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Prophecies)
CHAP. XLVIII.

{against Moqb. 12 Therefore, behold, the days 19 O inhabitant of Aroer, stand by come, saith the LORD, that I will send the way, and espy; ask him that fleeth, unto him wanderers, that shall cause and her that escapeth, and say, What him to wander, and shall empty his is done? vessels, and break their bottles.

20 Moab is confounded; for it is 13 And Moab shall be ashamed of broken down: howl and cry;

tell

ye Chemosh, as the house of Israel was it in Arnon, that Moab is spoiled, ashamed of Beth-el their confidence. 21 And judgment is come upon the

14 How say ye, We are mighty plain country; upon Helon, and upon and strong men for the war?

Jahazah, and Mephaath, 15 Moab is spoiled, and gone up 22 And upon Dibon, and upon out of her cities, and his chosen Nebo, and upon Beth-diblathaim, young men are gone down to the 23 And upon Kiriathaim, and upon slaughter, saith the king, whose name Beth-gamul, and upon Beth-meon, is the Lord of hosts.

24 And upon Kerioth, and upon 16 The calamity of Moab is near to Bozrah, and upon all the cities of the come, and his affliction hasteth fast. land of Moab, far or near.

17 All ye that are about him, be- 25 The horn of Moab is cut off, moan him; and all ye that know his and his arm is broken, saith the name, say, How is the strong staff Lord. (D) broken, and the beautiful rod !

26 [ Make ye him drunken: for he 18 Thou daughter that dost inhabit magnified himself against the LORD: Dibon, come down from thy glory, Moab also shall wallow in his vomit, and sit in thirst ; for the spoiler of and he also shall be in derision. Moab shall come upon thee, and he 27 For was not Israel a derision shall destroy thy strong holds. unto thee? was he found among

EXPOSITION.
CHAP. XLVIII.

hear wings ordered for Moab as having no (D) Ver. 1-25. Prophecies against the chance to escape, if it be not in another Monbites. — The ensuing prophecies con- element; and you hear the victors anicerning this and other neighbouring va- mating each other in the ardour of the tions, are supposed to have had their pursuit, and imprecating the man who accomplishment also during the saine executes his work with slackness. The period as the preceding. “ The whole of subject is then diversified by an elegant this chapter is poetry of the first order. and well supported comparison, importing The distress of the cities of Moab with that the Moabites increased in spirit and which it opens is finely described. You insolence in proportion to the duration of hear the cries of one ruined city resounded their prosperity : but this prosperity is deto those of another ; you hear the doleful clared to be at an end : the destroyer is cry of the helpless children ; the highways commissioned against Moab, and bis neighou either band resound with the voice of bours called to siug tbe usual Jament at weeping; and the few that escape, resem- his fuueral. And lest any part of Moab ble a blasted tree in the wide howling might flatter theinselves with the hopes of waste. (Ver. 6.) And then you see the tu- an exemption from this calamity, the Protelar god Chemosh, the capital figure in phet (in an enumeration of all its principal the triumph, carried off in chains, with all cities) declares it to be general." Droid his trumpery of priests and otticers. You Smith.

NOTES. Ver. 19. Deceitfully-Marg. “ Negligently.". Ver. 17. Strony staff - Blayney, " Sceptre."

Ver. 11. On his lees.-Wire on its lees, is at rest Rod-that is, staff of office. Isa. ix. 4. and updisturbed : so bad Moab been.

Ver. 19. Inhabitant-Heb." Inhabitress," Ver. 12. Wanderers-Blayney, “ Tilters, that shall Ver. 25. The horn....and the arm, are emblems of tilt him down;" alluding to tilting vessels, to draw dignity and power. oll their liquors.

Ver. 26. Drunken--but not with wine. See Isa, Ver. 13. 'Bethel – that is, the golden calf, 1 Kings xxix. 9. xii. 28, 29.

Ver. 27. For since, &c. - Blayney,

thou Ver. 15. Moab is spoiled, &c. - Blayney, “A shouldest insult him with all the

y spoiler of Moab and her cities is gone up." To words;"' i. e, abuse hir, the slaughter--that is, to slay.

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Prophecies]
JEREMIAH.

(against Moal, thieves ? for since thou spakest of him, 37 For every head shall be bald, thou skippedst for joy:

and every beard clipped ; upon all the 28 Oye that dwell in Moab, leave hands shall be cuttings, and upon the the cities, and dwell in the rock, and loins sackcloth. be like the dove that maketh her nest 38 There shall be lamentation gein the sides of the hole's mouth. nerally upon all the housetops of Moab,

29. We have heard the pride of and in the streets thereof; for I have Moab, (he is exceeding proud) his broken Moab like a vessel wherein is loftiness, and his arrogancy, and his po pleasure, saith the Lord. pride, and the haughtiness of his 39 They shall howl, saying, How heart.

is it broken down! how hath Moab 30 I know his wrath, saith the turned the back with shame! So shall LORD; but it shall not be so; his lies Moab be a derision and a dismaying shall not so effect it.

to all them about him. 31 Therefore will I howl for Moab, 40 For thus saith the LORD; Beand I will cry out for all Moab; mine bold, he shall fy as an eagle, and shall heart shall mourg for the men of Kir- spread his wings over Moab. heres.

41 Kerioth is taken, and the strong 32 O vine of Sibmah, I will weep holds are surprised, and the mighty for thee with the weeping of Jazer: men's hearts in Moab at that day shall thy plants are gone over the sea, they be as the heart of a woman in her reach even to the sea of Jazer: the pangs. spoiler is fallen upon thy summer fruits 42 And Moab shall be destroyed and upon thy vintage,

from being a people, because he hath 33 And joy and gladness is taken magnified himself against the LORD. from the plentiful field, and from the 43 Fear, and the pit, and the snare, land of Moab; and I have caused shall be upon thee, O inhabitant of wine to fail from the winepresses': Moab, saith the LORD. none shall tread with shouting; their 44 He that fleeth from the fear shouting shall be no shouting. shall fall into the pit; and he that

34 From the cry of Heshbon even getteth up out of the pit shall be taken unto Elealeh, and even unto Jahaz, in the snare: for I will bring upon it, have they uttered their voice, from even upon Moab, the year of their Zoar even unto Horonaim, as an heifer visitation, saith the LORD. of three years old : for the waters 45 They that Aed stood under the also of Nimrim shall be desolate. shadow of Heshbon because of the

35 Moreover I will cause to cease force : but a fire shall come forth out in Moab, saith the LORD, him that of Heshbon, and a flame from the offereth in the high places, and him midst of Sion, and shall devour the that burneth incense to his gods. corner of Moab, and the crown of the

36 Therefore mine heart shall sound head of the tumultuous ones. for Moab like pipes, and mine heart 46 Woe be unto thee, O Moab! shall sound like pipes for the men of the people of Chemash perisheth : for Kir-heres: because the riches that he thy sons are taken captives, and thy hath gotten are perished.

daughters captives.

NOTES Ver. 28. The hole's-.-Blayney, “ Pit's"'--mouth. as marks of love for their mistresses. Orient. Cast.

Ver. 30. It shall not be so--that is, be is not able No. 1106. Compare Note, chap. xvi. 6. to elfeet his purpose. His lies, &c. -. Marg. Ver. 40. He shall Ay-that is, the enemy, the king “ Those on whom he stayeth (Heb. his bars, or of Babylon, or his general. See ch. xlix. %. stays) do not right,” rather, “ they cannot effect it;" Ver. 41. Kerioln-Marg. "The cities are taken." i. é neither himself nor his allies. See Isa. xvi. 6. Ver. 13. Fear, &c. - See Isa, xxiv. 17, 18. Ver. 32. O vine !..-Compare Isa, xvi. 8, 9.

Ver. 45. Tumultuous ones -

Heb. * Children an Vor. 36. Like pipes...-Compare Isa. xvi. II. noise." With this verse compare Num. XX. *;

Ver. 37. Upon all hands are cuttings.-D'Arvieux xxix. 17. says, the Arabs used to scar their arms with knives,

And against)
CHAP. XLIX.

(the Ammonites. 47 Yet will I bring again the cap- thee, saith the Lord God of hosts, tivity of Moab in the latter days, from all those that be about thee: and saith the Lord. Thus far is the ye shall be driven out every man right judgment of Moab. (E)

forth; and none shall gather up him

that wandereth. CHAP. XLIX.

6 And afterward I will bring again CONCERNING the Ammonites, the captivity of the children of Ammon,

thus saith the Lord; Hath Israel saith the LORD. no sons ? hath he no heir ? why then 7 Concerning Edom, thus saith the doth their king inherit Gad, and his LORD of hosts; Is wisdom no more in people dwell in his cities.

Teman; is counsel perished from the 2 Therefore, behold, the days come, prudent? Is their wisdom vanished ? saith the LORD, that I will cause an 8 Flee ye, turn back, dwell deep, 0 alarm of war to be heard in Rabbah of inhabitants of Dedan; for I will bring the Ammonites; and it shall be a deso- the calamity of Esau upon hiin, the late heap, and her daughters shall be time that I will visit him. burned with fire: then shall Israel be 9 If grape-gatherers come to thee, heir unto them that were his heirs, saith would they not leave some gleaning the Lord.

grapes? If thieves by night, they will 3 Howl, O Heshbon, for Ai is destroy till they have enough. spoiled : cry, ye daughters of Rabbah, 10 But I have made Esau bare, i gird you with sackcloth ; lament, and have uncovered his secret places, and run to and fro by the hedges; for their he shall not be able to hide himself: his king shall go into captivity, and his seed is spoiled, and his brethren, and priests and his princes together. his neighbours, and he is not.

4 Wherefore gloriest thou in the · 11 Leave thy fatherless children, I valleys, thy flowing valley, O back- will preserve them alive; and let thy sliding daughter? that trusted in her widows trust in me. treasures, saying, Who shall come unto 12 For thus saith the Lord; Be

hold, they whose judgment was not to 5 Behold, I will bring a fear upon drink of the cup have assuredly drunk

me ?

EXPOSITION. (E) Ver. 26-47. Farther denunciations also shall " the fulness of the Gentiles" be against Moab. God himself is here intro- brought in, and the whole earth be covered duced, as ordering for Moab the cup of with the knowledge and the glory of the awful and intoxicating judgments which Lord. vas ordained for her. Among other crimes This prophecy concerning Moab, as reMoab is reproached with rejoicing in the spects much of the imagery, may be comcalamities of Judah, and leaping for joy at pared with the lõh and 16th chapters of her destruction : and therefore shall joy Isaiah: only it should be reinarked that and gladness be withdrawn, and mourning Isaiah is understood to refer to the misforand lamentation cover all the country: tunes of that country from Shalmanezer, Tbe destruction of Moab, however, shall Jeremiah tu its subsequent conquest by not be final. “Yet will I bring again the Nebuchadnezzar. There were 130 years captivity of Moab in the latter days, saith or more between the two events. the Lord.” When Israel is restored, then

NOTES. CHAP. XLIX. Ver. I. Concerning - Marg. or, of Ammon....and fought many battles with them ki against.” Why doth their king --Mars.“ Mel- till at length they were discomfited before him," &c. com,” or Milcom, ihe chiel idol of the Ammonites, Ver. 3. By the hedges – Blayney, “Within the 1 Kings xi. 5. It is supposed that when the Assyri- fences," the enclosures of sma I lowns-like gardenaas carriel away captive the Gadites, who dwelt walis. Their king - Marg. “ Melcom," as ver. I. beyond Jordan, the Ammonites seized upon their Compare chap. xlviii. 7. lerritory. - See Amos i, 13.

Ver. 4. Thy powing callies.-See Exod. iii. 8. Ver. 2. Rabbah....ani her daughters-that is, the Ver. 7. Is wisdom no more, &c. - See Obadiah, lesser towns dependent on the metropolis. --Shall. yer. $. Israrlbe heir:-Comp. Zeph. ii. 9. This was folölled Ver. 8. Turn back-Blayney,“ Turn your backs.” when Jodas Maccabeus defeated the Ammonites, -Dwell deep-that is, hide yourselves in cayerus. i Dlacc. $.6, 7." He passed over to the children

Prophecies)

JEREMIAH. (against Edom and Syria. en; and art thou he that shall alto- 19 Behold, he shall come up like a gether go unpunished ? Thou shalt not lion from the swelling of Jordan against go unpunished; but thou shalt surely the habitation of the strong: but I will drink of it.

suddenly make him run away from her: 13 For I have sworn by myself, and who is a chosen man, that I may saith the LORD, that Bozrah shall be- appoint over her? For who is like me? come a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and who will appoint me the time? and and a curse; and all the cities thereof who is that shepherd that will stand shall be perpetual wastes.

before me? 14 I have heard a rumour from the 20 Therefore hear the counsel of LORD, and an ambassador is sent unto the Lord, that he hath taken against the heathen, saying, Gather ye toge- Edom; and his purposes, that he hath ther, and come against her, and rise purposed against the inhabitants of up to the battle.

Teman : surely the least of the flock 15 For lo, I will make thee small shall draw them out; surely he shall among the heathen, and despised make their habitations desolate with among men.

them. 16 Thy terribleness hath deceived 21 The earth is moved at the noise thee, and the pride of thine heart, 0 of their fall; at the cry, the noise therethou that dwellest in the clefts of the of was heard in the Red sea. rock, that holdest the height of the 22 Behold, he shall come up and hill: though thou shouldest make thy fly as the eagle, and spread his wings nest as high as the eagle, I will bring over Bozrah: and at that day shall thee down from thence, saith the the heart of the mighty men of LORD.

Edom be as the heart of a woman in 17 Also Edom shall be a desolation; her pangs. (F) . every one that goeth by it shall be as- 231 Concerning Damascus, Hamath tonished, and shall hiss at all the is confounded, and Arpad: for they plagues thereof.

have heard evil tidings: they are faint18 As in the overthrow of Sodom hearted ;. there is sorrow on the sea; and Gomorrah and the neighbour cities it cannot be quiet. thereof, saith the Lord, no man shall 24 Damascus is waxed feeble, and abide there, neither shall a son of man turneth herself to flee, and fear hath dwell in it.

seized on her: anguish and sorrows

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EXPOSITION.
CHAP. XLIX.

chapter regards the Ammonites and Edom(F) Ver. 1--22. Predictions concerning ites. The dowofal of the Ammonites is the Ammonites and Edomites. This chap- likewise predicted by Ezekiel, Amos, and ter contains prophecies relating to several Zephaniahi. That of Edom by Ezekiel, nations in the neighbourhood of Judea, Joel, Amos, and Obadiah. The same facts and, like those preceding, are supposed to are referred to, and the images employed have been fulfilled by the ministry of Ne- very similar, as will appear by consulting buchadnezzar, and the first part of the the References in our Notes.

scure.

NOTES. Ver. 13. Bozrah-a capital city on the confines of Ibid. Who is a chosen man, c.--that is, whom Edom in Arabia. See Isa. Ixiii. l.

soever I choose, &c. Ver. 14. A rumour, &c.-Comp. Obad. ver. 1-3. Ver. 20. The least of the Rock:- This is very cb. Ver. 19. He shall come up - namely, Nebuchad.

Blayney reads, They shall be dragged nezzar; compare chap. iv. 7. As a lion.-See

away from the little ones of the dock," &c. but qa. chap. xii. 5.

" This and the following verse are Vér. 22. Like an eagle. — The same Nebucbado very difficult, either lo translate or to expound : Ga- nezzar who, in ver. 19, is called a lion. laker, who gives a variety of interpretations, both Ver. 23. Damuscus--Isaiah and Amos had forefrom Jewish and Christian commentators, prefers the told its captivity by Tiglath-pileser ; but it had re. following: that Nebuchadnezzar, after over-running covereil, and was doomed to fresu calarities, from Edom, should as suddenly leave il, for that God the king of Baby!ow, which are reckoned to have holds an incontrollable sovereignty over the the inha. taken place about the time of the siege of Tyre, l bitants of the earth.” (Dan. iv. 35.)

fore inentioned. See 2 Kings xviii. 34.

Ibid. They are faint-keärled-Heb. "Melted

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Also against Kedar)
CHAP. XLIX.

(and Elam. have taken her, as a woman in travail. winds, them that are in the utmost

25 How is the city of praise not left, corners; and I will bring their calathe city of my joy?

mity from all sides thereof, saith the 26 Therefore her young men shall LORD. fall in her streets, and all the men of 33 And Hazor shall be a dwelling war shall be cut off in that day, saith for dragons, and a desolation for ever: the LORD of hosts.

there shall no man abide there, nor any 27 And I will kindle a fire in the son of man dwell in it. wall of Damascus, and it shall con

34 The word of the LORD that came sume the palaces of Ben-hadad. to Jeremiah the prophet against Elam,

28 Concerning Kedar, and con- in the beginning of the reign of Zedecerning the kingdoms of Hazor, which kiah king of Judah, saying, Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon sball 35 Thus saith the Lord of hosts : smite, thus saith the LORD; Arise ye, Behold, I will break the bow of Elam, zo up to Kedar, and spoil the men of the chief of their might. he east.

36 And upon Elam will I bring the 29 Their tents and their flocks shall four winds from the four quarters of hey take away: they shall take to heaven, and will scatter them toward hemselves their curtains, and all their all those winds; and there shall be essels, and their camels; and they no nation whither the outcasts of Elam hall cry unto them, Fear is on every shall not come. ide.

37 For I will cause Elam to be dis30 Flee, get you far off, dwell deep, mayed before their enemies, and before ) ye inhabitants of Hazor, saith the them that seek their life: and I will ORD; for Nebuchadrezzar king of bring evil upon them, even my fierce abylon hath taken counsel against anger, saith the LORD; and I will send ba, and hath conceived a purpo

the sword after them, till I have con

sumed them: 31 Arise, get you up unto the 38 And I will set my throne in ealthy nation, that dwelleth without Elam, and will destroy from thence ere, saith the LORD, which have nei- the king and the princes, saith the der gates nor bars, which dwell alone. Lord.

32 And their camels shall be a 39 But it shall come to pass in the roty, and the multitude of their cattle latter days, that I will bring again the spoil: and I will scatter into all captivity of Elam, saith the Lord. (G)

a

ainst you.

1

EXPOSITION. (G) Ver. 23–39. Judgments pronounced higher origin, of the race of Joktan. (Gen. ainst the Syrians, the Arabs, and the x. 26.) Elam often signifies Persia, but Lamites.-Damascus was the capital of Dr. Blayney thinks it here means, not the ria, and Amath aud Arpbad also princi. empire but the proviuce of Elam. (Dan. I cities, all of which are here represented viii. 2.) called by Pliny, Elymais. Of this confounded and overwhelmed with the nation, however, as of Moab anıl Ammon, ospect of approaching troubles. Kedar a return to prosperity is promised in the lat

d Hazor were ancient Arab tribes, the ter days--those happy days in which all uarmer descended from Isbınael; (Gen. tions are encouraged to look for blessings -¥. 13.) and the latier perhaps of still under the peaceful reigu of the Messiah.

=ynes,

NOTES. “ Melted into a sea of solicitude;” Booth- every quarter of the insolated coast:" i. e, the pe. d. ** Dissolved with fear as the sea, which can. ninsula of Arabia. But our margin gives the Heb. &c.

thus: “ Of those that cut off the corners of their er. 25. The city of praise--i.e. the celebrated city. hair. So Boothroyd. Compare chap. xi. 25, and er. 28. Of the easi-Blayney, " or Kedar." Note; also xxv. 23. er. 99. Their curtains - that is, tent curtains ; Ver.35. The bow of Elax.-See Isa. xxii. 6. were Scenites, or wandering Arabs.

Ver. 36. The four winds-that is, enemies from Jer. 31. The wealthy nation-Marg.“ A nation at all quarters. See above, ver. 32. So Blagney.

Ver. 38. Set my throne that is, establish by su. - er. 32, In the ulmost corners - Blayney, " lo premacy.

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