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A psalm]

(of praise PSALM CVIJI.

the strength of mine head; Judah is my

lawgiver; 9 Moab is my washpot; ove [Omit, and pass to Psalm cx.] Edom will I cast out my shoc; over Phi

Jistia will I triumph. 10 Who will brin A Song or Psalm of David.

me into the strong city? who will lead m O GOD, my heart is fixed; I will sing iuto Edom?.. 17 Wilt pot thor, o God

and give praise, even with my glory. who hast cast us off? and wilt oot thou, 2 Awake, psaltery and harp: I myself will God, go forth with our hosts?

12 Giy awake early. 3 I will praise thee, O us help from trouble: for vain is the bel LORI), among the people: and I will sing of man. 13 Through God we sball d praises unto thee among the nations. valiantly: for he it is that shall tread dow 4 For thy mercy is great above the heaven's : our enemies. and thy truth reachelh unto the clouds. 5 Be thou exalted, O God, above the hea- To the chief Musician. A Psalm of Dava

PSALM CIX. 6 That thy beloved inay be delivered : save HOLD not thy peace, o God of it with thy right hand, and answer me. praise;

th 7 God hath spoken in his holiness; I will wicked and the mouth of the deceitful a rejoice, I will divide Shechem, and mete opened against me: they have spoke out the valley of Succoth. 8 Gilead is against me with a lying tongue.

3 TW mine ; Manasseh is mive; Ephraim also is compassed me about also with words

EXPOSITION—Psalm CVII. Continued. are all frequently overtaken; and rere is ples on earth did, " Lord save, or we p a baven which we all desire to behole and rislı!" be will make the storm subsi to enter. For the church is a ship; the into a calm, and “bring us to our desir world is a sea ; temptations, persecutions, haven." , and afflictions are the waves of it; the in the conclusion, the psalmist farth prioce of the power of the air is the stormy illustrates the conduct of Divine Prot wind which raises them, and heaven is the dence, iu changing the face of nature only port of rest and security. Often punish the rebellious, or to save and ble during the voyage, for our punishment the penitent or obedient of his people. T or our trial, God permitteth us to be thus concluding verse is particularly intere assaulted.” But, as the worthy prelate ing, as containing this important fact, th adds, in all such cases, prayer is the only those who study this subject, will co resource; and if we cry to Him who go- stantly find in it the most pleasing ex! verns and directs the storm, as his disci. bition of the loving-kindness of the Lord The curses]

NOTES. PSALM CVIII. Title- A Song or Psalm oy Da- nicott, Professor Michaelis, and others, who attrib vid. On the difference between a song or psalm, we all the curses from ver. 6 to 19 inclusive, to Das have not yet remarked, nor is it easy to be ascer- enemies. Dr. Boothroyd, however, remarks, tained. If, as some have supposed, the term psalm David, adopting these imprecations as bisown in implies the accompaniment of instruments, and song 20th verse, "Let this be the reward of mine • does not, itmay be equivalent to " with or without mies," &c. reinstates all the difficulty arising 11 instruments." But this is by no means certain. a supposition of the preceding language being hi

Ver. 1. O God, my heart is fired, &c.---This psalm bishop Horne and others, therefore, adopt a being composed of two others, which we have al. ferent mode of explanation. His Lordship rem: ready noticed, we have not thought it necessary 10 on ver. 6, “ As most of the following verbs are in repeat it in the family reading. The tirst five verses future tense, and the rest have evidently a predic of this psalm are the last five of Psalm Ivii. and the and future import, the same liberty is bere taken remaining eight are taken from Psalm Ix. 5-12. him) as in Ps. Ixix. of rendering them throng? They were probably united for some occasion at uniformly in that tense; by which means, the co present unknown, and which it is useless to conjec. pronounced in this psalm will at once appear t ture.

of the same import with those in the 28th chaptı

Deuteronomy," which see. PSALM CIX. Our reasons for passing over this But as St. Peter quotes this psalm in the imp psalm in family reading, must be sufficiently obvi- tive, in Acts i. 16, 20, 25, and applies some of ons from the psalm itself, which is very difficult of imprecations to the traitor Judas, it seems doul interpretation. Bishop Patrick, and other commen- whether we have sufficient authority to inter tators, following Aben Ezra and D. Kimchi, apply them all in the simple future. Two things are, the psalm in the frst place to David, under the per- ever, certain ; 1. That such expressions can onl secution of Saul and his party, particularly Dorg, justified when nttered under the influence of im the Edomite. But we incline rather to refer the diate inspiration; and, 2. We ought in no cas psalm to a subsequent period; namely, that of Ab. use such Scriptures in expression of private mal salom's rebellion, and to attribute the curses here lence. Thechurch is in many places (See Rev. recited to Shimei,“ u hose mouth was full of cursing 2, 3, &c.) represented as confirming or applau and bitterness," while David, like his great Antitype, the divine judgments on the wicked, in the * blessed and cursed not.” (See 2 Sam. xvi. 5–13.) manner as the spectators of a public trial may Such was the conjecture of Drs. Sykes and Ken. mend the conduct of a judge, in proncuncing


[of the wicked. hatred ; and fought against me without a 21 But do thou for me, O God the Lord, cause. 4 For my love they are my ad- for thy name's sake: because thy mercy is versaries: but I give myself unto prayer. good, deliver thou me. 22 For I am 3 And they have rewarded me evil for poor and neédy, and my heart is wounded good, and batred for my love. 6. Set within me. 23 I am gone like the shathou a wicked mau over him; and let dow when it declineth : I am tossed up and Satan stand at his right hand. 7 When down as the focust. 24 My knees are he shall be judged, let him be condemned: weak through fasting; and my flesh failand let bis prayer become sin. 8 Let eth of fatness. 25 I became also a rehis days be few; and let another take his proach unto them : when they looked upon office. 9 Let his children be fatherless, me they shaked their heads.

26 Help and his wife a widow. 10 Let his chil-me, O LORD my God : O save me according dren be continually vagabonds, and beg, to thy mercy : 27 Tbat they may know let them seek their bread also out of their that this is thy hand; that thou, LORD, desolate places. I Let the extortioner hast done it. 28 Let them curse, but catch all that he hath ; and let the stran- bless thou: when they arise, let them be gers spoil lis labour. 12 Let there be ashamed; but let thy servant rejoice. tone to extend mercy unto him: neither 29 Let mine adversaries be clothed with let there be any to favour his fatherless shame, and let them cover themselves with children. 13 Let his posterity be cut their own confusion, as with a mantle, off ; and in the generation following let 30 I will greatly praise the Lord with my their name be blotted out. 14 Let the mouth ; yea, I will praise him among the iniquity of his fathers be remembered multitude. 31 For he shall stand at the with the LORD; aud let not the sin of his right hand of the poor, to save him from mother be blotted out. 15 Let them be those that condemn his soul. before the LORD continually, that he may cut off the memory of them from the

PSALM Cx. 16 Because that he remembered not to shew mercy; but persecuted the

À Psalm of David. poor and needy man, that he might even slay the broken in heart. 17 As he THE LORD said unto my Lord, loved cursing, so let it come unto him: as Sit thou at my right hand, until he delighted not ip blessing, so let it be far I make thine enemies thy footstool. from him. 18 As he clothed hiinself

2 The LORD shall send the rod of with cursing like as with his garment, so Let it come into his bowels like water, and thy strength out of Zion: rule thou like oil into his bones. 19 Let it be unto in the midst of thiné enemies. him as the garment which covereth him, 3 Thy people shall be willing in and for a girdle wherewith he is girded the day of thy power, in the beauties Continually. of mine adversaries from the Lord, and of holiness from the womb of the mornof them that speak evil against my soul. ing : thou hast the dew of thy youth.



NOTES. tence on a criminal clearly convicted, without the Lord - Heb. « Jehovah assuredly said unto my least personal enmity to the culprit. Alter these Adon," which last word is used for lord, in every Freeral remarks, wé subjoin a few on particular variety of rank, from the master of a family to the

sovereign of an empire. In its origin, this title Ver.l. God of my praise - that is, worthy to be seems similar to the Italian cardinal, which means praised. Psalm cxiii. 3.

primarily a hinge, as Adon does a socket; hence Ver. 2. Mouth of the deceitful-Heb. "Of deceit." figuratively applied to executive magistrates, on Ver. 6. Set thor a wicked mun - Bishop Horue, whom the government rests, and public affairs turn. Thou wilt set the wicked one over him." See Acts Sit thou at my right hand. - This was the place i. 15. &c.—Satan-Marg. "An adversary.". of honour, Ps, xlv.9. So the Greeks placed Mi.

Ver. 7. Be condemned - Heb. “Go out guilty;" nerva on the right hand of Jove; and Niebuhr rei. e. to prisots, or execution.—Let his prayer be- lates, that when he had an audience of the Imam of come sin.-Bp. Horsley remarks, that “the Jewish of Sana (in Arabia), the Imam placed his sons on worship is now become sin, as it contains a standing his right hand, and his brothers on his left

. See denial of our Lord.”

Orient. Lit. No. 802.Thy footstool.-See Note Ver, 8. His

office – Marg. " Charge.” Acts i. 20. on Ps. xviii. 40; also Acts ii. 35. Ver. 18. Into his boxels-Heb. Within him." Ver. 2. The rod-Or “ Sceptre," See Note on Ver.13. Tossed up and down as the locust:--- Dr. Gen. xlix, 10. Shaw, when at Algiers, says, “When the wind blew Ver. 3. Thy people shall be willing-Ainsworth, briskly, so that these swarms (of locnsts) were “Voluntaries," or volunteers, meaning, as he excrowded by others, we had a lively idea of being plains it, such as shall freely and liberally present leased op and down as the locust."

both themselves and their oblations. In the beanVer. 31. From those that condemn-Heb. “ From ties of holiness--"In the beautiful sanctuary,” says the judges of his soul."

Dr. Durell, meaning, perhaps, that Messiah's volun

teers were there to assemble. Others, " In the PSALM CX. Ver. 1. The Lord said unto my beautiful vestments," alluding to the splendid dresses


The kingdom]


[and glory of Messiah. 4 The Lord hath sworn, and will he shall fill the places with the dead not repent, Thou art a priest for ever bodies; he shall wound the heads after the order of Melchizedek.

over many countries. 5 The LORD' at thy right hand 7 He shall drink of the brook in shall strike through kings in the day the way: therefore shall he lift up of his wrath.

the head. (N) 6 He shall judge among the heathen,


To this it is evident the Jews could give PSALM CX.

no satisfactory answer, being ignorant (N) The kingdom, priesthood, and final (perhaps wilfully ignorant) of the true chatriumphs of the Messiah.—This very much racter of the Messiah ; and such appears resembles the second psalm, by the same to be the case with mauy others. author (David ;) and refers to the same In viewing this psalm with relation to events, namely, the conversion of the hea- the progress of Christ's kingdom, we may tben, and the universal prevalence of Mes- remark, that all his army consists of volunsiah's kingdom. It begins, like the for- teers; yet have they so little idea of merit mer, with narrating a divine decree. in themselves, that they give him the glory, “The Lord said unto my Lord;" and pro- by offering to him the fruit of all their mises him “ the heathen for his inherit- spiritual conflicts. They are like “the ance, and the uttermost parts of the earth governors of the people (namely, of Israel) for his possession." He is also ordained that offered themselves willingly" to the a priest, as well as king, and that of an war; (Judges v. 9.) and when they gained order peculiar to himself, an “everlasting a victory, brought with cheerfulness their priesthood," (See Heb. v. 6; vi. vii.) offerings to the Lord, saying with Solomon, which admits of no succession and no “ All things come of thee, and of thine change.

own have we given thee." (1 Chron. xxix. Quoting this psalm in evidence of the 14; 2 Chron. xv. 11. 12.). divinity of Christ, Dr. J. Pye Smith judi- The last verse is attended with considerciously remarks :-“ 'The Messiah is here able difficulty. Many commentators exrepresented as a person distinct from Jeho. plain drinking of the brook, in reference vah, and as receiving from him a dominion to our Redeemer's sufferings, and it is certhe most extensive-a dominion, the exer- tain that these not only preceded, but were cise of which is described in characters the cause of his subsequent exaltation. which we cannot, without difficulty, con- (Phil. ii. 9.) It is true also, that suffering ceive as inherent in a merely created and is often expressed by drinking; but it is dependant being. He is represented as usually from a cup, and the liquor is minga sovereign, no less than a priest; as re- led with some deleterious ingredients; or ceiving the homage of his devoted sub- if it be water, it is dirty, or mixed with jects; and as employing irresistible pow- gall; but never the clear stream. The imers in discomfiting and punishing his per- agery here is therefore borrowed from the sisting opposers. Jesus certainly proposed case of a conqueror, who, faint or thirsty in this passage, as involving his enemies in the battle, refreshes himself at the stream an unanswerable difficulty. How, then, he passes, and pursues the enemy with redoth David, by the Spirit, call him Lord, newed vigour. That the Saviour, for our saying, Jehovah said to my Lord,” &c. sakes, endured many bitter conflicts, is inIf David, then, call him (Messiah) Lord, disputable; and as we know that he was how is he his son ?” (Matt. xxii. 43–46.) encouraged and supported by communi

NOTES-Psalm CX, Con. of the priests, typifying (as Ainsworth suggests) the N. B. In pointing this verse, the colon should be graces and virtues of the Holy Spirit. See Rer. placed, not at morning, but at holiness, thus : " Thy xix. 14.

people shall be willing (or volunteers) in the beauty Ibid. From the womb of the morning - Marg. of holiness: more than the womb of the morn. " More than the womb of the morning thou shalt ing thou hast the dew of thy youth.". have,” &c. This passage is confessedly very diffi- Ver.5. The Lord at thy right hand. This is evi. cult.' Bp. Lonth renders it, “ Beyond, (or more dently addressed to Jehovali, and refers to Messiah. abundant than) the womb of the morning, is the dew Com are ver. 1. of thy youth ;' taking this word in the sense of pro- Ver. 6. Heskall fill the places-That is, the field geny, or offspring, as Dr. Watts had before explained of battle shall be covered with the slain. He shall " Thy converts shall surpass

wound the heads over many countries-Heb. "The

head over a great country. Su Horsley; but kenThe numerous drops of morning dew:”

nicott renders it, " The head over many a country." is also alphabetical. See op ver. 1. of the preceding. ed) with his disciples on that occasio But to the upright, “ there ariseth light The Psalm before us, which formed t in darkness.” A gleam of light from hea- first part of the great Hallel, represei

are sure.



[to praise God.

7 The works of his hands are verity PSALM CXI.

and judgment; all his commandments PRAISE ye the Lord. I will praise the Lord with


whole 8 They stand fast forever and beart

, in the assembly of the upright, ever, and are done in truth and upand in the congregation.

rightness. 2 The works of the LORD are 9 He sent redemption unto his peogreat, sought out of all them that have ple: he hath commanded his covenant pleasure therein.

for ever: holy and reverend is his name. 3 His work is honourable and glo- 10 The fear of the LORD is the rious : and his righteousness endureth beginning of wisdom: a good under

standing have all they that do his 4 He hath made his wonderful commandments: his praise endureth works to be remembered : the LORD for ever. (O) is gracious and full of compassion.

PSALM CXII. 5 He hath given meat unto them that fear :

Lord. fal of his covenant.

is the man that feareth the 6 He hath shewed his people the Lord, that delighteth greatly in his power of his works, that he may give commandments. them the heritage of the heathen. 2 His seed shall be mighty upon

for ever.

EXPOSITION. cations from above; such may reasonably votion, give themselves to the contemplabe supposed here referred to. (See Matt. tion of these works, and take pleasure and iv. ll; John xii. 28.)

delight therein. To them shall the gate of That this psalm refers solely and exclu- true science open ; they shall understand sively to our Redeemer is certain, from its (to a certain extent) the mysteries of creaapplication, in the New Testament; and, tion, providence, and redemption ; and indeed, this was freely admitted by the they who thus seek shall find the treasures more ancient Jews, as may be seen in of eternal wisdom :" for “ the fear of the Pool's Synopsis, and other commentaries; Lord is the beginning of wisdom," and though now they find it necessary in many should be laid as the foundation of all our cases to pervert the Old Testament, to ex- studies and enquiries. cuse their rejectiou of the New.

“ They that would grow divinely wise,

Must with his fear begin;

Our fairest proof of knowledge lies
In hating every sin."

Watts. (O) A Psalm of general Thanksgiving: - The great naturalist, Linnæus, affords It commences with an admiration of the here a bright example. It is said, that works of nature and providence,which“ are “ wherever he found an opportunity of exsought out of all them that have pleasure patiating on the greatness, the providence, therein.”. “ Nothing (says Bishop

Horne) and omnipotence of God, which frequently cometh from the bands of the divine ar- happened in his lectures and botanical extist, but what is excellent and perfect in cursions, his heart glowed with a celestial its kind. . . . . Happy are they who, with fire, and his mouth poured forth torrents humility and diligence, with faith and de- of admirable eloquence."

NOTES. PSALM CXI. Ver. ). Praise the Lord - Heb. Ver. 5. Given meat - Heb.“ Prey;" i.e. food. Hallelujak. That this should be considered as the Some think this refers to the manna rained upon title, and no part of the psalm itself, is evident Israel in the wilderness; we should rather think, to from the alphabetical construction of the poem, the quails. See Ps. cv. 40. which is acrostic, and begins with Aleph, - Ver. 8. They stand fast-Heb.“ Are established.” whereas Hallelujah begins with the 5th letter of the Ver. 10. Good understanding – Marg. “ Good alphabet, answering to our H. See Note on title to success.'

Ver. 4. His wonderful works to be remembered.- PSALM CXII. Ver. 1. Praise, &c.—This psalm Lorath, " A memorial of his wonders.

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(to praise. earth : the generation of the upright and melt away: the desire of the shall be blessed.

wicked shall perish. (P) 3 Wealth and riches shall be in his house and his righteousness en

PSALM CXIII. dureth for ever.

RAISE ye the Lord. Praise, 4 Unto the upright there ariseth

ye servants of the LORD, Light in the darkness : he is gracious, praise the name of the Lord. and full of compassion, and righte- 2 Blessed be the name of the LORD ous.

from this time forth and for evermore. 5 A good man sheweth favour, and 3 From the rising of the sun unto lendeth : he will guide his affairs with the going down of the same, the Lord's discretion.

name is to be praised. 6 Surely he shall not be moved for 4 The Lord is high above all naever: the righteous shall be in ever- tions, and his glory above the heavens. lasting remembrance.

5 Who is like unto the LORD our 7 Xe shall not be afraid of evil God, who dwelleth on high; tidings: his heart is fixed, trusting in 6 Who humbleth himself to behold the Lord.

the things that are in heaven, and in 8 His heart is established, he shall the earth! not be afraid, until he see his desire 7 He raiseth up the poor out of the upon his enemies.

dust, and lifteth the needy out of the 9 He hath dispersed, he hath given dunghill; to the poor; his righteousness endureth 8 That he may set him with princes, for ever; his horn shall be exalted even with the princes of his people. with honour.

9 He maketh the barren woman ta 10 The wicked shall see it, and be keep house, and to be a joyful mothe grieved ; he shall gnash with his teeth, of children. Praise ye the LORD. (Q



ven will penetrate the most gloomy situa (P) The happiness of them that fear tion-the most distressful scene. God.- Bishop Patrick considers this psalm “ There is a light that gilds the darkest bonr, as a short commentary on the final verse, When dangers thicken, and wben tempests lowel of the preceding. It founds all the happi

That calm to faith, and hope and love is given

That peace remains when all besides is rirenness of man on delight in God, and on be

That light shines down on earth direct from het nevolence to our fellow-creatures : the

Edmesten. greatest luxury that a good man can enjoy. “Love and liberality (says Bishop

PSALM CXIII. Horne,) do good to themselves, by doing (9) An invitation to praise God contini it to others, and enjoy all the happiness ally.--Tbis psalm, and the five followin which they cause.” On the other hand, constitute what the Jews call the gre the wicked are envious at the prosperity of Hallel, or Hymn of Praise, which was r the righteous ; they are grieved, evraged, cited at most of their festivals, and par and finally melt (or faint) with envy, to cularly at the Passover, and was probal see their enjoyments, even in this life, the hymn which our Lord sang (or cha while their own desires perish.

NOTES. Ver. 4. Light ariseth -“ Springeth up," as the PSALM CXIII, Ver. 5. Who dwelleth on hig sun rise th. See Mal. iv, 2.

Heb. "Exalteth himself to dwell." See P Ver. 5. W lion-Heb.“ with judgment." CXxxviii. 6. According to Bp. Horne, this verse might berendered, Ver. 9. To keep house - Heb. "To dwell in " It is well with the man who is gracious and com- house." Dr: boothroyd renders the verse 1 municative: He will support (or maintain) bis " She who resideth barien at home, he maket words (or transactions) in judgment."

joyful mother of children." Praise ye the L Ver. 9. He hath dispersed. - See 2 Cor. ix. 9. -Dr. Boothroyd considers this as the title of the

Ver. 10. Mell-Either from fear, Josh. ii. il. or lowing psalm, which we think very probable. grief, Ps. xxii. 18.

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