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Farther miscellaneous] CHAP XVII.


9 He that covereth a transgression CHAP. XIII.

seeketh love; but he that repealeth a

matter separateth very friends. BETTER is a dry morsel, and 10 A reproof entereth more into a

quietness therewith, than an wise man than an hundred stripes into house full of sacrifices with strife. a fool.

2 A wise servant shall have rule 11 An evil man seeketh only rebelover a son that causeth shame, and lion: therefore a cruel inessenger shall shall have part of the inheritance be sent against him. among the brethren.

12 Let a bear robbed of her whelps 3 The fining pot is for silver, and meet a man, rather than a fool in his the furnace for gold: but the LORD folly. trieth the hearts.

13 Whoso rewardeth evil for good, 4 A wicked doer giveth heed to evil shall not depart from his house. false lips ; and a liar giveth ear to a 14 The beginning of strife is as naughty tongue.

when one letteth out water: therefore 5 Whoso mocketh the poor re- leave off contention, before it be medproacheth his Maker: and he that is dled with. glad at calamities shall not be unpu- 15 He that justifieth the wicked, nished.

and he that condemneth the just, even 6 Children's children are the crown they both are abomination to the of old men; and the glory of children Lord. are their fathers.

16 Wherefore is there a price in 7 Excellent speech becometh not a the hand of a fool to get wisdom, seefool: much less do lying lips a prince. ing he hath no heart to it?

8 A gift is as a precious stone in 17 A friend loveth at all times, and the eyes of him that hath it: whither- a brother is born for adversity. soever it turneth, it prospereth.

18 A man void of understanding

sball quote.

EXPOSITION-Chap. XVI. Continued. And this exactly corresponds to the doc- Psalm xxxvii. 5.“ Commit thy way," &c.; trine of the 9th verse ;

the doctrine is, that after all due prudence # A man's heart deviseth his way;

and consideration, we must leave the reBut the Lord directeth his steps."

sult of all our affairs in the hand of God, The Scriptures would furnish many

who alone can insure success. facto illustrative of this, one of which we

The 4th verse, hath, indeed, stirred up Balaam's heart was disposed

some angry, controversy, foreign to the to eurse Israel for reward; but his

tongue text, of which, to us the meaning apwas not under his own control. “ How

pears, in harmony with the context that can I curse whom God hath not cursed ?" the Lord hath wrought (or disposed) all (See Num. xxii. 35; xxiv. 5–8.)

things for his own glory," and even the The maxims iu the former part of this wicked for the day of evil; whereby we chapter belong chiefly to the doctrine of may understand either present affliction or providence, and their practical tendency future judgment; the evils of this world is comprised in this verse,

' or of the next, to which the impenitent

are certainly appointed, as it is much more * Commit thy works unto the Lord,

strongly expressed, both by the patriarch And thy thougbts shall be established.”

Job, and by St. Peter. (Job xxi. 30; This we consider as exactly parallel to 2 Peter ii. 9.)

NOTES. CHAP.XVII. Ver.). Full of sacrifices-Holden, Ver. 9. Seeketh love - Marg. “ Procureth.” So * Sacrificial banquets," meaning peace offerings. Holden. See chap. vii. 14.

Ver. 10. A reproof entereth more into, &c.In Ver. 5. Unpunished-Heb. “ Held innocent." modern language, affects more deeply.” So Booth

Ter. 7. Erorllent speech-Heb. " A lip of excel- royd. lency." -Lying lips-Heb.“ A lip of lying." Ver. 12. A bear robbed.-See 2 Sam. xvii. 8.

Ver. 8. A gin is as a precious stone--Heb. “A Ver. 18. A man void of understanding - Heb. stone of grace," or favour.

"heart.” See ebap, vi. 1.-xi. 15.

Maxims of justice)

{and equity.

12 He that is void of wisdom deCHAP. XI.

spiseth his neighbour: but a man of A FALSE balance is abomination understanding holdeth his peace a

secrets : is hie delight.

but he that is of a faithful spirit con2 When pride cometh, then cometh cealeth the matter. shame : but with the lowly is wisdom. 14 Where no counsel is, the people

3 The integrity of the upright shall fall: but in the multitude of counselguide them: but the perverseness of lors there is safety. transgressors shall destroy them. 15 He that is surety for a stranger

4 Riches profit not in the day of shall smart for it: and he that hateth wrath: but righteousness delivereth suretyship is sure. from death.

16 A gracious woman retaineth ho5 The righteousness of the perfect nour: and strong men retain riches, sball direct his way: but the wicked 17 The merciful man doeth good to shall fall by his own wickedness. his own soul: but he that is cruel

6 The righteousness of the upright troubleth his own flesh. shall deliver them: but transgressors 18 The wicked worketh a deceitful shall be taken in their own naughtiness. work : but to him that soweth righte

7 When a wicked man dieth, his ousness shall be a sure reward. expectation shall perish: and the hope 19 As righteousness tendeth to life: of unjust mien perisheth.

80 he that pursueth evil pursueth it 8 The righteous is delivered out of to his own death. trouble, and the wicked cometh in his 20 They that are of a froward heart stead.

are abomination to the Lord: but 9 An hypocrite with his mouth de- such as are upright in their way are stroyeth his neighbour: but through his delight. knowledge shall the just be delivered. 21 Though hand join in hand, the

10 When it goeth well with the wicked shall not be unpunished : but righteous, the city rejoiceth: and when the seed of the righteous shall be delithe wicked perish, there is shouting.

11 By the blessing of the upright 22 As a jewel of gold in a swine's the city is exalted: but it is overthrown snout, so is a fair woman which is by the mouth of the wicked.

without discretion.


EXPOSITION—Chap. X. Continued. dom and folly, virtue and vice; and point yet the hopes of believers were not confined out the preference of the former, both to the present life, for “the righteous hath in itself and in its consequences. As these an everlasting foundation," (verse 3.) Proverbs are mostly detached from each to which it is very difficult to attach any

her, it will be impossible for us to notice meaning without admitting " the hope of Jem individually. We can only offer a everlasting life." The days of the wicked, brief remark on some of the most striking, in the present life, are often shortened by and remove difiiculties in our Notes. their vices, and of “another and better

Long life and prosperity were the sanc. world" they have no prospect. (Comp. tions of the Old Testament dispeusation; chap. xi. 7.)

NOTES CHAP. XI. Ver. 1. A false balance-Heh. “Ba- Ver. 13. A tale bearer revealeth, &c. Heb. He Tanres of deceit."-Ajust weight-Heb." A prrfect that walketh, being a tale-hearer;"' or rather, as Dr. stone;" stones were uudoubtedly used origiual.y as Hodgson reuders it, “ A tale-bearer, walking about, weights.

revealeth secrets." Ver. 4. Righteousness delirereth. See chap. X. 2. Ver. 15. Shall smart for it-Heb. " Shall be sore Ver. 6. Shall direct (fleb. " rectify") his way. broken," or afflieted Suretyship-Heb." These

Ver. 7. When a wicked man, &c. - This assertion that strike hands.". See chap. vi. i, &c. strongly implies that the righteous hath hope in his : Ver. 16. A gracious woman--that is, a benevolent, d-ath, as in chap. xiv. 32.

kind-hearted womon. Compare next verse. Ver. 12. Void of wisdom - Heb. “ Destitute of Ver. 21. Though hard join in hand - that is heart."

though wicked men combine their power and interest.

Farther miscellaneous) CHAP. XII.

(proverbs. 23 The desire of the righteous is only good : but the expectation of the

CHAP. XII. wicked is wrath.

WHOSO loveth instruction loveth 24 There is that scattereth, and knowledge : but he that hateth yet increaseth; and there is that reproof is brutish. withholdeth more than is meet, but it 2 A good man obtaineth favour of tendeth to poverty.

the Lord: but a man of wicked de 25 The liberal soul shall be made vices will he condemn. fat: and he that watereth shall be 3 A man shall not be established by watered also himself.

wickedness : but the root of the righte26 He that withholdeth corn, the ous shall not be moved. people shall curse him : but blessing 4 A virtuous woman is a crown to shall be upon the head of him that her husband: but she that maketh selleth it.

ashamed is as rottenness in bis bones. 27 He that diligently seeketh good 6 The thoughts of the righteous are procureth favour: but he that seeketh right : but the counsels of the wicked mischief, it shall come unto him. are deceit.

28 He that trusteth in his riches 6 The words of the wicked are to shall fall : but the righteous shall flou- lie in wait for blood : but the mouth of rish as a branch.

the upright shall deliver them. 29 He that troubleth his own house 7 T'he wicked are overthrown,' and shall inherit the wind : and the fool are not : but the house of the righteshall be servant to the wise of heart. ous shall stand. 30 The fruit of the righteous is a

8 A man shall be commended actree of life; and he that winneth souls cording to his wisdom: but he that is is wise.

of a perverse heart shall be despised. 31 Behold, the righteous shall be 9 He that is despised, and hath a recompensed in the earth : much more servant, is better than he that honourthe wicked and the sinner. (L) eth himself, and laeketh bread.


charity, and represents the vast difference (L) Marims of justice and equity. This there is between virtue and vice, both in chapter contains many general observa- order to men's private safety, and to the tions on these topics, and on the means of public security. After which follow many happiness. It begins with an admonition wise and pithy observations, with such reconcerning justice in our dealings with marks on suudry virtues and vices, as are each other, without which society cannot calculated to invite to the one, and deter be preserved. In the next place, the wise from the other. Among the most striking mais gives a caution against pride, as a is, (ver. 22.) “ A fair woman who has certain forerunner of ruin : this, showing departed froin discretion (or virtue) is comitself in forgetfulness of God, confidence pared to a ring of gold in a swine's snout." in themselves, and despising others, natu- That is, beauty sunk into licentiousness is rally leads men to destruction.

perverted from its just end, as a golden Solomon next commeods sincerity and ring routing in the filth of a pigstye.


NOTES. Ver. 3. The liberal soul (Heb.“ the soul of bless- than another; but as the just shall be rewarded or ing") shall be made fat--that is, enriched with chastened according to liis conduct, so assuredly the

wicked shall not go unpunished! So the LXX, "If Yer. 29. He that troubleth his own house (pro- the righteous scarcely be saved," that is not with. bably by bis penuriousness) shall inherit the wind out chastisement for his sins," where shall the un. that is, he shall get nothing by it. See ver. 24. godly and sinner appear?” And this appears to be Ver. 31. The jruit of the righteous. — 'This we quoted by an aposie, 1 Pet. iv. 18. apprehend to be an elliptical expression, “ the fruit the righteons is like the fruit of the tree of life." See ehap. iii. 18. He that winneth-catcheth, or

CHAP. XI. Ver. 4. A virtuous wife is a crowntaketh; an allusion to hunters.

This alludes to the ancient custom of wearing chapVer. 31. Behold, the righteous shall be recom- leis, and nuptial crowns. See Sol. Song, iji. 11. pensed in the earth; much more--This does not Ver. 9. He that is despised and hath a servantitaply that the Almighty is more just to pne class Heb." Is servant to himself," or " his own servant."

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More general maxims] CHAP. XIII.

[on various subjects.

9 The light of the righteous reCHAP. XIII

joiceth: but the lamp of the wicked

shall be put out. WISE son heareth his father's 10 Only by pride cometh conten

instruction : but a scorner heareth tion: but with the well advised is not rebuke.

wisdom. 2 A man shall eat good by the fruit 11 Wealth gotten by vanity shall of his mouth : but the soul of the be'diminished : but he that gathereth transgressors shall eat violence. by labour shall increase.

3 He that keepeth his mouth keep- 12 Hope deferred maketh the heart eth his life: but he that openeth wide sick: but when the desire cometh, it is his lips shall have destruction.

a tree of life. 4 The soul of the sluggard desireth, 13 Whoso despiseth the word shall and hath nothing : but the soul of the be destroyed : but he that feareth the diligent shall be made fat.

commandment shall be rewarded. 5 A righteous man hateth lying: 14 The law of the wise is a founbut a wicked man is loathsome, and tain of life, to depart from the snares cometh to shame.

of death. 6 Righteousness keepeth him that 15 Good understanding giveth fais upright in the way: but wickedness vour: but the way of transgressors is overthroweth the sinner.

hard. 7 There is that maketh himself rich, 16 Every prudent man dealeth with yet hath nothing: there is that maketh knowledge : but a fool layeth open his himself poor, yet hath great riches. folly.

8 The ransom of a man's life are 17 A wicked messenger falleth into his riches : but the poor heareth not mischief : but a faithful ambassador is



EXPOSITION. especially those of the tongue; among sion. For contracted and degenerate which Ajelancthon commends this to the minds, imagine these things appertain not remembrance of the reader, (ver. 22.) to them ; but the mind that looks upon Lying lips are an abomination to the itself as a nobler portion of the universe, Lord,' who recommends to us, (says he,) is kindly affected towards inferior creathe love and care of truth, both iw doctrines tures out of the coinmunion there is be. concerning himself, and in arts and in all tween them ; therefore, we sce, that under honest covenants and contracts. For truth the old law there were many precepts conbeing among the chief and most conspi- cerning this, which were not so much ceremous virtues, the contrary vice is con- níonial, as institutious of mercy." (See demoed by a terrible word-abomination." Exod. xxxiii 5, 19; Deut. v. 4, &c.) Lord Bacon upon another passage in Without sanctioning every expression of this chapter, (ver. 10.) observes, “That this great man, we may freely admit the there is iinplanted in man's nature, a voble importance of this moral duty of comand excellent affection of pity and compas- passion to the brute creation. “A righsion (called bere Mercy,) which extends ieous man regardéth the life of his beast; itself even unto brute creatures, that are but the tender mercies of the wicked," by divine ordination subject to his coin- even their pretended kindnesses, are, in mand. Nay, further, it is most certain fact, cruel. And if their kindness be that the worthier any soul is, (i.e. the bet-' cruel, what, then, can we think of their ter ite disposition, the larger is its compas.' severity ?

NOTES. CHAP. XIII. Ver. 2. Eat violence. This expres. Ver. 14. To depart—Heb. “To turn bim.” So sion appears to us elliptical; the latter clause, fully Boothroyd, &c. expressed, would be, but the soal of transgressors Ver. 17. A wicked messenger falleth into mischief,

by the fruit of their mouth) shall eat violence." (or evil, and involves others with bin,) but a faithe Compare chap. xii. 14.

Jul ambassador (the class of messengers bere intendVer. 11. Gathereth by labour - Heb. " With the ed) is health Holden, " A healing medicine;" it hand.”

being his office to heal differences, and promote Ver. 13. Skall be rewarded-Marg. " Shall be in peace. Besee."

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