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had contracted forfurnishing rations to the army were also Morris by his appointment upon the occasion mentionaided by discounts upon the public credit. And in addition ed. Political feuds, arising in part from a difference of to all this, the credit anci confidence which were reviv- opinion on the subject of the constitution of Pennsylvaed by means of this institution, formed the basis of the nia of 1776, prevailed to a great extent, and the conduct system through which the anticipations made within the of the ruling party, who were opposed to any change in bounds of the United States had, in July, 1783, exceed that feeble instrument, was on many occasions marked ed $820,000. If the sumis due, (indirectly) for notes of by want of both intelligence and liberality of sentiment. individuals discounted, be taken into consideration, the Mr. Morris was considered the head of what they chose total will exceed one million! It may then not only be to term the aristocratic party, that is, that portion of men asserted, but demonstrated, that without the establish- of wealth, great public consideration, superior educament of the national bank, the business of the depart. tion, and liberal ideas, who ardently wished a more ment of finance could not have been performed.”. energetic form of state government than could exist
Besides this great benefit to the public cause, derived under a single legislature, and numerous executive from the bank, the state of Pennsylvania, and city of council; and could the legislature have dispensed with Philadelphia, by loans obtained from it, were greatly ac- his services, or had there been any man among the commodated. It enabled the first to provide for the pro- party in power, capable of fulfilling the trust, it is protection of the frontiers, then sorely assailed; and to re- bable that he would not have been appointed to it. That lieve the officers of the Pennsylvania line from their dis. man, however, did not exist. The manner in which Mr. tress, occasioned by the failure of the internal revenue, Morris executed it, showed how well he merited the con. which had been mortgaged for payment of interest of fidence of the legislature, and also a skilfulness of macertificates granted them for military services. It ena- nagement, which none but himself could have affected.* bled the merchants to clear the bay, and even river De- In the year 1786, Mr. Morris served as a representalaware, of the hostile cruisers (which destroyed the lit- tive of Philadelphia, in the state legislature. Always tle commerce that was left, and harassed our internal ready to lend the aid, either of his talents, time, or trade,) by fitting out, among other armed vessels, the purse, when required by the cause of his country, or ship “Hyder Ally,” which, under the command of the state, he yielded to the wishes of his fellow citizens in late gallant Barney, in four days after she sailed, brought standing as a candidate, for the express purpose of exinto port the sloop of war General Monk, which the Bri: erting his influence in favour of the renewal of the chartish, with accurate knowledge of all public movements, ter of the Bank of North America, which had been taken had fitted out at New York, with the particular object of away from that institution by the preceding assembly capturing her* By loans from the bank the city autho- The ostensible reasons for this unjust measure, were ill rities relieved the pressing wants of the capital, which grounded fears of the evil effects of the bank on socie. suffered in a variety of ways from the exhausted state of ty, (and especially the agricultural interest,) its incomits funds, the necessary consequences of the war. But patibility with the safety and welfare of the state; an the support of public credit, the defence of the state improbable possibility of undue influence from it on the and harbour, and relief of the city funds, were not the legislature itself; with other arguments of equal weight only results from this happy financial expedient of Mr. and truth. But the real cause must be ascribed to the Morris. By accommodations to the citizens it promoted continuance of the spirit of the same party which had internal improvements, gave a spring to trade, and been so violently opposed to Mr. Morris, and the society greatly increased the circulating medium by the issue of with which he associated during the whole of the Amebills which, being convertible at will into gold or silver, rican war. The debates on the occasion, which excited were universal y received as equal thereto, and com- great interest among all classes of society, were aceu. manded the most unbounded confidence. Hundreds rately taken down, and published in a pamphlet. † Mr. availed themselves of the security afforded by the vaults Morris replied to all the arguments of his opponents of the bank to depoait their cash, which from the im- with a force of reasoning that would have produced possibility of investing it had long been hid from the conviction in the mind of any man, not previously de light; and the constant current of deposits in the course termined to destroy the bank, if possible, at all bazards. of trade, authorized the directors to increase their busi. The question, however, was lost by a majority of 13, ness, and the amount of their issues, to a most unprece. (28 to 41.) The succeeding legislature restored the dented extent. The consequence of this was a speedy charter. and most perceptible change in the state of affairs, both The next public service rendered by Mr. Morris to public and private,
his country, was as a member of the convention that In the same year, an additional mark of confidence re- formed the federal constitution in the year 1787. He posed in the lalents and integrity of Mr. Morris, was had, as a part of his colleagues, Benjamin Franklin, evinced by the legislature of Pennsylvania, by their ap. George Clymer, and James Wilson, with whom he as
. pointment of him as their agent to purchase the supplies sisted in the councils that led to the memorable and dedemanded of the state for the public service. By the cisive measures of the year 1776; and now with them nature of the organization of the general government, again united in forming the bond of union, which was to the annual necessities of the public funds, provisions, lay the foundation for the future and permanent pras. and other supplies, were apportioned among the seve perity of their country. The want of an efficient federal ral states, and large demands were made upon Pennsyl- government in conducting the war, had been sererely vania in 1781. Mr. Morris was appointed to furnish felt by all those at the head of affairs, either in a civil or them, and a particular resolve of Congress permitted military capacity, and most particularly by Mr. Morris, him to undertake the trust. The supplies were fur- while a member of Congress, and afterwards, when the nished in anticipation, before the money was obtained financial concerns of the Union were exclusively comfrom the state treasury: and while he thús enabled the mitted to him; and the necessity of it, “one, which statę promptly to comply with the demands of Congress, would draw forth and direct the combined efforts of he shows, by his account of the transaction, that the plan United America,” was strongly urged by him in the conof his operations was more economical than any other, clusion of his masterly preface to the "Statement of his which, under the state of things at the time, could have Finance Accounts," already referred to. been adopted. Those only who are old enough to re- The confidence of his fellow citizens was again shown, collect the state of parties at the time in Pennsylvania, in his election as one of the representatives from Philaor have made themselves acquainted with them, can duly appreciate the extent of the compliment paid to Mr. Sec statement of his Finance Accounts before re
ferred to. * For an account of this action see Register, vol. I. p. † For this interesting document, we are indebted to 180
Mr. Mathew Carey, as writer and publisher,
delphia, in the first Congress that sat at New York, after regard to consequences. I remember to have heard her the ratification of the federal compact by the number of say, that on one occasion, the monarch, irritated by some states required thereby, to establish it as the grand basis disaster to his troops, where he had prognosticated a of the law of the land,
triumph, exclaimed with warmth, "I wish, Mrs. Wright, It adds not a little to the merit of Mr. Morris, that you would tell me how it will be possible to check the notwithstanding his numerous engagements as a public silly infatuation of your countrymen, restore them to and private character, their magnitude and often per- reason, and render them good and obedient subjects.” plexing nature, he was enabled to fulfil all the private "I consider their submission to your Majesty's governduties which his high standing in society necessarily ment, as now altogether out of the question,” replied imposed upon him. His house was the seat of elegant Mrs. Wright. "Friends you may make them, but never but unostentatious hospitality, and his domestic affairs subjects. For America, before a king can reign there, were managed with the same admirable order which must become a wilderness, without other inhabitants had so long, and so proverbially distinguished his count than the beasts of the forest. The opponents of the ing house, the office of the secret committee of Congress, decrees of your parliament, rather than submit, would and that of Finance. An introduction to Mr. Morris, perish to a man; but if the restoration of peace be sewas a matter in course, with all the strangers in good so- riously the object of your wishes, I am confident that it ciety, who for half a century visited Philadelphia, either needs but the striking off of three heads to produce it." on commercial, public, or private business, and it is not 'And whose are the three heads to be struck off, Madam.' saying too much to assert, that during a certain period it '0, Lord North's, and Lord George Germaine's, beyond greatly depended upon him to do the honours of the all question.' 'And whose the third head?" "0, Sire, city; and certainly no one was more qualified or more politeness forbids me to name him. Your Majesty could willing to support them. Although active in the acqui- never wish me to forget myself, and be guilty of an insition of wealth as a merchant, no one more freely parted civility.' with his gains, for public or private purposes of a merito- In her exhibition room, one group of figures particurious nature, whether these were to support the credit of larly attracted attention; and by all who knew her sentithe government, to promote objects of humanity, local ments, was believed to be a pointed bint at the results, improvement, the welfare of meritorious individuals in which might follow the wild ambition of the monarch. society, or a faithful commercial servant. The instances The busts of the king and Queen of Great Britain, in which he shone on all these occasions were numerous.
were placed on a table, apparently intently gazing on a Some in reference to the three former particulars, have head, which a figure, an excellent representation of been mentioned, and many acts of disinterested generos- herself, was modelling in its lap. It was the head of the ity in respect to the last could easily be related. The unfortunate Charles the First. prime of his life was engaged in discharging the most important civil trusts to his country, that could possibly fall to the lot of any man; and millions passed through Captain Zeigler, of l'ennsylvania. The conclusion his hands as a public officer, without the smallest breath of the war, though in the highest degree acceptable to of insinuation against his correctness or of negligence, a great majority of the citizens of the United States, amidst “defaulters of unaccounted thousands, or the proved far otherwise to the soldiers of fortune, who losses sustained by the reprehensible carelessness of na- sought not only reputation, but support, by their tional agents.
swords. From the foregoing short account we may have some I remember full well, that when the army was reviewed idea of the nature and magnitude of the services ren- for the last time on James' Island, and a feu de joie fired dered by Robert Morris to the United States. It may to celebrate the return of Peace, that Captain Zeigler, be truly said, that few men acted a more conspicuous of the Pennsylvania Line, after saluting Gen. Greene, or useful pari; and when we recollect that it was by significantly shrugging up his shoulders, and dropping bis exertions and talents that the United States were so the point of his sword, gave vent to an agony of tears. often relieved from their difficulties at times of great The review ended; on being questioned as to the cause depression and pecuniary distress, an estimate may be of his emotion, he feelingly said --"Although I am happy formed of the weight of obligations due to him from the in the thought, that my fellow soldiers may now seek people of the present day. Justly, therefore, may an their homes, to enjoy the reward of their toils, and all elegant historian of the American War say, “certainly the delights of domestic felicity, I cannot but rememthe Americans owed, and still owe, as much acknow. ber, that I am left on the busy scene of life, a wanderer, ledgement to the financial operations of Robert Morris, without friends, and without employment; and that, a as to the negotiations of Benjainin Franklin, or even the soldier from infancy, I am now in the decline of life, arms of George Washington..'*
compelled to seek a precarious subsistence in some new After the close of the American war, Mr. Morris was channel, where ignorance and inability may mar my foramong the first in the States who extensively en- tunes, and condemn me to perpetual obscurity.” Thave gaged in the East India and China trade. He died in given the purport of his speech in plain language-it Philadelphia in the year 1806, in the 73d year of his certainly was not bis usual style of speaking; in which, age.
the mixture of German and English words, formed a
dialect not easily to be comprehended. * Botta's Hist. Am. War, vol. iii. p. 343.
An excellent and intrepid soldier, he was particularly
proud of the discipline and military appearance of the REVOLUTIONARY ANECDOTES.
company he commanded. On one occasion, while conMrs. Wright.- At the commencement of the revolu- ducting a number of prisoners to a British out-post, adtion, Mrs. Wright, a native of Pennsylvania, and distin. dressing himself to his men, whom he was ambitious to guished modeller of likenesses and figures of was, was show to the best advantage, he said, assuming an erect exhibiting specimens of her skill in London. The king posture, and an air of great dignity, “Gentlemens, you of Great Britain, pleased with ber talents, gave her li- are now to meet with civility the enemy of your coun. beral encouragement, and finding her a great politician, try, and you must make dem regard you with profound and enthusiastic republican, would often enter into dis- and respectful admiration. Be please, den, to look cussion relative to passing occurrences, and endeavour great-to look graceful-to look like de Devil-to look to refute her opinions, with regard to the probable issue like me!"
Garden's Rev. Anec. of the war. The frankness with which she delivered her sentiments, seemed rather to please than to offend himn; which was a fortunate circumstance, for when ask- Iron Works in Armstrong County.—The following ined an opinion, she gave it without restraint, or the least I formation, in reply to the queries respecting Iron, made
in the Register, some time since, is furnished by the Kit- 1726-7Charles Read. 117267 tanning Gazette of the 4th inst.
1727 1728} Thomas Lawrence,
1728 Bear-Creek Furnace, owned by H. Baldwin. 1729
1729 Allegheny do
Samuel Hassel. The first named is situated on Bear creek, in the N. 17325
1732 w.corner of the county; it is said to be the largest in 1733_Thomas Griffitts. 1733 > Andrew Hamilton the United States, and while in blast made as high as 1734-Thomas Lawrence. 1734 40 tons of metal per week sometimes. It has not been 1735-William Allen. 1735 in blast for a considerable time.
1736-Clement Plumsted. 1736 The second is situated on the west side of the Alle- 1737—Thomas Griffitts. 1737 gheny river, two miles above Kittanning. It went into : 1738—Anthony Morris. 1738 operation in the summer of 1827, and has since been 1739-Edward Roberts. 1739 doing a good business-making about 14 tons of pig 1740 -Samuel Hassel. 1740 metal weekly
| 1741---Clement Plumsted. 1741) The third is situated near the Kiskiminetas river and 1742-William Till. 1742 Pennsylvania Canal-has been in operation near two 1743-Benja. Shoemaker. 1743 years---does well--making about 15 tons weekly-has 1744-Edward Shippen. 1744 made as high as 20.
1745–James Hamilton. 1745 >William Allen. These are all the furnaces yet erected in this county; 1746?
1746 but the hills are filled with ore, and many more might, 1747)
1747 and no doubt will be erected. There are no forges in 1748-Charles Willing. 1748 the county: the pigs are taken down the river to Pitts- 1749– Thomas Lawrence. 1749. burg, where they meet with a ready sale.
1750-William Plumsted. 1750
1751- Robert Strettell. 1751 ELECTION OF MAYOR.
1752--Benja. Shoemaker. 1752 >Tench Francis.
1753-4Thomas Lawrence. 1753 On the 21st instant, the Councils met for the purpose 1754-5Charles Willing: 1754-5 ofelecting a Mayor for the ensuing year—the candidates 1755—William Plumsted. 17557 were Joseph Watson, esq. late Mayor and George M. Atwood Shute.
1756 1557 S
1757 Dallas, esq. The following was the state of the votes.
1758-Thomas Lawrence. 1758 Select Council. For G. M. DALLAS, Richards, Kittera, 1759-John Stamper. 1759 Worrell, Neff, Toland.
1760–Benja. Shoemaker. 1760 For Josepu Watson, Scott, Garrett, Hale, Miller, Read,
| 1761-Jacob Duche. 1761
1762-Henry Harrison. Thomson.
1763–Thomas Willing, 1763 Common Council. For G. M. Dallas, Baker, Burden, 1764–Thomas Lawrence. 1764 Bladen, Cook, Coryell, Cave, Graff, Hertzogg, Horner, 1765 ?
1765 Benjamin Chew, Johnson, Linnard, Maitland, Moss, Oldenburg, O'Neill,
1767 Page, Scott, Snyoler, Wainwright.
Isaac Jones, 1768 S
1769 The Mayor elect having been apprised of his election 1770
1770 by a committee appointed for the purpose, attended and John Gibson.
1771 1772 S
1772 took the prescribed oath.
1773-William Fisher. 1773
1774Samuel Rhoads, 1774 The following is a list of all the Mayors & RecondenS 1775_Samuel Powell.* 1775) from the first incorporation of the city.
1789_Samuel Powel. 1789 Mayors.
Recorders, 1790_Samuel Miles. 1790 11701
1791 _John Barclay. 1791 1702 S 1702 Thomas Story, 17927
1792 1703—- Anthony Morris. 1703
1793 1704-Griffith Jones.
Matthew Clarkson. 1704
1794 1705-—Joseph Wilcocks. 1705 David Lloyd. 1795)
1795 1706–Nathan Stanbury. 1706
1796 1707-82 1707-87
Robert Wharton. 1709 1709_Richard Hill.
1799 1710– William Carter. 1710
1800—John Inskeep. 1800-1 1711--Samuel Preston. 1711
1801-2-Alex'r J. Dallas. 1712-Jonathan Dickenson. 1712
1802 1713—George Roch. 1713
1804 1715 S Richard Hill. 1715 1805-John Inskeep.
1807-8 1718 S 1718
1808 2 1719
John Barker. 1720 William Fishbourne 1720
1810--Robert Wharton. 18107 1721 1721
1811- Michael Keppele. 1811 1721- James Logan. 1722
1812-John Barker. 1812
>Joseph Reed. 1723--Clement Plumsted. (1723
1813–John Geyer. (1813 1724-Isaac Norris. 1724
In the year 1776, the corporation was dissolved 1725-William Hudson. 11725
in consequence of the revolution, and the city remained unincorporated until 1789.
1701? Edward Shippen.
1809; Robert Wharton.
2521 203 300 1961 365 311| 236,1863
370 473 337 596 428 324|2909
477) 340 598 418 326 2913
Those marked thus (*) are elected. The 9 first named are Jackson men. The 4 last named are admininistration.
3783 | Townsend Haines
Drs J. M'Clean
Administration. LANCASTER COUNTY-OFFICIAL.
5203 William Hiester 5169 | Townsend Haines 5148 Samuel Anderson 5160 | Henry Haldemon 5112 | John Rohrer. 5020 George C. Lloyd ASSEMBLY.
5073 | John C. Lefevre SENATOR. COXGRESS.
5076 | Samuel Shirk Nathanl. F. Lightner 5063 | Thomas C. Collins
5111 William Noble
1821 >Jcseph Reed.
Joseph Watson 1828–George M. Dallas. 11828 18147 1815 1817 1818) 1820 1821 1822 1823-4) 1825 1826 1827-8)
233 165! 2301 110 2.32 323 2231 222 205/ 224 207 72 176 174 173 172 174 175 176 87
89 87 120 31
180 249 246 194 224 229 225 222 223 140 222 1931 191) 1941 182 2131 192 194
153 151 150 132 142 1541 144 145 139255 142 Rosehill
17 126 118 121
25 117 117| 137
34 22 43
43 42 Kensington.
650 215 786 160 778 793 741 785 769 735 779 77 185 178 164 158 163 158 193 Northern Liberties. 1292 1229 2015 995 1920 2018 1872 1887 1877 1087 1885 938 1089 973 973 962 975 962 1094 123 123 117 Penn Township
555 419 7151 253 706 741 706 710 695 709 7061 32 276 253 252 247 251 248! 284 Blockley and Kingsessing. 170 228 235 165 221 233/ 221 2218 219 227 228 16 174 165 162 165) 162 160) 178 Southwark..
1332 636 1633 3391522/1625 1525 1522 1521 1519|1526 105 420 317 312 318 321 319 432 Moyamensing 85 3661 33 361 363 362 362 360 358 361 8 41 35 3 36 36 37
55, 107 53 108 107 107 107 105 107 107 54 64 541 54 54 50 54
5322'36636307/266216587169886497'654716434'5742'6535/1391129942636/2651 2518 26692615 26154 425 421' 432)
821 Henry Muhlenburg 2429 Henry King. 1665
ASSEMBLY. Joseph Fry, Jr. 2837 Wiliam Addams 1853 Wolfersberger
1357 | Harper
815 Daniel A. Bertolet 2857 | Geo. U. Odenheimer 1941 Jacob Krebs 2132 | William Audenreid 2017
Margaret S. McAlpin,
Common Pleas, Oct. 22; Paul Geiger 2451 Jonathan Haas
James Arrott. George Kline 2479 | Jacob Marshall 1982
This was an action, brought in the name of the John Stauffer 2627 | John Zie.ner 2029 plaintiff, for the recovery of $47 50, the amount paid Philip A. Good 2346 | John Hughes 1997 the defendant for a bill of exchange, purchased by hur
father on March 29th, 1317, for 10 pounds sterling on Extract of a letter to the Editors, dated Danville, October c. Arrott & Co. in Glasgow; all interests in the suit in 17, 1828.
question being assigned to his daughter. Mr. James I herewith send you the official returns of the election McAlpin, as a witness stated that he purchased the bill in Columbia county. The clection was governed pret- in order to remit it to a widowed sister in Scotland, for ty much by the presidential politics of the voters. whose use he had endorsed it; that he purchased bills CONGRESS.
of Mr. Arrott previously, all of which had been duly hoA. Marr 1513 | J. Murray
543 noured; that the bill had been sent on, but that preJ. Ford 1488 G. M. Hollenback 440
vious to its arrival, he had advices of the decease of his P: Stevens 1481 C. Alford
507 sister, and that the bill had therefore never been preSENATE.
sented, since which time nothing had been heard of it, J. Drumheller 1439 | N. Beach
and it was supposed to be lost or destroyed; that he had ASSEMBLY.
made frequent applications to Mr. A. for a settlement of John M'Reynolds 1613 | Christian Brobst 558 the business in question, stating the circumstances of his John Robinson 1352 | Jesse Bowman 489
sister's death, and that he had received a letter from his
nephew, the son of the deceased, stating that on that MIFFLIN COUNTY-OFFICIAL.
account the bill had not been presented; that Mr. ArJackson.
Adams. rott refused, alleging the absence of the first of ex
change, as a reason; that he (McAlpin) offered him the D. H. Huling
second, with an indemnification, if the first should bave John Scott 781
been paid, and proposed leaving it to arbitration, all of SENATE.
which was of no avail. The business lay over till the J. Milliken
990 | William Steel 150 year 1821, when Mr. Arrott took passage for Scotland, T. Jackson
and on his return told him (McAlpin) that he had seen ASSEMBLY.
his brother of the house of Arrott & Co. in Glasgow, E. Banks 1239 | William Cummin 405
and “was satisfied, and would settle with him;" that J. Patterson 877
Mr. Arrott never pretended that the bill had been paid John Cummin 872
by his brother. Wm. Ramsey 469
The defendant's counsel in opening, made several
technical objections to the legality of the suit; that Mr. ADAMS COUNTY-OFFICIAL.
McAlpin had conveyed all his interest in the bill, by his Jackson.
Adams. first endorsement, to his sister, and therefore could not T. H, Crawford 982 G. Chambers
1355 recover but as an administrator-that his client would be Win. Ramsay
969 James Wilson 1340 | hereafter liable, should one appear with the bill-that ASSEMBLY.
the daughter being married could not sustain the suit irr Ezra Blythe 1027 | James M’Sherry 1444 her own name, &c.
The President, Judge King, (after the arguments of
the different counsel,) proceeded to charge the jury, in FRANKLIN COUNTY-OFFICIAL,
which he sustained some part of the objections of the Jackson.
defendant's counsel; but considered it an action of asT.H. Crawford 2368 | G. Chambers
sumpsit, and put it to them on its merits, and their belief Wm. Ramsay 2315 | James Wilson
2140 and understanding of the declaration of the defendant, ASSEMBLY.
made to the plaintiff on his return from Scotland in 1821. Ludwick Ileck 2338 | Philip Berlin 2148 Wm. Boals 3218 | Benj. Reynolds 2183
The jury shortly returned a verdict for plaintiff of John Cox 2292 | Daniel Royer
$67 98 cents, being the original amount, with seven years
W. L. Hirst and J. Randall, Esqrs. for plaintiff. CUMBERLAND COUNTY-OFFICIAL.
Chester, Esq. for defendant. Wm. Ramsay 2323 | James Wilson
Aurora & Penn. Gaz, T. H. Crawford 2367 | George Chambers
Printed every Saturday morning by William F. GedWm. Alexander 2507 | John Davis
1202 Peter Lobach 1999 Lewis Zearing
des, No. 59 Locust street, Philadelphia; where, and at 747
the Editor's residence, in North 12th st. 3l door south DAUPHIN COUNTY.
of Cherry st. subscriptions will be thankfully received.
Price five dollars per annumi payable in six months after Innis Green 1695 / V. Hummel
the commencement of publication--and annually, there ASSEMBLY. John Roberts 1782 | John S. Weistling
953 after, by subscribers resident in or near the city, or wher William Lauman 1669 | David Ferguson 971 | tiere is an agent. Other subscrihers pay in advance.