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acetic acid action active added alcohol ammonia animal appears applied arteries become bismuth bitter blood blood-pressure body brain carbonate cause centre CHARACTERS chloride chloroform circulation cold colour combined completely condition contains contraction convulsions cord death destroy dilatation diluted diminished disease dissolved doses drug effect employed ends ether excitability experiments fibres fluid frog given gives grains heart heat increased injected internally intestine iron irritation large doses lead leaves less lessen membrane mercury metals mixed motor movements mucous muscle muscular nerves nervous occur odour opium organs oxide oxygen pain paralysed pass patient poisoning potash potassium precipitate PREPARATIONS pressure prevent probably produce quantity reaction readily reflex removed render respiration salts secretion similar skin soda sodium soluble solution sometimes spinal stimulation stomach substances sulphuric surface taken taste temperature tissue urine usually vagus vessels vomiting
Page 183 - As nitrous oxide in its extensive operation appears capable of destroying physical pain, it may probably be used with advantage during surgical operations in which no great effusion of blood takes place.
Page 29 - The irrational practice of giving infinitesimal doses has of course nothing to do with the principle of homoeopathy — similia similibus curantur: the only requisite is that mentioned by Hippocrates, when he recommended mandrake in mania ; viz. that the dose be smaller than would be sufficient to produce in a healthy man symptoms similar to those of the disease.
Page iii - Assistant Physician and Lecturer on Materia Medica at St. Bartholomew's Hospital ; Examiner in Materia Medica in the University of London, in the Victoria University, and in the Royal College of Physicians, London ; late Examiner in the University of Edinburgh. A TEXT-BOOK OF PHARMACOLOGY, THERAPEUTICS, AND MATERIA MEDICA. Adapted to the United States Pharmacopoeia, by FRANCIS H.
Page 499 - Acid, be put into a small flask with a few pieces of Granulated Zinc, and, while the effervescence continues, a slip of bibulous paper wetted with...
Page 777 - Add the oil of orange, to the cotton in small portions at a time, distributing it thoroughly by picking the cotton apart after each addition ; then pack...
Page 342 - ... reaches the rectum and produces purgation. 6. Purgation will not ensue if water be withheld from the diet for one or two days previous to the administration of the salt in a concentrated form. 7. The absence of purgation is not due to the want of water in the alimentary canal, but to its deficiency in the blood. 8. Under ordinary conditions, with an unrestricted supply of water, the maximal amount of fluid accumulated within the canal corresponds very nearly to the quantity of water required...
Page 694 - The action of nitrite of amyl in causing flushing was first observed by Guthrie, and Dr. BW Richardson recommended it as a remedy in spasmodic conditions, from the power he thought it to possess of paralysing motor nerves. In the spring of 1867 I had opportunities of constantly observing a patient who suffered from angina pectoris, and of obtaining from him numerous sphygmographic tracings, both during the attack and during the interval. These showed that during the attack the pulse became quicker,...
Page 943 - Characters and Tests. — Pale grey, amorphous, without smell, but, even in the most minute quantity, powerfully irritating the nostrils ; strongly and persistently bitter, and highly acrid; insoluble in water, soluble in spirit, in ether, and in diluted acids, leaving traces of an insoluble brown resinoid matter.
Page 549 - Characters and Tests. — In transparent colourless rhombic prisms, terminated by four converging planes, efflorescent, tasting like common salt. It imparts a yellow colour to flame. Its solution has a faintly alkaline reaction, it gives a yellow precipitate with nitrate of silver, the resulting fluid acquiring an acid reaction. Heated to dull redness it loses...