« PreviousContinue »
racter of his own species of poetry more pure. The approach to prose in Horace's verse is seen, for instance, in his freedom with regard to elision, particularly that of the monosyllabic particles nam, dum, cum, si, which is contrary to the epic usage; in some cases of synaeresis, as próut, quoad, vindemiator ; in syncopes, as caldior, soldum ; and contractions, as divisse, surrexe.
In the construction of the verse, also, we observe an intentional accumulation of spondees, whereas the well-framed epic line delights us by a tasteful variety of dactyles and spondees.
It seems proper to add to this introduction a table of the metres used by Horace in his Odes and Epodes. The strophes which he employs are of two kinds. In the Epodes, one somewhat long line is followed by a shorter one-the two forming a metrical whole or strophe; from which fact, as already mentioned, the word "epode' takes its origin. The Odes consist all of stanzas or strophes of four lines each, with either the same or similar rhythm:
I. STROPHA ASCLEPIADEA PRIMA, which consists of the follow ing, four times repeated. See Zumpt, $ 861.
- - - ا - ب ب ۔ |-
II. STROPHA ASCLEPIADEA Secunda, which consists of a Gly. conian line (Zumpt, $ 859), and an Asclepiadean. These two, repeated, form the strophe of four lines.
۔۔۔ : |-
ب- ا - ب ب : |-
III. STROPHA ASCLEPIADEA TERTIA, which consists of three consecutive Asclepiadean verses, and a Glyconian.
IV. STROPHA ASCLEPIADEA QUARTA, which consists of two Asclepiadean lines, a Pherecratean (Zumpt, $ 859), and a Glyco. nian.
V. STROPHA ASCLEPIADEA QUINTA, which consists of a greater Asclepiadean line repeated four times.
--luu-luu-l-vu-ur VI. STROPHA SAPPHICA. Zumpt, $ 865.
LuuVII. STROPAA SAPPHICA MAJOR, which consists of two pairs of lines, each containing a so-called versus Aristophanicus, and a choriambic trimeter. Zumpt, 862.
Lu--:uu-vu-u-o VIII. STROPHA ALCAICA. Zumpt, $ 866.
'vu-uv-v.-IX. STROPAA ARCHILOCHIA PRIMA, which consists of two lines repeated - the one a heroic hexameter, and the other a versus Archilochius minor. Zumpt, $ 847.
Suu-uue X. STROPKA ARCHILOCHIA SECUNDA, which consists of two lines repeated — the one a heroic hexameter, and the other made up of an iambic diameter and a dactylic trimeter catalectic (versus iambelegus.)
Civ---_-1-vivor XI. STROPHA ARCEILOCHIA QUARTA, which consists of two verses repeated—the one a versus Archilochius major, the other an iambic trimeter catalectic. Zumpt, $ 834.
こーーーーーーここ XII. STROPHA ALCMANIA, which consists of two lines repeated - the one a heroic hexameter, the other a dactylic tetrameter catalectic.
XIII. STROPHA IAMBICA Prima, consisting of a pair of iambic senarii. Zumpt, § 837.
C'u-u-u-u-uXIV. STROPHA IAMBICA SECUNDA, which consists of two lines -the one an iambic senarius, the other a versus iambicus quaternarius. Zumpt, $ 838.
ここまーこんに XV. STROPHA PYTHIAMBICA, which consists of two lines - a heroic hexameter, and an iambic senarius.
XVI. STROPHA TROCHAICA, which consists of two lines repeated—the one a trochaic dimeter catalectic, the other an iambic trimeter catalectic.