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PSALMS.

[implored. him in safety from him that puffeth PSALM XII.

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6 The words of the Lord are pure To the chief Musician upon Sheminith. A Psalm of David.

words : as silver tried in furnace

of earth, purified seven times. HELP, LORD; for the godly man 7 Thou shalt keep them, O LORD,

ceaseth ; for the faithful fail thou shalt preserve them from this gefrom among the children of men. neration for ever.

2 They speak vanity every one with 8 The wicked walk on every side, his neighbour; with flattering lips, when the vilest men are exalted. (M) and with a double heart do they speak. 3 The LORD shall cut off all flat

PSALM XIII. tering lips

, and the tongue that speak- To the chief Musician. A Psalm of David. ech proud things:

OW long wilt thou forget me, 4 Who have said, With our tongue wil we prevail; our lips are our own: wilt thou hide thy face from me ? sho u lord over us?

2 How long shall I take counsel in 5 For the oppression of the poor, my soul, having sorrow in my heart for the sighing of the needy, now will daily? how long shall mine enemy be I arise, saith the Lord; 1 will set exalted over me?

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Paalm lixv. 8.)

EXPOSITION. el foal vengeance. It will be then ex- not forsake his people. His word is pure, hausted, even to the dregs, by unrepenting and his promises have been often tried. redels, when

burning coals, fire and Among the signs of our Lord's second brimstone,' and eternal · tempest,' shall coming, we have been taught to consider be the portion of their cup.'(Horne in this as one, that “the love of many shall

wax cold" toward him. (Matt. xxiv. 12.) The concluding sentiment is equally Many such seasons have occurred, and the eis sofatory to good men under every dis- Lord has been pleased, by signal appearpensation.'" As the righteous Lord loveth ances, to produce revivals in his church, righteousness," so he countenanceth the and such we still expect, even in an unpreUpright by his providence, and rewards cedented degree. But even the millennium them by his grace. The light of his coun- itself is to be followed with a degeneracy lenance sbali afford them everlasting hapo equally remarkable. Satan, though bound

for a thousand years, will be avain let loose PSALM XII.

with all the powers of infideliiy, (Rev. xx. 7 M A Psalm of David, imploring the -11.) so that finally, when the Son of Man Etthe aid in a time of great degeneracy.-- cometh, he shall find little faith upon the is in rain to conjecture to what particu- earth. (Luke xviii. 8.) “When the wicked - period this psalm originally referred ; walk around on every side, the vilest of

often do such unhappy periods occur, men shall be exalted ;” and when the h in the world and is the church. la thrones of earth are filled with intidels ani, turmer, by the spread of infidel and tyrants, then-when good men shall sbrink istic principles; and in the latter, by in despair uuder the power of the last tyukewarmness of zeal and the decay of

ranny-hen shall the “ sign of the Son of amung believers. We are encouraged, Mau" suddenly appear, and his “ trumpet er, to rest assured that the Lord will sound to judgment.”

7 XII. Title,

NOTES.
C'pon Sheminith. See haps it might be rendered, “ I will put him in safety

for whom the snare is laid.' Help-Marg. “ Savc.”

Ver. 6. Furnace-Bp. Horne, ** Crucible" of earth. A double heart-Heb. « A heart and a

Ver. 7. Preserve them-Heb.“ him;" i.e. every one

of them Proud things-Heb. " Great things.",

Ver.. The vilest men-Heb. "The vilest of the From him that puffeth at bim. - The

sons of men." part of the phrase is, that disregardeth the Hebrew rather means, probably, 10, a threatenings and slanghter against him."

PSALM. XII. Title-To the chief Musician. 1. I.) The margin reads, from bim

See title of Psalm is. and eastare bim » Bisbop Horsley says, pero 17

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PSALMS. 3 Consider and hear me, O LORD see if there were any that did undermy God : lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep stand, and seek God. the sleep of death;

3 They are all gone aside, they are 4 Lest mine enemy say, I have pre- all together become filthy: there is vailed against him; and those that none that doeth good, no, not one. trouble me rejoice when I am moved. 4 Have all the workers of iniquity 5 But I have trusted in thy mercy;

no knowledge ? who eat up my people my heart shall rejoice in thy salvation. as they eat bread, and call not upon

6 I will sing unto the Lord, be- the Lord. cause he hath dealt bountifully with 5 There were they in great fear : me. (N)

God is in the generation of the righ

teous. PSALM XIV.

6 Ye have shamed the counsel of To the chief Musieiun. A Psalm of David. the poor, because the Loep is his THE fool hath said in his heart, refuge.

There is no God. They are 7 Oh that the salvation of Israel corrupt, they have done abominable

were come out of Zion! when the works, there is none that doeth good. Lord bringeth back the captivity of

2. The LORD looked down from his people, Jacob shall rejoice, and a heaven upon

the children of men, to Israel shall be glad. (O)

EXPOSITION.
PSALM XIII.

also of persecution from the enemy. Id (N) A Psalm of David, complaining of both, deliverance is implored and confi. desertion, and imploring divine aid. - dence expressed, with a promise of the “ While God permits his servants to con- Jike grateful return of praise.

" The tinue under affliction, he is said, after the heart which trusteth in God's mercy (says manner of men, to have forgotten and hid the above excellent writer) shall alone rehis face from them.' For the use, there- joice in his salvation, and celebrate by the fore, of persous in such circumstances, is

tongue, in songs of praise, the loving-kindthis psalm intended; and consequently, it ness of the Lord. 'It is observable, that suits the different cases of the church uni

this and many other psalms with a mourn. versal, languishing for the advent of our ful beginning, liave a triumphant ending; Lord to deliver her from tbis evil world; of to show us the prevailing power of devoany particular church, in time of persecu- tion, and to convince us of the certain retion, and of each individual, when har- turn of prayer, sooner or later, bringing rassed by teinptations, or broken by sick- with it the comforts of heaven, to revive ness, pain, and sorrow. He who bore our and enrich our weary and barren spirits in sins, and carried our sorrows, may like- the gloomy seasons of sorrow and templawise be presumed to have made it a part tion, like the dew descending by night of his devotions in the day of trouble."- upon the withered summit of an easteru (Bishop Horne.)

mountain." The complaint of desertion here resembles that in the beginning of the twenty.

PSALM XIV. second Psalm, which we know was used (0) A Psalm of David, lamenting the deby our blessed Lord upon the cross; and pravity of human nature. This psalm is the complaint is not of desertion only, but also ascribed to David, but the occasiou i

NOTES.
Ver. 3. Lighlen mine eyes That is, restore to me word for the latter is used Job xv. 16.

At the en health and joy and comfort; for darkness is the sha.

of this verse, the present copies of the LXX inse dow of death.

three verses quoted by St. Paul in the third chaptVer. 5. I have trusted.-Or," I trust." Bp. Horne, of Romans from the other psalms, and which bau

thence beon also introduced into this psalm in PSALM. XIV. - This psalm bears the name Common Prayer-Book. of David, and is addressed likewise to the chief Ver. 4. Who (or they eat up ny people.That Musician. Another copy of it is given, with some devour the poor. See Micah ini. 3. slight variations, Psalm lui., and a difference in the Ver. 5. There were they in great fear.-H utle, which will be there noticed.

They feared a fear: the parallel passage, P's. liii. Ver. 3. Gont aside Become filthy. The expres. it is added " where no fear was" see that Psalm. ons, Mr. Herrey suggests, * are borrowed from

Ver. 7, () that, &c.- Marg, "Who will give,'' ines soureit for iurned, and meats putritied." The

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True citizens?
PSALMS.

Tof Zion.
that fear the LORD. He that sweareth
PSALM XV.

to his own hurt, and changeth not. 1 Psalik of David.

5 He that putteth not out his 'thet LORD, who shall abide in thy ta- money to usury, nor taketh reward

bernacle ? who shall dwell in thy against the innocent. He that doeth hely hill ?

these things shall never be moved. (P)
bi in
? He that walketh uprightly, and

PSALM XVI.
Forketh righteousness, and speaketh
the truth in his heart.

Michtam of David.
3 He that backbiteth not with his PRESERVE me, O God: for in
wogue, nor doeth evil to his neigh- thee do I put my trust.
bour, nor taketh up a reproach against 2 O my soul, thou hast said unto

the LORD, Thou art my Lord: my
4 ln whose eyes a vile person is goodness extendeth not to thee;
Coutem bed; but he honoureth them 3 But to the saints that are in the

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EXPOSITION. userstain. From the last verse some the offices of the Levitical priesthoud ;" lernen men have supposed it to have been but is simply intended to point out, that kita during the time of Absalom's re- moral “ righteousness is the qualification bria, when the ark was in possession of which alone can fit any one to be a guest his party : (See 2 Sam. xix. 9-15,) others in God's tabernacle," --a citizen of 2101. refer it to the period of the Babylouish cap- This qualification, however, implies no brity; but St. Paul plainly refers us to claim of merit, but simply moral fitness. the days of Messiah, and to a future re- " The man (says Bishop Horne,) who Mēratioa of the Jews subsequent to tbeir would be a citizen of Zion, and there enter version. (Rom. xi. 26, &c. compare into the rest and joy of his Lord, must set Pralmer. 2; Isa.lazi. 11; Zech. ir. 9.) The that Lord always before him. 'Renewed chat subject of this psalm, however, is through grare, endued with a lively faith, the landelity of the buman heart, for infi. and an operative charity, he must consider dity is unquestionably more a disease of aud imitate the life of that blessed Person, he heart than of the head; the corruption who walked amongst men without parf cur nature gives an unliappy bias to the taking of their corruptions; who conjudement. S:n makes fools of us all; aud versed unblaineably with sinners; who was in the greatest fvol whose mind is most could give this challenge to lois inveterate Get the influence of depraved passious, enemies, .Wbich of you couviuceth me kleitu not only lead to abominable actions, of sio ?' in whom the grand accuser, when

219C upacilate for doing good. “The con- he came 'found nothing;' who being himstation of the apostacy and curruption self. the truth,' thought and spake of nouaukiod, described in this psalm, thing else, making many promises and

es the prophet express a longing de performing them all, • for the salvation of Israel,' which

" In the above comnient (says Bishop to go furth out of Zion,' and to bring Horne) it was thought most advisable to the people of God from that most open and display the full intent of what dful of all captivities, the captivity was both enjoined auid forbidden, by ex* «in and death; a salvation at which einplifying each particular. Whuever shall would indeed 'rejuice, and Israel be survey and copy these virtues and graces - Bishop Horne)

as they present themselves in his life,

(relying at the same time on his atone PSALM XI'.

ment,) will, it is humbly apprehended, take (Psalm of David, describing a citi

the best and shortest way to the heavenly man-We agree with Bishop Hors. Zion;" and shall never be expelled from : this psalın has “ po allusion to

the eternal city.

NOTES. 10. Ver. 3.-Nor taketh up. – Heb.

PSALM XIT. Title, - Michiam. - Marg." A 1, or endureth."

golden (psalm) of David." D'le betol observes of

the works of seven of the most excellent Ara. deaçeth zos–That is, will not violate bis bian poets. that they are called Al Modhshebat,

which signifies yuiden, because they were written in Dury.-See Exod. xxii. 35, 33; ler.

letters of goll upon Egyptian paper. Might not the six psalms which arribus ristin ruisheit viz, this

caterest.

i e. 5.5-7.

An Elegaic)
PSALMS.

[Psalm. 7 So shall the congregation of the quity, and hath conceived mischief, people compass thee about: for their and brought forth falsehood. sakes therefore return thou on high. 15 He made a pit, and digged it,

8 The Lord shall judge the people: and is fallen into the ditch which he judge me, O Lord, according to my made. righteousness, and according to mine 16 His mischief shall return upon integrity that is in me.

his own head, and his violent dealing 9° Oh let the wickedness of the 'shall come down upon his own pate. wicked come to an end; but establish 17 I will praise the Lord accordthe just: for the righteous God triething to his righteousness : and will sing the hearts and reins.

praise to the name of the Lord most 10 My defence is of God, which high. (G) saveth the upright in heart. 11 God judgeth the righteous, and

PSALM VIII. God is angry with the wicked every day.

To the chief Musician upon Gittith. A 12 If he turn not, he will whet his

Psalm of David. sword; he hath bent his bow, and made O LORD our Lord, how excellent is it ready.

thy name in all the earth! who 13 He hath also prepared for him hast set thy glory above the heavens. the instruments of death; he ordaineth 2 Out of the mouth of babes and his arrows against the persecutors. sucklings hast thou ordained strength

14 Behold, he travaileth with ini- because of thine enemies, that thou

EXPOSITION.

but with how little force may be seen by PSALM VII.

considering the cases of Hezekiah and (G) An Elegy of David." David is Nehemiah (referred to in the Notes.) W said to have composed this psalm" con- have no objection, however, to such an ap cerning the words (or the matier) of Cush plication, if not made exclusive. The fol the Benjamite. " Whether Saul, or Shi- lowing remarks of Bishop Horne are bot mei, or any one else, be intended under just and striking : this name, it is sufficiently clear that Da- “ Conscious of his righteousness and in vid had been maliciously calumniated, and tegrity, as to the inatter in question, Davi that this psalın was written to vindicate desires to be judged by him who is to judg himself from the imputation.” The writer the world at the last day. How few, amor declares his trust to be in God alone, pro- Christians, have seriously and deliberate tests his innocence of the accusation, and considered whether the sentence of th requests that judgment may be given on day is likely to be in their favour! Ye his behalf. He then prays for the sup- how many, with the utmost composure a pression of wickedness and the establish- self-complacency, repeat continually t ment of righteousness, denounces the words of this psalm, as well as those in t most awful judgments agaiust sinners, and Te Deum, ' We believe that thou sh praises God for his deliverance.

come to be our judge!' Legal, or perfe That the psalmist requests to be "judged righteousness and integrity, are peculiar according to bis righteousness," has been the Redeemer; but evangelical righteo used as an argument, not only to apply, ness and integrity all must have v but to confine this psalm to the Messiah, would be saved."

NOTES-Psalm VII. Con. Ver. 4. Yea, (ran)" but rather" I hare delirered. --God is angry with the wicked-This shou -See ver. lll, ll, of the chapter just quoted.

understood in ihe singular, " the wicked man," ve Ver. 5. Srluk.-- See Nole on Px.iii. 2.

agrees with the following sentence, If he. &c. Ver. 8. According to my righteousness. - See Neh. Ver. 14. Behold, her traraileih - The xiii. 14, 22, 31 ; 2 Kings xx. 3. and Expos.

tracaileth and conceiveth should be transpVer. 10. My defence is of God-Heb. " My buck. “ Hath conceired iniquity, travailed with mis ler is upon God;" Ainsn orih, 1. God;" the man. anil brought forth falschood; ir an abortio ing anyuestionably is, “ God is my buckler," or this effect Boothroyd. #shield."

Ver. 15. IIe hath made--Heb. " He hath dig Fer. 11. God judgethe the righteous–Varg. “God pit, and smuk it" (deep!, &c. is a richipeous Jidor," So Ainsworth, Horsley, &c. Ver. 16. Pate-The crosyn of his head.

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arenger.

LIN.
PSALMS.

(Psalm. mightest still the enemy and the beasts of the field;

8 The fowl of the air, and the fish it 3 When I consider thy heavens, of the sea, and whatsoever passeth

the work of thy fingers, the moon and through the paths of the seas.
the stars, which thou hast ordained ; 90 Lord our Lord, how excellent

4 What is man, that thou art mind- is thy name in all the earth! (H)
fal of him? and the son of man, that
thou visitest him?

PSALM IX.
5 For thou hast made him a little
lower than the angels, and hast crown-

To the chief Musician upon Muth-labben.

A Psalm of David. ed him with glory and honour. 6 Thou madest him to have domi- I WILL praise thee

, O Lord, with nion orer the works of thy hands; thou my whole heart; I will shew forth hast put all things under his feet: all thy marvellous works. i All sheep and oxen, yea, and the 2 I will be glad and rejoice in thee:

EXPOSITION.

tbe young people, but the children also, PLALM VIII.

joined in praising God for the bounties of H A Psalm of David, for the vintage. bis provideuce; which marked Israel, under -Netwosider this as an evening or mid- thai dispensation, as the chosen people of koruymo, in which the psalmist, over- God, and was calculated to silence the rea bene with the brilliant glories of an proaches of their enemies. This circumtästersky, is led to reflect upon the com- stauce may account for our Lord's applicaparative littleness and insignificance of tion to himsell of the hosannahs of the man and of himself, though king of Israel. Jewish children, Matt. xxi. 16. i is not necessary to suppose David ac- The New Testament, however, gives us sasted with the modern system of astro- anotber and widely different view of human

, to account for his humiliating views. nature. Adam fell aud lost his prerogaTipis ng the golden orbs, which be sur- tive of supremacy, and in fact, his all :

this to be oply floating meteors, their but a second Adamn has been appointed 10 Laacy and beauty, and especially that supersede the former; and not only to ree moon, might well command his ad- store, but to raise our nature to higher hotion. Man is mean and little, com- pour and felicity than his predecessor lost. with the globe which he inhabits, This secoud Adam, this “Lord from hea

more compared with the vaulted ven," whose peculiar character is that of around him-well might he, there- Son of Mun, has been for "a little wbile” Ey, Lord, wbat is mau that thou art made lower than the angels, to the end al of bim, and the son of man that that he might, in his own person, exalt bu. sitest him?"

man uature far above them; and herein is - the title of this psalm, we think a display of the divine power and goodness y probable that it was composed for that may well excite our admiration and = of vintage, which we kuow was a our praise : “ O Lord our Lord, how exgreat rejoicing, in which not only cellent is thy name in all the earth!”

NOTES, VII. Title,-l'pon Giltith. Some have Ainsnorth) means either " a little while," or " is to be a musical instrument, which little deal,” in both which senses it is used in Eht from Gath, where he long resided : Ps. xxxvii. 10, 16. Bishop Horsley renders it, “ Thou e paraphrase; and if this be correct, it hast somewhat abased him in comparison of angels."

stringed justrurnent, as it does not Dr. J. P. Sinith, " Thou hast reduced him a little David piayed on any other.

But Gath below the angels; the Heb, thus translated is Elo. Espress; and the LXX understand this him, the gods; which is explained of anvels, not Sting that it was composed for the time only by the Greek and Chaldee, but also by the ith which the purpori of the psalm very

apostle to the Hebrews, chap. ii. 7, 9. as it is a thanksgiving to God for thu

Ver. 7. All shrep and oren--Heb. “ Flocks and providerce

oxen, (or caitle) all of them." LORD our Lord -The first word here SD, in capita's, is JEHOVAH, the second , Governor, or Master.

PLALMIX. Title, l'pon the death of Labben.-- tained - Heb. * Founded ” strengtlı. -Among the great variety of interpretations here Etusidered the divine ordination as the

given, we shall name a few only.

1. We have no - all strength.—Tlal Thou mightest idea ihat any of the:e Hebrew terms refer to hymn Ceare) the enesay and the atingir.

tones. The 'Hebrews had no musical characiers, dittle lower. The Hebrew, says Mr.

nor any metrical tunes, like modern psalmody. 13

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