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¡теме while after ehe recover'd; yelt he was nothing troubled at it, but married her asaoone as she was able to quit! the chamber, when the priest and all thai saw her were affrighted to looke on her '. but God recompenc'd his iusiice and constancy, by rcstorms her. though she was longer than ordinary before she recover'«!, as well as before."—pp. 45,46.
There is a good deal more of this affectionate and romantic style of writing throughout the book; but the Shade of Mrs. Hutchinson would not forgive us, if we were to detain the rea.ier longer with these <: vanities of her youth.'" We proceed, therefore, to graver nutters.
We might cull many striking specimens of eloquence from her summary account of the Eruriish Constitution and of the Reformation; hut the following view of the changes which look place on the accession of James and of Charles, are more characteristic of the age •nJ of the party to which she belongs.
"The honor, wealth, and glory of the nation, «-herein Qneene Elizabeth left it, were soone prodigally waited by this thrifllesse heire, the nobility ofthe fand utterly debas'd by selling honors to pubi'.-k sale, and conferring them on persons that had neither blood nor rneritt fût to weare, nor estates to beare np iheir tilles, but were fame to invent project! to pill* the people, and pick their purses for the maintenance of vice and Icwdneese. The geneпЛггу of the gentry of the land soone learnt the созп fashion, and every greate house in the country became a stv ol uncleannesse. To keepe the people in their deplorable security, till vengeance overlooke them, they were entertain'd with masks, étage playea, and eons of ruder sports. Then began murther, incest, adultery, drunkennesse, swearing, inrnieatioi), and all sorts of ribaldry, to be no onceal'd but countenanc'd vices; because they held such conformity with the court example."— '' And now the ready way to preferment there, was 11 declare an opposition to the power of godlinesse, u »l* r thai name ; so that their pulpitls might iustly I* railed the «corner's chair, those sermons only pleanne that flotter'd them in their vices, and told :ne poore king that he was Solomon !—lhat his sloth aad cowardize. by which he betrey'd the cause of (>od and honour of the nation, was gnspell meekenesse and peaceablenesse, for which thev rays'd him up above the heayena. while he lay wallowing like s s »in« in ihe mire of his lusts. He had a little learning.—and this they call'd the spirit! of wisedome, and so magnified him, eo falsely flatter'd him, that lie could not endure the words of truth and soundness«, but rewarded these base, wicked, unfii'htull fawners with rich preferments, attended w.th pomps and titles, which heav'd them up above a humane heighth: With iheir pride their envie »weM'd against the people of God, whom they be£ал to proiect how they might roote out of the land; and when they had once given them a name, what«•rer was odious or dreadfull to the king, that they nit upon the Puritane, which, according to their character, was nothing but a factious hypocrite."
"The face of the court was much chang'd in the charts« of the kbig; for King Charles was temperate, ehast, and serions; яо that the fbolrs and bawdj, mtmicks and catamites of the former court ifT»w out of fashion; and the nohilitv and courtiers, «ho did not quite abandon their debosheries. had y« '.hat reverence To the king, to retire into corners to practise them: Men of learning and ingenuity in »It arts were in esteeme, and receiv'd encouragement from the king; who was a most excellent edge and a greate lorer of paintings, carvings,
gravings, and many other ingenuities, less offensive then me prophane abusive witt, which was the only exercise of the other court."—p. 65.
The characters of this king's counsellors are drawn, in general, with great force and liveliness: and with a degree of candoui scarcely to have been expected in the widow of a regicide. We give mat of Lord Stratford as an example.
"But there were two above all the rest, who led the van of the king's evill counccllors, and these were Laud, archbishop of Canterbury, a fellow of meane extraction and arrogant pride, and the earl of Stratford, who as much outstrip! all the rest in favour as he did in abilities, being a man of deep policy, sterne resolution, and ambitious zeale to keepe up the glory of his own greatnesse. In the beginning of iliis king's reigne. this man had bene a strong assertor of the liberties of (he people, among whom he had gain'd hinuelfe an honorable reputation, and was dreadful! to the court party, who thereupon strew'd snare« in his way, and when they found a breach at his ambition, his snule was that way enter'd and captivated. He was advanc'd first to be lord president of the councell in the north, to be a boron, after an earle, then deputy of Ireland; the neerest to a favourite of any man since the death of the duke of Buckingham, who was rays'd by his first master, and kept up by the second, upon no account of personal I worth or any deserving abilities in him, but only upon violent ana private inclinations of the princes; but the earle of Strafford wanted not any accomplishment that could be desir'd in the most serviceable minister of state: besides, he having made himselfe odious to the people, by his revolt from their interest to 'that of the oppressive court, he was now oblig'd to keep up his owne interest with his new party, by all the mallitious practises that pride and revenge could inspire him with."—pp. 68, 69.
One of Mrs. Hutchiuson's great talents, indeed, is the delineation of characters; and though her affections are apt to throw rather too glowing or too dark a tint over the canvas, yet this very warmth carries with it an impression of sincerity, which adds not a little to the interest of her pictures. We pass by her short sketches,—of the Earl of Newcastle, who was "a prince in his own country, till a foolish ambition of glorious slavery carried him to court ;"—the Earl of Kingston, "whose covetousness made him divide his sons between the two parties^ till his fate drew him over to the king's side, where he behaved himself honourably, and died remarkably;"—the Earl of Clare, "who was very often of both parties, and, I think, nevei advantaged either, —and a great number of other persons, who are despatched with equal brevity; and venture to put her talents to a severer test, by trying whether they can interest the reader in a description of the burgher» and private gentlemen of Nottingliam, at the breaking out of these great disturbance».
"There were seven aldermen in the towne, and of these only alderman James, then mnyor, own'd the parliament. He was a very honest, bold man, but had no more but a burgher's discretion ; he wan yelt very well assisted by bis wife, a weoman of árcate zeal and courage, and more understanding than weomen of her ranke usually have. All the devout people of the lowne were very vicorous and ready to offer their lives and famelies, but there was not hälfe the hälfe of the towne that consisted of these. The ordinary civill sort of people coldly
adher'd to the better; but all the debosht, and such as had liv'd upon the bishops persecuting courts, and bene the lacqueys of proiectors and monopolizers, and the like, they were all bitterly malignant. Yett God awed them, that they could not at that time hinder his people, whom he overrul’d some of their greatest enemies to assist, such as were one Chadwick and Plumptre, two who, at the first, put themselves most forward into the businesse. “Plumptre was a doctor of phisick, an inhabitant of Nottingham, who had learning, naturall parts, and understanding enough to discerne betweene naturall civill righteousnesse and iniustice, but he was a horrible atheist, and had such an intolerable pride, that he brook'd no superiours, and having some witt, tooke the boldnesse to exercise it, in the abuse of all the gentlemen wherever he came.”“This man had sence enough to approove the parliament's cause, in poynt of civill right, and pride enough to desire to breake the o of slavery, whereby the king endeavour'd to chaine up a free people; and upon these scores, appearing ho for the parliament's interest, he was admitted into the consultations of those who were then putting the country into a posture of defence. “Chadwick was a fellow of a most pragmaticall temper, and, to say truth, had strangely wrought himselfe into a station unfitt for him. e was at first a boy that scraped trenchers in the house of one of the poorest iustices in the county, but yet such a one as had a greate deale of formallity and understanding of É. statute law, from whom this boy ick'd such ends of law, that he became first the iustice's, then a lawyer's clearke. Then, I know not how, gott to be a parcell-iudge in Ireland, and came over to his owne country swell'd with the reputation of it, and sett on foote a base, absolute, arbitrary court there, which the Conqueror of old had given to one Peverel his bastard,” &c.— “When the king was in towne a little before, this man so insinuated into the court that, comming to kisse the king's hand, the king told him he was a very honest man; yet by flatteries and dissimula. tions he kept up his creditt with the godly, cutting his haire, and taking up a forme of godlinesse, the better to deceive. In some of the corrupt times he had purchas'd the honor of a barrister, though he had neither law nor learning, but he had a voluble tongue, and was crafty; and it is allmost incredible that one of his meane education and poverty should arrive to such things as he reacht. This baseness he had, that all the iust reproaches in the world could not moove him, but he would fawne upon any man that told him of his villanies to his face, even at the very time. Never was a truer Judas, since Iscariott's time, than he ; for he would kisse the man he had in his heart to kill; he naturally delighted in mischiefe and treachery, and was so exquisite a villaine, that he destroy'd those designes he might have thriven by, with overlaying them with fresh knaveries.”—pp. 110–113. We have not room for many of the more favourable delineations with which these are contrasted; but we give the following short sketch of Mr. Thornhagh, who seems to have been a great favourite of Mrs. Hutchinson's.
“Mr. Francis Thornhagh, the eldest sonne of Sr. Francis Thornhagh, was a man of a most upright faithfull heart to God and God's people, and to his countrie's true interest, comprehended in the parliament's cause; a man of greater vallour or more noble daring fought not for them; nor indeed ever drew sword in any cause; he was of a most excellent good nature to all men, and zealous for his friend; he wanted councell and deliberation, and was sometimes too facile to flatterers, but had indgment enough to discerne his errors when they were represented to him, and worth enough not to persist in an iniurious mistake because he had once entertained it.”—p. 114,
This gallant gentleman afterwards fell at the battle of Preston. Mrs. Hutchinson has given the following animated description of his fate.
“In the beginning of this battle, the valliant Coll. Thornhagh was wounded to death. Being at the beginning of the charge on a horse as courageous as became such a master, he made such furious speed, to sett upon a company of Scotch lanciers, that he was singly engaged and mortally wounded, before it was possible for his regiment, though as brave men as ever drew sword, and too afectionate to their collonell to be slack in following him, to come time enough to breake the furie of that body, which shamed not to unite all their force against one man. His soule was hovering to take her flight out of his body, but that an eager desire to know the successe of that battle kept it within, till the end of the day, when the newes being brought him, he clear'd his dying countenance, and say’d. ... I now reioyce to die, since God hath lett me see the overthrow of this perfidious enemy; I could not lose my life in a better cause, and I have the favour from God to see my blood aveng'd.' So he died ; with a large testimony of love to his souldiers, but more to the cause, and was by mercy remoov"d, that the temptations of future times might not prevaile to corrupt his pure soule. A man of greater courage and integritie fell not nor fought not in this glorious cause; he had also an ...i. good nature, but easie to be wrought upon by flatterers, yet as flexible to the admonitions of his friends; and this virtue he had, that if sometimes a cunning insinuation prevail'd upon his easie faith, when his error was made known to him, notwithstanding all his greate courage he was readier to acknowledge and repaire, then to pursue his mistake.”—pp. 289, 290.
The most conspicuous person by far, of the age to which Mrs. Hutchinson belongs, was Cromwell; and there is no character, accordingly, which she appears to have studied more, or better comprehended. Her work contains a great number of original anecdotes with regard to him; and with all the advantages which later times have derived from the collation of various authorities, and from considering, at a dispassionate distance, the various turns of his policy, we doubt whether any historian has yet given a more just or satisfactory account of this extraordinary personage than this woman, who saw him only in the course of his obliquities, and through the varying medium of her own hopes and apprehensions. The profound duplicity and great ambition of his nature, appear to have been very early detected by §. Hutchinson, whose biographer gives this account of his demeanour to the Levellers and Presbyterians, who were then at the height of their rivalry.
“These were they,” says she, speaking of the former, “who first began to discover the ambition of Liestenant-general Cromwell and his idolaters, and to suspect and dislike it. About this time, he was sent downe, after his victory in Wales, to encounter Hamilton in the north. When he went downe, the chiefe of these levellers following him out of the towne, to take their leaves of him, receiv'd such professions from him, of a spiritt bent to pursue the same iust and honest things that they desir'd, as they went away with greate satisfaction,-'till they heard that a coachfull of Presbyterian priests comming after them, went away no less pleas'd; by which it was apparent he dissembled with one or the other, and by so doing lost his creditt with both.
"When he came 10 Nottingham, Coll. Hutchin ton wem to see him, whom he embrac'd wiih al the expressions of kindnesse lhat one friend could make lo another, and then retiring wiih him, prest him to tell him what thoughts his friends, the levellers, had of him. The collonell, who was the Ireeat ramn m the world from concealing truth from his friend, especially when it was requir'd of him La love and plainnesse, not only told him what others thought of him, but what he mmselfe conceiv'd, and how much it would darken all his glories, if he should become a slave to his owne ambition, and be gu hy of what he gave the world iust cause to suiyeci, and therefore begg'd of him to weare his h in in his lace, and lo «corne to delude bis enemies, bat to make use of his noble courage, to maintaine what he believ'd iust, against all greate oposers. Cromwell made mighty professions of a sincere b«in 10 him, but it is certeine that for this and such ii'it plaine dealing with him, he dreaded the collonell, snd made it his particular bnsmesse to keene him uj: of the armie; but the collonell, never desiring о immand, to serve himselfe, but his country, would not tue that яП he detested in others, to procure bmuelle any advantage."—pp. 285—287.
An after scene is still more remarkable, and more characteristic of both the actors. After Cromwell had possessed himself of the sovereignty, Colonel Hntchinson came accidentally to the knowledge of a plot which had been laid for his assassination; and was moved, by the nobleness of his own nature, and his regard for the Protector's great qualities—though he had openly testified against his usurpation, and avoided his presence since the time of it—to snve such wanting of it to Fleetwood, as might enable him to escape that hazard, but at the same time without betraying the aames of any of the conspirators.
"After Collonell Hutchinson had given Fleetwood that caution, he was going into the country. •*:xn the protector sent to search him out wiih all the esrnrsinesse and hasle that could possibly be, uii the collonell went to him ; who mctt him in one ft the gnlleries, and receiv'd him wiih open armes mil the kindest embraces lhat could be given, and complain'd lhat the collonell should be so unkind Mnerer to give him a visit!, professing how wellcome he should have bene, the most wcllcome person in the land; and with those smooth insinus'mns led him allong to о private place, giving him tKinkes for the advertisement he had receiv'd from Fleetwood, and using all his art to pctt out of the collonell the knowledge of the persons engag'd in '•'•>' с «nspir.icy against him. But none оГ his cun"..II. nor promises, nor flatteries, could prcvaile wilb the collonell to informe him more than he •bo'jzht necessary to prevent the execution of the dngne; which when the protector perceiv'd. he (•« him most infinite thankes for what he had 'old him, and acknowledg'd it open'd to him some tnutenes that had perplext him, and agreed so with other intelligence he had, that he must owe his preservation to him: 'But," savs he, 'deare collo*?'.!. why will not vou come in and act among us?' The collonell told him plainly, because he liked not *iy of his waves since ne broke the parliament, as bemctbo« which led to certeine and unavoydable ^'Tij-tirin, not only of ihemselvrs, but of the whole pvlmnent party and cnuse, and thereupon looke "»canon, with his usuall freedom, to tell him into *lm a sad hazard all things were put, and how apparent a way wae made for the restitution of all "ñner tyranny and bondage. Cromwell seem'd to rtceir« this honest plainnesse with the greatest •flection that could be, and acknowledg'd his preúptiitencMe in some things, and with teare* comrtim«i how Lambert had put him upon all those '«dint action», for which he now accus'd him and
sought his ruine. He express! an earnest desire to restore the people's liberties, and to take and pursue more safe and sober councells, and wound up all with a very fair courtship of the collonell to engage with him, offering him any thing he would account worthy of him. The collonell told him, he could not be forward to make his owne advantage, by serving to the enslaving of his country. The other told him, he intended nothing more then the restoring and confirming the liberties of the good people, in order to which he would employ such men of honor and interest as the people should reJoyce, and he should not refuse to be one of them. And after, with all his arts, he had endeavour'd to excuse his publique actions, and to dfaw in the collonell, he dismist him with such expressions as were publickely taken notice of by all his little courtiers then about him ; when he went to the end of the gallery with the collonell, and there, embracing him, sayq allowd to him, ' Well, collonell, satisfied or dissatisfied, you shall be one of us. for wee can no longer exempt a person so able and faithful! from the publique service, and vou shall be satisfied in all honest things.' The collonell left him with that respect that became the place he was in ; when immediately the same courtiers, who had some of them past him by without knowing him when he came in, although they had bene once of his familiar acquaintance; and the rest, who had look'd upon him wiih such disdainful! neglect as those liule people use to those who are not 01 their faction, now flockt about him, striving who should expresse most respect, and, by an extraordinary ofliciousnesse. redeeme their late slightings. Some of them desir'd he would command their service in any husinesse he had with their lord, and a thousand such frivolous compliments, which the collonell smiled att, and, quitting himselfe of them as soone as he could, made haste to returne into the country. There he had not long bene but that he was inform'd, notwithstanding all these faire shewes, the protector, finding him too constant to be wrought upon to serve his tirannie, had resolv'd to secure his person, least he should head the people, who now grew very weary of his bondage. But though it was certainly confirm'd to the collonell how much he was afraid of his honesty and freedome. and that he was resolv'd not to let him longer be att liberty, yet, betöre his guards apprehended the collonell, death imprison'd himselle. and confin'd all his vast ambition, and all his cruell désignes into the narrow compassé of a grave."—pp. 340—342.
Two other anecdotes, one very discreditable to Cromwell, the other affording a striking proof of his bravery and knowledge of mankind, may be found at p. 308. and 316. But we dismiss the subject of this '•' great bad man," with the following eloquent representation of his government after he had attained the height of his ambition ;—a representation in which the keen regrets of disappointed patriotism are finely mingled with an indignant contempt for those who submitted to tyranny, and a generous admission of the talents and magnanimity of the tyrant.
"In the interim Cromwell and his armie grew wanton wiih their power, and invented a thousand tricks of government, which, when nobody oppos'd, they themselves fell to dislike and vary every day. First he calls a parliament out of his owne pockett, himselfe naming a sort of podly men for every county, who meeting and not agreeing, a part of them, in the name ot the people, give up the sovereignty to him. Shortly alter, he makes up several! sorts of mock parliaments, but not finding one of them absolutely for his turne, tiirn'd them off againe. He soone quitted himselle of his triumvirs, and first thrust out Harrison, then looke away Lambert's commission, and would have bene king but for feare of quitting his generallship. He weeded, in a few months lime, above a hundred and fifty godly officer» out of the armie, with whom лапу of the religious sonldiers went off, and in their roome abundance of the king's dissolute eouldiers were enteriain'd, and ihe armie was almost chang'd from that godly religious armie, whose vallour God had crown'd with triumph, into the dissolute armie they had beaten, bearing yell a better name. His wife and children too, were setting up lor principality, which suited no better with any of them than Scarlett on the ape; only, to speak the truth of himselfe, he had much naturall greatnesse, and well became the place he had usurp'd. His daughter FleetewooA was humbled, and not exalted, with these things; but the rest were insolent (boles. Cleypoole, who married his daughter, and his son Henry, were two debauch'd ungodly cavaliers. Richard was » peasant in liis nature; yet gentle and vertuous; but became not greatness«. His court was full of sinne and raniiy, and the more abominable, because they had not yelt quite cast away the name ol God, but prophan'd it by taking it in .vaine upon them. True religion was now almost Ion, even among the religious party, and hippcrisie became an epidemical! disease, to the sad griefe of Collonell Hutchineon, and all true-hearted Christians and Englishmen. Almost all the ministers every where fell in imd worship! this beast, and courted and made addresses to him. So did the •3ty of London, and many of the degenerate lords ni the land, with the poore spirited gentry. The cavaliers, in pollicy, who saw that while Cromwell reduc'd all the exercise of tirannicall power under another name, there was a doore open'd for the restoring of their party, fell much in wiih Cromwell, and heighten'd all his disorders. He at last exercis'd euch an arbitrary power, that the whole land grew weary of him, while he sett up a compinie of silly meane fellows, calPd maior-generalls, so governors in every county. These rul'd, according to their wills, by no law but what seem'd good in their owne eies; imprisoning men, obstructing thé courre of iusiice betweene man and man, perveling right through partiallity, acquitting some linn were guilty, and punishing some that were innocent as guilty. Then he exercised another project to rayse mony, by decimation of the estates of all the king's party, ol which actions 'tis said Lambert was the instigator. At last he tooke upon him to make lords and knights; and wanted uoi many fooles, both of the armie and gentry, to accept of and struit in his mock titles. Then the Earle of Warwick's grandchild and the Lord Falconbridge married his two daughters ; such pittifull slaves were the nobles of those dayes. Alt last Lambert, perceiving himselfe to have bene all this while deluded with hopes and promises of succession, and seeing that Cromwell now intended to confirme the government in hi» own famely, fell off from him, but behav'd himsclfe very pittifully and mennely, was turn'dout of all his places, and return'd againe to plott new vengeance at his house at Wimbledon, where he fell to dresse his flowers in his garden, and worke at the needle with his wife and his m aide»! while he was watching an opportunity to serve againe his ambition, which had this difference from the protector's; ihe one was gallant and greate, ihe other had nothing but an unworthy pride, most insolent in prosperity, and as abiecl and base in adversity."—p. 335—338.
la making these miscellaneous extracts, for the amusement of our readers, we are afraid that we have too far lost sight of the worthy colonel, for whose honour the whole record was designed; and though the biography of a private person, however eminent, is seldom of much consequence to the general reader, except where it illustrates the manners of the times, 01 connects wi'.h '.he public history of
the nation, there is something in this account of Colonel Hutchineon which appears to us deserving of notice with reference to both these particulars.
Soon after his marriage, he retired to hi« house at Owthorpe, where he took to the study of divinity; and having hie attention rou&ed to the state of public affairs, by the dreadful massacres of Ireland, in 1641, set himsell diligently to read and consider all the dispute« which were then begun between the iiirqy and Parliament; the result of which was. г steady conviction of the justice of the pretensions maintained by the latter, with a strong anxiety for the preservation of peace. His first achievement (we are sorry to say) was, to persuade the parson of his parish to deface the images, and break the painted glass in the windows of his church, in obedience to au injunction of the parliament; his next, to resist Lord Newark m an illegal attempt to carry off the ammunition belonging to the county, for the use of the King. His deportment upon this last occasion, when he svas only twenty-five years of age, afford* a very singular proof of temper and firmness.— perfect good breeding, and great powers of reasoning.
When the King set up his standard at Not tingham, Mr. Hutchinson repaired to the camp of Essex, the parliamentary general: but "did not then find a clear call from the Lord to join with him." His irresolution, however, w»i speedily dissipated, by the persecutions of th¿ Royalists, who made various efforts to sei¿e him as a disaffected person. He accordingly began to consult with others in the same predicament : and having resolved to try to détend the town and castle of Nottingham against the assaults of the enemy, he was first elected governor by his associates, and afterward* had his nomination confirmed by Fairfax ami by the Parliament. A great deal too much of the book is occupied with an account of the petty enterprises in which this little garrison was engaged; the various feuds and dissensions which arose among the different officers and the committees who were appointed as their council; the occasional desertion aixi treachery of various individual?, and the many contrivances, and sacrifices, and exertions by which Colonel Hutchineon was enabled to maintain his post till the final discomfiture of the Royal party. This narrative contain«, no doubt, many splendid examples of courage and fidelity on both sides : anu, for the variety of intrigues, cabals, and successful and unsuccessful attempts at corruption which it exhibits, may be considered as a complete miniature of a greater history. Bat the insiïnificance of the events, and the obscurity of the persons, take away all interest from the story; and our admiration of Colonel Hatchinson's firmness, and disinterestedness and valour, is scarcely sufficient to keep our attention alive through the languishing narrative of the obscure warfare in which he was employed.
It has often been remarked, and for the honour of our country can петег be too often lepeated, that history afford в no example of a civil contest carried on for years at the point of the sword, and yet producing so little ferocity in the body ef the people, and so few instances of particular violence or cruelty. No proscriptions—no executions—no sacking of cities, or laying waste of provinces—no vengeance wreaked- and indeed scarcely any severity inflicted, upon those who were notoriously hostile, unies« found actually in arms. Some passages in the ware of Henry IV., as narrated by Sully, approach to this character; but the horrible massacres with which that contest was at other stages attended, exclude it from all parallel with the generous hostility of England. This book is full of instances, not merely of mutual toleration, but of the most cordial friendship subsisting between individuals actually engaged in the opposite parlies. In particular, Sir Allan Apsley, Mrs. Hutchinson's brother, who commanded a troop ot horse for the King, and was frequently employed in the same part of the country where Colonel Hutchinson commanded for the Parliament, is represented throughout as living on a footing of the greatest friendship and cordiality with this valiant relative. Under the prote'ction of mutual passes, they pay frequent visits to each other, and exchange vinous civilities and pieces of service, without any attempt on either side to seduce the other from the cause to which his conscience had attached him. In the same way, the huuses and families of various royalists are left unmolested in the district commanded by Colonel Hutcbjnson's forces; and officers con'tretiriir troops to the siege of the castle, are repeatedly invited to partake of entertainments with the garrison. It ie no less curious »ad unique to find Mrs. Hutchinson officiating a a surgeon to the wounded ; and the Colonel almmisteringr spiritual consolation to some ef the captives who had been mortally hurt by the men whom he had led into action.
After the termination of the war, Colonel Hatchinson was returned to Parliament for the town which he had so resolutely defended. He was appointed a member of the High Conrt of Justice, for the trial of the King ;— and after long hesitation, and frequent prayer to God to direct him aright in an affair of so much moment, he deliberately concurred in the sentence which was pronounced by it :— Mrs. Hutchinson proudly disclaiming for him the apology, afterwards so familiar in the months of his associates, of having been overawed by Cromwell. His opinion of the Protector, and of his government, has been pretty fallyeiplained in the extracts we have already pven. During that usurpation, he lived in almost unbroken retirement, at Owthorpe; »here he occupied himself in superintending the education of his children, whom he him«elf ¡Mtructed in music and other elegant accomplishments; in the embellishment of hi» residence by building and planting; in administering justice to his neighbours, and in making a very choice collection of painting and sculpture, for which he had purchased a :i':mber of articles out of the cabinet of the
late King. Such were the liberal pursuits and elegant recreations of one whom all our recent histories would lead us to consider as a gloomy fanatic, and barbarous bigot!
Upon the death of the Protector, he again took his seat in Parliament, for the county of Nottingham; and was an indignant spectator of the base proceedings of Monk, and the headlong and improvident zeal of the people in the matter of the restoration. In the course of the debate on the treatment to be dealt to the regicides, such of them as were members of the House rose in their places, and made such a defence of their conduct as they respectively thought it admitted of. The following passage is very curious, and gives us a high idea of the readiness and address of Colonel Hutchinson in a situation of extraordinary difficulty.
"When it came to Inglesbies turne, he, ict'íA many learei, profest his repentance fonhai niurther; and told a false tale, how Cromwell held his Imml, and forc'd him to subscribe the sentence ! and made a most whining recantation; after which he retir'd, and another had almost ended, when Colionell Hutchinson. who was not there at the beginning, came in, and was told what (hey were about, and that it would be expected he should say something. He wag surpriz'd with a thing he expected not ; yet neither then, nor in any the like occasion, did he ever faile himeelfe, but told them, 'That for hia actings in those dayes, if he hod err'd, it was the inexperience of his age, and the defect of his nidgement, and not the malice of his heart, which had ever prompted him to pursue the general! advantage of his country more then his owne ; and if the sacrifice of him might conduce to the publick peace and settlement, he should freely submit his lite and fortunes to their dispose; that the vain expence of hie age, and the great« debts his publick employments had runne him into, as they were testimonies that neither avarice nor any other interest had carried him on, so they yielded him iust cause to repent that he ever foreooke his owne blessed quiett, to embarque in such a troubled sea, where he had made shipwreck of all things hut a good conscience; and as to that particular action of the king, he deeir'rf thfm to believe he had that fence of it that beßtted an Engliihman, a Chrittian, and a gentleman.' Assoone as the collonell had spoken, he retir'd into a roome, where Inglesbie was, with hia eies yet red, who had cnll'd up a little spirit to succeed his «innings, and embracing Collonell Hutchinson, ' О collonell,'say'dhe, 'aid I ever imagine wee could be brought to this? Could I have suspected it, when I brought them Lambert in the other day, this sword should have redeem'd us from being dealt with as criminelle, by that people, for whom we had so gloriously exposed ourselves.' The collonell told him, he bad foreseene, ever since those usurpers thrust out the lawfull authority of the land, to enthrone themselves, it could end in nothing else; but the integrity of his heart, in all he had done, made him as chearefully ready to suffer as to triumph in a good cause. The result of the house that day was to suspend Collonell Huichinson and the rest from sitting in the house. Monke. after all his grcate professions, now sate still, and had not one word to interpose for any person, but was as forward to sett vengeance on foot as any man."—pp. 367—369.
He was afterwards comprehended in the act of amnesty, and with some difficulty obtained his pardon; upon which he retired to the country; but was soon after brought to town, in order to see if he could not be prevailed on to give evidence against such of the