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ciples of reason in the human soul, that, after having once been made known by revelation from the Deity, it has been supported by the most convincing arguments. Reason assures us that the rectitude, justice, and goodness of God require a judgment; because they require that it should be well with the righteous, and ill with the wicked. But this is not the case in the present world; for wickedness is often exalted and righteousness depressed. It is not, however, consistent with the equity and goodness of Jehovah, the Judge of the whole earth, that this confusion should always remain. The retributive justice of God is a principle so consonant to reason, that every one who uses this faculty aright, must be convinced of the certainty of a future judgment.

Again, the certainty of the judgment appears from the fact of Christ's resurrection from the dead. This argument is made use of by the Apostle Paul:“ He hath appointed a day in which he will judge “the world in righteousness, by that man whom he “ hath ordained, whereof he hath given assurance “ unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the “ dead *.” By this act the eternal Father hath assured men that he hath given his Son the commission to be the judge of the world. In the days of his humiliation, the Judge himself was arraigned before a tribunal of the guilty creatures who are hereafter to stand at his own bar. Here he was accused and condemned. But while in this state of degradation, he forewarned his accusers and assessors of the glory of his own character, as the Judge of the whole earth :-" Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sit“ ting on the right hand of power, and coming in the “ clouds of heaven of.” On account of this declaration, the Saviour and the Judge of men was immediately condemned as a blasphemer. But God, having raised him from the dead, has given an un

* Acts, xvii. 31.

+ Matt. xxvi. 64.

deniable proof of his eternal Son's assertion-" To “ this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived ; “ that he might be the Lord both of the dead and 6 the living *.”

Finally, it may be remarked that the certainty of the judginent is evident from the general testimony of Scripture. There is not a doctrine contained in the word of the God of truth, which is more clearly asserted and declared, than that of the general judgment. It was publicly preached by “ Enoch, the “ seventh from Adam, who prophesied that the Lord “ should come with ten thousands of his saints to “ execute judgment upon all op.” David, being a prophet, foretells the same awfully grand event:To Our God shall come, and shall not keep silence; a “ fire shall devour before him, and it shall be very “ tempestuous round about him. He shall call to “ the heavens from above, and to the earth, that he “ may judge his people." Again, he declares, “ He “ cometh, he cometh, to judge the earth: he shall “ judge the world with righteousness, and the people “ with his truth.” Solomon, the son of David, speaking by inspiration of the Holy Ghost, asserts that “God shall bring every work into judgment, “ with every secret thing, whether it be good, or “ whether it be evil 5."— The New Testament contains a revelation of the future judgment in a great variety of places; but let it suffice to cite one only, from the lips of the Judge himself: “ When the “Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the “ holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the “ throne of his glory: and before him shall be ga“ thered all nations; and he shall separate them “ one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep “ from the goats ||."

* Rom. xiv. 9.

Eccles, xii. 14.

+ Jude, 14. Ps. I. 3, 4. xcvi. 13.

See Matt. xxv. 31-46.

Since we have such abundant evidence of the certainty of the future judgment, what manner of “ persons ought we to be in all holy conversation “ and godliness?” Should we not “ give all dili“ gence to make our calling and election sure?" Jesus, who will hereafter appear seated on a throne of judgment, is now seated upon a throne of grace. But have we yet sought his mercy? Are we prepared to stand at his judgment-seat? Should we hear the voice of the archangel and the trump of God, calling the living and the dead to judgment, what sensations would it produce in our breast? Are we in the number of those who love his appearing? What reason have we to hope that we should be found in Christ? Have we considered the awful consequence of dying without an interest in the Saviour — in an unholy, impenitent, unbelieving state? Alas! all who die thus must be cast and condemned in the judgment!, They must be banished from the presence of God and from the society of the blessed! May God grant that the writer, and every reader, may escape this tremendous doom! But, indeed, this will be the portion of many; for Jesus has declared that “ broad is the way that “ leadeth unto destruction, and many there be that “ go in thereat: and that many will say to him, “ Lord, Lord, in that day, to whom he will address, “ Depart from me, ye workers of iniquity, I never “ knew you."-0 how dreadful will be the state of those, who, after hearing the Gospel, die in their sins, unconverted, unrenewed, without a saving interest in Jesus, and consequently unprepared to stand at his judgment-seat! May the Holy Spirit lead every reader to earnest and impartial examination as to the foundation of his hope! May every one who casts his eye upon these reflections be led by the same Blessed Spirit to a reliance on the blood and righteousness of the all-sufficient Saviour, that he may be found in that day among those who may

w you on me that do

challenge all accusers: “ Who shall lay any thing " to the charge of God's elect? It is God that jus“ tifieth. Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ “ that died, yea, rather, that is risen again, who is “ even at the right hand of God, who also maketh “ intercession for us *."-Some who will read these pages, without doubt, have a good hope through grace of an interest in the redemption of Christ and the sanctifying operations of the Holy Spirit. Christians, as far as your hope in the Saviour is well founded and lively, so far you will look for and love the day of his appearing. O may it be your great concern to be at all times actually ready to meet your Lord! May you have your lamps trimmed, and oil in your vessels, that whenever the bridegroom cometh, you may go forth to meet him with confidence and joy! “Let your loins be girded about “ and your lights burning, and be ye yourselves like “ unto men that wait for their Lord, when he will “ return from the wedding, that when he cometh “ and knocketh they may open unto him immediately. “ Blessed are those servants whom the Lord when he “ cometh shall find watching."— Therefore, “ watch “ and pray. Give all diligence to make your calling “ and election sure."-"Let your conversation be “ such as becometh the Gospel of Christ.”—“ Be “ steadfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the “ work of the Lord."-" Set your affections on “ things above, not on things on the earth; that “ when Christ, who is our life, shall appear, ye also “ may appear with him in glory."

* Rom. viii. 33, 34.

Section II.
The Circumstance of the Judgment.

Chap. xx. 11-15. In these verses we have the Apostle's vision of the future judgment brought, as it were, before our own eyes. Let us notice its august and awful circumstances.

“I saw a great white throne.”—Here is a description of the judgment-seat, which is represented by a throne, in its form and fashion magnificent and glorious. It is described by two properties, great and white. It is a great throne. Great, on account of the Judge who shall sit upon it; the God of heaven and earth:-on account of the attendants that surround it; myriads of holy angels and saints :-on account of the number of those who shall be judged; all that have ever lived upon the face of our earth :on account of the sentence that shall be pronounced from it; eternal felicity or endless misery. It is also a white throne. This is an emblem of purity. We are reminded, therefore, that the judgment will be conducted with perfect integrity and justice. When God is the judge, this must necessarily be the case. The divine perfections unite in assuring us that He, whose attributes are all infinitely and immutably perfect, cannot pass an unjust sentence. “ Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?” All intelligent beings, even those who shall be condemned at this righteous tribunal, will be constrained to acknowledge the justice of the sentence and the equity of the Judge.

“And I saw-Him that sat on it."-And who is this? The glorious and exalted personage who takes the judgment-seat is no other than the Lord Jesus; for God will judge the world by Jesus Christ --the Son of God and the Son of man. The Psalmist

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