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his going.

More general)

(observations. 9 Fools make a mock at sin: but 23 In all labour there is profit: but among the righteous there is favour. the talk of the lips tendeth only to

10 The heart knoweth his own bit- penury. terness ; and a stranger doth not in- 24 The crown of the wise is their termeddle with his joy,

riches: but the foolishness of fools is 11 The house of the wicked shall folly. be overthrown : but the tabernacle of 25 A true witness delivereth souls : the upright shall flourish.

but a deceitful witness speaketh lies. 12 There is a way which seemeth 26 In the fear of the Lord is strong right unto a man, but the end thereof confidence: and his children shall have are the ways of death.

a place of refuge. 13 Even in laughter the heart is 27 The fear of the Lord is a founsorrowful; and the end of that mirth tain of life, to depart from the snares is heaviness.

of death. 14 The backslider in heart shall be 28 In the multitude of people is the filled with his own ways: and a good king's honour: but in the want of man shall be satisfied from himself. people is the destruction of the

15 The simple believeth every word: prince. but the prudent man looketh well to 29 He that is slow to wrath is of

great understanding : but he that is 16 A wise man feareth, and depart. hasty of spirit exalteth folly. eth from evil: but the fool rageth, and 30 A sound heart is the life of the is confident.

flesh: but envy the rottenness of the 17 He that is soon angry dealeth bones. foolishly: and a man of wicked de 31 He that oppresseth the poor revices is hated.

proacheth his Maker: but he that 18 The simple inherit folly: but the honourethhiin hath mercy on the prudent are crowned with knowledge. poor.

19 The evil bow before the good ; 32 The wicked is driven away in and the wicked at the gates of the his wickedness: but the righteous hath righteous.

hope in his death, 20 The poor is hated even of his 33 Wisdom resteth in the heart of own neighbour: but the rich hath him that hath understanding : but that many friends.

which is in the midst of fools is made 21 He that despiseth his neighbour known. sinneth : but he that hath mercy on 34 Righteousness exalteth a nation: the poor, happy is he.

but sin is a reproach to any people. 22 Do they not err that devise evil? 35 The king's favour is toward a but mercy and truth shull be to them wise servant: but his wrath is against that devise good.

him that causeth shame. (O)


woman throws all into confusion and dis. (0) More general observations. “As the tress : for so the wise man observes, “ She foregoing chapter began with the charac- pulls down the house with her own hands," ter of a wise son, so this with that of a that is, ruins the family without any other good mother, who, by her prudent care, help. There needs no more than a bau makes the family flourish, when a foolish wife to undo a family." Bishop Patrick.

NOTES. Ver. 10. The heart knoweth his own bitterness- Ver. 30. A sound heart-that is, “ an honest and Heh. The bitterness of his soul."

good heart.” Luke viii, 15. Ver. 20. But the rich hath many friends-Heb.

Ver. 32. Hath hope in his death.- See Exposition, "Many are the lovers of the rich."

chap. x. Ver. n. The fear of the Lord. - See chap. xiii. 14.

Ver, 33, That which is in the midst, &c. that Verd. Heery of spirit-Heb. “ Short of spirit."

is, a fool soon discovers his own emptiness,


More general]


11 Hell and destruction are before CHAP. XV.

the LORD: how much more then the A SOFT answer turneth away hearts of the children of men ?

wrath: but grievous words stir up 12 A scorner loveth not one that anger.

reproveth him : neither will he go unto 2 The tongue of the wise useth the wise. knowledge aright: but the mouth of

13 A merry heart maketh a cheerfools poureth out foolishness.

ful countenance: but by sorrow of the 3 The eyes of the LORD are in every heart the spirit is broken. place, beholding the evil and the good. 14 The heart of him that hath un

4 A wholesome tongue is a tree of derstanding seeketh knowledge: but life: but perverseness therein is a the mouth of fools feedeth on foolishbreach in the spirit.

5 A fool despiseth his father's in- 15 All the days of the afflicted are struction : but he that regardeth re- evil : but he that is of a merry heart proof is prudent.

hath a continual feast. 6 In the house of the righteous is 16 Better is little with the fear of much treasure : but in the revenues of the LORD than great treasure and the wicked is trouble.

trouble therewith. 7 The lips of the wise disperse 17 Better is a dinner of herbs where knowledge: but the heart of the foolish love is, than a stalled ox and hatred doeth not so.

therewith. 8 The sacrifice of the wicked is an 18 A wrathful man stirreth up strife: abomination to the Lord: but the but he that is slow to anger appeaseth prayer of the upright is his delight. strife. 9 The way of the wicked is an 19. The


of the slothful man is abonzination unto the Lord: but he as an hedge of thorns : but the


of loveth him that followeth after righte- the righteous is made plain.

20 A wise son maketh a glad father: 10 Correction is grievous unto him but a foolish man despiseth his mothat forsaketh the way: and he that ther. hateth reproof shall die.

21 Folly is joy to him that is des

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EXPOSITION-Chap. XIV. Continued. In the sixth verse, Solomon observes, One other passage is too important to he “A scorner seeketh wisdom, and findeth passed over : “ The back slider in heart," it not;" on which the great Lord Bacon who secretly revolts from God, and turns hath made this useful gloss, “ He that back iuto the ways of sin,“ shall be filled comes to seek after, knowledge, with a with his own ways:" he shall“ have inind (disposed) to scorn and censure, shall enough of it,” as we proverbially say: he be sure to find matter enough for his hu- shall“ eat of the fruit of his own doings, mour, but none for his instruction :" the and be filled with his own devices," (chap. grand reason of which is, the want of that i. 31.) and the good man who perseveres humble disposition which our Lord de- in the way of truth and righteousness, be clares necessary to constitute a disciple of also shall “ be satisfied froin himself;" or Wisdomn's school, and a subject of the rather, as Mr. Holden and Dr. Boothroyd Saviour's kingdom. (Mark x. 15.) He that render it, “ from his ways :" that is, the would be truly wise, must not be wise testimony of a good conscience, and the iu his own conccit.

assurance of the divine favour and blessing.

NOTES. CHAP. XV. Ver. 2. Poureth out-Heb.“ belch- Ver. 11. Hell and destruction.-See Job xxvi. 6, eth, or bubbleth."

and Note. Ver. 4. A wholesome tongur-Heb." The healing Ver. 13. A merry-a lively, rejoicing heart.

So of the tongue," or, as Boothroyd, “ The healing ver. 15. tongue."

Ver. 17. A dinner of herbs--that is, sallads.- A Ver. 10. Correction - Marg. “ Jastrnction.” So' stalled ox-An ox fatted in the stall. it is rendered, chap. í. 2, and below, ver, 52,33. The Ver. 19. Is made pluin-Heb. "Raised up, as a won bears both senses.


Miscellaneous proverbs) CHAP. XVI.

[continued. titute of wisdom: but a man of under- spiseth his own soul : but he that hearstanding walketh uprightly.

eth reproof getteth understanding. 22 Without counsel purposes are

33 The fear of the Lord is the indisappointed : but in the multitude of struction of wisdom; and before honour counsellors they are established. is humility. (P) 23 A man hath joy by the answer

CHAP. XVI. of his mouth: and a word spoken in due season, how good is it! THE preparations of the heart in

24 The way of life is above to the man, and the answer of the tongue, wise, that he may depart from hell is from the Lord. beneath.

2 All the ways of a man are clean in 25 The LORD will destroy the house his own eyes; but the LORD weigheth of the proud : but he will establish the the spirits. border of the widow.

3 Commit thy works unto the LORD, 26 The thoughts of the wicked are and thy thoughts shall be established. an abomination to the LORD: but the 4 The Lord hath made all things words of the pure are pleasant words. for himself: yea, even the wicked for

27 He that is greedy of gain troub- the day of evil. leth his own house; but he that hateth 5 Every one that is proud in heart gifts shall live.

is an abomination to the LORD: 28 The heart of the righteous studi- though hand join in hand, he shall eth to answer : but the mouth of the not be unpunished. wicked poureth out evil things.

6 By mercy and truth iniquity is 29 The Lord is far from the wick- purged: and by the fear of the LORD ed: but he heareth the prayer of the

men depart from evil. righteous.

7 When a man's ways please the 30 The light of the eyes rejoiceth LORD, he maketh even his enemies to the heart : and a good report maketh be at peace with him. the bones fat.

8 Better is a little with righteous31 The ear that heareth the reproof ness than great revenues without right. of life abideth among the wise.

9 A man's heart deviseth his way: 32 He that refuseth instruction de- but the Lord directeth his steps.


Lord: bow much more then the hearts of (P) More general observations. This the children of men !” (Comp. Ps.cxxxix.) chapter opens with wise counsels as to the When“ a merry heart" is recommenduse and government of the tongueman art ed, we must not understand it of a giddy of no little difficulty and importance. Some or a thoughtless heart, but a cheerful and excellent instructions are then given rela- contented one, in opposition to that “ tive to public worship. “ The sacrifice of row of heart" which breaks and overibe wicked," however large, however whelins the spirit. To whom “ folly is costly,“ is an abomination to the Lord," joy," (ver. 21.) he “is destitute of wisdom.” because the offerer himself, while a wicked - A word spoken in due season,” may be man, cannot be accepted. Nor is there any either a word of admonition or of consolapossibility of deceiving the Almighty? tion: the former may save from ruin, the " For hell and destruction are before the latter froin despair. (See chap. xxv. 11.)


NOTES. Ver. 21. Destitute of wisdom-Void of heart. that heareth-Marg.“ Obeyeth the truth, possesseth Ver. 23. In due season-Heb.“ In its season ;" an heart;" the heart being understood to be the seat opportanely, pertinently,

of knowledge. Ver. 2. The way of life is above-that is, elevated

CHAP. XVI. Ver. 1. The preparations-Marg. as a causes. See ver. 19.

“ The disposings” of the heart. See Exposition. Ver. 26. 'Pleasant words-Heb. “ Words of plea

Ver. 3. Commit-Heb." Roll.” So Ps. xxxvii. 5.

Ver. 4. The Lord hath made-Not " created," Ver. 27. Grredy of goin.-See chap. i. 19. & Note. but prepared, provided, appointed;" as Exod. xv. Ver. 30. Mekelk ike bones fat-hat is, makes a

17; Ps. xxxi. 19. Gill's Cause of God, vol. i. p. 224. man cheerful and content.

Ver. 5. Unpunished – Heb. “ Held innocent.'' Ver. 32. Instruction. See Note on ver.10,--He

Chap, xí21.



diggeth up

Miscellaneous proverbs] PROVERBS.

10 A divine sentence is in the lips 22 Understanding is a wellspring of of the king: his mouth transgresseth life unto him that hath it: but the innot in judgment.

struction of fools is folly. 11 A just weight and balance are 23 The heart of the wise teacheth the Lord's: all the weights of the bag his mouth, and addeth learning to his are his work,

lips. 12 It is an abomination to kings to

24 Pleasant words are as an honeycommit wickedness: for the throne is comb, sweet to the soul, and health to established by righteousness.

the bones. 13 Righteous lips are the delight of 25 There is a way that seemeth kings; and they love him that speaketh right unto a man; but the end thereof right.

are the ways of death. 14 The wrath of a king is as mes

26 He that laboureth laboureth for sengers of death : but a wise man will himself; for his mouth craveth it of pacify it.

him. 15 In the light of the king's counte- 27 An ungodly man nance is life; and his favour is as a evil: and in his lips there is as a cloud of the latter rain.

burning fire. 16 How much better is it to get

28 A froward man soweth strife: wisdom than gold ? and to get under- and a whisperer separateth chief standing rather be chosen than friends, silver ?

29 A violent man enticeth his neigh17 The highway of the upright is to bour, and leadeth him into the way depart from evil: he that keepeth his that is not good. way preserveth his soul. 18 Pride goeth before destruction, froward things: moving his lips he

30 He shutteth his eyes to devise and an haughty spirit before a fall. bringeth evil to pass.

19 Better it is to be of an humble. 31 The hoary head is a crown of spirit with the lowly, than to divide glory, if it be found in the way of the spoil with the proud.

righteousness. 20 He that bandleth a matter wisely

32 He that is slow to anger is better shall find good : and whoso trusteth in than the mighty; and he that ruleth the Lord, happy is he.

his spirit than he that taketh a city, 21 The wise in heart shall be called 33 The lot is cast into the lap; prudent: and the sweetness of the lips the whole disposing thereof is of the increaseth learning.


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translation. The Hebrew runs literally (Q) Miscellaneous proverbs continued.The tirst apothegm, though it admits of a pious interpretation, is not an accurate

« 'Toman (belongeth) the dispositions of the heart; But to Jehovah the answer of the tongue:”


Heb. “ Maketh wise" his

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NOTES—Chap. XVI. Con.
Ver. 10. A divine sentence-Heb. “ Divination." Ver. 23. Teacheth
This had reference, probably, to what has been mouth.
called " The judgment of Solomon," 1 Kings iil. 28.
Ver. 11. All the weights-Heb.“ Stones."

Ver. 26. He that laboureth-Heb. "The soul of Ver. 14. Messengers of death-The king's execu

the labourer laboureth for bimself; for his mouth

boweth unto bim.” Holden, “ Layeth this burdea tioners. See Orient. Cust, No. 1:9.

on him." So Boutkroyd. Ver. 16. As a cloud of the latter rain - which promises an abundant harvest. Bp. Patrick. Ver. 17. The highway of the upright--Ch. xv. 19, 24.

lial,” diggeth up evil; i

,, studies and labours to

Ver. 27. An ungodly man--Heb. " & son of Be. Ver. 20. He that handleth, &c.-Marg.“ He that Petrick.

find some ground of contention or revenge. See Bp. understandeth a matter." Ver. 21. The swretness of the lips-is eloqnence,

.: Ver. 30. Moving his lips

sanders. which if it do not increase the learning of the speaker, wonderfully increases his reputation for it

Ver. 33. The whole disposing thereof-Bp. Lonth,

" The deterinination of it," &c. with the bearers. Compare ver. 23.

- ibat is, muttering

Farther miscellaneous) CHAP. XVII.


9 He that covereth a transgression CHAP. XIII.

seeketh love ; but he that repealeth a

matter separateth very friends. BETTER is a dry morsel, and 10 A reproof entereth more into a

quietness therewith, than an wise man than an hundred stripes into house full of sacrifices with strife.

a fool. 2 A wise servant shall have rule 11 An evil man seeketh only rebelover a son that causeth shame, and lion: therefore a cruel inessenger shall shall have part of the inheritance be sent against him. among the brethren.

12 Let a bear robbed of her whelps 3 The fining pot is for silver, and meet a man, rather than a fool in his the furnace for gold : but the LORD folly. trieth the hearts.

13 Whoso rewardeth evil for good, 4 A wicked doer giveth heed to evil shall not depart from his house. false lips ; and a liar giveth ear to a 14 The beginning of strife is as naughty tongue.

when one letteth out water: therefore 5 Whoso mocketh the poor re- leave off contention, before it be medproacheth his Maker: and he that is dled with. glad at calamities shall not be unpu- 15 He that justifieth the wicked, nished.

and he that condemneth the just, even 6 Children's children are the crown they both · are abomination to the of old men ; and the glory of children Lord, are their fathers.

16 Wherefore is there a price in 7 Excellent speech becometh not a the hand of a fool to get wisdom, seefool: much less do lying lips a prince. ing he hath no heart to it?

8 A gift is as a precious stone in 17 A friend loveth at all times, and the eyes of him that hath it: whither- a brother is born for adversity. soever it turneth, it prospereth.

18 A man void of understanding

EXPOSITION_Chap. XVI. Continued. And this exactly corresponds to the doc- Psalm xxxvii. 5. “ Com'mit thy way,&c.; trine of the 9th verse ;

the doctrine is, that after all due prudence ** A man's heart deviseth bis way;

and consideration, we must leave the reBut the Lord directeth his steps."

sult of all our affairs in the hand of God,

who alone can iosure success. The Scriptures would furnish many facts illustrative of tbis, one of which we

The 4th verse, hath, indeed, stirred up shall quote. Balaam's beart was disposed text, of which, to us ihe meaning ap

some angry controversy, foreign to the tu curse Israel for reward; but his tongue was not under his own control. “ How

pears, in harmony with the context_' that can I curse whom God hath not cursed ?"

the Lord bath wrought (or disposed) all (See Num. xxiii. 35; xxiv,5–8.)

things for his own glory," and even the The maxims in the former part of this wicked for the day of evil; whereby we chapter belong chiefly to the doctrine of

may understand either present affliction or providevce, and their practical tendency future judgment; the evils of this world is comprised in this verse,

or of ihe next, to which the impenitent

are certainly appointed, as it is much more * Commit thy works unto the Lord, And thy thoughts shall be established.”

strongly expressed, both by the patriarch

Job, and by St. Peter. (Job xxi. 30; This we consider as exactly parallel to 2 Peter ii. 9.)

NOTES CHAP. XVII. Ver.). Full of sacrifices--Holden, Ver. 9. Seeketh love - Marg. “ Procureth.” So “ Sacrifieial banquets," meaning peace offerings.

Holden. See chap. vii. 14.

Ver. 10. A reproof entereth more into, &c.--In Ver. S. Unpunished-Heb. “ Held innocent." modern language, "affects more deeply." So Booth. Ter. 7. Ererllent speech-Heb. " A lip of excel

royd. lency." -Lying lips-Heb. " A lip of lying." Ver. 12. A bear robbed.-See 2 Sam. xvii. 8.

Ver. R. A girl is as a precious stone-Heb. “A Ver. 18. A man void of understanding Heb. stose of grace," or favour.

“ heart." See chap. vi. 1.-xi. 15.

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