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hasta, spear.

ara, altar.
area, barn floor.

Hecuba, w. arista, ear of corn.

herba, grass,

herb. . avaritia, avarice (avarus, aveo). historia, history. avena, oat, oaten pipe.

hora, hour. audacia, boldness (audax, audeo). industria, industry. bellua, monster, beust.

infamia, infamy (in + fama). carina, keel, ship.

injuria, injury (in + jus). casa, cottage.

insidiæ (pl.), ambush, snare, plot causa, cause.

(in + sedeo). centuria, century (centum). insula, island. cicada, grasshopper.

invidia, envy (invidus, in + clementia, clemency (clemens). video). Cloelia, W.

ira, anger, wrath. Clypea, T.

Italia, C. Italy. columba, pigeon.

justitia, justice (justus, jus). coma, hair, leaf.

Laurentia, W. concordia, concord (concors, libra, balance. cum + cor).

lingua, tongue. corona, crown, wreath, circle.

Lucretia, W. Cremera, R.

luna, moon (luceo). crista, crest.

lupa, she-wolf. culpa, fault, blame.

luxuria, luxury curia, cury (a division of the Po- machina, machine. pulus).

mensa, table. cymba, boat.

minæ (pl.),threats. dea, goddess.

Minerva, F. G. Diana, F. G.

mora, delay. diva, goddess.

musa, muse. divitiæ (pl.), riches (dives). natura, nature (nascor). Egeria, W.

navita, sailor (navis). epulæ (pl.), feast.

nebula, cloud, mist (nubes). Fabia, W.

notitia, knowledge (nosco). fabula, story, play (fari).

novacula, razor. fama, report, fame (fari).

Numa, M. femina, woman.

olea, olive-tree. feriæ (pl.), holiday.

opera, exertion (opus). fiducia, frust

, confidence (fido). patella, saucer (patera). filia, daughter.

patientia, patience (patior). flamma, flame (flagro).

patria, country (pater). fortuna, fortune.

pecunia, money (pecus). galea, helmet.

penna, wing. gemma, jewel, gem.

perfidia, perfidy (perfidus, per + gratia, favour (gratus).

fides). gratiæ (pl.), thanks..

pervicacia, stubbornness(pervicax, Græcia, C. Greece.

per + vinco). gutta, drop.

planta, heel, plant. habena, rein (habeo).

pæna, punishment

,

pænitentia, penitence (poenitet, silva, forest. pona).

spelunca, cave. pompa, procession.

statua, statue (sto). porta, gate.

superbia,

pride (superbus). prudentia, prudence (prudens,

Sylvia, W. pro + video).

Tarpeia, W. puella, girl (puer).

tenebræ (pl.), darkness. pugna, battle.

terra, earth, land. quadrigæ (pl.), chariot (quattuor toga, gown (worn by Romans, + jugum).

tego). querela, complaint (queror). Troja, T. Troy. rapina, plunder (rapio).

tuba, trumpet. regia, palace (rex).

turba, crowd. regina, queen (rex, rego). tutela, guardianship, guardian respublica, republic (gen. repub- (tueor). licæ).

umbra, shade. reverentia, reverence (re + vereor). unda, wave. Rhea, W.

vacca, cow. ripa, bank.

venia, pardon, indulgence. Roma, T. Rome.

Vesta, F. G.

via, way, road. sagitta, arrow.

victoria, victory (vinco). sapientia, wisdom (sapio).

vinea, vine. Scylla (a woman changed into a viola, violet. a sea rock).

vipera, viper (vivus + pario). sella, seat, chair (sedeo)

virga, rod. senecta, old age (senex).

vita, life (vivo). Sicilia, I. Sicily.

(2.) MASCULINE. Æacides, descendant of Æacus. poeta, poet. Æncas, M.

Poplicola, M. agricola, farmer, (ager + colo). Porsena, M. Cineas, M.

Procas, M.
Persa,
Perses,
a Persian.

(3.) COMMON.
incola, inhabitant (incolo, in + colo).

ruga, wrinkle.

}

(6) SECOND DECLENSION. (1.) MASCULINE AND FEMININE.

(a) -us. Accius, M.

amicus, friend Ægyptus, C. Egypt.

Amulius, M. Æolus, G.

Ancus, M.

animus, mind. annulus, ring (annus). annus, year. Appius, M. Aquarius, Waterman (aqua). Athos, Mt. auctumnus, autumn. Aulus, M. avus, grandfather. Bacchus, G. Cacus, M. calceus, shoe. Calpurnius, M. Camillus, M. campus, plain. capillus, hair. Capricornus, Capricorn. catulus, hound. cedrus (fem.), cedar. Claudius, M. clipeus, shield. Collatinus, M. colossus, colossus. Corioli (pl.), T. Coriolanus, M. (Corioli). Corvinus, M. corvus, raven. cumulus, heap. cuneus, wedge. Curiatius, M. Curius, M. cytisus, hadder. Decius, M. deus, god. discipulus, scholar. dolus, deceit. dominus, lord, master (domus). dumus, bramble, thicket.

Gallus, a Gaul. gemini (pl.), twins. gladius, sword. Horatius, M. hortus, garden. Hostilius, M. humus (fem.) ground. Italus, an Italian. Janiculus, Mt. laqueus, halter, snare. legatus, ambassador, lieutenant. libertus, freedman (liber). Licinius, M. Livius, M. locus, place lucus, grove. ludus, play, game. Lutatius, M. Manlius, M. maritus, husband. medicus, physician (medeor). Menenius, M. Mercurius, G. morbus, disease. Mucius, M. mundus, world. murus, wall. Navius, M. Neptunus, G. Neptupe. nidus, nest nimbus, cloud, shower. nucleus, kernel (nux). numerus, number nuntius, messenger. palus, stake. Papirius, M. patruus, uncle (pater). pediculus, foot (pes). pelagus, sea. Peneus, R. Picus, M.

equus, horse.

pileus, cap:

Fabius, M. fagus (fem.), beech-tree. fasti (pl.), annals. Faustulus, M. filius, son. fluvius, river. focus (foculus, dim.) hearth, altar. fraxinus (fem.), ash-tree. Futfetius, M.

Pindus, Mt. Ponus, a Carthaginian. polus, sky. Pompilius, M. Pontius, M. pontus, sea.

Posthumius, M. populus, people. populus (fem.), poplar, Priscus, M. Pyrrhus, M. Quintus. M. Quirinus, M. Regillus, a lake. Remus, M. rivus, river. Romulus, M. Sabinus, a Sabine. Salius (a lake in Latium). Sagittarius, Archer. Saturnus, Saturn, G. Scorpius, Scorpion. Servius, M. servus, slave, Sextus, M. somnus, sleep. stomachus, stomach. succus, juice,

Tantalus, M. Tarquinius, M. Tarquinii (pl.), T. Tatius, M. taurus, bull. Telesinus, M. Terminus, G. trigemini (pl.), trins. Teucri, Trojans. Titus, M. Tityrus, M Tityus, M. tribunus, tribune (tribus). triumphus, triumph. Valerius, M. ventus, wind. Virgilius, Virgil

. Volscus, a Volscian. vulgus, common people. ulmus (fem.), elm. ursus, bear. zodiacus, the zodiac,

[blocks in formation]

classicum, trumpet.

nihil (gen. nihili), nothing. claustrum, barrier (claudo). odium, hatred (odi). colloquium, conversation (cum + officium, duty, office. loquor).

oppidum, town. comitia (pl), popular assembly otium, leisure, retirement. (cum + eo).

pascua (pl.), pastures (pasco). convivium, feast (cum + vivo). pomum, apple. consortium, partnership (cum+ præceptum, precept (præcipio). sors).

prælium, battle. consilium, counsel (consulo). præmium, reward. corium, leather.

pretium, price, reward. exemplum, example (eximo). prodigium, prodigy. exsilium, exile (ex + solum). rastrum, harrow. fenum, hay.

regnum, kingdom. fanum, temple.

remedium, remedy (medeor). fatum, fate (fari).

rostrum, beak (rodo). ferrum, iron, steel.

sacrificium, sacrifice (sacrum + festum, festival.

facio). filum, thread.

salinum, salt-mine. forum, market, forum.

saxum, rock, stone. frenum, bit.

sceptrum, sceptre. fretum, frith, strait.

sepulcrum, tomb, sepulchre (sepegaudium, joy. jugum, yoke (jungo).

signum, sign, standard. udicium, judgment, trial (jus + solum, soil. dico).

spatium, space. jussum, command (jubeo). spectaculum, spectacle (specto). imperium, empire, command (im- spiculum, barb, dart. pero).

studium, study, zeal. Latium, c.

supplicium, punishment, execution. lanificium, wool-spinning (lana + tectum, roof, dwelling (tego). facio).

telum, dart, weapon. lineamentum, feature (linea). templum, temple. ludibrium, mockery (ludus). tergum, back. mălum, evil.

thymum, thyme. mālum, apple.

umbraculum, shade (umbra). Mausoleum, tomb of Mausölus. vehiculum, vehicle (veho). mendacium, falsehood, lie (men- verbum, word. dax, mentior, mens).

vestibulum, anteroom, porch. miraculum, marvel, miracle (mi- vinculum, chain (vincio) ror).

vitium, vice, flaw, fault.

lio).

(c) THIRD DECLENSION.

(1.) MASCULINE. Achill-es, is, M.

ædilis, is, an adile (ades). adolescen-s, tis, a youth.

æther, is, sky.

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