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of 1640 he represented the county of Northampton. Being a staunch adherent to what the fanatical saints of those days called the good old cause, having taken the Covenant, and warmly espoused all the measures pursued by the republican party, during the Civil War, he was nominated one of the King's Judges in 1649, and sat thrice in that illegal court by which his sovereign was murdered. From the guilt of their final sentence, however, he was free, having had either the moderation or the prudence to withdraw himself from that wicked and sanguinary tribunal on the third day of their publick sitting. Yet hc afterwards adhered to the
Scotland, for the reduction of Acadia, or Nova Scotia. The scheme, however, was not carried into execution by King James; but early in the reign of his successor several Scottish Baronets were made; and about the year 1631 the number of English Baronets then amounting to near three hundred, it was thought indecent to proceed further in breach of the engagement made by King James, and such Englishmen as sought this title between that period and 1640, were made Baronets of Scotlande Afterwards, however, Charles became less scrupulous, and English Baronets were created as usual, so as to amount at his death to the number of 458.
From this statement it appears, that there is no more necessity for calling a Buronet crcated under the great seal of Scotland, (whcılıer he be an Englishman or Scotchman,) a Baronet of Nova Scotia, than there is to denominate one created under tlie great seal of England, a Baronet of Ulster.
o Com. Journ. vol. viii. p. 60. VOL. I. . d
flagitious Cromwell in every change of government; anci continued to sit for Northamptonshire in the three Parliaments which he summoned ; in the little or Barebones' Parliament, which met in 1653; and in those which were assembled in 1654 and 1656. The manner in which he was chosen a member for Northamptonshire in the Parliament of 1656, as related by an eye-witness, is worthy of particular notice: “ The freeholders, by the appointment of Major-General Butler, were assembled at Kettering Heath, and the Sheriff having read the writ, the Major-General named himself and the five following gentlemen ; Sir Gilbert Pickering, Mr. Crewe the younger, the Lord Cleypole, James Langham, Esq. and Major Blake. Having first nained Sir Gilbert, he rode round the heath, crying-A PICKERING, A PICKERING ; and coming to the Sheriff, he ordered him to set him down duly elected. The other five were successively returned in the same manner. At the same time Colonel Benson, with a large body of clectors, was on the Heath, and proposed, without any notice being taken of his nomination, Mr. Knightley and other considerable gentlemen of the county."--Such was the liberty enjoyed under the domination of those men, who for fourteen years had clamourously
asserted, that they had no other object in view but · the maintenance and security of the ancient fundamental rights of the people of England.
? Bridges's Hist. OF NORTHAMPTONSILIRE, vol. ii.
. p. 38.3.
A modern writer has stated that Sir Gilbert Pickering was also a military commander of considerable reputation in those unhappy times; but this is a mistake. The person who very highly distinguished himself as an officer in various engagements,--at the battle of Naseby, in the storming of Bristol, and at the taking of Basing-house, was Colonel John Pickering, a younger brother of Sir Gilbert, who raised a regiment in Northamptonshire, (which was called by his name,) and, after many gallant actions, died of what was then called the new disease, at St. Mary Autre or Ottery, a town in Devonshire, in November 1645.' Sir Gilbert himself, though without doubt he assisted his brother in raising his regiment, moved only in a civil sphere. He was so closely connected with Cromwell, that he was constantly invested with such authority as that Usurper permitted his partisans to exercise. He was one of the thirty-cight Counsellors of State named by the Runip Parliament, to supply the place of the executive power after the murder of the King. When the little Parliament surrendered the government into the hands of Cromwell in December 1653, and it was resolved, “ after scveral days seeking the
• England's RECOVERY, &c. by Joshua Sprigge ; folio, 1647, p. 155. Colonel Julin Pickering, like several of the eminent men of that time, (Lord Falkland, Chillingworth, Jolin Hales, &c.) was a very little span, bus much distinguishcú fut his bravery.
Lord, in order to a settlement and sweet composure, that his Excellency the Lord General should be appointed Lord Protector, with a Council of twentyone godly, able, and discreet persons to assist him,"y Sir Gilbert Pickering was appointed one of that body; and he continued a member of the Usurper's Council to the time of Oliver's death, with a salary of £.1000 a year. He was also Lord Chamberlain of his mock court, and High Steward of Westminster, with emoluments annexed to each of those offices; and, in 1658, was a member of his other House, or House of Lords.'
9“ Copy of the Letter from his Excellency the Lord General Cromwell, sent to the Members of Parliament called to take upon them the trust of the government of this Cominonwcalth, which began on Monday the 4th of June 1653: -... with the several transactions from that time." 410. 1656, p. 16.
'In a very scarce pamphlet in my Collection, entitled -“ A Second Narrative of the late Parliament, &c." 410. 1658, which was evidently written by one of the Fifth. Monarchy men, who were extremely enraged av Crom. well's having formed a House of Lords, I find (p. 13.) the following description of this gentleman :
" Sir Gilbert Pickering, Knight of the old stamp, and of considerable revenne in Northamptonshire; one of the long Parliament, and a great stickler in the change of the Government from Kingly to that of a Commonwealth : -helped to make those laws of treason against Kingship; has also changed with all changes that have been since. He was one of the little Parliament, and helped to break it, as also of all the Parliaments since : is one of
Under the countenance and protection of this near and powerful kinsman, our author made his first entrance into the metropolis, and is said by one of his adversaries to have been his clerk or secretary, and also a member of one of the nume
the Protector's Council, (his salary £. 1000 per annum, besides other places,) and as if he had been pinned to this slicve, was never to seck: is become High Steward of Westminster; and being so finical, spruce, and like an old courtier, is made Lord Chamberlain of the Pro. tector's Houshold or Court ; so that he may well be counted fit and worthy to be taken out of the House to have a negative voice in the other House, though he helped to destroy it in the King and Lords. There are more besides him, that make themselves transgressors by building again the things which they once destroyed."
Cromwell's House of Lords consisted of sixty-two persons, but not more than forty-five sat ; among whom were Pride the Drayman, and Hewson the Cobler.
As the pamphlet containing the particulars here no. ticed is now seldom met with, it inay be proper, instead of referring to it, to transcribe a few lines from it :
“ The next step of advancement you began " Was being clerk to Noll's Lord Chanıbcrlain, “ A sequestrator and committec-man ; “ There all your wholesome morals you suck'd in, “ And got your gentcel gaiety and micn. “ Your loyalty you Icarn’d in Cromwell's Court, • Where first your Muse did make her great effóre: “ On him you first shew'd your poetick strain, “ And prais’d his opening the basilick vein; . “ And were it possible to come again, “ Thou on that side would draw thy slavish pen."
THE MIDAL OF Join Bayes, 410. 1682.