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of the RIGHT HONOURABLE,
EARL of ROSCOMMON.
G L 4 s G 0 :
Printed by R. URIE, MDCCXLIX,
Earl of ROSCOMMON.
ENTORTH DILLON, earl
of Roscommon, was descended of an antient family in Ireland, and son of James Dillon, earl of Roscommon, who had been converted from the Romish communion by archbishop Ulher. He was born in Ireland, when that kingdom was under the adminiftration of the earl of Strafford, to whom his lordship's mother (descended from the Boyntons of Bramíton in YorkMire) was nearly related; and when he was baptized, the lord lieutenant
him the surname of his own family, Went
He passed the first years of his infancy in that kingdom, and was educated in the Protestant religion. The earl of Strafford apprehending, that upon that account his family would be exposed
to the most furious efects of religious revenge, at the beginning of the Irish rebellion, sent for him over into England, and placed him at his own seat in Yorkshire, under the tuition of Dr. Hall, afterwards bishop of Norwich, a prelate of eminent learning and piety. By him he was instructed in Latin, and, without learning the common rules of grammar, which he could never retain in his memory,
he attained to write in that language with classical elegance and propriety, and with so much ease, that he chose it to correspond with those friends who had learning sufficient to support the commerce.
When the cloud began to gather over England, and the earl of Strafford was impeached, by the advice of archbishop Ulher, he was sent to complete his education at Caen, in Normandy, under the famous Mr. Bochart. After some
years he travelled to Rome, where he grew familiar with the most valuable remains of antiquity; applying himself particu
larly to the knowlege of medals, which he gained in perfection; and spoke Italian with so much grace and fluency, that he was frequently mistaken there for a native.
Soon after the restoration, he returned to England, where he was graciously received by king Charles II. and made captain of the band of pensioners; and some time afterwards, master of the horse to the duchess of York. In the gaieties of that age, he was tempted to indulge a violent passion for gaming, by which he frequently hazarded his life in duels, and exceeded the bounds of a moderate fortune. A dispute with the lord privy seal, about part of his estate, obliging him to revisit his native country, he resigned his poit in the English court; and soon after his arrival in Dublin, the duke of Ormond appointed him captain of the guards. He still retained his inclination to gaming, which engaged him in the following adventure.