Page images



Full faith and credit shall be given in each accredited stato State to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State. Aud the Congress may, by general laws, prescribe the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings, shall be proved, and the effect thereof.

[blocks in formation]

The citizens of each State shall be entitled to Privileges of

citizenship. all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States.

A person charged in any State with treason, Fugitives from felony, or other crime, who shall flee from justice, delivered up. and be found in another State, shall, on demand of the executive authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having jurisdiction of the crime.

No person held to service or labor in one State Fugitive slaves under the laws thereof, escaping into another,up. shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor; but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be due.

to be dolivered


New States may be admitted by the CongressNew States. into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State, nor any State be formed by the junction of two or more States or paris of States, without the consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned, as well as of the Congress,


Territory and stipr property

The Congress shall have power to dispose of, of li States. and make all needful rules and regulations respect

ing the territory or other property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any particular State.


Republican form f gorernment.

The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a republican form of govern

ment, and shall protect each of them against inProtection of vasion; and on application of the Legislature, or

of the executive, (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence.



Amendments of this constitution.

The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this Coustitution; or, on the application of the Legislatures of two-thirds of the several States, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three-fourths of the several States, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the Congress: Provided, That no amendment which may be made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight, shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article; and that no State, without its consent. shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Sen ate,


Debts of corner

[ocr errors]

All debts contracted and engagements entered Governinent into, before the adoptior of this Constiiution, shall recognized be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the confederation.

This Constitution, and the laws of the United What constiStates which shall be made in pursuance thereof;preme law and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby; anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.

The Senators and Representatives before men-onth of public tioned, and the members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious test shall ever No religious be required as a qualification to any ofiice or public trust uuder the United States.




The ratification of the conventions of nine Ratification. States, shall be sufficient for the establishment of this Constitution, between the States so ratifying the same.

Done in Convention, by the unanimous consent of

the States present, the seventeenth day of Sep-
tember, in the year of our Lord one thousand sev-
en hundred and eighty-seven, and of the Inde-
pendence of the United States of America, the
twelfth. In witness whereof, we have hereunto
subscribed cur names.

President, and Deputy from Virginia

[blocks in formation]

MONDAY, September 17, 1787. Resolved, That the preceding Constitution be laid before the United States in Congress assembled, and that it is the opinion of this Convention that it should afterwards be submitted to a convention of delegates, chosen in each State by the parte di cred

tine: mmendation of its LAS:.!!!!!!

qyrinttina: arding each

Inesa S";!te candy. Arredo

Onnen hat ventions oi dinc Giaies shall have ratified

this Constitution, the United States in Congress assembled should fix a day on which electors should be appointed by the States which shall have ratified the same, and a day on which electors should assemble to vote for the President, and the time and place for commencing proceedings under this Constitution. That after such publication the electors should be appointed, and the Senators and Representatives elected; that the electors should meet on the day fixed for the election of the President, and should transmit their votes certified, signed, sealed and directed, as the Constitution requires, to the Secretary of the United States in Congress assembled; that the Senators and Representatives should convene at the time and place assigned; that the Senators should appoint a President of the Senate, for the sole purpose of receiving, opening, and counting the votes for President; and that, after he shall be chosen, the Congress, together with the President, should, without delay, proceed to execute this Constitution. By the unanimous order of the Convention.



September 17, 1787. Sir: We have now the honor to submit to the consideration of the United States in Congress assembled, that Constitution which has appeared to us the most advisable.

The friends of our country have long seen and desired that the power of making war, peace, and treaties; that of levying money and regulating commerce, and the correspondent executive and judicial authorities, should be fully and effectually vested in the General Government of the Union: but the impropriety of delegating such extensive trust to one body of men is evident; hence results the necessity of a different organization.

« PreviousContinue »