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Farther miscellaneous) OHAP. XVII.


9 He that covereth a transgression CHAP. XII.

seeketh love; but he that repealeth a

matter separateth very friends. BETTER is a dry morsel, and 10 A reproof entereth more into a

quietness therewith, than an wise man than an hundred stripes into house full of sacrifices with strife. a fool.

2 A wise servant shall have rule 11 An evil man seeketh only rebelover a son that causeth shame, and lion: therefore a cruel messenger shall shall have part of the inheritance be sent against him. among the brethren.

12 Let a bear robbed of her whelps 3 The fining pot is for silver, and meet a man, rather than a fool in his the furnace for gold: but the LORD folly. trieth the hearts.

13 Whoso rewardeth evil for good, 4 A wicked doer giveth heed to evil shall not depart from his house. false lips ; and a liar giveth ear to a 14 The beginning of strife is as naughty tongue.

when one letteth out water: therefore 5 Whoso mocketh the poor re- leave off contention, before it be medproacheth his Maker: and he that is dled with. glad at calamities shall not be unpu- 15 He that justifieth the wicked, nished.

and he that condemneth the just, even 6 Children's children are the crown they both are abomination to the of old men ; and the glory of children Lord. are their fathers.

16 Wherefore is there a price in 7 Excellent speech becometh not a the hand of a fool to get wisdom, seefool: much less do lying lips a prince. ing he hath no heart to it?

8 A gift is as a precious stone in 17 A friend loveth at all times, and the eyes of him that hath it: whither- a brother is born for adversity. soever it turneth, it prospereth.

18 A man void of understanding

EXPOSITION-Chap. XVI. Continued. And this exactly corresponds to the doc- Psalm xxxvii. 5." Commit thy way," &c.; trine of the 9th verse ;

the doctrine is, that after all due prudence "A man's heart deviseth bis way;

and consideration, we must leave the reBut the Lord directeth his steps."

sult of all our affairs in the hand of God,

who alone can insure success. The Scriptures would furnish many facts illustrative of tbis, one of which we

The 4th verse, hath, indeed, stirred up shall quote. Balaam's heart was disposed text, of which, to us the meaning ap

some angry, controversy, foreign to the to curse Israel for reward; but his tongue was not under his own control. “How · pears, in harmony with the context that can I curse whom God hath not cursed ?" things for his own glory," and even the

the Lord hath wrought (or disposed) all (See Num. xxiii. 35 ; xxiv. 5–8.)

The maxims in the former part of this wicked for the day of evil; whereby we chapter belong chiefly to the doctrine of may understand either present affliction or providevce, and their practical tendency or of the next, to which the impenitent

future judgment; the evils of this world is comprised in this verse,

are certainly appointed, as it is much more " Commit thy works unto the Lord,

strongly expressed, both by the patriarch And thy thoughts shall be established.”

Job, and by St. Peter. (Job xxi. 30; This we consider as exactly parallel to 2 Peter ii. 9.)

NOTES. CHAP. XVII. Ver. 1. Full of sacrifices-Holden, Ver. 9. Secketh love - Marg. " Procureth." * Sacrificial banquets," meaning peace offerings. Holden. See chap. vii. 14.

Ver. 10. A reproof entereth more into, &c.-In Ver. 5. Vapunished-Heb. " Held innocent." modern language, "affects more deeply.” So BoothFer. 7. Excellent speech-Heb. " A lip of excel. rowd. leney."

-Lying lips-Heb. " A lip of lying." Ver. 12. A bear robbed.-See 2 Sam. xvii. 8. Ver. 8. A gir is as a precious stone-Beb. “A Ver. 18. A man void of understanding - Heb. stone of grace," or favour.

“ heart." See ebap, vi. 1.-xi. 15,


Farther miscellaneous] PROVERBS. striketh hands, and becometh surety good, nor to strike princes for equity, in the presence of his friend.

21 He that hath knowledge spareth 19 He loveth transgression that his words : and a man of understandloveth strife : and he that exalteth his ing is of an excellent spirit. gate seeketh destruction.

28 Even a fool, when he holdeth 20 He that hath a froward heart his peace, is counted wise : and be findeth no good : and he that hath a that shutteth his lips is esteemed a perverse tongue falleth into mischief. man of understanding. (R)

21 He that begetteth a fool doeth it to his sorrow : and the father of a fool

CHAP. XVIII. hath no joy.

2? A merry heart doeth good like a THROUGH desire, a man having medicine : but a broken spirit drieth

separated himself, seeketh and the bones.

intermeddleth with all wisdom. 23 A wicked man taketh a gift out 2 A fool hath no delight in underof the bosom to pervert the ways of standing, but that his heart may disjudgment.

cover itself. 24 Wisdom is before him that hath 3 When the wicked cometh, then understanding ; but the eyes of a fool cometh also contempt, and with ignoare in the ends of the earth.

miny reproach. 25 A foolish son is a grief to his 4 The words of a man's mouth are father, and bitterness to her that bare as deep waters, and the wellspring of him.

wisdom as a flowing brook. 26 Also to punish the just is not 5 It is not good to accept the per


petuosity as to flood the country, and carry (R) Farther miscellaneous proverbs. away the cottages. Such is the case with Having, in our Notes, explained the more contentions and litigations; the wise man, difficult passages, we shall here notice only therefore, advises to pause beforehand, two or three striking figures.--Ver. 8. Å and, as Mr. Holden well expresses it, “Begift is a precious stone, it is (or ought) fore contention be meddled with, dismiss always to be viewed with a degree of satis: it.” When Solomon asks, ver. 16, “Wherefaction; so the possessor of a well-cut fore is there a price in the hand of a fool diamond views it, and admires its bril- to get wisdom, seeing he hath no heart to liancy on every side, as it reflects the light. it = he strongly expresses the folly of rich But it is generally supposed that the wise men, who, instead of seeking wisdom, man had reference to the bribes frequently spend all their energies in folly and extrapresented to judges, and to which, often, vagance. Lastly, he gives the true characmore attention was paid than to the justice ter of friendship, in its perpetuity; A of the cause. The admonition to avoid friend loveth at all times :" and the proper strife and contention, ver. 14. is beauti- characteristic of a brother is, that he was fully explained, in allusion to the cutting born a friend, and born for seasons of open a dyke for the purpose of watering adversity. " A friend in need (says the land, when it often rushes with such im- English proverb) is a friend indeed.”

NOTES_Chap. XVII. Con. Ver. 19. Eralteth his gate. He that makes a CHAP. XVIII. Ver. 1. Through desire, a man, splendid entrance to his house, is likely to excite &c.-Marg." He that separateth himself, seeketh envy.

according to (huis) desire; (and) intermeddleth in Ver. 20. He that hath a froward heart - Heb. every business.” But this version, though better “ Tbe froward of heart."

than the common text, is too wordy. Mr. Holden'sis: Ver. 22. A merry heart.-See ch. xv. 13, and Note. “He that separateth himself, seeketh (bis) desire; Ver. 23. Out of the bosom-that is, his bosom.

He dealeth in all sound wisdom." Ver. 24. Wisdom is before him Holden, “ Is

So the word here used is rendered, chap. ii. 7. See

the Note there. present to him."

Ver. 2. But that his heart may discover itself.Ver. 26. Nor to strike (or smite) princes (nobles, Here we prefer the version of Dr. Boothroyd : In or judges) for equity-For acting uprightly and in dependently.

discovering (the thoughts of) his own heart.” This

may be explained by an allusion to chap. xiii. 16. Ver. 27. An excellent spirit Marg. A cool See Exposition. spirit.” Compare with the verse preceding.

Ver, 4. As deep waters.-See chap. xx.5.

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Miscellaneous proverbs)

[continued. son of the wicked, 'to overthrow the teth knowledge; and the ear of the righteous in judgment.

wise seeketh knowledge. 6 A fool's lips enter into contention, 16 A man's gift maketh room for and his mouth calleth for strokes. him, and bringeth him before great

7 A fool's mouth is his destruction, men. and his lips are the snare of his 17 He that is first in his own soul.

cause seemeth just ; but his neighbour 8 The words of a talebearer are cometh and searcheth him. as wounds, and they go down into the 18 The lot causeth contentions to innermost parts of the belly.

cease, and parteth between the mighty. 9 He also, that is slothful in his 19 A brother offended is harder to work, is brother to him that is a great be won than a strong city: and their

contentions are like the bars of a castle. 10 The name of the Lord is a 20 A man's belly shall be satisfied strong tower : the righteous runneth with the fruit of his mouth; and with into it, and is safe.

the increase of his lips shall he be 11 The rich man's wealth is his filled. strong city, and as an high wall in his 21 Death and life are in the power own conceit.

of the tongue : and they that love it 12 Before destruction the heart of shall eat the fruit thereof. man is haughty, and before honour is 22 Whoso findeth a wife findeth a

good thing, and obtaineth favour of 13 He that answereth a matter be the LORD. fore he heareth it, it is folly and 23 The poor useth intreaties; but shame unto him.

the rich answereth roughly. 14 The spirit of a man will sustain 24 A man that hath friends must his infirmity: but a wounded spirit shew himself friendly: and there is a who can bear?

friend that sticketh closer than a bro15 The heart of the prudent get ther. (S)



of either party, the blessing may be turned (8) Miscellaneous proverbs continued.- into a curse, and so may all the blessings Having explained, in the Notes below, the of the present life. chief difficulties in the early part of this In our last chapter we noticed Solomon's chapter, we shall here

confiue our remarks description of a friend and a brother, and to some of the concluding verses, upon two here it is added, that friendship sometimes of the chief blessings of human life exceeds the love of kindred; and though matrimony and friendship:

the wise man might not at the time have Ver. 22. “ Whoso findeth a wife, findeth any farther reference, it seems impossible a good thing :" that is, matrimony is in for a true Christian to read this remark itself good; honourable in all, with the without recollecting Him who “ loved and bed undefiled.” (Heb. xiii. 4.) 6. And he died for"-not his friends, but his enethat obtaineth a wife, obtaineth favour;" inies; for Christ died for the ungodly.” er rather, " a favour from the Lord,” who Rom. v. 8–10. said at the first institution of marriage, 6 A Friend and Brother he appears, "It is not good for man to be alone." And well fulfils the names he wears." Gen, ii. 18.) It is true, that by the fault


NOTES. Yer. 6. His mould calleth for strokes-Holden, Ver. 13. Answereth a matter-Heb. “ Retorneth His month provoketh blows."

a word." Ver&. The words of a talebearer (Marg," whisp- Ver. 20, 21, A man's belly shall be satisfied, &c.erer ") ere as rounds, and they go down--" They The subject here considered, is the power of the descend" to the innermost parts, &c. See Judg.iii. tongue, which may not only, by its eloquence, ti!!

the belly, but save the life. They that love it Ver. 10. And is safe-Heb. “ Is set aloft;" i. e. (that love to talk) will rat the fruit of their own out of the reach of enemies.

words, whether wise or foolish, good or evil.

Farther miscellaneous) PROVERBS.


ing of a lion ; but his favour is as dew CHAP. XIX.

upon the grass.

13 A foolish son is the calamity of BETTER is the poor that walketh his father : and the contentions of a

in his integrity, than he that is wife are a continual dropping. perverse in his lips, and is a fool. 14 House and riches are the inhe

2 Also, that the soul be without ritance of fathers: and a prudent wife knowledge, it is not good; and he that is from the Lord. hasteth with his feet sinneth.

15 Slothfulness casteth into a deep 3 The foolishness of man perverteth sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer his way: and his heart fretteth against hunger. the LORD.

16 He that keepeth the command4 Wealth maketh many friends; but ment keepeth his own soul; but he that the poor is separated from his neigh- despiseth his ways shall die. bour.

17 He that hath pity upon the poor 5 A false witness shall not be un- lendeth unto the LORD; and that which punished, and he that speaketh lies he hath given will he pay him again. shall not escape.

18 Chasten thy son while there is 6 Many will intreat the favour of hope, and let not thy soul spare for the prince: and every man is a friend

his crying. to him that giveth gifts.

19 A man of great wrath shall suf7 All the brethren of the poor do fer punishment: for if thou deliver hate him: how much more do his him, yet thou must do it again. friends go far from him? he pursueth 20 Hear counsel, and receive inthem with words, yet they are wanting struction, that thou mayest be wise in to him.

the latter end. 8 He that getteth wisdom loveth his 21 There are many devices in a own soul: he that keepeth understand- man's heart; nevertheless the counsel ing shall find good.

of the Lord, that shall stand. 9 A false witness shall not be un- 22 The desire of a man is his kindpunished, and he that speaketh lies ness; and a poor man is better than a shall perish.

liar. 10 Delight is not seemly for a fool ; 23 The fear of the Lord tendeth to much less for a servant to have rule life and he that hath it shall abide over princes.

satisfied; he shall not be visited with 11 The discretion of a man defer- evil. reth his anger; and it is his glory to 24 A slothful man hideth his hand pass over a transgression.

in his bosom, and will not so much as 12 The king's wrath is as the roar- bring it to his mouth again.

NOTES. CHAP. XIX. Ver. 1. Betler is the poor, &c.- Ver. 16. He that keepeth the commandment, (ti This apothegm evidently wants point, which Mr. of God) keepeth, &c. Holden and others give it, by adding, from the Ver. 17. That which he hath giren-Boothrort parallel passage chap. xxviii. 6. the words, “ though His recompence will be rendered unto him." he be rieb," which make the sense complete.

Ver. 18. Let nol thy soul spure for his crying Ver. 2. He that hasteth with his feei —Compare Marg." Spare to his destruction." Holden, " An Isa, xxviii. 16.

thy soul will not desire (Boothroyd, not lift ap Ver.3. His heart frelleth-Holden," Murmureth.” wisl for) his death."

Ver. 5 and 9. Be' unpunished-Heb. “ Held inno- Ver. 19. A man of great wrath .... If thox d cent."

liver . . . . thou must do it again. That is, a vi Ver. 6. To kim that giveth gifts-Heb. “ To a

leut and passionate man is always getting into brol man of gifts."

and incurring panishment. Ver. 8. Getteth wisdom-Heb. “Getteth an heart."

Ver. 21. There are many devices, &c. - See cha Ver. 10. Delight-Rather" delicacy." See Deut.

xvi. 1, 9. xxviii, 54, 56.

Ver 22. The desire-Rather, “the desirable Ver. 13. A continual dropping.--" The waters," Holden, “A desirable thing in man is his kindness by a continual dropping, " wear away the stones"

and (or "bot") a poor man who can do nothin so the perpetual contentions of a brawling woman is better than a liar, who promises and nidi wear away the peace and patience of her husband. nothing

Various moral)


(precepts continued. 25 Smite a scorner, and the simple cease from strife : but every fool will will beware: and reprove one that hath be meddling. understanding, and he will under- 4 The sluggard will not plow by stand knowledge.

reason of the cold; therefore shall he 26 He that wasteth his father, and beg in harvest, and have nothing. chaseth away his mother, is a son 5 Counsel in the heart of man is like that causeth shame, and bringeth re- deep water; but a mau of understand-, proach.

ing will draw it out. 27 Cease, my son, to hear the in- 6 Most men will proclaim every one struction that causeth to err from the his own goodness ? but a faithful man words of knowledge.

who can find ? 28 An ungodly witness scorneth 7 The just man walketh in his injudgment: and the mouth of the tegrity: his children are blessed after wicked devoureth iniquity.

him. 29 Judgments are prepared for 8 A king that sitteth in the throne scorners, and stripes for the back of of judgment scattereth away all evil

9 Who can say, I have made my CHAP. XX.

heart clean, I am pure


my sin ? WINE is a mocker, strong drink is 10 Divers weights, and divers mea

raging: and whosoever is de- sures, both of them are alike abomiceived thereby is not wise.

nation to the LORD. 2 The fear of a king is as the roar- 11 Even a child is known by his ing of a lion : whoso provoketh him to doings, whether his work be pure, and anger sinpeth against his own soul. whether it be right.

3 It is an honour for a man to 12 The hearing ear, and the seeing

fools. (T)

with his eyes.


especially the latter, of which he appears (T) Farther miscellaneous apothegms.- to have seen and felt the great importance, In several of the proverbs in the early part and probably regretted his own neglect in of this chapter, integrity, knowledge, and the case of his son Rehoboam, who, in truth, are contrasted with riches and folly: many respects, answered to the character and the poor man who is honest, intelli- of the fool which he so well describes. gent, and pious, is preferred before the “Chasten," or " correct thy son wbile rieb man who is ignorant, perverse, and there is hope," implies that parental dis. fretful. Yet, such is the state of the world, cipline should begin early, to have its prothat Wealth maketh many friends, wbile per effect; for when habits of insubordiPoverty scatters them: still, in the sight nation are formed, the task is almost of God and good men, wisdom is better lopeless. Of the latter elause, the margin than folly; and “ he that retteth and seems to direct to the preferable interprekeepeth understanding," shall find good tation : “Let not thy soul spare him to in the issue.

his own ruin," when perhaps even a paIndustry, charity, and parental dis- rent's heart might rather wish to see him cipline, are favourite topics with Solomon, dead, than alive and criminal. (See Notes.)

morth again.

NOTES. Ver. 2. Hideth his hand in his bosoni, -T'sala. CHAP. XX, Ver. 2. The fear-that is, his wrath, chat is never the boson, but a pan, dish, or bowl, which excites fear, Comp. chap. xvi. 14. --Xis. 12. kuch as the poor eat out of with their hands. 2 Kings

Ver. 3, It is an honour for a man-Heb. Ish, a PXL. 13: 3 Chron. XXXV. 13. See Oriental Customs,

man of rank or eininence, as opposed to a fool. 1o. m. The idle man dippeth his hand into the dink for saop, and will not so much as bring it to his

Ver.4. Cold - Marg.“ Winter," which is more ac- 3

curate. Ver., He that wasteth his father-Hodgson, Ver. 6. Most (or many) men . . . . his own good. "He that plandereth his father, or driveth away bisness, (Marg. "brianty ") hut a faithful man-anian otser, is," &c.

who is all that he pretends to be-roho, &c. Ver. 21. The instruction ..,, lo ers--that is, to

Ver. 10. Divers weights, &c.--Heb. * A stone and bear erroneons teachers. The suppleineotary words A stone."--Measures" An epbah and an ephah ;"'

i. e. stones of differeot weight, and measures of dirV. 2. An ungodly witness-Heb. A witness of Belial." See 1 Kings xxi. 10.

ferent capacity.

Hen unrecessary.

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