A Digest of the International Law of the United States: Taken from Documents Issued by Presidents and Secretaries of State, and from Decisions of Federal Courts and Opinions of Attorneys-general, Volume 1

Front Cover
Francis Wharton
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1887 - International law
 

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Contents

Distinctions as to federal constitution 11
38
2 Recruiting in foreign State forbidden 12
39
Exception as to necessity 17
50
Exception as to uncivilized lands 176
51
When harm is done by order of FOREic y sovereign such sovereign is THE ACCOUNTABLE PARTY 21
64
Territorial boundaries determined by political not judicial action 22
68
CHAPTER II
70
privileges of 27
71
Bays 28
75
Rivers 30
82
Lakes and inland seas 31
99
Marginal belt of sea 32
100
Ship nationalized by flag 33
117
Crimes at sea subject to country of flag
123
Ports open to all nations 34
136
Oppressive port exactions 37
167
Neutralized waters 40
169
intervention with foreign sovereignties I General rule is nonintervention 45
171
facie proof of abandonment
179
Territorial change
188
Aliens
201
Corporations
207
5 Mediation 49
211
2 A citizen who has voluntarily expatriated him elf cannot claim
216
Necessity as where marauders can bo checked only by such intervention 50
221
a Amelia Island
222
6 Pensacola and Florida posts 506
227
d Greytown 50d
229
Claims based on denial or undue discrimination of justice
230
c Border raiders
231
Liability for prior Government
236
7 Explorations in barbarous lands e g the Congo 51
237
10 Good offices for missionaries abroad 54
242
8 No natioual discrimination as to claimant
244
11 Good offices for persecuted Jows 55
249
Mode of solemnization
260
12 Nonprohibition of publications or subscriptions in aid of political action
264
abroad 56
265
13 Charitable contributions abroad
268
Intervention of European sovereigns in affairs of this continent dis approvedMonroe doctrine 57
269
State governments cannot extradite J
275
Expenses
281
Special applications of doctrine 1 Mexico 58
300
Title in international
310
Withdrawal of diplomatic relations
317
Privateers
383
Recognition of belligerency 60
384
H Restrictions of neutral
396
Degree of vigilance to be exercised
402
4 San Domngo and Hayti 61
416
Sandwich Islands 62
417
7 Samoa Caroline aud other Pacific Islands 63
442
10 Liberia 66
445
11 China 67
447
12 Japan 68
492
Recognition of sovereignty 70
525
Such recognition determinable by executive 71
551
Accretion not colonization the policy of the United States i 72
553
XVII
581
Courtesy fairness and social conformity expected 1 Official intercourse 107
582
Diplomatic grades J 88
623
Citizens of country of reception not acceptable
628
Diplomatic correspondence confidential except by order of de partment 89
631
1 Confined to official business
632
2 Usually in writing 896
633
Communications from foreigners only to be received through diplomatic representatives 91
635
Diplomatic agents protected from process
638
1 Who aro so privileged 92
640
4 What attack on a minister is an international offence 936
648
And from personal indignity 94
649
And from taxes and imposts
651
Property protected 96
654
Free transit and communication with secured 97
655
Privileged from testifying 98
665
Cannot become business agents 99
670
Nor represent foreign governments 100
671
SnoULD reside at capital 101
672
Duties as to archives 103
673
Right of protection and asylum 104
675
Selfconstituted missions illegal 109
755
CHAPTER V
760
Not ordinarily diplomatic agents 117
769
Not to take part in politics 119
773
Privilege as to process 120
783
Right to give asylum and protection 122
791
Business relations of 123
792
Port jurisdiction of seamen and shipping 124
795
Judicial functions in semicivilized lands 125
803
Ratification and approvaL 1 As to treaty making power 131
807
Who treaty goes into effect 132
823

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Page 562 - in regard to foreign relations is, in extending our commercial relations, to have with them as little political connection as possible. So far as we have already formed engagements let them be fulfilled with perfect good faith. Here let us stop.' President Jefferson, in his inaugural address in 1801, warned the country against
Page 552 - her forever within her low-water mark. It seals the union of two nations who, in conjunction, can maintain exclusive possession of the ocean. From that moment we must marry ourselves to the British fleet and nation. We must turn all our attention to a maritime force, for which our
Page 272 - the judgment of the competent authorities of this Government, shall make a corresponding change on the part of the United States indispensable to their security. " The late events iu Spain and Portugal show that Europe is still unsettled. Of this important fact no stronger proof can be adduced than that the allied powers should have thought it proper,
Page 68 - no case extend to a prisoner in jail, unless where he is in custody under or by color of the authority of the United States, or is committed for trial before some court thereof; or is in custody for an act done or omitted in pursuance of
Page 28 - 2 Cranch, 170. An act of Congress ought never to be construed to violate the law of nations if any other possible construction remains, nor should it be construed to violate neutral rights or to affect neutral commerce further than is warranted by the law of nations, as understood in this country. Murray r. Charming Betsy, 2 Cranch,
Page 272 - regard to these continents, circumstances are eminently and conspicuously different. It is impossible that the allied powers should extend their political system to any portion of either continent without endangering our peace and happiness ; nor
Page 273 - subdue them. It is still the true policy of the United States to leave the parties to themselves, in the hope that other powers will pursue the same course." " I did not leave Mr. de Chateaubriand (French minister for foreign affairs) without adverting to the
Page 752 - think it advisable not to specify,' and have provided that 'every such certificate shall be deemed a sufficient voucher for the sum or sums therein expressed to have been expended.' " The law making these provisions is in full force. It is binding upon all the Departments of the Government, and especially upon the Exec
Page 487 - together with their body and household servants, shall be allowed to go and come of their own free will and accord, and shall be accorded all the rights, privileges, immunities, and exemptions which are accorded to the citizens and subjects of the most favored nation.'
Page 281 - whole territorial limits, and that it should be distinctly announced to the world as our settled policy that no future European colony or dominion shall, with our consent, be planted or established on any part of the North American continent.

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