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preciate him, he was nick-named-Poet Squab. From an epigram written soon after his death, we
Sir Godfrey Kneller appears to have painted several portraits of Dryden. That which was presented by our author to his kinsman of Chesterton, was a half-length, and finely painted. In this portrait the poet wears a wig, and holds a sprig of laurel in his hand. It is not known where it now is. See p. 326, n. 3. In p. 327, I have sup. posed that this picture was presented by our author to his kinsman, in consequence of the present made by Mr. John Driden in return for the poem addressed to him ; but a letter which has since come to my hands, shews, that could hardly have been the case ; for his kinsman's donation appears to have been made only about a month before the poet's death.
From another portrait, also in a wig, an engraving was made immediately after Dryden's death; and prefixed to LUCTUS BRITANNICI. Neither the painter, nor engraver, is known. Here the poet holds the laurel in his right hand : in the two following portraits in his left. It was copied for Nichols's Select Collection of Poems, in eight volumes. I know not where this picture now is.
The portrait of him painted by Kneller, in his gray hair, from which Edelinck made an engraving at Paris in 1700, belonged to Jacob Tonson, and is now in the Collection of William Baker, Esq. Member of Parliament for Hertfordshire. It was painted, I believe, in 1698. Edelinck's print, from which No. 3, prefixed to this vo. lume, is copicd, is unquestionably the finest engraving of Dryden that has hitherto appeared. A bad copy of it was made in 1702, by S. Coignard. Either the portrait from which Edelinck's print was done, or that above men. tioned, (which also may have been painted by Kneller,) is highly commended for its spirit and truth, by B. Buck
learn, that he wanted that vivid eye for which Pope was distinguished.
cridge, the Continuator of De Piles: see LUCTUS BRI. TANNICI, p. 48.
From another portrait also by Kneller, formerly in the possession of Edward, Earl of Oxford, an engraving was made by Vertue in 1730; and Houbraken, in 1743, made another engraving from the same picture, which is among the ILLUSTRIOUS HEADs. The picture which Sir David Dalrymple, Lord Hailes, saw in the possession of the latc James West, Esq., (Sce p. 431,) was, I suspect, that which had belonged to Lord Oxford; which probably fell into Mr. West's hands, on the sale of that nobleman's fine collection of books and pictures in the year 1742.
A writer in the GENTLEMAN's Magazinė for April, 1792, vol. 62, part i. p. 293, says, that there is an original portrait of Dryden, by Kneller, in the possession of Ralph Sneyd, Esq. of Kicl, in Staffordshire, onc of whose an. cestors (William Sneyd] married Frances, daughter of Sir John Driden, in the year 1666 ; and that this picture was brought by her from Canons-Ashby at the time of her marriage, and has been in Mr. Sneyd's family ever since.”—That there is a portrait of Dryden at Kiel-Hall is very probable ; but if it was brought from Canons. Ashby in 1666, it unquestionably was not painted by Kncller, who came into England in 1674.-It is not likely that Sir Robert Driden, the brother of Frances, should have been possessed of a portrait of the poet. If the picture at Kicl-Hall be Keller's, it was probably painted at a much later period, and given to Mrs. Frances Sneyd by her brother, John Driden, of Chesterton.
There is another original portrait of Dryden at Bilton, ncar Rugby, in Warwickshire, which belonged to Addison, and, together with a largc esçale, was possessed by his only child, Mrs. Charlotte Addison, for near seventy years ; A very crroneous notion has prevailed concerning Dryden's want of property, and uniform distress
who in that long period, though extremely afflucnt, did not erect any memorial to her father in Westminster. Abbcy, where he was buried, and yet remains without a tomb. This portrait, on her death in March, 1797, with the estate of Bilton, became the property of the Hon. John Bridgeman Simpson, second son of Lord Bradford.
A crayons drawing of Dryden, which long remained in the mansion-house of Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bart. at Tich. marsh, was purchased about twenty years ago, when all the furniture of that house was sold. This drawing, which appears to have been made when he was about · fifty, was esteemed by thc Pickering family a very strong likeness. It is now in the possession of William Wal. cot, Jun. of Oundle, Esq. The initial letters of the artist's name by whom it was donc, arc, J. P.
The late Horace, Earl of Orford, was possessed of a small whole-length portrait of our author, sitting, by Maubert, who died in 1746, and is said to have painted Wycherley, Congreve, and Pope, from the life. A du. plicate of this portrait is in the possession of Charles Bedford, of Brixton Causeway, Esq. It is extraordinary, that Lord Orford (Description of Strawberry-Hill, p.7.) should have supposed that his mother was great niece to Dryden. The truth is, his maternal grandmother, Eliza. beth Philipps, the wife of John Shorter, Esq., was second cousin to the poet's sons. Dryden's great grandson and Lord Orford would have been fourth cousins. The origin of his crrour was, the supposing Elizabeth Dryden, the wife of Sir Richard Philipps, to have been sister, when in fact she was aunt, to the poet. .
A head of Dryden drawn by Fab. Stecle, (I know not whether an original or a copy,) was formerly in the pos. session of the Rev. Mr. Bilston, Chaplain of All-Souls
throughout his life. “He is reported (says Dr. Johnson,) by his last biographer, Derrick, to have College, in Oxford, (M. A. in 1723,) and now belongs to the Rev. Mr. Cruttwell, author of a work entitled “ The Concordance of Parallels,” intended to serve as a Concordance to the Bible in any language. An engraving from a copy of this head was given in The GENTLEMAN's Magazine for 1791 ; vol. Ixi. p. 321.
All the prints of our author, not here mentioned, are, I believe, copies of some or other of the engraved por. traits above enumerated.
• In “ Epigrams on the Paintings of the most eminent Masters," by J. E. (John Elsum] Esq. 8vo. 1700, I find the following lincs : “ The Effigics of Mr. DRYDEN, by Closterman.
Epig. CLXIV. “ A sleepy cye lic shows, and no sweet feature, “ Yet was indeed a favourite of nature : “ Endow'd and graced with an exalted mind, “ With store of wit, and that, of every kind. “ Juvenal's tartness, Horace's sweet air, • With Virgil's force, in him concenter'd were. “ But though the painter's art can never show it, “ That his exemplar was so grcat a poct, “ Yet are the lines and tints so subtly wrought, “ You may perccive he was a man of thouglit. “ Closterman, 'tis confess’d, has drawn him well,
“ But short of Absalom AND ACHITOPHEL." In a note on the word fealure, in the first of these verses, which the writer is pleased to call an Epigram, he observes that “ feature is but a stroke or part of the countenance, but is here by synccdoche used for the whole."
Another particularity of his countenance was, a large molc on his right check, which all his portraits exhibir.
inherited from his father an estate of two bundred a year. Such a fortune ought to have secured him from that poverty which seems always to have oppressed him ; or, if he had wasted it, to have made him ashamed of publishing his necessities, But though he had many enemics, who undoubt. edly examined his life with a scrutiny sufficiently nalicious, I do not remember that he was ever charged with waste of his patrimony." Dr. Johnson therefore rightly concluded, that Derrick's accou:it was erroneous. In another place, con sidering the same subject, he observes, that “ the persecution of criticks was not the worst of his vexations; he was much more disturbed by the importunities of want. His complaints of poverty are so frequently repeated, either with the dejection of weakness, sinking in helpless misery, or the indignation of merit claiming its tribute from mankind, that it is impossible not to detest the age which could impose on such a man the necessity of such solicitations, or not to despise the man who could submit to such solicitations without necessity." .
Dryden certainly did not submit to these solici. tations without necessity; and the age, or rather the Ministers of King William the Third do dcserve to be detested for their neglect of so great a poet : yet it is not true that he was always conflicting with want; nor is the representation just, which ascribes to the whole period of his life that distress, which clouded only a part of it; and