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her charge, his vouch, has something fine. Vouch is the testimony one man bears for another. So that, by this, he insinuates his authority was so great, that his denial would have the same credit that a vouch or testimony has in ordi
WARB. Ibid] I believe this beauty is merely imaginary, and that vouck against means no more than denial.
johns. P. 277. L. 4. A comma only should be placed after rein.
Revis.* die the death] This seems to be a folenn phrase for death inflicted by I w. So in Mid ummer-Night's Dream. Prepare to die the death. JOHNS.
L. 22. - -prompture) Suggestion, temptation. JOHNS. P. 278. 1. 4. Be absolute for dearb.] Be determined to die, without any hope of life. Horace,- The hour which exceeds expectation will be welcome.
Join. L. 7: That none but fools would keep:] But this reading is not only contrary to all sense and reason ; but to the drift of this moral Discourse. The Duke, in his ailum'd Chara ter of a Friar, is endeavouring to inftil into the condemn'd prisoner a resignation of mind to his Sentence; but the sense of the lines, in the reading, is a direct persuasive to Suicide : I make no doubt, but the poet wrote,
That none but Fools would reck. i: e, care for, be anxious about, regret the loss of. So in the Trazcdy of Tancred and Gifmunda, Act 4. Scene 3.
Not that the recês this life-
Recking as litile what etideth me. Ibid.] The meaning seems plainly this, that rone but fools would wish to keep life; or, nonbut fools rould keep it, if choice were allowed. A fenfe, whichi, wh:ther true or not, is certainly innocent.
UPTON & JOHN L. 9. That do this habitation.) This reading is fubitituted by Sir Thomas Hinmer. for ibat doft.
John. L. IO
meerly rhcu art Death's "ool; For bim that lačourft by thy flight to moun,
And yet runnst focu'rd him. joill.] In those old farces called MORALITIES, the Fool of the piece, in order to thew
the inevitable approaches of Death, is made to employ all his stratagems to avoid him: which, as the matter is ordered, bring the Fool, at every turn, into his very jaws. So that the representations of these scenes would afford a great deal of good mirib and morals mixed together. And from such circumstances, in the genius of our ancestors publick diverfions, I suppose it was, that the old proverb arose, of “ being merry and wise."
HANM. P. 278. 1. 12 Thou art not noble ;
For all the accommodations, that thou bear A,
Are nurs’d by baseness.] This enigmatical sentence, so much in the manner of our author, is a fine proof of his knowledge of human nature, The meaning of it being this, « The most virtuous actions have a selfish motive, and even those of them which appear most generous, are but the more artful disguises of self-love."
WARB. L. 14. Are nurs’d by baseness.] Dr. Warburton is undoubt. edly mistaken in supposing that by baseness is meant self-love here assigned as the motive of all human actions. Shakespear mcant only to observe, that a minute analyfis of life at once destroys that fplendor which dazzles the imagination. Whatever grandeur can display, or luxury enjoy, is procured by baleness, by offices of which the minds shrinks from the contemplation. All the delicacies of the table may be traced back to the shambles and the dunghill, all magnificence of building was hewn from the quarry, and all the pomp of ornaments, dug from among the damps and darkness of the mine.
CAN. CRIT. &. John. the soft and tender fork Of a poor worm.-) Worm is put for any creeping thing or serpent. Shakespear fi pposes falsely, but according to the vulgar notion, that a serpent wounds with his tongue, and that his tongue is forked. He confounds reality and fiction, a serpent's tongue is soft but not forked nor hurtful. If it could hurt, it could not be soft. In MidsummerNight's Dream he has the same notion.
With doubler tongue Than thine, O ferpent, never adder fung. John. L. 16. — Тby best of rest is sleep,
And ibat tbou oft provok's ; yet grofly fearf
Tby death which is no more.] Evidently from the following patřage of Cicero: “ Habes somnum imaginen: Mortis, eamque quotidie induis, & dubitas quin fenfus in morte nullus fit, cum in ejus fimulacro videas esse nullum sensum.” But the Epicurean infinuation is, with great judgment, omitted in the imitation.
WARB. Ibit.] Here Dr. Warburton might have found a sentiment worthy of his adnimadverfion. I cannot without indignation fid Shakespear saying, that death is only seep, lengthening out his exhortation by a sentence which in the Friar is impious, in the reasoner is foolish, and in the poet trite and vulgar.
Јону. L. 18. - Tbou’rt not thyself.] Thou art perpetually repaired and renovated by external aslistance, thou subfiftest upon foreign matter, and haft no power of producing or continuing thy own being.
John: L. 23. — Arange effects.] For effe&ts read affeEts ; that is, affections, passions of mind, or disorders of body variously affected. So in Othello, Tbe
affects, JOHN. P. 279. 1. 5:
Thou bast nor youth, nor age ;
Dreaming on borb.] This is exquisitely imagined. When we are young we busy ourselves in forming schemes for succeeding times, and miss the gratifications that are before us; when we are old we amuse the langour of age with the recollection of youthful pleasures or performances ; so that our life, of which no part is filled with the business of the present time, resembles our dreams after dinner, when the events of the morning are mingled with the designs of the evening.
Thou baft neitber beat, &c. =] The drift of this period is to prove, that neither youth nor age can be said to be really enjoyed, which, in poetical language, is,
We have neither youtb nor age. But how is this made out? That Age is not enjoyed he proves, by recapitulating the infirmities of it, which deprive that period of life of all
sense of pleasure. To prove that youth is not enjoyed, he uses these words, “ for all they blessed youth becomes as aged, and doth beg the alms of palfied Eld.” Out of which, he that can deduce the conclufion, has a better knack at logic than I have. i suppose the poet wrote,
- for pall’d, tby blazed ycurb Becomes affaged; and doth beg the alms
Of palped Eld: i, e. when thy youthful appetite becomes palled, as it will be in the very enjoyment, the blaze of youth is at once afsuaged, and thou immediately contractest the infirmities of old age; as, particularly, the palfie and other, nervous disorders, consequent on the inordinate use of fenfual pleafures. This is to the purpose; and proves youth is not enjoyed by fewing the short duration of it.
WARB. Ibid.) Here again I think Dr. Warburton totally mistaken. Shakespeare declares that man has “neither youth nor age,” for in youth, which is the baptisA time, or which might be the happiest
, he commonly wants means to obtain what he could enjoy; he is dependant on palfied eld; muft beg alms from the coffers of hoary avarice; and being very niggardly supplied becomes as aged, looks, like an old man, on happiness, which is beyond his reach. And when be is old and rich, when he has wealth enough for the purchase of all that formerly excited his desires, he has no longer the powers of enjoyment.
has neither heat, affection, limb, nor beauty To make bis riches pleasant. I have explained this passage according to the present reading, which may stand without much inconvenience ; yet I am willing to persuade my reader, because I have al. most persuaded myself, that our author wrote,
for all thy blafted youth Becomes as aged
JOHNS. L. 10. -- zat, affition, limb, nor beauty.) But how does beauty ma e ricies pleasant? We should read bounty, which compleats the sense, and is this ; Thou hast neither the pleasure of enjoying riches th self, for thou wanteft vigour : nor of seeing it enjoyed by others, for thou wanteft bounty. Where the making the want of bounty as inseparable from
every one feels.
old age as the want of bealth, is extremely fatyrical tho' not altogether just.
WARB.* Ibid] I am inclined to believe that neither man nor woman will have much difficulty to tell how “ beauty makes riches pleasant." Surely this emendation, though it is elegant and ingenious, is not su h as that an opportunity of inserting it should be purchased by declaring ignorance of what every one knows, by confefling insensibility of what
JOHNS. - more thousand deaths.] For this Sir T. Hanmer, reads, a thousand deaths : th meaning is not only a thousand deaths, but a thousand deaths besides what have been mentioned.
Johns. L. 27.] Read, Bring me to stand where I may be concealed, yet hear them speak.
CAPELL. P. 28o. I. 1. As all comforts are; most good in deed.] If this reading be right, Isabella must mean that she brings fomething betie: than words of comfort, she brings an assurance of deeds. This is harsh and constrained, but I know not what better to offer. Sir Tho. Hanmer reads, in speed.
Johnson. Ilid.] The meaning is, that the comfort ne brought him was in its own nature, and in reality, good and advantageous to him, tho gh the words in which she was about to express would sound harsh and uncomfortable in his
What follows sufficiently ascertains this int rpretation : For she immediately goes on to give him notice, that he was with all speed to set out to take possession of the happiness reserved in heaven.
REVIS AL.* an everlasting leiger. Therefore your best appointment.] Leiger is the same with resident. À pointment; preparation; act of fitting, or ftate of being fitted for any thing. So in old books, we have a Knight well appointed; that is, well armed and mounied; or fitted at all points.
JOHNSON. L. 16.
a restraint To a determin'd scope.) A confinement of your mind to one painful idea ; to ignominy, of which the remembrance can be neither suppressed nor escaped, JOHN.
L. The poor Beetle, &c.] The reasoning is, « that death is no more that every being muft fuffer, though the