Antirevivalism in Antebellum America: A Collection of Religious Voices

Front Cover
James D. Bratt
Rutgers University Press, 2005 - History - 278 pages
One of the most enduring images from the early years of American history is that of a preacher on horseback, slogging through mud and rain to bring folks in the backwoods the message of God and glory. Such religious revivals not only became the defining mark of American religion but also played a central role in the nation's developing identity, independence, and democratic principles.

But revivalism has always generated opposition, too, even in its century of glory. In Anti-Revivalism in Antebellum America, James D. Bratt offers extensive introductions to primary anti-revivalist documents. These works range from the Philadelphia Methodist John F. Watson's protests against camp meetings in 1819, to Elizabeth Cady Stanton's "Eighty Years and More," written in 1898, in which she recalls her youthful encounter with revival preaching and her rebound into political activism and religious agnosticism. Through the recovered voices of antebellum religious critics, Bratt shows how American culture was already being reshaped a generation before the Civil War and how evangelical religion stood at the center of a "culture war."

If revivals typified the era when Americans launched and defined their new nation, then objections to these revivals embodied the growing discontent at what the nation had become. An important and long overdue collection, this book urges an understanding of anti-revival literature both in the context of the era when it emerged as well as in terms of the broader dynamic of American life.

Includes selections from Orestes Brownson, Horace Bushnell, Calvin Colton, Orville Dewey, Albert Baldwin Dod, George Elley, Charles G. Finney, John Williamson Nevin, Stephen Olin, Phoebe Palmer, Daniel Alexander Payne, Ephraim Perkins, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Joseph Smith, Harriet Beecher Stowe, La Roy Sunderland, John Fanning Watson, Ellen G. White, and Friedrich C. D. Wyneken.
 

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Contents

CampMeeting Craziness
3
Observer George Elleyl Methodistic Enthusiasm 1845
14
A Methodist against Extravagance
31
Attacking Pious Ignorance
41
The Terrors of Calvinist Tyranny
53
A Plea for Pastoral Prerogative
95
10
121
11
137
Dignified Biblical Religion
180
From Revival to Romance
192
From Revival to New Revelation
205
From the New Heart to the End of the Age
215
From Revival to Secular Psychology
230
From Revival to Womens Rights
240
From Revival to Rome
252
Selected Bibliography
267

12
153
13
167

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About the author (2005)

James D. Bratt is a professor of history at Calvin College in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and the director of the Calvin Center for Christian Scholarship.

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