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A prophecy]

ISAIAH.

[of the Messiah. covenant of the people, for a light of 16 And I will bring the blind by a the Gentiles;

way that they knew not; I will lead 7 To open the blind eyes, to bring them in paths that they have not out the prisoners from the prison, and known: I will make darkness light bethem that sit in darkness out of the fore them, and crooked things straight

. prison house.

These things will I do unto them, and 8 I am the LORD: that is my name: not forsake them. and my glory will I not give to another, 17 They shall be turned back, they neither my praise to graven images. shall be greatly ashamed, that trust in

9 Behold, the former things are graven images, that say to the molten come to pass, and new things do I de- images, Ye are our gods. clare : before they spring forth I tell 18 Hear, ye deaf; and look, ye you of them.

blind, that ye may see. 10 Sing unto the Lord a new song, 19 Who is blind, but my servant? and his praise from the end of the or deaf as my messenger that I sent? earth, ye that go down to the sea, and who is blind as he that is perfect, and all that is therein ; the isles, and the blind as the Lord's servant ? inhabitants thereof.

20 Seeing many things, but thou ob11 Let the wilderness and the cities' servest not; opening the ears, but he thereof lift up their voice, the villages heareth not. that Kedar doth inhabit : let the in- 21 The Lord is well pleased for habitants of the rock sing, let them his righteousness' sake; he will magshout from the top of the mountains. nify the law, and make it honourable.

12 Let them give glory unto the 22 But this is a people robbed and Lord, and declare his praise in the spoiled; they are all of them snared islands.

in holes, and they are hid in prison 13 The Lord shall go forth as a houses; they are for a prey and node mighty man, he shall stir up jealousy delivereth; for a spoil, and none saith, like a man of war: he shall cry, yea, Restore. roar; he shall prevail against his ene- 23 Who among you will give ear to mies.

this ? who will hearken and hear for 14 I have long time holden my the time to come? peace; I have been still, and refrained 24 Who gave Jacob for a spoil, and myself: now will I cry like a travailing Israel to the robbers ? Did not the woman; I will destroy and devour at LORD, he against whom we have sinonce.

ned ? For they would not walk in his 15 I will make waste mountains and ways, neither were they obedient unto hills, and dry up all their herbs; and his law. I will make the rivers islands, and I 25 Therefore he hath poured upon will dry up the pools.

him the fury of his anger, and the The church encouraged with] CHAP. XLIII. (promises of salvation. strength of battle: and it hath set him give men for thee, and people for thy on fire round about, yet he knew not; life. and it burned him, yet he laid it not to 5 Fear not: for I am with thee: I heart. (P)

NOTES-Chap. XLII. Con. Ver. 6. Have called thee. - This is addressed er- Ver. 15. Dry up all their herbs - Lowth, “ Burn pressly to Messiah ; compare ch. xlix. 8; Luke ii. 32. up all the grass "I will make the rivers islands Ver, 7. 7o open the blind eyes. -See ch. xxxv. 3. Lowtis Deserts.” xil; Luko ir. 18.

Ver. 16. Crooked things straight – Lowth, “ The Ver. 10. All taat is therein-Heb. “The fulness rugged ways smooth.” thereof,"

Ver. 19. Deaf as my messenger – Lowth, Denf Ver. 11. Let the wilderness-Arab'a Deserta: the as he to whom I sent my messengers ?"... As ke reck, Arabia Pretræa: of the Arabs, some dwelt in that is perfect-Lowth, - Perfectly instrocted." tents only; others in the towns and villages, but Ver. ® Sering many things-Boothroyd, "Then wandering them one to another. Lowth.

verily seest, but wilt not regard. Thine ears are Ver. 13. Me shell cry, wee roar. This alludes to open, yet wilt thou not hear.” Lorth to the same the shout of war; see Josh. vi, 5, 10, 16. Ver. 14. I will destroy and dereær al ener-Reb, Ver. N. They are all-Marg. * All their young How up." Lowth refers this, as the clanse mea are snared," &c. To the same effect, LSwth.

to a woman in travail; breaking short, ....For a spoil - Heb. " A treading;" ice to be

in my breath with violence ; or, as trodden under foot.
at once drawing in my breath.

will bring thy seed from the east, and

gather thee from the west ; CHAP. XLIII.

6 I will say to the north, Give up;

and to the south, Keep not back: bring BUT now thus saith the Lord that my sons from far, and my daughters

created thee, O Jacob, and he from the ends of the earth; that formed thee, O Israel, Fear not: 7 Even every one that is called by for I have redeemed thee, I have my name: for I have created him for called thee by thy name; thou art my glory, I have formed him; yea, I mine.

have made him. 2 When thou passest through the 8 Bring forth the blind people that waters, I will be with thee; and have eyes, and the deaf 'that have through the rivers, they shall not overfow thee: when thou walkest through 9 Let all the nations be gathered the fire, thou shalt not be burned ; 'nei- together, and let the people be assemther shall the flame kindle upon thee. bled : who among them can declare.

3 For I am the Lord thy God, the this, and shew us former things ? let Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour: I them bring forth their witnesses, that gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia they inay be justified: or let them and Seba for thee.

hear, and say, It is truth. 4 Since thoa wast precious in my 10 Ye are my witnesses, saith the sight, thou hast been honourable, and Lord, and my servant whom I have I have loved thee: therefore will I chosen : that ye may know and beliere

ears.

upon them.

EXPOSITION.
CHAP. XLII.

of the Jews, in rejecting their Messiah, and (P) A prophecy of the Messiah.-Here gives intimation of those awful judgments, the Prophet drops the veil, and brings the which their guilt would at length draw Messiah into full view, without type or allegory : “Behold my servant, Messiah," There is some difficulty as to the person says the Chaldee. St. Matthew, (chap. xii. spoken of in ver. 21. Lowth and Booth18, &c.) has applied this directly to Jesus' royd supply the pronoun“ him"--meanChrist; nor can it says Bp. Lowth) with ing Israel; but we are much disposed any justice or propriety be applied to any to refer back to ver, I. (the more early another person whatever. The Prophet then tecedent,) the Lord's "elect” (or chosen) expatiates on the meekness of his character, scrvant, “ in whom bis soul delighteth."and the extent and blessings of bis king. In him, we apprehend, the Lord was well dom, particularly among the Gentiles; and pleased, for his (Messiah's) righteousness' calls upon all nations to join in one song sake-He (Messiah) will magnify the law, of praise to God on bis incarnation. After . and inake it (or bim) honourable :” and this, (ver. 13.) he seems again to glance this agrees exactly with the doctrine of the at the deliverance from the captivity, al- New Testament, (See Matt. iii. 17. Romiji. though the words no less aptly apply to 25, 26.) This, however, is offered to the the deliverance vouchsafed 'the Church, reader's consideration : it is certain, that the overthrow of her most powerful ene- when God or Christ is spoken of, as being mies, and to the prevalency of true religion the great subject of revelation, the relative over idolatry and error. Lastly, the Pro- is often omitted, or left at a cousiderable phet reproves the blindness and infidelity distance.

NOTES. CHAP. XLII. Ver. 2. Walkest through the destruction.” Particularly Egypt and Cush, or fire.-Mr. Ilarmer thinks this alluces to setting on Ethiopia, see ch. xx. 4 and 5; Xxxvij. 9. bre belds of grass.

Ver.8. The blind people,&c.- Comp.ch. xlii. 18, 19. Ver. 3. Egypt for thy ransom" God (says Bp. Ver. 10. Neither shall there be after me-Lowth, Lowth) has often saved his people at the expense of “ And alter me pone shall exist." aber nations, whom he has n it were) given up to

The church encouraged with] ISAIAH [promises of salvation. me, and understand that I am he: 20 The beast of the field shall hobefore me there was no God formed, nour me, the dragons and the owls : neither shall there be after me. because I give waters in the wilderness,

11 I, even I, am the LORD; and and rivers in the desert, to give drink beside me there is no saviour.

to my people, my chosen. 12 I have declared and have saved, 21 This people have I formed for and I have shewed, when there was myself; they shall shew forth my no strange god among you: therefore praise. ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD, 22 But thou hast not called upon that I am God.

me, O Jacob; but thou hast been 13 Yea, before the day was I am weary of me, O Israel. he; and there is none that can deliver 23 Thou hast not brought me the out of my hand : I will work, and who small cattle of thy burnt offerings; neishall let it?

ther hast thou honoured me with thy 14 Thus saith the LORD, your re.

sacrifices. I have not caused theo to deemer, the Holy One of Israel; For serve with an offering, nor wearied your sake I have sent to Babylon, and thee with incense. have brought down all their nobles, 24 Thou hast bought me no sweet and the Chaldeans, whose cry is in cane with money, neither hast thou the ships.

filled me with the fat of thy sacrifices: 15 I am the Lord, your Holy One, but thou hast made me to serve with the creator of Israel, your King. thy sins, thou hast wearied me with

16 Thus saith the LORD, which thine iniquities. maketh a way in the sea, and a path 25 I, even I, am he that blotteth in the mighty waters ;

out thy transgressions for mine own 17 Which bringeth forth the chariot sake, and will not remember thy sins. and horse, the army and the power ;

26 Put me in remembrance: let us they shall lie down together, they shall plead together: declare thou, that not rise : they are extinct, they are thou mayest be justified. quenched as tow.

27 Thy first father hath sinned, and 18 Remember ye not the former thy teachers have transgressed against things, neither consider the things of old.

28 Therefore I have profaned the 19 Behold, I will do a new thing ; princes of the sanctuary, and have now it shall spring forth; shall ye not given Jacob to the curse, and Israel to know it? I will even make a way in reproaches. (Q.) the wilderness, and rivers in the desert.

me.

EXPOSITION.
CHAP. XLIII.

hring them safely to their own land. (9) The church encouraged with promi. Struck with astonishment at so clear a ses of salvation. We have bere the pleas- display of an event so distant, the Prophet ing prospeet of those times of reconcilia. again challenges all the pagan nations and tion and favour which should bereafter their idols to produce an instance of sach succeed, when, with tender care, God should forektowledge, and intimates that the gather again his people from their several Yews shoulu remain (as at this day) a sedispersions throughout the world, and parate people, to witness the truth of the

me."

NOT ES-Chap. XLIII. Con. Ver. 12. I have shewed, &c.-Lowth, “ I made it Egypt) says, “perhaps the sngar cane, which grew known; nor was it any strange god among you.". srontaneously near the Nile." -- Neither. Ver. 13. Who shali lei it?lleb, “Turn it bark?"

filled me-Heb. “Made me drunk;” ic, i satiated Ver. 14. Nobire-Heb. * Bars." A class of Chaldean nobles night be called bars, with as mucb pro- Ver. 27. The first father - Lowth, “Thy chief priety as the pipe's nobles are called “ cardinals;" trader." Thy teuihers - Heb * Interpreters;** i. e. hinocs.

Lowth, " Public teachers," Ver. 20. Owls-Heb.“ Ostriches."

Ver. 28. T'hy princes--Heb. " Holy princes;" i, e. Ver. 24. No sweet cune.-Mr. Savory (Letters ou priests.

Promises of ]

CHAP. XLIV.

(God's Spirit.

ple? and the things that are coming, CHAP. XLIV.

and shall come, let them shew unto YET now hear, O Jacob my ser- them.

vant; and Israel whom I have 8 Fear ye not, neither be afraid : chosen:

have not I told thee from that time, 2 Thus saith the Lord that made and have declared įt? ye are even my thee, and formed thee from the womb, witnesses. Is there a God beside me? which will help thee; Fear not, 0 Ja- yea, there is no God; I know not any. cob, my servant; and thou, Jesurun, 9 They that make a graven image whom I have chosen.

are all of them vanity; and their delec3 For I will pour water upon him table things shall not profit; and they that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry are their own witnesses ; they see pot, ground : I will pour my spirit upon thy nor know; that they may be ashamed. seed, and my blessing upon thine off- 10 Who hath formed a god, or spring :

molten a graven image that is profit4 And they shall spring up as able for nothing ? among the grass, as willows by the 11 Behold, all his fellows shall be water courses.

ashamed : and the workmen, they are 5 One shall say, I am the LORD's; of men: let them all be gathered toand another shall call himself by the gether, let them stand up; yet they name of Jacob; and another shall sub- shall fear, and they shall be ashamed scribe with his hand unto the LORD, together. and surname himself by the name of 12 The smith with the tongs both Israel.

worketh in the coals, and fashioneth it 6 Thus saith the LORD the King of with hammers, and worketh it with the Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of strength of his arms: yea, he is hunhosts ; I am the first, and I ain the gry, and his strength faileth : he drinklast; and beside me there is no God. eth no water, and is faint.

7 And who, as I, shall call, and 13 The carpenter stretcheth out his shall declare it, and set it in order for rule; he marketh it out with a line; he me, since I appointed the ancient peo- fitteth it with planes, and he marketh .

EXPOSITION. prediction, till it should at length be com. hauuting those places, sensible of the pletely fulfilled by the Almighty power of blessing of the copious streams then proGod. He then returns to their nearer de. vided by Him. This leads finally to a liverance, from the captivity of Babylon, beautiful contrast of the ingratitude of the which, as usual, he illustrates by 'allu- Jews, and a vindication of God's dealings sious to that from Egypt; (see Exod. xiv.) toward them.-lu a figurative sense, this than which this is represented as much prophecy may he well applied to the remore wonderful. On this occasion the demption by Messiah, the effects of his , Prophet represents the tender care of gospel among the Gentiles, and the rejecGoi, in comforting and refreshing his peo- iion of the Jews at the saine time for their ple on their way through the desert, to be infidelity. so great as to make even the wild beasts

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NOTES. CHAP. XLIV. Ver. 2. Jesurun, or Jeshurun.- have imitated this practice." Procopius says, See Note on Deut. xxxii, 15.

* Many marked heir wrists or arms with the sign of Ver. 4. As among the grass-Lowth reads, “ As

the cross, or the name of Christ.” Bp. Lowth. grass aming the waters.” So the LXX, and the Compare Rev. xx. 4. sense obviously requires it.

Ver. 19. Who hath formed-Lowth connects this Ver. 6 Subseribe with his hand.--The prepisition verse with the preceding, thus; “That every one " with " is not in the original, and probably sbould may be ashamed that he hath formed a god." See. not be supplied. It was customary to mark some his reasons, which appear satisfactory to Boothroyd, part of the body, as the forehead, arm, or hand, with who hath followed his version. pánctures, which were made indelible. “The slave Ver. 11. They are of men -- rather, " They are Was marked with the name of his master; the sol. men only," or "but men." Boothroyd. dier, of bis commander; the idolater, with the name Ver. 12. The smith with the tongs-Lowth, "The or ensigo of his god; and the Christians seem to smith cutteth off a portion of iron." So Boothroyd.

An exposure of ]

ISAIAH.

[the folly of idolatry. it out with the compass, and maketh heart hath turned him aside, that he it after the figure of a man, according cannot deliver his soul, nor say,

Is to the beauty of a man; that it may there not a lie in my right hand ? remain in the house.

21 Remember these, O Jacob and 14 He neweth him down cedars, Israel; for thou art my servant: I and taketh the cypress and the oak, have formed thee: thou art my serwhich strengtheneth for himself vant: 0 Israel, thou shalt not be foramong the trees of the forest : he plant- gotten of me. eth an ash, and the rain doth nourish 22 I have blotted out, as a thick it.

cloud, thy transgressions, and, as a 15 Then shall it be for a man to cloud, thy sins : return unto me; for I burn: for he will take thereof, and have redeemed thee. warm himself; yea, he kindleth it, 23 Sing, O ye heavens ; for the and baketh bread; yca, he maketh a Lord hath done it: shout, ye lower god, and worshippeth it; he maketh parts of the earth: break forth into it a a graven image, and falleth down singing, ye mountains; O forest, and thereto.

every tree therein: for the Lord hath 16 He burneth part thereof in the redeemed Jacob, and glorified himself fire; with part thereof he eateth flesh; in Israel. he roasteth roast, and is satisfied : yea, 24 Thus saith the LORD, thy rehe warmeth himself, and saith, Aha, deemer, and he that formed ihee from I am warm, I have seen the fire: the womb, I am the LORD that maketh

17 And the residue thereof he mak- all things; that stretcheth forth the eth a god, even his graven image: he heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad falleth down unto it, and worshippeth the eartli by myself; it, and prayeth unto it, and saith, De- 25 That frustrateth the tokens of the liver me ; for thou art my god. liars, and maketh diviners mad; that

18 They have not known nor under. turneth wise men backward, and makstood : for he hath shut their eyes, that eth their knowledge foolish; they cannot see; and their hearts, that 26 That confirmeth the word of his they cannot understand.

servant, and performeth the counsel of 19 And none considereth in his his messengers; that saith to Jerusaheart, neither is there knowledge nor lem, Thou shalt be inhabited ; and to understanding to say, I have burned the cities of Judah, Ye shall be built, part of it in the fire; yea, also I have, and I will raise up the decayed places baked bread upon the coals thereof; I thereof: have roasted flesh and eaten it: and 27 That saith to the deep, Be dry, shall I make the residue thereof an and I will dry up thy rivers : abomination ? shall I fall down to the 28 That saith of Cyrus, He is my stock of a tree?

shepherd, and shall perform all my 20 He feedeth on ashes: a deceived pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem,

NOTES-Chap. XLIV. Con. Ver. 13. With a line-Lowth, “ He marketh the Ver. 20. He fordeth on ashes - A prorerbial er. form of it with red ochre : so Kimchi. See Orient. pression for labonring to no purpose. Compare Cust. No. 1079... With planes-Lowth,“ With a Hos. xii. I. sharp tool."

Ver.22. I have blotted out as a cloud, &c.- BoothVer. 14. Which he strengtheneth, &c. -- Booth- royd, “I bave blotte: out thy transgressions as a royd, " And prepareth for himseit the trees of the clonal, and thy sins as a thick clond. forest."

Ver. 15. Of theliars-Lowth, “ Impostors." The Ver. 16. le cateth flesh - Lowth, " He dresseth Hebrew word badim here means a species of conju. Mesh and eate!h."

turs who affected solitude, and pretended to be diVer. 18. He hath shut - Heb. “ Daubed" their vine, as is common among the heathen, both in the eyes. Mr. Harmer explains this of closing, or seal. cast and west, even to the present day. Couap. ca. ing, the eyes with gum, &c. by say of punishment. xlvii. 12, 13; Jer. I. 36. Observ. vol. ii. p. 278.

Ver. 27. Be dry.-Compare Jer. 1.8.-11.30 Ver. 19. None considereih in his heart – Heb. * None setteth it to his heart."

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