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Whittingham and Rowland, Printers, Goswell Street, London.

THE

GEOGRAPHICAL

AND

HISTORICAL
DICTIONARY

OF

AMERICA AND THE WEST INDIES.

CONTAINING

AN ENTIRE TRANSLATION OF THE SPANISH WORK

OP

COLONEL DON ANTONIO DE ALCEDO,
CAPTAIN OF THE ROYAL SPANISH GUARDS, AND MEMBER OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY OF HISTORY:

WITH

Large Additions and Compilations
FROM MODERN VOYAGES AND TRAVELS,

AND FROM

ORIGINAL AND AUTHENTIC INFORMATION.

BY

G. A. THOMPSON, ESQ.

IN FIVE VOLUMES.

VOL. IV.

Magna modis multis miranda videtur
Gentibus humanis regio, visendaque fertur,
Rebus opima bonis.

LUCRETIUS, lib. I. line 727.

London:

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR, AND PUBLISHED BY
CARPENTER AND SON, OLD BOND STREET; LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND BROWN, PATERNOSTER-ROW; WHITE, COCHRANE,

AND CO. FLEET-STREET, AND MURRAY, ALBEMARLE-STREET, LONDON ; PARKER, OXFORD; AND VEIGHTON, CAMBRIDGE.

1814.

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THE

GEOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL

DICTIONARY

OF

ÅMERICA AND THE WEST INDIES.

РА В

P A B PABLILLO, a settlement of the Nuevo Reyno of the alcaldía mayor of Guanchinango, in the de Leon in Ń. America; situate w. of the garri same kingdom; annexed to the curacy of the son of Santa Engracia.

settlement of Pahuatlan. PABLO, S. or Sao Paulo. See Paulo. Pablo, another, and head settlement of the

Pablo, a settlement of the province and district, of the alcaldía mayor of Villalta, in the corregimiento of Lipes in Peru, of the arch same kingdom; of a cold temperature, and conbishopric of Charcas. It was also called Santa taining 51 Indian families. Isabel de Esmoruco, and was the residence of PABLO, another, of the missions which were the curate.

held by the Jesuits, in the province of Topia and Pablo, another, of the province and corregi- kingdom of Nueva Vizcaya ; situate in the middle miento of'Otavalo in the kingdom of. Quito, at of the sierra of Topia, on the shore of the river the foot of a small mountain, from which issues a Piastla. stream of water abounding in very small fish, Pablo, another, of the province of Barcelona, called preñadillas, so delicate and salutary even and government of Cumaná; situate on the skirt for the sick, that they are potted and carried to of a mountain of the serrania, and on the shore all parts of the kingdom.

of the river Sacaguar, s. of the settlement of Pablo, another, of the head settlement of the Piritú. district of S. Juan del Rio, and alcaldía mayor PABLO, another, a small settlement of the of Queretaro, in Nueva España; containing 46 head settlement of the district of Texmelucan, families of Indians.

and alcaldía mayor of Guajozinco in Nueva EsPABLO, another, of the province and corregi- paña. miento of Tinta in Peru; annexed to the curacy Pablo, another, of the district of Chiriqui, in of Cacha.

the province and government of Veragua, and Pablo, another settlement or_ward, of the kingdom of Tierra Firme; a league and an half head settlement of the district of Zumpahuacán, from its head settlement, in the high road. and alcaldía mayor of Marinalco in Nueva Es Pablo, another, of the missions held by the paña.

Portuguese Carmelites, in the country of Las Pablo, another, of the head settlement of the Amazonas, and on the shore of this river. district, and alcaldía mayor of Toluca in the same Pablo, another, of the missions which were kingdom, containing 161 families of Indians; at held by the French Jesuits, in the province and a small distance n. of its capital.

government of French Guayana ; founded in Pablo, another, a small settlement or ward 1735, on the shore of the river Oyapoco, and

VOL. IV.

B

eonsisting of Indians of many nations converted Pac, a small river of the province and governto the Catholic faith.

ment of Guayana or Nueva Andalucia. It rises Pablo, another, of the province and alcaldia in the country of the ferocious Caribes Indians, mayor of Chiapa, in the kingdom of Guatemala. and enters the Caroni, just after it is entered by

Pablo, another, of the province and alcaldía the abundant stream of the Arui. mayor of Los Zoques, in the same kingdom. PACABARA, a river of the province and go

Pablo, another, of the province and govern vernment of Moxos in the kingdom of Quito, ment of Moxos in the kingdom of Quito; situate which runs n. and enters the Beni. on the shore of the river Santa Ana.

PACAIPAMPA, a settlement of the province Pablo, another, formerly of this name, in the and corregimiento of Piura; annexed to the cusame province and kingdom, but which was en

racy of Frias. tirely ruined by an epidemical disease.

PACAJAS, a river of the country of Las AmaPablo, another, of the province and govern zonas, which runs n. between those of Jacunda ment of Sonora; situate in the country of the and Guanapů, or Uanapu, and enters the MaCocomaricopas Indians: founded in 1699 by the rañon, or Amazon, in the arm formed by the Jesuits, on the shore of the river Grande de Gila. island of Joanes. This river gives its name to a

Pablo, a lake of the province and corregimia nation of Indians but little known, who dwell on ento of Otavalo in the kingdom of Quito, close to the n. shore of the Marañon, nearly 80 leagues the settlement of its name; a league long, and above the Paranaiba. half a league wide, abounding in geese, widgeons, PACAJES, a province and corregimiento of and other aquatic fowl, and surrounded with reed Peru; bounded by the province of Chucuito on called there totoras. It receives its water from the n.w.; n. by the great lake of Titicaca ; n. e. the mountain of Mojanda, and from it issues an by the province of Omasuyos; e. by the city of arm, which is the river Blanco. On the e. side La Paz and province of Cicasica; s. e. by the of it is an estate called Caxas.

corregimiento of Oruro and province of Paria; Pablo, a river of the province and govern s. by the province of Charangas, and s.w. and w. ment of Veragua in the kingdom of Tierra Firme, by the jurisdiction of Arica, the cordillera interwhich rises in the sierras of Guanico, on the s. vening. Its length from the bridge of the river and empties itself into the Pacific.

of the Desaguadero, which divides it from the Pablo, another river, having the surname of province of Chucuito, as far as the province of Los Paeces, in the province and government of Paria, is 56 leagues, and its greatest width 40. Buenos Ayres. It runs w.and enters the Jacegua From the loftiness of its territory, and the between the Joseph Diaz and the Paso delChileno. proximity of the cordilleras, its temperature is

Pablo, another, of the province and govern- unpleasantly cold, and it is comparatively barren.. ment of Choco, in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada. Its productions are sweet and bitter papas, of It rises from a lake and joins the river Quito, which is made the chuno, or bread. There is which rises from another lake, and these toge- also grown here an abundance of the grain, ther form the Atrato.

called cañahua, serving as food, and for making Pablo, an island in the strait of Magellan, chicha drink. They cultivate some bark, and near the é. coast, opposite cape Monmouth. breed many flocks of native sheep, alpacas, vi

Pablo, another, a small island of the S. sea, cuñas, and viscachas. Here are many estates or in the bay of Panamá, opposite the gulf of San pastures of sheep, of the milk of which they Miguel.

make well-flavoured cheese, killing every year (PABO, the Mickmac name of a river, on the some of the ewes for meat, which being salted 2. side of Chaleur bay, about six leagues from and hardened by the frost, they call chalonas; and Grand Riviere, w. n. w. of cape Despair.] these, with a considerable portion of the chuno,

PABON, a small river of the province and they carry for sale to the coast; where they take government of Buenos Ayres, which runs n.n.e. in exchange wine, brandy, and cotton; and from and enters the Paramá, between that De en the province of Cochabamba, maize, wheat, and Medio and the Caracañal.

other seeds. PABon, another, also a small river, in the This province was formerly very rich in mines, same province, which runs s. and enters the Plata those of Verenguela, San Juan, and Tampaya, at its mouth, on the side opposite the capital. being the most celebrated; but these, together PAC, a small lake of the province and govern

with another mine of emeralds, are no longer ment of Yucatán,

worked. Near the first of these mines, in which

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