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ESSAYS AND LECTURES

ON THE

INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA

AND OTHER INDIAN SUBJECTS

[1880-1906)

.BY

PRAMATHA NATH BOSE, B. 59. (LONDON), F.G.S.,

AUTHOR OF A "HISTORY OF HINDU CIVILISATION DURING

BRITISH RULE"

Calcutta :

W. NEWMAN & CO.

1906.

HC 435 B73

PRINTED BY ASUTOSH CHAKRABURTI,

at the Elm Press, 62-2-1, Beadon Street, Calcutta,

1.

196

II.

200

III.

IV.

The Industrial Conference

(The Statesman, September 1906) Lessons in a street

(A lecture delivered in Calcutta, August 1884) Note on some earthen pots found in the alluvium at Mahesvara

215 (Journal, Asiatic Society of Bengal, Vol. LI.

pt. I., 1882) Note on Mahismati or Mahesvara on the Narmada and the identification of Hiouen Thsang's Mahesvarapura ·

224 (From the Proceedings, Asiatic Society of

Bengal for July and August 1883)
An Eastern view of Western progress .

231 (From the Westminister Revieve, 1901, and

East and West, 1902)
Chhattisgar : note on its tribes, sects and castes

273 (Extract from the Journal, Asiatic Society of

Bengal, Vol. LIX pt. 10, 1890)

.

V.

VI.

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(Presidential Address at the Bengal Industrial Conference, 1891)

*

The all but utter extinction of our industries has ruin

ed our artisan classes. Down to the commencement

of the present century we used to make enough clothes, not only to meet our own demands, but also to export a good portion of them. Our export trade then consisted mainly of manufactured cotton ; now it consists almost exclusively of raw produce. In 1798-99, India exported to England one crore and-a-half worth of piecegoods ; in 1888-89, we imported from England nearly 29 crores worth of manufactured cotton. The profits of manufacture which a century ago remained in the coun. try and enriched it aw swell the ever increasing drain

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