdens.-See Jer. xxiii. 33-38,

« PreviousContinue »