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“‘We say that the General Assembly of this commonwealth has no such authority.’”
THE CERTAIN CONSEQUENCES
“They said: ‘Who does not see that the same authority which can establish Christianity in exclusion of all other religions, may establish with the same ease any particular sect of Christianity in exclusion of all other sects?'
“‘In the event of a statute for the support of the Christian religion, are the courts of law to decide what is Christianity? and as a consequence, decide what is authority and what is heresy”
“‘It is impossible for the magistrate to adjudge the right of preference among the various sects that profess the Christian faith, without erecting a claim to infallibility which would lead us back to the Church of Rome.’”
“They said: ‘What a melancholy mark is this bill of sudden degeneracy: Instead of holding forth an asylum to the persecuted, it is a signal of persecution.’
“Distant as it may be in its present form from the inquisition, it differs from it only in degree. The one is the first step, the other is the last, in the career of intolerance.
“Nothing is more evident, both in reason and the holy Scriptures, than that religion is ever a matter between God and individuals. Therefore, no man or men can impose any
religious test without invading the essential prerogatives of our Lord Jesus Christ.
“Ministers first assumed the power under the Christian
name, and then Constantine approved of the practice when he adopted the profession of Christianity as an engine for State policy; and let the history of all nations be searched from that day to this, and it will appear that the imposing of religious tests has been the greatest engine of tyranny in the world.”
THE FIRST DUTY
“They said that, “It is proper to take alarm at the first experiment upon our liberties. We hold this prudent' jealousy to be the first duty of a citizen, and one of the noblest characteristics of the late Revolution.
“‘The freemen of America did not wait till usurped power had strengthened itself by exercise, and entangled the question in precedents. They saw all the consequences in the principle. And they avoided the consequences by denying the principle.’
“‘We revere this lesson too much, soon to forget.
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After days, weeks, even months of reading, the mind of this girl was completely revolutionized. Her father and lover now seemed to her like heroes worthy of mention in the Temple of Fame. Her one anxiety now was, that they should be restored to her. What happened?
Monsieur Cammille was at this time ill in the hospital. He felt that the end was approaching, and he longed and mourned for his daughter.
Now, Evadne had decided to devote her life to philanthropy, she was in the habit of visiting the sick in this hospital. Accordingly, one day when she went there the nurse
called her attention to a white haired man, saying, “He mourns for his daughter.” “What is his name?” inquired Evadne. “Monsieur Cammille,” answered the nurse. Evadne approached. He was asleep. She took a seat by his side and began to sing softly, the “Marseillaise.” He opened his eyes, gazed intently into her face and soon learned that it was his daughter.—What joy! When Evadne was sure of her faith, she said to Madame Cammille, “Mother, we have been mistaken concerning the keys of the kingdom which the Lord gave to Saint Peter.” “What do you mean?” inquired Madame Cammille in surprise. “The kingdom of God is not the Roman Catholic Church that great church kingdom as we have been taught to believe. It is far different than any church power that can ever be formed by man.” Madame Cammille interrupted, “You intend to question the magnificent Church; are you wiser than all the holy popes, and the great men of all these centuries?” “Mother, hear the Holy Scriptures:”— Evadne reads: “Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.” “Ye are come unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem—to the general assembly and church of the first born which are written in heaven.” “For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named.”—“That,” said Evadne, “is the true Catholic Church, of that church, the church of Rome is not even a part, and Jerusalem, not Rome, is the Eternal City.”
“For Christ, not the Pope, is the head of the Church.” “God—hath put all things under His (Christ's) feet and gave Him to be the head over all things to the church which is His body, the fulness of Him that filleth all in all.” How truly universal is that church, how magnificent, the other is very petty and mean.”
Madame Cammille grew pale, then crimson—presently she exclaimed, “Abominable child, you shall see, you shall be punished for your heresy.”
Evadne said, “I fear not the Pope, I fear God only.”
She was locked in a hideous room and left alone.
“The year of 1832 opened with something impending and dreadful. Plots, conspiracies, risings and cholera added the sombre roar of tumults of events to the sombre roar of ideas “Toward the beginning of May there were signs of a vast underlying conflagration, something terrible was in preparation. “The Faubourgh Saint Antoine, more than any other group, accentuated the situation and made it felt. That was the sore point. This old faubourgh, peopled like an ant hill, laborious, courageous, and angry as a hive of bees, was quivering with expectation, and with a desire for a tumult. In this faubourgh exists poignant distress hidden under attic roofs, there also exists rare and ardent minds: distress and intelligence are two extremes, dangerous when they meet. “In the wine shops, people were grave and gloomy; there they publicly discussed the question of fighting or keeping quiet. The government was there purely and simply called in question. “The government one day received a warning that arms and two hundred thousand cartridges had just been distributed in the faubourgh. On the following week thirty thousand cartridges were distributed. The remarkable point about it
was that the police were not able to seize a single one. An intercepted letter read: