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More general]

(observations. 18 Poverty and shame shall be to him that refuseth instruction : but he

CHAP. XIV. that regardeth reproof shall be ho- EVERY wise woman buildeth her poured.

house: but the foolish plucketh 19 The desire accomplished is sweet it down with her hands. to the soul: but it is abomination to 2 He that walketh in his uprightfools to depart from evil.

ness feareth the LORD: but he ihat is 20 He that walketh with wise men perverse in his ways despiseth him. shall be wise: but a companion of fools 3 In the mouth of the foolish is a shall be destroyed.

rod of pride: but the lips of the wise 21 Evil pursueth sinners: but to the shall preserve them. righteous good shall be repaid.

4 Where no oxen are, the crib is 22 A good man leaveth an inherit- clean: but much increase is by the ance to his children's children: and strength of the ox. the wealth of the sinner is laid up for 5 A faithful witness will not lie: the just.

but a false witness will utter lies. 23 Much food is in the tillage of 6 A scorner seeketh wisdom, and the poor: but there is that is destroy- findeth it not: but knowledge is easy ed for want of judgment.

unto him that understandeth, 24 He that spareth his rod hateth 7 Go from the presence of a foolish his son : but he that loveth hiin chas-, man, when thou perceivest not in him teneth him betimes,

the lips of knowledge. 25 The righteous eateth to the sa- 8 The wisdom of the prudent is to tisfying of his soul : but the belly of understand his way: but the folly of the wicked shall want. (N)

fools is deceit.


the merchandize to good account, (chap. (N) More general maxims on various iii. 14 ,) but “the fool layeth open (Margo subjects.-We shall notice two or three spreadeth out) his folly," as travelling passages that require explanation. Ver. 8. merchants do their goods, but to no effect; we reail, " There is [a man) who maketh for who will purchase fully? himself rich," that is, accumulates great Again, ver. 22. We learn that a good wealth,“ yet liath nothing;" because, in man “ leaveth an inheritance to his chilarbitrary countries, if this became knowo, dren's children,” which may, in the first the prince may, uuder some pretence or place, intimate that he does not forfeit his other, demand the whole, as in the next inheritance, either by extravagance or verse, for “ the ransom of their life." On crimc: yet this inheritance does not always the other hand, there are benevolent per- consist of lands and tenements; but the sons who spend their property in doing character of a good man is often a good, who enjoy great riches in the public to his children; and his blessing and esteem, and are not likely to be called prayers their best inheritance. upon in the way just mentioned. Their Bishop Hall esteemed the prayers and adcharacter screens them from the suspicion monitions of his pious mother; and the exof ill-gotten wealth, and from the rebuke celleut Mr. Flavel says, “ I bless God for a and restraint which that often calls for religious tender facher, who often poured from the government.

out bis soul to God for me, and this stock Ver 16. we read, “ Every prudent man of prayers I esteem above the fairest inher dealeth with (or in) knowledge,” and turus ritance on earth.”



NOTES. Ver. 23. There is that is destroyed--Or,“ There persons, the Hebrews represent a sword, or a rod (it is) destroyerl," or perishes, for want of judg. or branch, as it were, growing out of the month mnent in cultivation. See chap. xii. 1).

The former intends spiteful and malicious words Ver. 24. He that spareth his rod.-See Note on this, probably, vapouring and boasting language chap. iii. 12.

See Expos. chap. v.

Ver. 6. To him that understandeth - Rathel CHAP. XIV. Ver. 3. Is a rod for branch) of “ To him that bath understanding;" (Holden) *. pride.--According to the language or character of who hath been divinely taught.

his going

More general)

(observations. 9 Fools make a mock at sin : but 23 In all labour there is profit: but among the righteous there is favour. the talk of the lips tendeth only to

10 The heart knoweth his owo bit- penury: terness; and a stranger doth not in- 24 The crown of the wise is their termeddle with his joy.

riches: but the foolishness of fools is 11 The house of the wicked shall folly. be overthrown : but the tabernacle of 25 A true witness delivereth souls : the upright shall flourish.

but a deceitful witness speaketh lies. 12 There is a way which seemeth 26 In the fear of the Lord is strong right unto a man, but the end thereof confidence: and his children shall have are the ways of death.

a place of refuge. 13 Even in laughter the heart is 27 The fear of the Lord is a founsorrowful; and the end of that mirth tain of life, to depart from the snares is heaviness.

of death. 14 The backslider in heart shall be 28 In the multitude of people is the filled with his own ways: and a good king's honour: but in the want of nan shall be satisfied from himself . people is the destruction of

the 15 The simple believeth every word: prince. but the prudent man looketh well to 29 He that is slow to wrath is of

great understandiog: but he that is 16 A wise man feareth, and depart- hasty of spirit exalteth folly. eth from evil: but the fool rageth, and

30 A sound heart is the life of the is confident.

flesh: but envy the rottenness of the 17 He that is soon angry dealeth bones. foolishly: and a man of wicked de 31 He that oppresseth the poor re vices is hated.

proacheth his Maker: but he that 18 The simple inherit folly: but the honoureth hiin hath mercy on the prudent are crowned with knowledge. poor.

19 The evil bow before the good ; 32 The wicked is driven away in and the wicked at the gates of the his wickedness: but the righteous hath righteous.

hope in his death. 20 The poor is hated even of his 33 Wisdom resteth in the heart of Gia neighbour: but the rich hath him that hath understanding : but that many friends.

which is in the midst of fools is made 21 He that despiseth his neighbour known. sinneth : but he that hath mercy on 34 Righteousness exalteth a nation: the poor, happy is he.

but sin is a reproach to any people. 22 Do they not err that devise evil? 35 The king's favour is toward a but mercy and truth shall be to them wise servant: but his wrath is against that devise good.

him that causeth shame. (O)


woman throws all into confusion and dis(0) More general observations. _“As the tress : for so the wise man observes, “ She foregoing Chapter began with the charac- pulls down the house with her own bands," ter of a wise sou, so this with that of a that is, ruins the family without any other good mother, whó, by her prudent care, help. There needs no more than a bad makes the family flourish, when a foolish wife to undo a family." Bishop Patrick.

NOTES. Ver. 10. The heart knoweth his own billerness- Ver. 30. A sound heart-that is," an honest and Heb. - The bitterness of his soul.”

good heart.” Luke viii. 15. Ver.20. But the rich hath many friends-Heb.

Ver. 32. Hath hope in his death.-See Exposition, " Many are the lovers of the rich."

chap. x. Ver. n. The fear of the Lord. - See chap. xiii. 14. Ver. 33. That which is in the midst, &c.- that Per .. Heaty of spirit-Heb. “ Short of spirit." is, a fool soon discovers his own emptiness.


More general]


11 Hell and destruction are before CHAP. XV.

the Lord: how much more then the A SOFT answer turneth away hearts of the children of men ?

wrath: but grievous words stir up 12 A scorner loveth not one that anger.

reproveth him: neither will he go

unto 2 The tongue of the wise useth the wise. knowledge aright: but the mouth of

13 A merry heart maketh a cheerfools poureth out foolishness.

ful countenance: but by sorrow of the 3 The eyes of the LORD are in every heart the spirit is broken. place, beholding the evil and the good. 14 The heart of him that hath un

4 A wholesome tongue is a tree of derstanding seeketh knowledge: but life: but perverseness therein is a the mouth of fools feedeth on foolishbreach in the spirit.

5 A fool despiseth his father's in- 15 All the days of the afflicted are struction : but he that regardeth re

evil : but he that is of a merry

heart proof is prudent.

hath a continual feast. 6 In the house of the righteous is 16 Better is little with the fear of much treasure: but in the revenues of the Lord than great treasure and the wicked is trouble.

trouble therewith. :7 The lips of the wise disperse 17 Better is a dinner of herbs where knowledge: but the heart of the foolish love is, than a stalled ox and hatred doeth not so.

therewith. 8 The sacrifice of the wicked is an 18 A wrathful man stirreth up strife: abomination to the Lord: but the but he that is slow to anger appeaseth prayer of the upright is his delight. strife. 9 The way of the wicked is an 19. The

of the slothful man

is aboniination unto the Lord: but he as an hedge of thorns : but the way of loveth him that followeth after righte- the righteous is made plain.

20 A wise son maketh a glad father: 10 Correction is grievous unto him but a foolish man despiseth his mothat forsaketh the way: and he that ther. hateth reproof shall die.

• 21 Folly is joy to him that is des


EXPOSITION-Chap. XIV. Continued. In the sixth verse, Solomon observes, One other passage is too important to he "A scorner 'seeketh wisdom, and findeth passed over: “ The back slider in heart," it not;" on which the great Lord Bacon who secretly revolts from God, and turns hath made this useful gloss, “ He that back iuto the ways of sin," shall be filled comes to seek after knowledge, with a with his own ways:" he shall “ have inind (disposed) to scorn and censure, shall enough of it," as we proverbially say: he be sure to find matter enough for his hu- shall“ eat of the fruit of his own doings, mour, but none for his instruction :" the and be filled with his own devices," (chap. grand reason of which is, the want of that i. 31.) and the good man who perseveres humble disposition which our Lord de- in the way of truth and righteousuess, he clares necessary to constitute a disciple of also shall “ be satisfied from himself;" or Wisdoin's school, and a subject of the rather, as Mr. Holden and Dr. Boothroyd Saviour's kingdom. (Mark x. 15.) He that render it, “ from his ways ;" that is, the would be truly wise, must not be wise testimony of a good couscience, and the in his own conccit.

assurance of the divine favour and blessing.

NOTES. CHAP. XV. Ver. 2. Poureth out-Heb, “ belch- Ver. 11. Hell and destruction.-See Job xxvi. 6, eth, or bubbleth.”

and Note. Ver. 4. A wholesome tongur-Heb." "The healing.

Ver. 13. A merry-a lively, rejoicing heart. So of the tongue," or, as Boothroyd, The healing ver. 15. tongue."

Ver. 17. A dinner of herbs—that is, sallads. -A Ver. 10. Correction - Marg. “ Lastrnction.” So stalled or-An ox fatted in the stall. it is rendered, chap. i. 2, and below, ver. 52, 33. The Ver. 19. Is made plain-Heb. "Raised up, as a won bears both senses.


Miscellaneous proverbs) CHAP. XVI.

[continued. titute of wisdom : but a man of under- spiseth his own soul : but he that hearstanding walketh uprightly.

eth reproof getteth understanding. 22 Without counsel purposes are

33 The fear of the Lord is the indisappointed: but in the multitude of struction of wisdom; and before honour counsellors they are established. is humility. (P)

23 A man hath joy by the answer of his mouth: and a word spoken in

CHAP. XVI. due season, how good is it! THE preparations of the heart in

24 The way of life is above to the man, and the answer of the tongue, wise, that he may depart from hell is from the LORD. beneath.

2 All the ways of a man are clean in 25 The LORD will destroy the house his own eyes; but the LORD weigheth of the proud : but he will establish the the spirits. border of the widow.

3 Commit thy works unto the LORD, 26 The thoughts of the wicked are and thy thoughts shall be established. an abomination to the LORD: but the 4 The LORD hath made all things words of the pure are pleasant words. for himself: yea, even the wicked for

27 He that is greedy of gain troub- the day of evil. leth his own house; but he that hateth 5 Every one that is proud in heart gifts shall live.

is an abomination to the LORD: 28 The heart of the righteous studi- though hand join in hand, he shall eth to answer : but the mouth of the not be unpunished. wicked poureth out evil things.

6 By mercy and truth iniquity is 29 The Lord is far from the wick- purged: and by the fear of the LORD ed: but he heareth the prayer of the

men depart from evil. righteous.

7 When a man's ways please the 30 The light of the eyes rejoiceth LORD, he maketh even his enemies to the heart: and a good report maketh be at peace with him. the bones fat.

8 Better is a little with righteous31 The ear that heareth the reproof ness than great revenues without right. of life abideth among the wise.

9 A man's beart deviseth his way: 32 He that refuseth instruction de- but the Lord directeth his steps.


Lord: bow much more then the hearts of (P) More general observations. This the children of men !” (Comp. Ps.cxxxix.) chapter opens with wise counsels as to the When “ a inerry heart" is recommenduse and government of the tongueman arted, we must not understand it of a giddy of no little difficulty and importance. Soine or a thoughtless heart, but a cheerful and excellent instructions are then given rela- contented one, in opposition to that “sortive to public worship. « The sacrifice of row of heart” which breaks and overthe wicked," however large, however whelms the spirit. To whom "folly is costly, “ is an abomination to the Lord,” joy," (ver. 21.) he “is destitute of wisdom.” because the offerer himself, while a wicked - A word spoken in due season," may be man, cannot be accepted. Nor is there any either a word of admonition or of consolapossibility of deceiving the Almighty : tion : the former may save from ruin, the " For hell and destruction are before the latter from despair. (See chap. xxv. 11.)

NOTES. Ver. 21. Destitute of wisdom-Void of heart. that heareth-Marg." Obeyeth the truth, possesseth Ver. 23. In due season--Heb. “In its season;" an heart;" the heart being understood to be the seat opportanely, pertinently

of knowledge. Ver. 2. The way of life is above that is, elevated CHAP. XVI. Ver. 1. TI preparations-Marg. as a causes. See ver. 19.

" The disposings” of the beart. See Exposition. Ver. 26. 'Pleasant words—Heb. “ Words of plea- Ver. 3. Commit-Heb.“ Roll.” So Ps. xxxvii, 6.

Ver. 4. The Lord hath made-Not " created," Ver.27. Grredy of gain. See chap. i. 19. & Note. but prepared, provided, appointed;" as Exod. xv. Fer. 30. Mekelk (ke bones fat-that is, makes a

17; Ps. xxxi. 19. Gill's Cause of God, vol. i. p. 224. man cheerful and content.

Ver. 5. Unpunished — Heb. “ Held innocent." Ver. 32. Instruction. See Note ou ver.10,-fe Chap xi. 21.


Miscellaneous proverbs]


Luo roton [continued - 10 A divine sentence is in the lips 22 Understanding is a wellspring of of the king: his mouth transgresseth life unto him that hath it: but the innot in judgment

struction of fools is folly. 11 just weight and balance are 23. The heart of the wise teacheth the Lord's: all the weights of the bag his mouth, and addeth learning to his are his work. ve york 12 It is an abomination to kings to 24 Pleasant words are as an honeycommit wickedness: for the throne is comb, sweet to the soul, and health to established by righteousness.

the bones. to the soul, and 13 Righteous lips are the delight of 25 There is a way that seemeth kings; and they love him that speaketh right unto a man; but the end thereof right. 29 avro in

wo ist are the ways of death. od 14 The wrath of a king is as mes 26 He that laboureth laboureth for sengers of death: but a wise man will himself; for his mouth craveth it of pacify it. Toda

him. 15 In the light of the king's counte-27 An ungodly man diggeth up nance is life; and his favour is as a evil: and in his lips there is as a cloud of the latter world burning

16 How much better is it to get 28 Å froward man soweth strife: wisdom than gold ? and to get under- and a whisperer separateth chief standing rather to be chosen than friends. silver ?

29 A violent man enticeth his neigh17 The highway of the upright is to bour, and leadeth him into the way depart from evil: he that keepeth his that is not good. way preserveth his soul.

30 He shutteth his eyes to devise 18 Pride goeth before destruction, froward things: moving his lips he and an haughty spirit before a fall. bringeth evil to pass.

19 Better it is to be of an humble 31 The hoary head is a crown of spirit with the lowly, than to divide glory, if it be found in the way of the spoil with the proud.

righteousness. : 20 He that handleth a matter wisely 32 He that is slow to anger is better shall find good : and whoso trusteth in than the mighty; and he that ruleth the Lord, happy is he.

his spirit than he that taketh a city. 21 The wise in heart shall be called 33 The lot is cast into the lap; but prudent: and the sweetness of the lips the whole disposing thereof is of the increaseth learning.




translation. The Hebrew runs literally (2) Miscellaneous proverbs continued.- thus:The first apothegm, though it admits of

“ Toman (belongeth) the dispositions of the heart; a pious interpretation, is not an accurate But to Jehovah the answer of the longue:"

NOTES—Chap. XVI. Con. Ver. 10. A divine sentence—Heb. "Divination.” Ver. 23. Teacheth – Heb. “ Maketh wise" Ais This had reference, probably,

to what has been mouth. called “ The judgment of Solomon," 1 Kings iil. 28. Ver. 26. He that laboureth-Heb. “ The soul of Ver. 11. All the weights-Heb.Stones.”

the labourer laboureth for bimself; for his mouth Ver. 14. Messengers of death-The king's execu- boweth unto bim.” Holden, " Layeth this burden tioners. See Orient. Cust, No. 1:9.

on him." So Boothroyd. Ver. 15. As a cloud of the latter rain - which Ver. 27. An ungodly man--Heb.“ A son of Bepromises an abundant harvest. Bp. Patrick. lial," diggeth up evil; i, r, studies and labours to .Ver. 17. The highway of the upright-Ch. xv. 19, 24. find some ground of contention

revenge. See Bp. Ver. 20. He that handleth, &c.—Marg.“ He that Petrick. understandeth a matter."

Ver. 30. Moving his lips - that is, muttering Ver. 21. The spretness of the lips-is eloqnence, s.anders. which if it do not increase the learning of the Ver. 33. The whole disposing thereof--Bp. Lowth, speaker, wonderfully increases his reputation for it “ The deterimination of it," &c. with the bearers. Compare ver. 23.

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